When Handling A Package That Contains Dangerous Materials, You Should Always?

Do not handle any contents of a hazardous materials package unless you have been properly trained in the hazards that may be present and how to protect your health and safety. If you discover a damaged, leaking or open container of hazardous material after receiving a package immediately contact campus police and inform them of your location and situation. Secure the package in a safe location, if you have access to a fume hood place the package inside and close the sash, and do not attempt any

How does a dangerous goods packaging system work?

A dangerous goods packaging system only works when all of the intended components are present. Cushioning and absorbents are necessary parts of certain systems. Pressure-test primary or secondary packaging when liquid material is to be shipped by air. Not all packages are suitable for air transport.

Do you need special bags for Dangerous Goods Packaging?

Special bags are required in conjunction with rigid containers when shipping liquids by air. Use enough cushioning or absorbent material. A dangerous goods packaging system only works when all of the intended components are present.

What are the packing instructions for dangerous goods?

Packages must be constructed and closed in a manner that prevents any loss of contents. Packages must be closed according to the manufacturer’s specifications. No dangerous residue can be on the outside of the package. The package, including absorbents and cushioning material, must be compatible with its contents.

What is the required format for the basic description of the hazardous material?

The basic description of a hazardous material includes the Identification Number, the Proper Shipping Name, Hazard Class and Packing Group (when applicable). This information is required to be placed on the shipping paper in a specific order.

How dangerous goods package should be marked and Labelled?

49 CFR 172.406 states labels must be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material and be located on the same surface of the package and near the proper shipping name marking, if the package dimensions are adequate.

Who is responsible for classifying labeling and properly packaging of a dangerous good for transport?

The consignor or shipper is responsible for determining if a product meets one or more criteria for dangerous goods. The consignor may use the classification made by the manufacturer or a previous consignor.

What determines the packaging needed to protect the hazardous material during transport?

Certain types of hazmat require PHMSA’s approval of the classification determination prior to shipment (e.g., explosives). Select the appropriate packaging based on the amount of hazmat you are looking to ship. Be sure to use the packaging section specified for your material.

What are packing instructions?

Each packing instruction shows the acceptable single and combination packagings. For combination packing instructions, the acceptable outer packagings, inner packagings and when applicable, the maximum permitted quantity in each inner or outer packaging are shown.

What items make up the basic description for a hazardous material on a shipping paper?

Information used to describe a hazardous material on a shipping paper is known as the Basic Description. Information for the Basic Description consists of the Identification Number in Column 4; the Proper Shipping Name in Column 2; the Hazard Class or Division in Column 3; and the Packing Group in Column 5.

Which of the following information must be included for hazardous materials on a shipping paper?

Information on the shipping papers must include: The identification number, identified in the Hazardous Materials Table. The proper shipping name, identified in the Hazardous Materials Table. The hazard class.

When transporting hazardous materials the shipping papers should contain?

After the Basic Description, every shipping paper should list the quantity of hazardous material (with measurement), the type of packaging used, an emergency contact telephone number, and a shipper’s certification.

How do you identify dangerous goods?

Dangerous goods are classified according to their properties, for example ‘compressed toxic gas’, ‘flammable solid’, ‘toxic liquid’. Some dangerous goods attract subsidiary risk classifications, such as chlorine gas that is classed as toxic first and corrosive second.

How are dangerous goods Labelled?

The labels for these products should include information on the hazards and safety precautions. For example, for dry ice (solid carbon dioxide), information on the asphyxiation hazard and precautions for handling to avoid cryogenic burns should be included on the label.

What items must be placarded when hazardous materials are present?

Regulation require placards ‘Poison Inhalation Hazard or Poison Gas to be displayed appropriately.

  • sends products from one place to another by truck, rail, vessel or airplane.
  • must package, mark and label the materials; prepare shipping papers, provide emergency response information; and supply placards.
  • Who is responsible for the correct packaging of dangerous goods?

    Alberta Transportation is responsible for the compliance and enforcement of the TDG Regulations for areas under provincial authority.

    Who is responsible for safe transport of dangerous goods?

    The EPA regulates the transport of dangerous goods: by road. by rail, in conjunction with the Office of the National Rail Safety Regulator.

    What is the correct order for classifying dangerous goods on a shipping document?

    Description of the dangerous goods in the following order: UN number (e.g., UN1230) Dangerous goods shipping name (e.g., Methanol) If applicable, the technical name in parenthesis immediate after the shipping name for dangerous goods subject to Special Provisions 16.

    Why are most hazardous materials nonmailable internationally?

    For reasons of safety, most hazardous materials are nonmailable internationally, including to APO, FPO, and DPO locations. Hazardous materials (which in international commerce are commonly called “dangerous goods”) include common consumer and household items such as perfumes, aerosols, and electronic products that contain certain batteries.

    Tips for Safe and Effective Shipping of Potentially Hazardous Materials

    Numerous small company owners immediately begin shipping across state lines and across international borders — even with potentially dangerous items.Despite this, because your company is accountable if something goes wrong, it is vital to explore for new and better ways to guarantee products get at their destinations securely and effectively on time.Here are some suggestions that you may use over the next several months to assist you in your endeavor.Understand what constitutes Dangerous Goods and what does not.For starters, have a clear understanding of the sorts of items that qualify as dangerous products so that you and your team are aware of what has to be handled and sent with greater care.

    Generally speaking, dangerous or hazardous commodities are objects or materials that have intrinsic features that, if not handled properly, might provide a potential threat.This danger has the potential to harm any form of living life as well as the overall safety of the environment.In addition to liquids, solids, and gases, dangerous commodities can take on a number of shapes and forms.They can be chilly or hot, odorless or pungent, and they can be pungent or odorless.

    There is a wide range of negative consequences that might range from lethal to modest to everything in between.Dangerous products are categorised into a variety of categories and can be distinguished based on whether or not they are toxic, combustible, explosive, or have the potential to provide some other form of harm to the public or the environment.There are many different forms of dangers, and as a result, there are many different types of rules that apply to the transportation of different types of commodities.It is also not necessary for anything to seem harmful in order to be classed as potentially hazardous.For example, even common household items such as table tennis balls, paint, nail polish, and fragrances are frequently included on dangerous products listings.Additionally, keep in mind that various nations have varied regulations regarding dangerous compounds.

    • This implies that you must research the restrictions in effect at the location where you will be exporting your things.
    • Something being regarded hazardous in one region of the globe may not be deemed dangerous in another part of the world, and vice versa.
    • Make Use of Appropriate Packaging After determining whether goods are considered hazardous, you may take steps to ensure that they are packaged in a way that protects them during travel and guarantees that they do not cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment.
    • The containers you employ for dangerous products must be appropriate for the objects contained within them, have secure lids, and provide enough cushioning for the items.

    It is important to use absorbent materials to assist limit leaks since you must ensure that items do not threaten anybody while in transit.This includes your employees who handle the commodities, as well as shipping and other transportation crews, customs authorities, and beneficiaries, among other people and organizations.Train the employees that will be handling goods in your organization.If you want to enhance the possibility that dangerous items will be transported successfully by your organization, adequately train the employees who will be handling the dangerous goods.Anyone who comes into contact with hazardous chemicals at any point in the process should be aware of the precise duties they are responsible for and how their obligations connect to those of their coworkers.

    Employers must ensure that their workers are well informed about how compliance requirements influence their firm, as well as any other companies with whom they will come into contact when packages are transferred.They should also be aware of the ramifications of failing to adhere to the rules.It is also beneficial to use impact indicators in your company’s operations.These are instruments that alert package handlers that hazardous chemicals are included within the box and that the package must be handled with caution for the benefit of everyone’s safety.Educate your employees on what each indicator represents and what they should do to keep safe and assist the organization in remaining compliant.Put in Place Detailed Procedures and Procedures Put clear procedures in place for personnel to follow in order to guarantee that risky materials are handled and packed correctly on a consistent basis.

    This will lessen the likelihood of things going wrong in the future.For example, any potentially hazardous materials must be properly labeled.Workers and external suppliers must be educated on how to label packages in the proper manner and to remove any unconnected or outdated labels that may give the erroneous impression about the contents of the box.

    You should have a system of checks and balances in place so that someone is always certain that the documentation is correct and thorough.This will lessen the likelihood that the incorrect labels will be applied to the incorrect packages.In addition, you should make use of quality tracking tools to improve your results.Use technology to track shipments and keep track of the precautions taken to guarantee that they are in compliance.

    Safe Handling and Storage of Hazardous Materials

    Is your facilities staff aware of the proper methods for handling and caring for hazardous items that they may come into contact with or operate with while on the job?If a spill, leak, or accident involving a hazardous material were to occur, would they be prepared to respond appropriately?Continue reading if you are hesitant—and probably a bit unsure that a hazardous materials article applies to you (hint: it does)—as we sort out the proper handling and storage of hazardous materials.

    What Qualifies as a Hazardous Material?

    • ″A hazardous material is defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as ″a material with features that render it unsafe or capable of having a detrimental effect on human health or the environment.″ ″Any biological agent or other disease-causing agent.that, after release into the environment and upon exposure or ingestion, inhalation, or assimilation into any person.will, or may reasonably be anticipated to cause death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer.genetic mutation, physiological malfunction.or physiological deformations in such persons or their offspring,″ according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. That’s a lot of ″legalese,″ but what exactly does all of this imply? What kinds of items would you expect to find at the usual facility that would classify as ″hazardous materials?″ Anything that has the labels WARNING, CAUTION, POISONOUS, TOXIC, FLAMMABLE, CORROSIVE, REACTIVE, or EXPLOSIVE on it should be regarded as potentially dangerous to human health and safety. Disinfectants, floor wax, and other cleaning agents (including solvents) are examples of goods that are typically found in a facility for the purpose of maintaining and cleaning it. Other examples include: glues and adhesives, paint, pesticides, petroleum products, and fertilizers.

    What Can Happen if Someone is Exposed to or Mishandles a Hazardous Material?

    1. It is dependent on the hazardous substance and the quantity of exposure that the physical impacts of exposure to a hazardous material will be felt differently.
    2. When used appropriately and in conjunction with the necessary personal protective equipment, the potential for injury should be minimal to non-existent.
    3. Someone who is inexperienced or reckless, on the other hand, may face significant repercussions.
    4. Even the most minor side effects, like a headache or dizziness, can be life-altering.
    5. Chemical burns on the internal organs or on the skin, nervous system abnormalities, and even death are all possible consequences of exposure.

    How Should These Items Be Stored?

    1. While following the basic fire codes and OSHA regulations for storing these types of items will provide you with a baseline level of safety, it is always best to be prepared for the worst when dealing with hazardous materials (even if there has never been an incident involving these materials at your facility before).
    2. To ensure that these sorts of materials are handled safely, you’ll need to answer the following questions: What do you want to store and how do you want to handle it?

    What type of material is being stored?

    1. In order to properly store materials, it is necessary to understand which types of materials cannot be kept together and which materials are highly volatile when they come into touch with one another.
    2. Firefighters should avoid storing flammable liquids with acids or bases, and special caution should be exercised when handling products containing chlorine (bleach), which, while it is corrosive on its own, can become potentially lethal when combined with other chemicals such as ammonia (found in even household window cleaners) or vinegar (which can be toxic).
    See also:  1 Package Of Yeast Is How Many Teaspoons?

    Why is this material being stored?

    1. Make a realistic inventory of the potentially hazardous materials on hand and analyze the quantity and need of having them on hand, as well as the possibility of substituting a less dangerous chemical for each.
    2. For example, floor polish (which, due to its ammonia content, may be an eye and skin irritant when used alone and should never be mixed with other compounds) – how frequently do you use this substance?
    3. May you predict the demand for additional polish in advance so that you can order only what you need rather than stocking big quantities?
    4. Reduce the likelihood of unintentional spills or exposures by keeping the amount of hazardous products on hand to a bare minimum whenever feasible.

    Where and how are these materials stored?

    1. Maintain clean and immediately visible storage places that are also simple to reach.
    2. It is possible to avoid many spill incidents simply by being attentive of how items are moved into and out of storage.
    3. Preventing errors in usage by keeping things in a clearly demarcated location is similar to preventing mistakes in storage.
    4. It is possible to have devastating results if a powdered cleaning solution is not stored and labeled appropriately in a kitchen environment, for example.
    5. It is equally necessary to evaluate state and federal rules governing the storage of hazardous items, as well as to consider the optimal environmental conditions in which the materials should be stored.
    6. While some types and classes of materials, for example, can be housed in a standard storage closet with no additional requirements, other classes must be stored in special cabinets constructed specifically for the purpose of storing hazardous substances, which must meet specified requirements.

    What Steps Should Be Taken if a Spill, Leak, or Accident Occurs?

    1. The members of your team should be prepared to deal with minor mishaps, such as a small splash of oil spilling over while maintaining landscaping equipment or a bottle of disinfectant breaking open on a cleaning cart.
    2. Cleaning it up with an appropriate absorbent or a handful of paper towels should not pose a problem, but what if there is a larger issue?
    3. It goes without saying that little, inadvertent spills such as these should be handled with caution, but what happens when an entire drum of cleaning solvent is knocked over and spills?
    4. The answer is that it depends.
    5. General rule of thumb is that if you can step over it, then you should be able to clean it up; if the mess is greater than that, call in someone who has received emergency training.
    6. If there is a large spill or leak, your employees will need to know what to do – or at the very least who to notify – in the case of the incident.

    It is critical to have someone on staff who is trained and available to deal with emergency hazardous materials situations, or to have a point of contact with a company that specializes in this type of work, especially if you are operating a larger facility with a greater quantity of hazardous materials on site.

    What Sort of Hazardous Materials Training Should Your Facilities Team Have?

    • Specific training requirements, courses, and certificates are set out by the Occupational Health and Safety Administration for a variety of safety topics, including emergency handling of hazardous chemicals. However, general safety training for the majority of purposes may be completed in-house. The following topics should be covered in training: how to use chemicals safely and what to do in an emergency
    • PPE required for the safe use of cleansers and other potentially hazardous compounds
    • proper dispensing, labeling, and storage practices
    • and other related topics.
    • Know where to get the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for any hazardous compounds they may come into contact with.
    1. It is critical to have safety measures in place and to be informed of how to deal with hazardous chemicals on any scale in order to ensure the safety of your employees, the patrons of your facility, and the surrounding environment.
    2. Are you unsure on what to do next?
    3. ServiceMaster can assist you in ensuring that hazardous items are handled and stored in a safe manner, as well as offering a variety of other beneficial services.
    4. Are you interested in finding out more?
    5. To get in touch with us right away, please click here.

    338 Packaging Requirements for Hazardous Materials

    Publication 52 – Hazardous, Restricted, and Perishable Mail >3 Hazardous Materials >33 Hazard Classes > 338 Packaging Requirements for Hazardous Materials

    338 Packaging Requirements for Hazardous Materials

    338.1 DOT Packing Groups

    1. When transporting hazardous goods in Classes 3, 4, 5, Division 6.1, Class 8, and some Class 9 compounds, the Department of Transportation assigns them to a DOT packing group depending on the level of danger the material poses during transit.
    2. 49 CFR 172.101 and Appendix A both list the packing group that has been allocated to a hazardous material in column 5 of the Hazardous Material Table, as well as in column (d) of Appendix A.
    3. Packaging Group designators are usually written in Roman numerals, for example, PG II, for Packaging Group II.
    4. Packing Group I represents a high level of hazard, Packing Group II suggests a medium level of danger, and Packing Group III indicates a small level of danger.

    338.2 Postal Service Packaging Instructions

    1. The packing of a mailable hazardous item must comply with the applicable Packaging Instructions in Appendix C in order to be sent by mail.
    2. Appendix A contains information that can be used to establish the proper Packaging Instruction to utilize for a certain hazardous item.
    3. Mailers are not authorized to package or mix hazardous items allocated to different hazard classes inside a single mailpiece unless specifically approved by a Postal Service regulation.

    135 Mailable Dangerous Goods

    International Mail Manual >1 International Mail Services >130 Mailability > 135 Mailable Dangerous Goods

    135 Mailable Dangerous Goods

    135.1 Infectious Substances

    135.11 General Conditions
    1. International mail acceptance of infectious and noninfectious (nonregulated) biological substances is subject to the provisions of Publication 52, part 622 under the following conditions: when the materials are intended for medical or veterinary use, research, or laboratory certification that is related to public health; only when the materials are properly prepared for mailing to withstand shocks, pressure changes, and other conditions related to ordinary handling in transit; and only when the materials are properly prepared for mailing to withstand shocks, pressure changes, and other conditions related to ordinary handling
    1. Infectious chemicals classified as Category A are not mailable. As defined in Publication 52, item 346.12a, Category A infectious substances are compounds carried in a form that is capable of causing permanent impairment or life-threatening or fatal illness in otherwise healthy persons or animals if they are exposed to them. The identification number UN 2814 or UN 2900 is assigned to a Category A infectious substance based on the known medical history or symptoms of the source patient or animal, endemic local conditions, or professional judgment regarding the individual circumstances of the source human or animal, respectively. a list of indicative examples of infectious substances included in Category A can be found in the International Air Transportation Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations, Table 3.3.D
    2. Category B infectious substances are mailable if they meet the definition in Publication 52, item 346.12a and are limited to 50 mL for liquids and 50 g for solids per mailpiece
    3. a list of indicative examples of infectious substances included in Category A can be found in the International Air Transportation Association (IATA) Danger A Category B infectious material does not fulfill the requirements for inclusion in the Category A infectious substance classification. Nonregulated (noninfectious) materials described in Publication 52, section 346.234 as nonregulated are mailable. If a mailpiece is known or suspected to contain a Category B infectious substance, it must be labeled with the proper shipping name ″Biological substance, Category B″ on the address side of the mailpiece and assigned to and marked with identification number UN 3373. It is not necessary to control chemicals since they do not include infectious compounds or substances that have the potential to cause disease in people or animals. Despite the fact that they are not subject to regulation as materials, when nonregulated materials are presented for mailing, they must be properly packaged in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6G
    4. exempt human or animal specimens as defined in Publication 52, item 346.12d are mailable. Yet, when submitted for shipping, they must be appropriately wrapped in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6H
    5. however, they are not subject to regulation as materials.
    135.12 Type of Mail
    1. The sole method of shipping Category B contagious drugs is through the First-Class Package International Service utilizing Registered Mail service.
    2. Exempt human or animal specimens as specified in Publication 52, item 346.12d, and nonregulated items as defined in Publication 52, section 346.234, are mailable by First-Class Package International Service when properly wrapped in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6G or 6H.
    135.13 Senders and Receivers
    1. It is only approved laboratories that may send substances listed in 135.11b to their international equivalents in nations that have declared a readiness to receive them.
    2. Countries distinguish between contagious and noninfectious (nonregulated) biological substances and may restrict either one or both of these types of substances depending on their national laws.
    3. See the section titled ″Prohibitions″ in the individual country listings for more information.

    135.2 Authorization

    135.21 Authorized Institutions

    Only the following sorts of organizations can send or receive infectious biological substances: hospitals, research institutes, and government agencies.

    1. Local, state, and federal government agencies’ research laboratories
    2. Laboratories of makers of biological goods produced from bacteria and viruses who are federally licensed
    3. Those that are associated with or operated by hospitals, universities, research centers, and other educational institutions.
    4. Private laboratories that have been licensed, authorized, recognized, or approved by a government agency
    5. and
    135.22 Request for Authorization
    1. In order to mail shipments containing biological material, a qualifying institution must submit a written request on its organization’s letterhead to the following address: MANAGER OF PRODUCT CLASSIFICATIONUS POSTAL SERVICE475 L’ENFANT PLZ SW RM 4446WASHINGTON DC 20260–5015 MANAGER OF PRODUCT CLASSIFICATIONUS POSTAL SERVICE The nature of the institution’s activity, the name and credentials of the intended recipient, and the quantity of packages to be shipped must all be included in the institution’s letter of application for funding.

    135.3 Packaging, Marking, Labeling

    135.31 Category B Infectious Substances
    1. It is necessary to triple-package materials classified as Category B infectious substances that meet the definition in Publication 52, item 346.12a.
    2. These materials must also meet the packaging requirements in 49 CFR 173.199, and they may only be shipped via First-Class Package International Service using Registered Mail service.
    3. In the event that one or more of the primary receptacles carrying liquids leaks or breaks, the absorbent material around the primary receptacles must be large enough to absorb both the primary receptacle and the whole volume of liquid that leaked or was spilled.
    4. Each primary receptacle storing a solid must be sift proof in order to function properly.
    5. Liquid secondary containers must be leak-proof in order to be used.
    6. Secondary containers for solids must be able to withstand sifting.

    An exterior shipping container that is rigid enough to accommodate the primary and secondary packing is required.There shall not be more than one liter (34 ounces) of liquid specimen or four kilograms (8.8 pounds) of solid material in a single main container at any one time.When it comes to liquids, a single secondary container can include several primary receptacles as long as the total volume of the primary receptacles does not exceed 4 liters (1 gallon) or 4 kilograms (8.8 pounds) for solids.In addition, there is:

    1. A material that is classified as a Category B infectious substance and that meets the definition in Publication 52, item 346.12a, must be triple-packaged in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6C, must comply with the packaging requirements in 49 CFR 173.199, and must be sent only by First-Class Package International Service using Registered Mail service. In the event that one or more of the primary receptacles carrying liquids leaks or breaks, the absorbent material around the primary receptacles must be large enough to absorb both the primary receptacle and the whole volume of liquid that leaked or was absorbed. Each primary container carrying a solid must be sift-proof in order to be used. Liquid secondary containers must be leak-proof in order to function properly. It is necessary to have sift resistant secondary containers for solids. An exterior shipping container that is sturdy enough to hold the primary and secondary packing is required. There must not be more than one liter (34 ounces) of liquid specimen or four kilograms (8.8 pounds) of solid material in a single main container at any given time. When it comes to liquids, a single secondary container can include several primary receptacles as long as the total volume of the primary receptacles does not exceed 4 liters (1 gallon) or 4 kilograms (8.8 pounds). Additional information may be found at
    135.32 Nonregulated Materials (Noninfectious Biological Substances)

    Even though nonregulated products are not subject to regulation as materials themselves, when they are submitted for shipping, they must be appropriately packed, labelled, and labeled in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6G, which may be found here.

    135.33 Exempt Human or Animal Specimens

    When offered for shipping, exempt human or animal specimens are not subject to regulation as materials, but when given for mailing, they must be appropriately packed, labelled, and labeled in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6H, which is available online.

    135.4 Handling and Dispatch of Infectious Substances

    135.41 Biological Substances

    Items containing perishable biological material must be handled with care and expediency from the time of receipt until they are dispatched to their final destination.

    135.42 Infectious Substances
    1. Transporting contagious substances in the mail must be done in a separate compartment from other forms of mail (i.e., placed in separate sacks).
    2. In order to identify the nature of the contents of sacks, PS Tag 44, Sack Contents Warning, must be applied to the exterior of the bag.
    3. PS Tag 44 is intended for internal usage only, and it must be removed from mail sacks before the goods may be submitted to air carriers as outer components for transport.

    135.5 Radioactive Materials

    Sending packages containing radioactive materials by international mail is permitted under the requirements of Publication 52, section 347, and subject to the following restrictions:

    1. The only way to ship radioactive materials internationally is through the United States Postal Service’s First-Class Package International Service with Registered Mail service
    2. and the only countries to which you can ship radioactive materials are those that have expressed a willingness to accept radioactive materials. See the section titled ″Prohibitions and Restrictions″ in the individual country listings for more information.
    3. It is necessary for shipments to be compliant with the laws and regulations of the International Atomic Energy Agency
    4. senders and recipients of radioactive materials must get prior clearance from the competent regulatory authorities in their respective countries.
    5. The address side of any container containing radioactive materials must be clearly labeled with a white package label displaying the words ″Matieres Radioactives″ (Radioactive Materials), which is written in French. In addition, the package must display the following endorsements in strong letters: ″RETURN TO SENDER IN CASE OF NON-DELIVERY″ and ″RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS, QUANTITIES PERMITTED FOR MOVEMENT BY POST.″
    6. Senders are responsible for supplying and attaching this label to the box.

    135.6 Batteries

    135.61 Availability — Mail Classes

    In order to use the Global Express Guaranteed service, shipments containing lithium cells or batteries, regardless of the number or type — lithium metals and alloys (non-rechargeable) or lithium-ion or lithium polymer (rechargeable) — are not eligible for mailing. All other outbound international mail classes are subject to the criteria set forth in sections 135.62 through 135.64.

    135.62 General
    1. Only lithium cells and batteries covered by Sections 135.63 and 135.64 that have been properly installed in the equipment that they are intended to operate are permitted to be shipped internationally or to APO, FPO, or DPO locations if the destination country or APO, FPO, or DPO location does not restrict or prohibit the shipment.
    2. For information on individual nation limitations, please go to the relevant Individual Country Listing.
    3. For information on particular APO, FPO, or DPO limitations, refer to the information for the destination ZIP Code in the article titled ″Overseas Military/Diplomatic Mail,″ which appears in each edition of the Postal Bulletin under the heading ″Overseas Military/Diplomatic Mail.″ Exclusions apply to lithium batteries shipped in conjunction with equipment and lithium batteries shipped separately from equipment.
    4. Batteries that have been damaged or recalled are forbidden from being shipped overseas and may not be shipped at all.
    135.63 Lithium Metal or Lithium Alloy (Non-Rechargeable) Cells and Batteries

    Batteries and cells for small consumer electronics, such as digital cameras and flashlights, that are made of lithium metal or lithium alloy (and are not rechargeable), can be mailed in a single package if they meet the following requirements:

    1. Installation of batteries in the equipment with which they are intended to be used is mandatory.
    2. For the purposes of this regulation, each shipment may contain a maximum of four lithium cells or two lithium batteries.
    3. The amount of lithium present in each cell must not exceed one gram (g).
    4. The entire aggregate lithium content of a battery must not be greater than 2 g per cell.
    5. Battery protection is required in order to prevent damage and short circuiting of the equipment’s batteries.
    6. Ensure that the equipment is supplied with a reliable method of preventing it from being accidentally turned on or triggered.
    7. In order to avoid movement or damage, the equipment must be confined in a sturdy, well-sealed packaging with plenty of padding.
    8. There must be no marks or labeling on mailpieces that indicate that the contents are lithium batteries.
    135.64 Lithium-ion or Lithium Polymer (Rechargeable) Cells and Batteries

    Batteries and cells for small consumer electronics, such as mobile phones and laptop computers, that are made of lithium-ion or lithium polymer (rechargeable) technology are mailable in a single package subject to the following restrictions:

    1. A battery system must be placed in the equipment that it is meant to power.
    2. For the purposes of this regulation, each shipment may contain a maximum of four lithium cells or two lithium batteries.
    3. The total watt-hour rating (Wh) for each cell must not be greater than 20 Wh per cell in order to meet the requirements.
    4. There must be no more than 100 Wh per battery in the total Wh for each battery.
    5. Each battery must have the Wh designation on it so that it can be determined whether or not it is within the limitations set out in Sections 135.64c and 135.64d.
    6. Battery protection is required in order to prevent damage and short circuiting of the equipment’s batteries.
    7. Ensure that the equipment is supplied with a reliable method of preventing it from being accidentally turned on or triggered.
    8. In order to avoid movement or damage, the equipment must be confined in a sturdy, well-sealed packaging with plenty of padding.
    9. Lithium batteries must not be identified as the contents of any mailpieces, including labels or marks.

    Hazardous Materials

    • Most hazardous chemicals are not mailable overseas, even to APO, FPO, and DPO addresses, for concerns of safety. Hazardous materials (sometimes known as ″hazardous goods″ in international trade) include everyday consumer and household items such as fragrances, aerosols, and electronic devices that include certain types of batteries, among other things. In accordance with federal regulations, every matter that is overtly or by its own force harmful or detrimental to life or property is prohibited from being mailed. It is the mailer’s obligation to ensure that all mailing requirements are met in full, as well as to comply with all applicable laws and regulations. If you know you’ve mailed something illegal, you’ve committed a felony that might result in a fine or jail, or other punishment. The regulations and limits for mailing hazardous items that apply in the United States and abroad are frequently varied. Additional mailability information may be found in the International Mailability Manual (IMM) and Publication 52. To avoid confusion, tick the ″Dangerous Items″ box in the content description section of PS Form 2976, in block 5 of PS Form 2976-A, or in block 2 of PS Form 2976-B if your overseas shipment contains dangerous goods that have been approved for shipping. Guidelines for Addressing in International Environments In order to assure compliance with export rules, the Postal Service and other federal authorities check information on all foreign shipping labels, including information about senders, receivers, and contents. As indicated below, to reduce the likelihood of a shipping label being returned, make certain that your shipping label is precise, in the proper location, and simple to read: Accurate. Inspect the customs declaration form to ensure that all addresses and information, including the contents of the shipment, are completed completely and properly. Please include your email address or telephone number on the package or customs declaration in case the Postal Service has to contact you for further information or clarification
    • make sure it is in the proper location. Use a shipping label and a customs declaration form together on the same side of your item if you are using both. Be cautious not to cover any information on the shipping label or customs declaration form when placing them together. It is only one customs form that is necessary when utilizing a combination shipping label and customs form.
    • It’s simple to read. Please make certain that the whole name and address are typed or written in English. You can include a foreign language address in the address field if the names of the city, province, and country are also included in the English version of the address.

    General Packing Requirements for Dangerous Goods Shipped by Air [IATA DGR 5.0.2]

    • The 24th of May, 2018 Whenever you are shipping hazardous materials over the air, you must abide by the general packaging criteria outlined in Section 5.0.2 of the International Air Transport Association’s (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR). In addition, you must adhere to the rules that are specific to each danger class that is contained in your cargo. The typical packing criteria for hazard classes 1 and 2 explosives, class 2 gases, and class 7 radioactives, for example, are specific to their respective hazards. You can find the specific packing instructions for any dangerous good by looking for the material’s proper shipping name in column B of the IATA DGR’s list of dangerous goods, and then looking for the packing instruction that is referenced in columns G, I, and K. If you have any questions, please contact us. The following are the general packing standards specified in IATA DGR section 5.0.2: You must choose high-quality packing that can survive loading and unloading as well as the regular circumstances of transportation.
    • Packing materials must be manufactured and sealed in such a way that they prevent the loss of their contents.
    • It is necessary to shut packages in accordance with the manufacturer’s standards.
    • There can’t be any harmful residue on the outside of the packaging
    • The packaging, which must include absorbents and cushioning material, must be compatible with the contents of the box.
    • Packaging must not be utilized if it is made of materials that can become soft, brittle, or porous as a result of the temperatures encountered during air transportation, chemical interaction with the contents, or the use of a refrigerant.
    • Wood packing materials must meet the requirements of the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM15) and the European Union Commission Directive 2004/102/EC.
    • Temperature and vibration extremes must be taken into consideration when designing packaging and closing methods.
    • Liquids in inner packaging must be sealed with a positive method of closure (e.g., tape, friction sleeves) or placed inside a leak-proof liner to avoid contamination.
    • A sufficient amount of head space must be supplied so that liquids do not entirely fill the package when the temperature is 130°F.
    • In order to prevent leaking, packaging for liquids must be able to sustain an internal pressure that provides the necessary pressure differential as stated in IATA DGR section
    • It is necessary to have packaging for solids that may turn liquid during transportation that is capable of retaining the substance in its liquid condition.
    • In a single box, several dangerous commodities may be bundled provided they are compatible with one another. In addition, the inner packaging used, as well as the quantity limits, must comply with the specifications specified by each applicable packing instruction
    • the outer packaging used must comply with all applicable packing instructions
    • and the package must meet the specification performance standards for the most restrictive packing group of dangerous goods contained within it. It is possible that a Q-value computation will be necessary.
    • In the case of combination packages (which include both an inner and an exterior box), cushioning must be supplied between the two parcels.
    • A label or indication with an orientation arrow must be placed on two opposing sides of the outer package if the liquids are to be stored upright.
    • A range of inner packages may be contained within outward combination packages that have been tested with a variety of inner packages. As long as an equivalent level of performance is maintained, variations in inner packaging are permissible without the need for additional package testing, as explained below:
    • It is possible to utilize fewer inner packages as long as appropriate cushioning is provided to cover any holes.
    • As long as the inner packagings are of equivalent or smaller size, and have the same or smaller openings and similar closures as the tested inner packagings, and the material of construction offers equal resistance to impact/force, and sufficient cushioning material is used to fill any voids, inner packagings of equivalent or smaller size can be used. They must also be oriented in the same manner as the tested package.
    • A range of inner packages may be included within an outer combination package that has been tested with a variety of inner packages. As explained below, if a similar level of performance is maintained, differences in interior packaging are permissible without the need for further package testing:
    • It is possible to utilize fewer inner packages as long as enough cushioning is provided to cover any holes.
    • As long as the inner packagings are of equivalent or smaller size, and have the same or smaller openings and similar closures as the tested inner packagings, and the material of construction offers equal resistance to impact/force, and sufficient cushioning material is used to fill any voids, inner packagings of equivalent or smaller size can be used. They must also be oriented in the same way as the tested package.
    1. The general criteria for each danger class that are particular to each class may be found at the beginning of the packing instructions for each hazard class, as can be seen in the table below.
    2. General requirements for Class 1 explosives are found in Section 5.1 of the IATA DGR, immediately preceding packing instruction 101; general requirements for Class 2 gases are found in Section 5.2, immediately preceding packing instruction 200; and general requirements for Class 7 radioactives are found in Section 10.6 of the IATA DGR, immediately preceding packing instruction 201.
    3. Overall, when shipping dangerous goods, you must adhere to the general packing requirements, hazard-specific general packing requirements, and the materials’ packing instructions that are referenced in columns G, I, and K of the International Air Transport Association’s Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR list).
    4. Packing materials that do not comply with the general packing criteria and/or the hazard-specific packing standards may not be utilized to transport dangerous products.

    Marking & Labeling Your Shipment

    1. When preparing a dangerous goods package for shipping, it is critical to mark and identify the package correctly.
    2. Labels are frequently used to convey the risks connected with a package, and markings guarantee that the item is handled in a safe manner, preventing spills, accidents, and exposure.
    3. As a result, they must be applied correctly, represent accurate information, and be in compliance with applicable legislation.


    Definition: Marking refers to the use of a descriptive name, an identifying number, instructions and cautions, weights and specifications or UN markings, or a combination of these marks, on the outside of hazardous materials or dangerous products packaging. (Click on image to expand) The marking that is necessary is as follows:

    1. Printed on or adhered on the surface of a product, or on a label, tag, or sign
    2. must be long-lasting
    3. must be in the English language
    4. It must be shown on a background with a strong contrast in color
    5. Labels or attachments must not hide the message, and the message must be placed away from any other marking (such as advertising) that might significantly diminish its efficacy.
    1. Specific marks: You should also be aware of any specialized markings that may exist.
    2. Among them are the following: If you are dealing with liquid hazardous chemicals or dangerous products, you should be aware that there are additional labelling requirements for radioactive materials, toxic dangerous goods, and dangerous goods in small amounts.
    3. Refer to the relevant portions contained in 49CFR Part 172, Subpart D, for further information.


    1. Labels on dangerous goods packages highlight the exact primary and secondary risks caused by the contents contained within the package.
    2. These modes of communication rely on certain colors, symbols, and pictograms to clearly and quickly identify the sort of products included within the package.
    3. In accordance with 49 CFR 172.406, labels containing hazardous materials must be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material and must be located on or near the same surface as the package and near the proper shipping name marking if the package dimensions are sufficient.
    4. See DOT Chart 17 for further information on marking and labeling requirements (PDF).
    5. (Click on image to expand)

    Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) – Overview: OSH Answers

    • It is mandatory for anybody who deals with hazardous products to comply with the TDG Regulations. This includes those who ship, transport, and receive dangerous goods by road, rail, air, or sea (marine). Transportation of dangerous goods (handling) is defined as follows in the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act: ″handling means loading, unloading, packing or unpacking dangerous goods in a means of containment for the purposes of, in the course of, or following transportation, including storing them during transportation (manutention).″ The federal TDG Regulations apply to everyone, regardless of where they live. Even when a member of the public carries dangerous materials such as fuel, oxygen, or propane for personal use, the restrictions apply to them. Small numbers and special conditions are exempted from the rule, however there are some restrictions. In the majority of circumstances, there are three primary types of persons who handle, offer to carry, or transport dangerous products who are required to comply with TDG: handlers, offerters, and transporters. These are the groups: Those who receive the dangerous goods from a consignor or carrier are referred to as consignees. Consignors include anyone who has their shipping name on the shipping document and anyone who imports or has possession of the dangerous goods immediately before shipping dangerous goods, such as manufacturers, distributors, or members of the general public. Carriers include anyone who transports the dangerous goods, including trucking companies, air cargo companies, marine shipping companies, and members of the general public.

    The TDG directorate has made a competence checklist available for download.

    Check the Box: Getting Started with Shipping Hazmat

    1. It is your responsibility as the shipper to ensure that your hazardous item is correctly classified and packaged with the appropriate hazard notifications before offering it for shipment (e.g., marks, labels, and shipping documentation).
    2. These typical procedures do not include all of the criteria, and they are just intended to offer a high-level overview of the hazardous transportation procedure.
    3. This list is not intended to be a substitute for formal training or a thorough analysis of applicable rules.
    4. If you need assistance understanding hazardous transportation requirements, please contact the Hazardous Materials Information Center by phone at 1-800-467-4922 or 202-366-4488 or through email at [email protected]
    5. Check the product’s Safety Data Sheet as a starting point for your investigation (SDS).
    6. The majority of consumer items that are manufactured by respectable companies will come with a safety data sheet (SDS) that provides a transportation hazard categorization for the product.

    This categorization assigns a four-digit identification number to the goods, as well as a correct shipping name, the hazard class, and the packaging group.Make use of this information to determine which entry on the Hazardous Materials Table is right.There are references to the relevant packaging sections in the Hazardous Materials Table, along with specific quantity constraints and any special rules or exclusions that may apply.It also offers information on the hazardous label codes and a general description of the hazmat.To begin shipping hazardous, it is critical to first determine the appropriate hazard classification for the material being shipped.

    Each product will be assigned a danger classification that will be used to determine all other criteria, such as packaging, markings, labels, and shipping paper needs.The Department of Transportation’s Hazardous Materials Regulations (DOT hazmat regulations) offer classification standards that producers, transporters, and others can use to categorize hazardous materials.Certain forms of hazardous require prior approval of the categorization determination by the PHMSA before they may be transported (e.g., explosives).

    • Choose the most appropriate packing for the amount of hazardous you intend to transport and the destination country.
    • Make certain to use the packing portion that has been designated for your goods.
    • Performance packaging (such as UN Standard or DOT-Specification packaging) may be necessary depending on the hazard and the quantities involved.
    • PHMSA has developed a handbook to assist in the identification and understanding of performance packaging marks on products.
    • Hazardous materials should be packaged in accordance with the packaging standards specified in the rules.

    The manufacturer’s instructions for assembling and closing performance packaging must be followed if performance packaging is necessary.This includes the use of the prescribed inner and outside packing materials, as well as the appropriate sealing materials, when necessary.When it comes to containing hazardous materials, performance packaging is particularly developed and tested.Deviating from the manufacturer’s recommendations may jeopardize the integrity of the package and result in the release of hazardous materials into the environment.Make sure your shipment has the proper danger communication labels on it.

    • In addition to direction arrows, shipper’s information such as identification number and correct shipping name marks as well as danger class labels might be included.
    • In case a shipping paper is required, prepare an inventory of the hazmat that includes a description of the hazmat and its identification number, proper shipping name, hazard class and packing group information, the number and type of packages, emergency contact information, and the shipper’s certification, among other things.
    • Depending on the nature of the substance to be carried, additional information may be necessary.
    • It is important to collaborate closely with your carrier in order to discover any additional carrier needs in order to guarantee that your product reaches its destination as fast and securely as possible.
    • Please keep in mind that, as a government entity, the Department of Transportation does not advocate or suggest any specific vendor.
    1. Based on their chemical and physical qualities, the U.S.
    2. Department of Transportation has defined distinct transportation hazard categorization standards for certain materials (e.g., flammability, corrosivity, toxicity).
    3. When delivering things through the mail or other shipping methods, always cautious to identify any potential dangers.

    The duty for knowing if a product is harmful and communicating those concerns effectively falls on your shoulders!CAUTION: An SDS may include inaccurate information, and it is ultimately the shipper’s obligation to ensure that the goods is properly classified.In the event that you are both the maker of your product and the original shipper, you must ensure that you offer the appropriate danger categorization.Testing is typically used to reach this goal.The most recent update was made on Wednesday, September 30, 2020.

    How to Understand Packing Instructions

    1. On the 20th of June, 2016, Little Pro Dangerous items must be packaged properly in order to be transported safely.
    2. The United Nations Model Dangerous Goods Regulations give packing requirements for a variety of dangerous goods classifications.
    3. In most cases, packing requirements call for the use of UN performance-tested packaging materials; however, when dangerous items are exported under the conditions of Limited Quantities or Excepted Quantities, these materials are not needed to be used.
    4. The Dangerous Goods List includes packing guidelines in column 8 of the list of dangerous goods (see example below).
    5. Column 9 contains a list of particular packaging provisions that are applicable to certain chemicals and items.
    6. In this post, we’ll go through a few instances of packing instructions that you may use.

    Types of Packing Instructions

    • There are specific packing requirements for the following categories of packages. A code beginning with the letters P, IBC, or LP will be allocated to each of the three types of packages. Packages other than intermediate bulk containers and large packagings (Pxxx)
    • Intermediate bulk containers (IBCxx)
    • Large packagings (LPxx)
    • Intermediate bulk containers (IBCxx)
    • Packages other than IBCs and large packagings (Pxxx)
    • It is also critical to be aware of any unique requirements that may apply to a certain type of package. The letters PP, B, and L are used to denote exceptional provisions. IBCs and big packaging (PPx) are not included in this category.
    • Intermediate bulk containers (Bxx)
    • Large packagings (Lxx)
    • Intermediate bulk containers (Bxx)
    • Intermediate bulk containers (Bxx).

    Consider the following example: the packing guidelines for UN 1549 are P002 for single/combination packages, IBC08 for intermediate bulk containers, and LP02 for large packagings. B3 is the designation for the exceptional provisions. Later on, I’ll show you where you may look up the significance of specific codes (such as P002).

    How to Understand Packing Instructions

    1. Each packing instruction specifies the single and combination packaging options that are allowed.
    2. Whenever possible, the appropriate outer packagings and inside packages are listed in combination packing guidelines together with the maximum authorized amount in each inner or outside packaging, if relevant.
    3. It is also specified what the maximum mass or maximum net amount of each package is.
    4. A portion of packing instruction P002 is contained in the table below.
    5. Therefore, if we utilize combination packages for UN1549 Antimony compound and glass as the inner packaging material, the maximum authorized weight per inner package is 10kg and the maximum permitted weight per outer package is 400kg if steel drums are used as the outside packaging material.
    6. Detailed explanations of the meanings of all packaging instruction codes, as well as specific requirements, may be found in Part 4 of the United Nations model rules.

    Notes to Packing Instructions

    The general packaging instructions do not include any information about compatibility. It is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the packaging materials used do not react with the contents included.

    Having Questions?

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    5. Tags: TDG, Dangerous Goods, Transportation of Dangerous Goods

    1. Motor carriers transporting hazardous chemicals are required to carry the necessary documents.
    2. Shippers carrying hazardous products are required to give carriers with shipping papers as well as emergency response information, which might be valuable in the event of an accident or disaster.
    3. In the event of an emergency, a shipping paper serves as a record of what is being carried as well as providing first responders with the information they require.
    4. When the driver is wearing his or her seat belt, the HM shipping paperwork must be within reach of the driver and visible to first responders entering the car.
    5. Motor carriers are required to keep HM shipping paperwork for one year after the shipment has been accepted, or three years in the case of hazardous material.
    6. The following information must be included on the shipment papers:
    1. This is the identifying number that may be found in the Hazardous Materials Table
    2. and
    3. In accordance with the Hazardous Materials Table, the correct shipping name should be used
    4. The danger classification
    5. In the event that Roman numerals are necessary, the packing group will be identified.
    6. The total amount of potentially dangerous items
    7. The quantity and kind of packages containing the potentially dangerous materials
    8. In accordance with 49 CFR Section 172.203, any further description requirements


    1. Those who are not transporting hazardous items
    2. those who are exempted from the HM Regulations
    3. and others.

    Preparing Hazardous Materials Shipping Papers

    1. When it comes to hazardous materials regulations, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration is in charge of enforcing them on our nation’s highways.
    2. The Hazardous Materials Regulations require anyone who offers, ships, or transports a hazardous material to include shipping papers that describe the hazardous materials.
    3. As a result of their broad applicability, shipping paper laws are among the most often violated of all the hazardous materials regulations.
    4. The following are the two most typical errors that result in violations:
    1. If a company does not t

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