When Handling A Package That Contains Dangerous Materials You Should Always?

Do not handle any contents of a hazardous materials package unless you have been properly trained in the hazards that may be present and how to protect your health and safety. If you discover a damaged, leaking or open container of hazardous material after receiving a package immediately contact campus police and inform them of your location and situation. Secure the package in a safe location, if you have access to a fume hood place the package inside and close the sash, and do not attempt any

How does a dangerous goods packaging system work?

A dangerous goods packaging system only works when all of the intended components are present. Cushioning and absorbents are necessary parts of certain systems. Pressure-test primary or secondary packaging when liquid material is to be shipped by air. Not all packages are suitable for air transport.

Do you need special bags for Dangerous Goods Packaging?

Special bags are required in conjunction with rigid containers when shipping liquids by air. Use enough cushioning or absorbent material. A dangerous goods packaging system only works when all of the intended components are present.

How do you pack dangerous goods for shipping?

Use a leakproof bag when shipping liquids. Special bags are required in conjunction with rigid containers when shipping liquids by air. Use enough cushioning or absorbent material. A dangerous goods packaging system only works when all of the intended components are present.

What are the packing instructions for dangerous goods?

Packages must be constructed and closed in a manner that prevents any loss of contents. Packages must be closed according to the manufacturer’s specifications. No dangerous residue can be on the outside of the package. The package, including absorbents and cushioning material, must be compatible with its contents.

What is the required format for the basic description of the hazardous material?

The basic description of a hazardous material includes the Identification Number, the Proper Shipping Name, Hazard Class and Packing Group (when applicable). This information is required to be placed on the shipping paper in a specific order.

How dangerous goods package should be marked and Labelled?

49 CFR 172.406 states labels must be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material and be located on the same surface of the package and near the proper shipping name marking, if the package dimensions are adequate.

Who is responsible for classifying labeling and properly packaging of a dangerous good for transport?

The consignor or shipper is responsible for determining if a product meets one or more criteria for dangerous goods. The consignor may use the classification made by the manufacturer or a previous consignor.

What determines the packaging needed to protect the hazardous material during transport?

Certain types of hazmat require PHMSA’s approval of the classification determination prior to shipment (e.g., explosives). Select the appropriate packaging based on the amount of hazmat you are looking to ship. Be sure to use the packaging section specified for your material.

What are packing instructions?

Each packing instruction shows the acceptable single and combination packagings. For combination packing instructions, the acceptable outer packagings, inner packagings and when applicable, the maximum permitted quantity in each inner or outer packaging are shown.

What items make up the basic description for a hazardous material on a shipping paper?

Information used to describe a hazardous material on a shipping paper is known as the Basic Description. Information for the Basic Description consists of the Identification Number in Column 4; the Proper Shipping Name in Column 2; the Hazard Class or Division in Column 3; and the Packing Group in Column 5.

Which of the following information must be included for hazardous materials on a shipping paper?

Information on the shipping papers must include: The identification number, identified in the Hazardous Materials Table. The proper shipping name, identified in the Hazardous Materials Table. The hazard class.

When transporting hazardous materials the shipping papers should contain?

After the Basic Description, every shipping paper should list the quantity of hazardous material (with measurement), the type of packaging used, an emergency contact telephone number, and a shipper’s certification.

How do you identify dangerous goods?

Dangerous goods are classified according to their properties, for example ‘compressed toxic gas’, ‘flammable solid’, ‘toxic liquid’. Some dangerous goods attract subsidiary risk classifications, such as chlorine gas that is classed as toxic first and corrosive second.

How are dangerous goods Labelled?

The labels for these products should include information on the hazards and safety precautions. For example, for dry ice (solid carbon dioxide), information on the asphyxiation hazard and precautions for handling to avoid cryogenic burns should be included on the label.

What items must be placarded when hazardous materials are present?

Regulation require placards ‘Poison Inhalation Hazard or Poison Gas to be displayed appropriately.

  • sends products from one place to another by truck, rail, vessel or airplane.
  • must package, mark and label the materials; prepare shipping papers, provide emergency response information; and supply placards.
  • Who is responsible for the correct packaging of dangerous goods?

    Alberta Transportation is responsible for the compliance and enforcement of the TDG Regulations for areas under provincial authority.

    Who is responsible for safe transport of dangerous goods?

    The EPA regulates the transport of dangerous goods: by road. by rail, in conjunction with the Office of the National Rail Safety Regulator.

    What is the correct order for classifying dangerous goods on a shipping document?

    Description of the dangerous goods in the following order: UN number (e.g., UN1230) Dangerous goods shipping name (e.g., Methanol) If applicable, the technical name in parenthesis immediate after the shipping name for dangerous goods subject to Special Provisions 16.

    Why are most hazardous materials nonmailable internationally?

    For reasons of safety, most hazardous materials are nonmailable internationally, including to APO, FPO, and DPO locations. Hazardous materials (which in international commerce are commonly called “dangerous goods”) include common consumer and household items such as perfumes, aerosols, and electronic products that contain certain batteries.

    Can You ship hazardous materials to APO?

    Hazardous Materials. For reasons of safety, most hazardous materials are nonmailable internationally, including to APO, FPO, and DPO locations. Hazardous materials (which in international commerce are commonly called “dangerous goods”) include common consumer and household items such as perfumes, aerosols, and electronic products

    Tips for Safe and Effective Shipping of Potentially Hazardous Materials

    • Numerous small company owners immediately begin shipping across state lines and across international borders — even with potentially dangerous items.
    • Despite this, because your company is accountable if something goes wrong, it is vital to explore for new and better ways to guarantee products get at their destinations securely and effectively on time.
    • Here are some suggestions that you may use over the next several months to assist you in your endeavor.

    Understand what constitutes Dangerous Goods and what does not.For starters, have a clear understanding of the sorts of items that qualify as dangerous products so that you and your team are aware of what has to be handled and sent with greater care.Generally speaking, dangerous or hazardous commodities are objects or materials that have intrinsic features that, if not handled properly, might provide a potential threat.This danger has the potential to harm any form of living life as well as the overall safety of the environment.In addition to liquids, solids, and gases, dangerous commodities can take on a number of shapes and forms.

    1. They can be chilly or hot, odorless or pungent, and they can be pungent or odorless.
    2. There is a wide range of negative consequences that might range from lethal to modest to everything in between.
    3. Dangerous products are categorised into a variety of categories and can be distinguished based on whether or not they are toxic, combustible, explosive, or have the potential to provide some other form of harm to the public or the environment.

    There are many different forms of dangers, and as a result, there are many different types of rules that apply to the transportation of different types of commodities.It is also not necessary for anything to seem harmful in order to be classed as potentially hazardous.For example, even common household items such as table tennis balls, paint, nail polish, and fragrances are frequently included on dangerous products listings.Additionally, keep in mind that various nations have varied regulations regarding dangerous compounds.This implies that you must research the restrictions in effect at the location where you will be exporting your things.

    Something being regarded hazardous in one region of the globe may not be deemed dangerous in another part of the world, and vice versa.Make Use of Appropriate Packaging After determining whether goods are considered hazardous, you may take steps to ensure that they are packaged in a way that protects them during travel and guarantees that they do not cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment.The containers you employ for dangerous products must be appropriate for the objects contained within them, have secure lids, and provide enough cushioning for the items.It is important to use absorbent materials to assist limit leaks since you must ensure that items do not threaten anybody while in transit.

    • This includes your employees who handle the commodities, as well as shipping and other transportation crews, customs authorities, and beneficiaries, among other people and organizations.
    • Train the employees that will be handling goods in your organization.
    • If you want to enhance the possibility that dangerous items will be transported successfully by your organization, adequately train the employees who will be handling the dangerous goods.
    • Anyone who comes into contact with hazardous chemicals at any point in the process should be aware of the precise duties they are responsible for and how their obligations connect to those of their coworkers.
    • Employers must ensure that their workers are well informed about how compliance requirements influence their firm, as well as any other companies with whom they will come into contact when packages are transferred.
    • They should also be aware of the ramifications of failing to adhere to the rules.
    1. It is also beneficial to use impact indicators in your company’s operations.
    2. These are instruments that alert package handlers that hazardous chemicals are included within the box and that the package must be handled with caution for the benefit of everyone’s safety.
    3. Educate your employees on what each indicator represents and what they should do to keep safe and assist the organization in remaining compliant.
    4. Put in Place Detailed Procedures and Procedures Put clear procedures in place for personnel to follow in order to guarantee that risky materials are handled and packed correctly on a consistent basis.
    5. This will lessen the likelihood of things going wrong in the future.
    6. For example, any potentially hazardous materials must be properly labeled.

    Workers and external suppliers must be educated on how to label packages in the proper manner and to remove any unconnected or outdated labels that may give the erroneous impression about the contents of the box.You should have a system of checks and balances in place so that someone is always certain that the documentation is correct and thorough.This will lessen the likelihood that the incorrect labels will be applied to the incorrect packages.In addition, you should make use of quality tracking tools to improve your results.Use technology to track shipments and keep track of the precautions taken to guarantee that they are in compliance.

    135 Mailable Dangerous Goods

    International Mail Manual >1 International Mail Services >130 Mailability > 135 Mailable Dangerous Goods

    135 Mailable Dangerous Goods

    135.1 Infectious Substances

    135.11 General Conditions
    • International mail acceptance of infectious and noninfectious (nonregulated) biological substances is subject to the provisions of Publication 52, part 622 under the following conditions: when the materials are intended for medical or veterinary use, research, or laboratory certification that is related to public health; only when the materials are properly prepared for mailing to withstand shocks, pressure changes, and other conditions related to ordinary handling in transit; and only when the materials are properly prepared for mailing to withstand shocks, pressure changes, and other conditions related to ordinary handling
    1. Infectious chemicals classified as Category A are not mailable. As defined in Publication 52, item 346.12a, Category A infectious substances are compounds carried in a form that is capable of causing permanent impairment or life-threatening or fatal illness in otherwise healthy persons or animals if they are exposed to them. The identification number UN 2814 or UN 2900 is assigned to a Category A infectious substance based on the known medical history or symptoms of the source patient or animal, endemic local conditions, or professional judgment regarding the individual circumstances of the source human or animal, respectively. a list of indicative examples of infectious substances included in Category A can be found in the International Air Transportation Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations, Table 3.3.D
    2. Category B infectious substances are mailable if they meet the definition in Publication 52, item 346.12a and are limited to 50 mL for liquids and 50 g for solids per mailpiece
    3. a list of indicative examples of infectious substances included in Category A can be found in the International Air Transportation Association (IATA) Danger A Category B infectious material does not fulfill the requirements for inclusion in the Category A infectious substance classification. Nonregulated (noninfectious) materials described in Publication 52, section 346.234 as nonregulated are mailable. If a mailpiece is known or suspected to contain a Category B infectious substance, it must be labeled with the proper shipping name ″Biological substance, Category B″ on the address side of the mailpiece and assigned to and marked with identification number UN 3373. It is not necessary to control chemicals since they do not include infectious compounds or substances that have the potential to cause disease in people or animals. Despite the fact that they are not subject to regulation as materials, when nonregulated materials are presented for mailing, they must be properly packaged in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6G
    4. exempt human or animal specimens as defined in Publication 52, item 346.12d are mailable. Yet, when submitted for shipping, they must be appropriately wrapped in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6H
    5. however, they are not subject to regulation as materials.
    135.12 Type of Mail
    • The sole method of shipping Category B contagious drugs is through the First-Class Package International Service utilizing Registered Mail service.
    • Exempt human or animal specimens as specified in Publication 52, item 346.12d, and nonregulated items as defined in Publication 52, section 346.234, are mailable by First-Class Package International Service when properly wrapped in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6G or 6H.
    135.13 Senders and Receivers
    • It is only approved laboratories that may send substances listed in 135.11b to their international equivalents in nations that have declared a readiness to receive them.
    • Countries distinguish between contagious and noninfectious (nonregulated) biological substances and may restrict either one or both of these types of substances depending on their national laws.
    • See the section titled ″Prohibitions″ in the individual country listings for more information.

    135.2 Authorization

    135.21 Authorized Institutions

    Only the following sorts of organizations can send or receive infectious biological substances: hospitals, research institutes, and government agencies.

    1. Local, state, and federal government agencies’ research laboratories
    2. Laboratories of makers of biological goods produced from bacteria and viruses who are federally licensed
    3. Those that are associated with or operated by hospitals, universities, research centers, and other educational institutions.
    4. Private laboratories that have been licensed, authorized, recognized, or approved by a government agency
    5. and
    135.22 Request for Authorization
    • In order to mail shipments containing biological material, a qualifying institution must submit a written request on its organization’s letterhead to the following address: MANAGER OF PRODUCT CLASSIFICATIONUS POSTAL SERVICE475 L’ENFANT PLZ SW RM 4446WASHINGTON DC 20260–5015 MANAGER OF PRODUCT CLASSIFICATIONUS POSTAL SERVICE The nature of the institution’s activity, the name and credentials of the intended recipient, and the quantity of packages to be shipped must all be included in the institution’s letter of application for funding.

    135.3 Packaging, Marking, Labeling

    135.31 Category B Infectious Substances

    It is necessary to triple-package materials classified as Category B infectious substances that meet the definition in Publication 52, item 346.12a.These materials must also meet the packaging requirements in 49 CFR 173.199, and they may only be shipped via First-Class Package International Service using Registered Mail service.In the event that one or more of the primary receptacles carrying liquids leaks or breaks, the absorbent material around the primary receptacles must be large enough to absorb both the primary receptacle and the whole volume of liquid that leaked or was spilled.Each primary receptacle storing a solid must be sift proof in order to function properly.

    Liquid secondary containers must be leak-proof in order to be used.Secondary containers for solids must be able to withstand sifting.An exterior shipping container that is rigid enough to accommodate the primary and secondary packing is required.There shall not be more than one liter (34 ounces) of liquid specimen or four kilograms (8.8 pounds) of solid material in a single main container at any one time.When it comes to liquids, a single secondary container can include several primary receptacles as long as the total volume of the primary receptacles does not exceed 4 liters (1 gallon) or 4 kilograms (8.8 pounds) for solids.In addition, there is:

    1. In accordance with Publication 52, Exhibit 346.321, the secondary container must be labeled with the international biohazard sign.
    2. It is required that any primary or secondary packing holding liquid be capable of withstanding, without leaking, an internal pressure creating a pressure difference of not less than 95 kPa (0.95 bar, 14 psi) in the temperature range of -40° C to 55° C (-40° F to 130° F).
    3. According to 49 CFR 173.199 (a) (5), all mailpieces shipped under DMM 601.10.17.4 must be labeled on the address side with the shipping name ″Biological material, Category B″ and the ″UN 3373″ marking, as well as the destination address.
    4. These mailpieces do not require orientation arrows, but they are welcome to include them if desired.
    5. The name and telephone number of a person who is knowledgeable about the material being shipped and who has comprehensive emergency response and incident mitigation information, or the name and telephone number of someone who has immediate access to the person with such knowledge and information, must be displayed on the outer packaging.

    135.32 Nonregulated Materials (Noninfectious Biological Substances)

    Even though nonregulated products are not subject to regulation as materials themselves, when they are submitted for shipping, they must be appropriately packed, labelled, and labeled in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6G, which may be found here.

    135.33 Exempt Human or Animal Specimens

    When offered for shipping, exempt human or animal specimens are not subject to regulation as materials, but when given for mailing, they must be appropriately packed, labelled, and labeled in accordance with Publication 52, Packaging Instruction 6H, which is available online.

    135.4 Handling and Dispatch of Infectious Substances

    135.41 Biological Substances

    Items containing perishable biological material must be handled with care and expediency from the time of receipt until they are dispatched to their final destination.

    135.42 Infectious Substances

    Transporting contagious substances in the mail must be done in a separate compartment from other forms of mail (i.e., placed in separate sacks).In order to identify the nature of the contents of sacks, PS Tag 44, Sack Contents Warning, must be applied to the exterior of the bag.PS Tag 44 is intended for internal usage only, and it must be removed from mail sacks before the goods may be submitted to air carriers as outer components for transport.

    135.5 Radioactive Materials

    Sending packages containing radioactive materials by international mail is permitted under the requirements of Publication 52, section 347, and subject to the following restrictions:

    1. The only way to ship radioactive materials internationally is through the United States Postal Service’s First-Class Package International Service with Registered Mail service
    2. and the only countries to which you can ship radioactive materials are those that have expressed a willingness to accept radioactive materials. See the section titled ″Prohibitions and Restrictions″ in the individual country listings for more information.
    3. It is necessary for shipments to be compliant with the laws and regulations of the International Atomic Energy Agency
    4. senders and recipients of radioactive materials must get prior clearance from the competent regulatory authorities in their respective countries.
    5. The address side of any container containing radioactive materials must be clearly labeled with a white package label displaying the words ″Matieres Radioactives″ (Radioactive Materials), which is written in French. In addition, the package must display the following endorsements in strong letters: ″RETURN TO SENDER IN CASE OF NON-DELIVERY″ and ″RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS, QUANTITIES PERMITTED FOR MOVEMENT BY POST.″
    6. Senders are responsible for supplying and attaching this label to the box.

    135.6 Batteries

    135.61 Availability — Mail Classes

    In order to use the Global Express Guaranteed service, shipments containing lithium cells or batteries, regardless of the number or type — lithium metals and alloys (non-rechargeable) or lithium-ion or lithium polymer (rechargeable) — are not eligible for mailing. All other outbound international mail classes are subject to the criteria set forth in sections 135.62 through 135.64.

    135.62 General

    Only lithium cells and batteries covered by Sections 135.63 and 135.64 that have been properly installed in the equipment that they are intended to operate are permitted to be shipped internationally or to APO, FPO, or DPO locations if the destination country or APO, FPO, or DPO location does not restrict or prohibit the shipment.For information on individual nation limitations, please go to the relevant Individual Country Listing.For information on particular APO, FPO, or DPO limitations, refer to the information for the destination ZIP Code in the article titled ″Overseas Military/Diplomatic Mail,″ which appears in each edition of the Postal Bulletin under the heading ″Overseas Military/Diplomatic Mail.″ Exclusions apply to lithium batteries shipped in conjunction with equipment and lithium batteries shipped separately from equipment.Batteries that have been damaged or recalled are forbidden from being shipped overseas and may not be shipped at all.

    135.63 Lithium Metal or Lithium Alloy (Non-Rechargeable) Cells and Batteries

    Batteries and cells for small consumer electronics, such as digital cameras and flashlights, that are made of lithium metal or lithium alloy (and are not rechargeable), can be mailed in a single package if they meet the following requirements:

    1. Installation of batteries in the equipment with which they are intended to be used is mandatory.
    2. For the purposes of this regulation, each shipment may contain a maximum of four lithium cells or two lithium batteries.
    3. The amount of lithium present in each cell must not exceed one gram (g).
    4. The entire aggregate lithium content of a battery must not be greater than 2 g per cell.
    5. Battery protection is required in order to prevent damage and short circuiting of the equipment’s batteries.
    6. Ensure that the equipment is supplied with a reliable method of preventing it from being accidentally turned on or triggered.
    7. In order to avoid movement or damage, the equipment must be confined in a sturdy, well-sealed packaging with plenty of padding.
    8. There must be no marks or labeling on mailpieces that indicate that the contents are lithium batteries.
    135.64 Lithium-ion or Lithium Polymer (Rechargeable) Cells and Batteries

    Batteries and cells for small consumer electronics, such as mobile phones and laptop computers, that are made of lithium-ion or lithium polymer (rechargeable) technology are mailable in a single package subject to the following restrictions:

    1. A battery system must be placed in the equipment that it is meant to power.
    2. For the purposes of this regulation, each shipment may contain a maximum of four lithium cells or two lithium batteries.
    3. The total watt-hour rating (Wh) for each cell must not be greater than 20 Wh per cell in order to meet the requirements.
    4. There must be no more than 100 Wh per battery in the total Wh for each battery.
    5. Each battery must have the Wh designation on it so that it can be determined whether or not it is within the limitations set out in Sections 135.64c and 135.64d.
    6. Battery protection is required in order to prevent damage and short circuiting of the equipment’s batteries.
    7. Ensure that the equipment is supplied with a reliable method of preventing it from being accidentally turned on or triggered.
    8. In order to avoid movement or damage, the equipment must be confined in a sturdy, well-sealed packaging with plenty of padding.
    9. Lithium batteries must not be identified as the contents of any mailpieces, including labels or marks.

    General Packing Requirements for Dangerous Goods Shipped by Air [IATA DGR 5.0.2]

    • The 24th of May, 2018 Whenever you are shipping hazardous materials over the air, you must abide by the general packaging criteria outlined in Section 5.0.2 of the International Air Transport Association’s (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR). In addition, you must adhere to the rules that are specific to each danger class that is contained in your cargo. The typical packing criteria for hazard classes 1 and 2 explosives, class 2 gases, and class 7 radioactives, for example, are specific to their respective hazards. You can find the specific packing instructions for any dangerous good by looking for the material’s proper shipping name in column B of the IATA DGR’s list of dangerous goods, and then looking for the packing instruction that is referenced in columns G, I, and K. If you have any questions, please contact us. The following are the general packing standards specified in IATA DGR section 5.0.2: You must choose high-quality packing that can survive loading and unloading as well as the regular circumstances of transportation.
    • Packing materials must be manufactured and sealed in such a way that they prevent the loss of their contents.
    • It is necessary to shut packages in accordance with the manufacturer’s standards.
    • There can’t be any harmful residue on the outside of the packaging
    • The packaging, which must include absorbents and cushioning material, must be compatible with the contents of the box.
    • Packaging must not be utilized if it is made of materials that can become soft, brittle, or porous as a result of the temperatures encountered during air transportation, chemical interaction with the contents, or the use of a refrigerant.
    • Wood packing materials must meet the requirements of the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM15) and the European Union Commission Directive 2004/102/EC.
    • Temperature and vibration extremes must be taken into consideration when designing packaging and closing methods.
    • Liquids in inner packaging must be sealed with a positive method of closure (e.g., tape, friction sleeves) or placed inside a leak-proof liner to avoid contamination.
    • A sufficient amount of head space must be supplied so that liquids do not entirely fill the package when the temperature is 130°F.
    • In order to prevent leaking, packaging for liquids must be able to sustain an internal pressure that provides the necessary pressure differential as stated in IATA DGR section
    • It is necessary to have packaging for solids that may turn liquid during transportation that is capable of retaining the substance in its liquid condition.
    • In a single box, several dangerous commodities may be bundled provided they are compatible with one another. In addition, the inner packaging used, as well as the quantity limits, must comply with the specifications specified by each applicable packing instruction
    • the outer packaging used must comply with all applicable packing instructions
    • and the package must meet the specification performance standards for the most restrictive packing group of dangerous goods contained within it. It is possible that a Q-value computation will be necessary.
    • In the case of combination packages (which include both an inner and an exterior box), cushioning must be supplied between the two parcels.
    • A label or indication with an orientation arrow must be placed on two opposing sides of the outer package if the liquids are to be stored upright.
    • A range of inner packages may be contained within outward combination packages that have been tested with a variety of inner packages. As long as a comparable level of performance is maintained, differences in inner packaging are permissible without the need for additional package testing, as explained below:
    • It is possible to utilize fewer inner packages as long as appropriate cushioning is provided to cover any holes.
    • As long as the inner packagings are of equivalent or smaller size, and have the same or smaller openings and similar closures as the tested inner packagings, and the material of construction offers equal resistance to impact/force, and sufficient cushioning material is used to fill any voids, inner packagings of equivalent or smaller size can be used. They must also be oriented in the same manner as the tested package.
    • Frictional heat must not be allowed to escape from the outer packaging in a harmful manner.
    • In most cases, venting of packages is not allowed unless specifically approved in the DGR (for example, venting is necessary for the transport of dry ice).
    • All markings and labels must be placed on a package that is large enough to fit them all.
    • Packages containing remnants of dangerous products continue to be subject to strict regulations.
    • If wet ice is utilized as a coolant, the integrity of the package must be preserved.
    • Testing for leak-proofness must be performed on packaging suitable for liquids.
    • More than five years old plastic drums and jerricans, as well as hard plastic intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) and composite IBCs with plastic inner receptacles, are not permitted to be utilized in any manner. The date of manufacturing is printed on the outside of these containers.
    • All self-reactive compounds and organic peroxides must be packed in accordance with the PGII specification

    The general criteria for each danger class that are particular to each class may be found at the beginning of the packing instructions for each hazard class, as can be seen in the table below.General requirements for Class 1 explosives are found in Section 5.1 of the IATA DGR, immediately preceding packing instruction 101; general requirements for Class 2 gases are found in Section 5.2, immediately preceding packing instruction 200; and general requirements for Class 7 radioactives are found in Section 10.6 of the IATA DGR, immediately preceding packing instruction 201.Overall, when shipping dangerous goods, you must adhere to the general packing requirements, hazard-specific general packing requirements, and the materials’ packing instructions that are referenced in columns G, I, and K of the International Air Transport Association’s Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR list).Packing materials that do not comply with the general packing criteria and/or the hazard-specific packing standards may not be utilized to transport dangerous products.

    Marking & Labeling Your Shipment

    When preparing a dangerous goods package for shipping, it is critical to mark and identify the package correctly.Labels are frequently used to convey the risks connected with a package, and markings guarantee that the item is handled in a safe manner, preventing spills, accidents, and exposure.As a result, they must be applied correctly, represent accurate information, and be in compliance with applicable legislation.


    Definition: Marking refers to the use of a descriptive name, an identifying number, instructions and cautions, weights and specifications or UN markings, or a combination of these marks, on the outside of hazardous materials or dangerous products packaging. (Click on image to expand) The marking that is necessary is as follows:

    1. Printed on or adhered on the surface of a product, or on a label, tag, or sign
    2. must be long-lasting
    3. must be in the English language
    4. It must be shown on a background with a strong contrast in color
    5. Labels or attachments must not hide the message, and the message must be placed away from any other marking (such as advertising) that might significantly diminish its efficacy.

    Printed on or adhered on the surface of a product, or on a label, tag, or sign; must be long-lasting; must be in the English language.It must be presented against a background that is starkly contrasted in color; and
    Labels or attachments must not conceal the message; the message must be placed away from any other marking (such as advertising) that might significantly diminish its efficacy;


    Labels on dangerous goods packages highlight the exact primary and secondary risks caused by the contents contained within the package.These modes of communication rely on certain colors, symbols, and pictograms to clearly and quickly identify the sort of products included within the package.In accordance with 49 CFR 172.406, labels containing hazardous materials must be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material and must be located on or near the same surface as the package and near the proper shipping name marking if the package dimensions are sufficient.See DOT Chart 17 for further information on marking and labeling requirements (PDF).

    (Click on image to expand)

    Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) – Overview: OSH Answers

    • It is mandatory for anybody who deals with hazardous products to comply with the TDG Regulations. This includes those who ship, transport, and receive dangerous goods by road, rail, air, or sea (marine). Transportation of dangerous goods (handling) is defined as follows in the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act: ″handling means loading, unloading, packing or unpacking dangerous goods in a means of containment for the purposes of, in the course of, or following transportation, including storing them during transportation (manutention).″ The federal TDG Regulations apply to everyone, regardless of where they live. Even when a member of the public carries dangerous materials such as fuel, oxygen, or propane for personal use, the restrictions apply to them. Small numbers and special conditions are exempted from the rule, however there are some restrictions. In the majority of circumstances, there are three primary types of persons who handle, offer to carry, or transport dangerous products who are required to comply with TDG: handlers, offerters, and transporters. These are the groups: Those who receive the dangerous goods from a consignor or carrier are referred to as consignees. Consignors include anyone who has their shipping name on the shipping document and anyone who imports or has possession of the dangerous goods immediately before shipping dangerous goods, such as manufacturers, distributors, or members of the general public. Carriers include anyone who transports the dangerous goods, including trucking companies, air cargo companies, marine shipping companies, and members of the general public.

    The TDG directorate has made a competence checklist available for download.

    Check the Box: Getting Started with Shipping Hazmat

    It is your responsibility as the shipper to ensure that your hazardous item is correctly classified and packaged with the appropriate hazard notifications before offering it for shipment (e.g., marks, labels, and shipping documentation).These typical procedures do not include all of the criteria, and they are just intended to offer a high-level overview of the hazardous transportation procedure.This list is not intended to be a substitute for formal training or a thorough analysis of applicable rules.If you need assistance understanding hazardous transportation requirements, please contact the Hazardous Materials Information Center by phone at 1-800-467-4922 or 202-366-4488 or through email at [email protected]

    Check the product’s Safety Data Sheet as a starting point for your investigation (SDS).The majority of consumer items that are manufactured by respectable companies will come with a safety data sheet (SDS) that provides a transportation hazard categorization for the product.This categorization assigns a four-digit identification number to the goods, as well as a correct shipping name, the hazard class, and the packaging group.Make use of this information to determine which entry on the Hazardous Materials Table is right.There are references to the relevant packaging sections in the Hazardous Materials Table, along with specific quantity constraints and any special rules or exclusions that may apply.It also offers information on the hazardous label codes and a general description of the hazmat.

    • To begin shipping hazardous, it is critical to first determine the appropriate hazard classification for the material being shipped.
    • Each product will be assigned a danger classification that will be used to determine all other criteria, such as packaging, markings, labels, and shipping paper needs.
    • The Department of Transportation’s Hazardous Materials Regulations (DOT hazmat regulations) offer classification standards that producers, transporters, and others can use to categorize hazardous materials.
    • Certain forms of hazardous require prior approval of the categorization determination by the PHMSA before they may be transported (e.g., explosives).

    Choose the most appropriate packing for the amount of hazardous you intend to transport and the destination country.Make certain to use the packing portion that has been designated for your goods.Performance packaging (such as UN Standard or DOT-Specification packaging) may be necessary depending on the hazard and the quantities involved.PHMSA has developed a handbook to assist in the identification and understanding of performance packaging marks on products.Hazardous materials should be packaged in accordance with the packaging standards specified in the rules.The manufacturer’s instructions for assembling and closing performance packaging must be followed if performance packaging is necessary.

    This includes the use of the prescribed inner and outside packing materials, as well as the appropriate sealing materials, when necessary.When it comes to containing hazardous materials, performance packaging is particularly developed and tested.Deviating from the manufacturer’s recommendations may jeopardize the integrity of the package and result in the release of hazardous materials into the environment.Make sure your shipment has the proper danger communication labels on it.

    In addition to direction arrows, shipper’s information such as identification number and correct shipping name marks as well as danger class labels might be included.In case a shipping paper is required, prepare an inventory of the hazmat that includes a description of the hazmat and its identification number, proper shipping name, hazard class and packing group information, the number and type of packages, emergency contact information, and the shipper’s certification, among other things.Depending on the nature of the substance to be carried, additional information may be necessary.It is important to collaborate closely with your carrier in order to discover any additional carrier needs in order to guarantee that your product reaches its destination as fast and securely as possible.Please keep in mind that, as a government entity, the Department of Transportation does not advocate or suggest any specific vendor.

    Based on their chemical and physical qualities, the U.S.Department of Transportation has defined distinct transportation hazard categorization standards for certain materials (e.g., flammability, corrosivity, toxicity).When delivering things through the mail or other shipping methods, always cautious to identify any potential dangers.The duty for knowing if a product is harmful and communicating those concerns effectively falls on your shoulders!CAUTION: An SDS may include inaccurate information, and it is ultimately the shipper’s obligation to ensure that the goods is properly classified.In the event that you are both the maker of your product and the original shipper, you must ensure that you offer the appropriate danger categorization.

    Testing is typically used to reach this goal.The most recent update was made on Wednesday, September 30, 2020.

    How to Understand Packing Instructions

    On the 20th of June, 2016, Little Pro Dangerous items must be packaged properly in order to be transported safely.The United Nations Model Dangerous Goods Regulations give packing requirements for a variety of dangerous goods classifications.In most cases, packing requirements call for the use of UN performance-tested packaging materials; however, when dangerous items are exported under the conditions of Limited Quantities or Excepted Quantities, these materials are not needed to be used.The Dangerous Goods List includes packing guidelines in column 8 of the list of dangerous goods (see example below).

    Column 9 contains a list of particular packaging provisions that are applicable to certain chemicals and items.In this post, we’ll go through a few instances of packing instructions that you may use.

    Types of Packing Instructions

    • There are specific packing requirements for the following categories of packages. A code beginning with the letters P, IBC, or LP will be allocated to each of the three types of packages. Packages other than intermediate bulk containers and large packagings (Pxxx)
    • Intermediate bulk containers (IBCxx)
    • Large packagings (LPxx)
    • Intermediate bulk containers (IBCxx)
    • Packages other than IBCs and large packagings (Pxxx)
    • It is also critical to be aware of any unique requirements that may apply to a certain type of package. The letters PP, B, and L are used to denote exceptional provisions. IBCs and big packaging (PPx) are not included in this category.
    • Intermediate bulk containers (Bxx)
    • Large packagings (Lxx)
    • Intermediate bulk containers (Bxx)
    • Intermediate bulk containers (Bxx).

    Consider the following example: the packing guidelines for UN 1549 are P002 for single/combination packages, IBC08 for intermediate bulk containers, and LP02 for large packagings. B3 is the designation for the exceptional provisions. Later on, I’ll show you where you may look up the significance of specific codes (such as P002).

    How to Understand Packing Instructions

    Each packing instruction specifies the single and combination packaging options that are allowed.Whenever possible, the appropriate outer packagings and inside packages are listed in combination packing guidelines together with the maximum authorized amount in each inner or outside packaging, if relevant.It is also specified what the maximum mass or maximum net amount of each package is.A portion of packing instruction P002 is contained in the table below.

    Therefore, if we utilize combination packages for UN1549 Antimony compound and glass as the inner packaging material, the maximum authorized weight per inner package is 10kg and the maximum permitted weight per outer package is 400kg if steel drums are used as the outside packaging material.Detailed explanations of the meanings of all packaging instruction codes, as well as specific requirements, may be found in Part 4 of the United Nations model rules.

    Notes to Packing Instructions

    The general packaging instructions do not include any information about compatibility. It is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the packaging materials used do not react with the contents included.

    Having Questions?

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    Tags: TDG, Dangerous Goods, Transportation of Dangerous Goods

    Motor carriers transporting hazardous chemicals are required to carry the necessary documents.Shippers carrying hazardous products are required to give carriers with shipping papers as well as emergency response information, which might be valuable in the event of an accident or disaster.In the event of an emergency, a shipping paper serves as a record of what is being carried as well as providing first responders with the information they require.When the driver is wearing his or her seat belt, the HM shipping paperwork must be within reach of the driver and visible to first responders entering the car.

    Motor carriers are required to keep HM shipping paperwork for one year after the shipment has been accepted, or three years in the case of hazardous material.The following information must be included on the shipment papers:

    1. This is the identifying number that may be found in the Hazardous Materials Table
    2. and
    3. In accordance with the Hazardous Materials Table, the correct shipping name should be used
    4. The danger classification
    5. In the event that Roman numerals are necessary, the packing group will be identified.
    6. The total amount of potentially dangerous items
    7. The quantity and kind of packages containing the potentially dangerous materials
    8. In accordance with 49 CFR Section 172.203, any further description requirements


    1. Those who are not transporting hazardous items
    2. those who are exempted from the HM Regulations
    3. and others.

    Preparing Hazardous Materials Shipping Papers

    When it comes to hazardous materials regulations, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration is in charge of enforcing them on our nation’s highways.The Hazardous Materials Regulations require anyone who offers, ships, or transports a hazardous material to include shipping papers that describe the hazardous materials.As a result of their broad applicability, shipping paper laws are among the most often violated of all the hazardous materials regulations.The following are the two most typical errors that result in violations:

    1. If a company does not think that it qualifies as a ″offeror″ as defined by the rules,
    2. A firm thinks that a bill of lading containing only generic information fulfills the requirement

    The shipping documents that are delivered with a cargo can be used by carriers to comply with the requirements.This can lead to the FMCSA conducting investigations into businesses that are affiliated with a company that is in violation of the shipping paper regulations because the investigator concludes that the linked business’ shipping papers are also in violation of the rules.Failure to maintain and carry adequate shipping paperwork can result in problems not only for your company, but also for your suppliers, clients, and consumers, among other consequences.

    Who Needs Shipping Papers?

    • Those who offer or cause a hazardous material to be offered for transportation in commerce, those who transport a hazardous material in commerce, those who perform or are responsible for performing a pre-transportation function, and those who perform or are responsible for performing a pre-transportation function must carry and maintain shipping papers. According to federal rules for shipping papers, the terms ″offeror″ and ″shipper″ are equivalent in their meaning and usage. Shipping documents will be required for the majority of functions that involve the transportation of hazardous materials. In other words, if you come into contact with a hazardous chemical that you do not intend to use, there is a significant likelihood that you should be in possession of shipping documents for that substance. In order to ″provide″ a hazardous substance, a carrier must fulfill actions that are required by the legislation, which may include both transportation and pre-transportation functions. Pre-transportation functions that are commonly performed include: packing hazardous materials
    • selecting packaging for hazardous materials
    • preparing a shipping paper
    • marking or labeling hazardous materials packages
    • loading, blocking, and bracing a hazardous material
    • and selecting, providing, or affixing placards to a freight container or transport vehicle to indicate that it contains a hazardous material
    • and preparing a shipping paper.
    • Other pre-transportation duties are included in 49 C.F.R. 171.1(b), however it is not a full list, according to the standard. The use of shipping papers may also be required for other pre-transportation duties. ″Transportation functions″ begin when a carrier obtains control of a hazardous material for the purpose of transporting it and continue until the hazardous material reaches the final destination specified in the shipping documents. They encompass the following activities: transportation of hazardous materials
    • loading and unloading incidental to transportation
    • and storage incidental to transportation of hazardous materials.

    These tasks are extensive in scope, which means that the term ″incidental to transportation″ encompasses the majority of functions performed until a hazardous item reaches its destination.Carriers are required to carry shipping documents if they are performing one of the pre-transportation or transportation functions.A key point to remember for enterprises in the construction, blasting, and other industries that do not primarily transport products is that whenever they move a hazardous item from one place to another, or from their warehouse to a jobsite, the chain is re-established.Because the hazardous substance has been reintroduced into the transportation system, it requires new shipping documents.

    Is My Bill Of Lading Enough?

    A bill of lading may be used as a shipping paper in certain circumstances.The identification of hazardous items is not necessitated by any precise form prescribed by the hazardous materials laws.Hazardous materials information can be included on bills of lading, shipping manifests, invoices, or any other form of documentation that the carrier chooses to utilize.However, the standards specify exactly what information must be included on a shipping document, in what sequence that information must be presented, and how hazardous material information must be clearly designated and highlighted.

    There are several obvious advantages to using a bill of lading or another piece of paper as a shipping paper, including reducing the number of documents that drivers must carry and review, making the shipping paper more difficult to forget or misplace, and consolidating all important information in a single location.Despite the fact that shipping papers can take on a variety of shapes and sizes, the laws require that all shipping papers contain the same information about hazardous items.

    What Must Shipping Papers Include?

    If you want to comply with hazardous material rules, your shipping paperwork must include a number of specific components.


    • Even when hazardous materials information is shared on a single form with information about other materials or cargo, the paper must distinguish between hazardous materials and other materials by: listing the hazardous material first
    • highlighting the hazardous material
    • listing the hazardous material in a different, distinctive color font
    • including a column for hazardous materials and marking that column as containing the hazardous material
    • or including a column for hazardous materials and marking that column as containing the hazardous material.

    When attempting to detect a hazardous substance, the ideal practice is to employ all four of these procedures, or at the very least more than one.Each entry for hazardous goods on a shipping document must also include a ″Basic Description″ of the substance, which must be followed by a specified sequence known as the ″ISHP″ by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.All of the information contained in a Basic Description is particular to each hazardous item and may be found in the Hazardous Materials Table at 49 C.F.R.172.101, which is available online.

    If you ship hazardous materials, you must provide the following information on your shipping paper, which is identifiable by its column in the Hazardous Materials Table:

    1. Column 4 contains the Hazardous Materials Identification Number
    2. column 2 has the Proper Shipping Name
    3. column 3 contains the Hazard Class
    4. column 5 contains the Packing Group (if applicable).

    Those materials that have a Subsidiary Hazard (Column 6) must state that hazard immediately after the Hazard Class, and those materials that have Technical Names (Column 7) must list those names immediately after the Basic Description as well.The quantity of hazardous item (together with measurement), the type of packaging used, an emergency contact telephone number, and the shipper’s certification should all be listed under the Basic Description on every shipment paper.The kind of hazardous material, the class of hazardous material, the amount of hazardous material, any needed permissions, and the dangers that a particular item poses are all factors that must be considered while preparing shipping paperwork.All of these information must be included immediately below the Basic Description of the item.

    Keep in mind that after producing and utilizing shipping documents, carriers are required to keep those paperwork on hand.

    Emergency Response Information

    Emergency response information (ERI) is not included in a shipping document, but everyone who is required to have a shipping paper must also be in possession of ERI.Motor carriers should attach it to every shipping paper and preserve a copy of it as well as the shipping paper in a central location or system so that it may be accessed in the event of an emergency.Information on hazardous materials that a motor carrier transports or prepares for transportation is the topic of ERI, which is governed by 49 C.F.R.172.602 and focuses on information that might reduce an adverse occurrence involving those items.


    This page discusses the fundamentals of producing shipping papers; writing shipping papers is simply one of several rules that apply to the transportation of hazardous chemicals, as described in this article.The clarity required by the hazardous materials standards for shipping paperwork demonstrates the level of detail and severity with which those regulations are enforced.Before transporting hazardous items, ensure that you are prepared to comply with all applicable requirements set out by the Department of Transportation and its agencies.If you have any concerns concerning these FMCSA programs or other workplace safety issues, you may contact the author, any member of our Workplace Safety and Catastrophe Management Practice Group, or your Fisher Phillips attorney for assistance.

    What are dangerous goods?

    • Items or substances that have the potential to be hazardous to people or the environment, such as explosives or chemicals, are referred to as ″dangerousgoods.″ Dangerous items have the potential to poison humans, explode, burn, or corrode. Extreme caution should be exercised in their handling, storage, and transportation. The transportation of some dangerous commodities, such as explosives, high-consequence dangerous goods (HCDG), and asbestos, has distinct dangers, which are addressed by separate regulations. In order to classify dangerous items, numerous classification systems are used, including UN identification numbers, Hazchem codes, and Packaging Group numbers. Some harmful items, such as some chemicals, are also classed as hazardous substances, which is a subcategory of dangerous goods. Employers who use these items in the workplace must comply with all applicable rules, including those governing dangerous goods and hazardous chemicals. Explosives, compressed oxygen or other gases, explosives, flammable liquids such as alcohol and flammable solids such as nitrocellulose, infectious substances, oxidizing substances such as ammonium dichromate or pool chlorine, radioactive materials, and other dangerous goods are all examples of dangerous goods.

    Classifications for dangerous goods

    When it comes to dangerous items, they are divided into categories based on their characteristics, such as ″compressed hazardous gas,″ ″flammable solid,″ and ″toxic liquid.″ The risk classifications of certain risky commodities are divided into subcategories.For example, chlorine gas is classified as poisonous first and corrosive second.Dangerous items are assigned a unique identification number by the United Nations.Packing Group numbers are used to categorize hazardous items based on their level of risk.

    Packing Group I classification denotes a drug with a high risk of toxicity, whereas Packing Group III classification suggests a material with a low risk of toxicity.Hazardous chemical codes provide information to emergency response professionals about the qualities of a material.Additional requirements include the classification and labeling of hazardous compounds in the workplace according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) or other methods specified in the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations.According to the Globally Harmonized System (GHS), chemical dangers are classified and communicated through the use of globally standardized language and information shown on chemical labels and safety data sheets.

    Dangerous goods – storage and handling regulations for business premises

    • Regulations for the storage and handling of dangerous products are in place to keep mishaps from happening. Businesses that keep or utilize dangerous commodities are required to adhere to the rules and regulations in place. A wide range of safety issues are addressed in the regulations, including: storage design, c

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