According to the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), there were more than ½ million postal workers employed in the calendar year of 2018. The BLS also reports the following salary statistics for USPS workers: Median Annual Postal Worker Salary – $58,760, which translates to $28.25 per hour. Letter carriers.
By the Numbers Mailmen working for the U.S. Postal Service can expect to make between $37,077 and $62,631, according to Pay Scale. Those at the beginning of their careers are likely to earn on the lower end of that spectrum.
What is the average salary of a postal worker?
Officials say she stole nearly $650,000 in checks while working as a clerk. A former Iowa postal clerk of the Dubuque Post Office stole over 60 pieces of mail with nearly $650,000 in checks, feds say, and names on checks were changed. Iowa postal clerk stole mail with $650,000 in checks: feds | Hilton Head Island Packet SECTIONSSkip to Content
How much do postal workers get paid when they retire?
Is the post office a good job?
Internet speed: How much do you really need?
- No matter if you’re relocating or simply looking for new internet service providers, figuring out your internet service provider might be more difficult than you might expect.
- As a result, most plans require you to pay for your internet speed and capacity, which raises the question of how much internet speed you actually require.
- On most internet service providers’ websites, you may find a how-to guide.
- However, instructions like these may attempt to upsell you on the benefits of higher internet connections that you may or may not utilize.
- We’re here to assist you in determining how much internet service you’ll be required to pay for.
As is the case with most services, the idea is to only pay for what your specific use requirements need.If you’re an elderly couple who simply uses the internet to look things up every now and then and keep up with the grandkids, you definitely don’t need as much as someone who is an enthusiastic gamer or streamer, for example.In order to understand how much home internet speed you truly require, let’s break things down a little.
How fast is fast enough?
- The Federal Communications Commission defines ″advanced service″ as anything that transmits data at a rate greater than 25 megabits per second.
- For the majority, though, this is likely to be closer to the bare essentials.
- Bipartisan senators called on the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to raise the bar for internet by setting minimum speeds of 100 megabits per second (Mbps).
- In any case, if you want to use the internet on a regular basis, you should strive for a speed that is a bit faster than 25Mbps if at all possible.
- With the proliferation of smart home devices and the rising importance of streaming media in our lives, it makes sense to go for a connection that is closer to 100Mbps if such plans are available in your region (which, unfortunately, they aren’t in a lot of locations).
It’s also important to note that having a fast internet package doesn’t guarantee fast internet.
Congestion on the network, bad router location, interference from neighbouring networks, and other issues can all cause things to move more slowly than they should. Check out our tutorial on how to test your internet connection to see whether or not your internet speed is indeed the problem.
How much internet do you use?
- Because so many people are working from home these days, many of us are use the internet at a higher rate than we are accustomed to.
- However, this is not always the case, which is something you’ll want to keep in mind when you’re looking for an internet service provider.
- Working from home, streaming a lot of high-definition films, or playing games online on a daily basis would almost certainly necessitate a faster internet connection than someone who just sometimes uses social media platforms and receives their TV via a cable provider.
- Varying tasks need different levels of internet connectivity – here’s a short chart to give you an idea of what I’m talking about:
How many people or devices are using your network?
- Considering the number of people and devices connected to your network on a daily basis is another crucial consideration to consider while searching for the best internet speed for your needs.
- Even if your family may only consist of one or two individuals, it may be home to ten to fifteen electronic devices (laptops, cellphones, gaming consoles, smart TVs, smart home gadgets, you name it).
- If you plan on utilizing these gadgets on a regular basis, you’ll want to be sure your internet connection has enough bandwidth to accommodate them all.
- Video is frequently the most bandwidth-intensive type of content, so choose an internet plan that can keep up with your viewing habits.
- Take a moment to recall occasions when you’ve watched Netflix or made a video chat to Mom, then consider everything else that may have been occurring on your network at the same time and use the chart above as a general guide.
Example: If you live alone and enjoy tweeting about your favorite program while watching it in 4K on your TV, you’ll need at least 35Mbps for flawless playback and another 10Mbps to keep up with the rest of the world on Twitter.If this is the case, a 50Mbps internet package may be close to your sweet spot for you.
Upload speed vs. download speed
- It’s also vital to grasp the distinction between upload and download speeds when thinking about internet speeds.
- The distinction is straightforward: upload speeds indicate how quickly data can be sent out to the internet, but download speeds indicate how quickly data can be pulled from the internet (or vice versa).
- Although you will most likely be utilizing download bandwidth more frequently than upload bandwidth, it is necessary to consider both.
- Upload speeds are critical for making video calls or sending huge attachments through email, and this is especially true if you work from home because of the increased workload.
Many internet providers offer plans with less upload speed than download speed.
- With these types of plans, the upload bandwidth is generally 1Mbps for every 10Mbps of download bandwidth, with the ratio being 1Mbps for every 10Mbps of download bandwidth.
- For example, you’ll find a plethora of internet plans that offer download speeds of 25Mbps and upload rates of 3Mbps, in accordance with the FCC regulation outlined above.
- That should be sufficient for streaming video in standard definition, but with only a few megabits per second of upload bandwidth, your video conversations may be more choppy than you’d want.
Everything you need to know about data caps
- Another issue to keep an eye out for while searching for the best internet speed for your house is data limitations.
- Internet data caps are data consumption restrictions imposed by your internet service provider; it’s crucial to keep them in mind when you’re shopping, especially if you use your internet for high-usage activities like watching Netflix or reading through social networking sites.
- Video-heavy use cases like that consume a lot of data, and if you reach your data cap, you’ll be required to pay an additional fee for an additional data allowance permit.
- For example, low-speed internet plans such as a 10Mbps DSL connection are often meant for minimal internet usage, which means the data limitations that are frequently associated with them can be quite restrictive.
- Alternatively, some service providers provide plans that have no data limits at all.
In order to determine if it is worthwhile to pay for a larger data cap or to move to a provider that does not utilize them, check with your Internet service provider to see if they give any tools to assist you track the data consumption of your family (most do, usually via their app).You’ll have a better idea of how much money you’ll need and whether or not you’ll need to make a change after that.
Now you’re ready to start your search
- Having a thorough understanding of all that goes into internet plans and the things that you should take into consideration when selecting one, you are prepared to begin your search.
- And, if you have any further queries regarding your internet plan, make sure to go over the remainder of our broadband coverage options as well.
- Among other useful instructions, we can show you how to determine the true speed of your internet connection, how to ensure that your Wi-Fi is optimal for working from home, and how to increase streaming quality, among other things.
Get the CNET How To newsletter
Get professional advice on how to use your phone, computer, smart home devices, and other devices. Tuesdays and Thursdays are the days for delivery.
How to Open a Post Office Account
- Article to be downloaded article to be downloaded Savings accounts at post offices are a safe and secure way to conduct financial transactions in India and Europe.
- When you have a legitimate form of picture identification and proof of residence, it is simple to open.
- Alternatively, you can print an application from the post office’s website and bring it to your local post office to complete and place your initial deposit.
- 1 Take a photo of your identification to the post office.
- You must present at least one piece of identification that verifies your current residence, such as a local authority tax bill for the current council tax year, a current driving license, recent bank statements, or a mortgage statement.
- Gas, electric, Internet, and phone bills are all accepted forms of payment as well.
- In addition, a solicitor’s letter received within the previous three months verifying a recent property purchase or a land registry confirmation of address are both acceptable forms of evidence of address.
- This is unique to the United Kingdom.
- 2 Bring your identification with you to the meeting. Due to the fact that the post office will want identification, pick one approved document with your legal name on it from the list provided by the post office. Any current, signed passport, birth certificate, weapons certificate, or an EU National Identity Card with your photo are all valid forms of identification in the United States. The passport should be no more than ten years old
- for the United Kingdom, you must have a valid driver’s license from the United Kingdom, the European Union, the United States, Canada, or Australia that is no more than ten years old
- and for the United States, you must have a valid driver’s license from the United States, Canada, or Australia.
- Additionally, for the United Kingdom, communication from the Benefits Agency that you received within the recent 13 months is admissible
- In India, you must present two pieces of picture identification that are the size of a passport
- post offices in the country also accept ration cards and a letter issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India.
- For joint accounts, you must provide pictures of all account holders
- for individual accounts, you must provide images of all account holders.
- Promotional material
- 3 If you are a senior citizen, please provide documentation to prove your identify. Senior people in India can participate in a scheme that allows them to create an unique Senior Citizens Savings Scheme (SCSS). Seniors age 55 and over who have retired can create a Senior Citizens Savings and Loan Account (SCSS) at the post office. They must present identification such as a passport or birth certificate, voter’s identification card, senior citizen card or PAN, among other things. To register a post office savings account, senior citizens must deposit a minimum of 1,000 rupees in cash
- otherwise, they would be refused.
- 1 Visit your local post office to obtain an application for the creation of a bank account. When you ask for one, your local post office will provide you with an application for a postal account. Fill out the form and make sure you have all of the necessary documentation, including proof of address and picture identification. The application may be accessed on the official website of the Indian Postal Service.
- The application for post office savings systems may be obtained from your local post office in other countries that have such a system.
- Make your initial deposit of at least the minimal amount when you start an account. Please remember to bring a cash deposit with you when you return the paperwork to the post office. When starting a basic account that does not include check books, a 50 rupee minimum deposit should be made at the time of opening the account. This is something that must be paid in cash at the post office. It is possible to make a deposit of up to 10,000 rupees.
- For the least amount of money, you can open a savings account that includes a check book for 500 rupees.
- An initial investment of 1,000 rupees is required from senior persons who wish to create a SCSS account. The advantages of a SCSS account allow elderly citizens to invest their retirement funds with the same level of security as they would have with a government-sponsored retirement account. If you open a SCSS account, you will see returns at an annual rate of 8.6 percent.
- In the application, choose what form of savings account you’d like to start. You have the option of selecting an account with or without a checkbook, a simple savings account, a SCSS, and other options. They are all mentioned on the form, and you may pick and choose from them.
- 4 Fill in the blanks with the first names of all those who want to open a savings account. A joint account can have up to three holders, therefore please include your name as well as the names of the other two applicants who will be joint holders, if appropriate. If you’re under the age of majority, include the name of your legal guardian. Alternatively, you can fill out an application on someone’s behalf if they are very unwell and unable to do so themselves.
- 5Include your mailing address as well as the mailing addresses of any additional candidates, if applicable. You must provide the following information on the account: addresses, state, villages, towns, phone numbers, local post office, and email address for the person who will be contacted
- 6Write your date of birth on the application. Your date of birth should be entered in a specific form on the website. If applicable, include the birthdays of any joint holders in addition to your own.
- 7Include the name of the person who is completing the application. If you are a literate agent filling out the application on behalf of someone else, make a note of it in the appropriate section. You should also indicate if you’re applying jointly with someone or if the account will be your own property. Please specify which documentation you will be supplying. You’ll be asked to fill out a box on the application with the sorts of papers you’re supplying as proof of residence and identity, their numbers, and the number of years those documents are valid for. You may, for example, state that you’re bringing your passport and electricity bill with you. Fill out the form with the sequence of numbers from your passport, as well as the expiration date
9 Enter the amount of money you’re putting into the appropriate field. To begin, write it in numbers on the line provided on the worksheet. Once you’ve done that, fill in the blank with the amount in words on the line that asks for it. Fill in the blanks with the method of payment you’ll be using. A savings account requires that the initial deposit be made in cash.
- 10Make a list of the candidates for the position. In the following box, you will be requested to put in the names of all applicants in order to designate them as account holders on your behalf. There are several options for who you may fill out the application for: you alone, joint holders, or someone else for whom you are completing the application.
- Fill out the form and hand it over to the cashier. They will authorize the account once the initial deposit has been received. When you make your first minimum deposit, you will also get a debit card in the mail. Advertisement
- Inquire about something There are 200 characters remaining. Include your email address so that you may be notified when this question has been resolved. Advertisement submissions are welcome. As soon as you arrive at the post office to open the savings account, gather all of your paperwork and place them in a folder with your cash deposit.
- Determine if you want a savings account that includes a checkbook or one that does not, because the minimum contributions for each are different.
- In no case should you pay money if it is not required. Make sure to pay the money only if there is a minimum balance necessary for the account.
Thank you for submitting a suggestion for consideration! Advertisement
About This Article
- Summary of the ArticleXTo open a post office account, you must bring documentation of your address to the post office, such as a local authority tax bill or a utility bill, with you.
- Also bring evidence that is no older than 10 years, such as a passport or birth certificate, to prove your identity.
- In the post office, ask for an application to open a bank account and complete the application.
- Specify the sort of account you’re creating on your application, such as a checking account with a checkbook or a simple savings account, when you’re filling out the application.
- You must also explain what sort of identification documents you will be submitting to confirm your identity.
In addition to submitting your application and supporting papers, you must make the first minimum deposit in cash in order to start the account.Continue reading for more information, which includes instructions on how to add new applications to a post office savings account.Did you find this overview to be helpful?Thank you to all writers for contributing to this page, which has been read 47,484 times so far.
How Much Water Do You Actually Need?
- Is it a scam or not?
- This article will teach you how to recognize when you genuinely need to hydrate.
- The date of publication is September 17, 2021.
- Last updated on September 28, 2021 If you’ve spent any time recently on social media or attended a sporting event, you’ve almost certainly been inundated with messages encouraging you to drink more water.
- Gallon-sized water bottles are the newest adornment to be seen on the shoulders of celebrities and influencers.
Twitter bots are always reminding us to drink more water and to take more breaks.In order to promote increased water consumption throughout the day, some reusable water bottles are imprinted with motivating words such as ″Remember your objective,″ ″Keep drinking,″ and ″Almost completed,″ among others.It appears that the benefits of excessive water consumption are virtually limitless, ranging from improved memory and mental health to greater energy and a more youthful appearance.″Stay hydrated,″ which has replaced the ancient salutation ″Stay well,″ has become a new standard.This is to remind everyone to drink plenty of water!
Some of you may have forgotten, but it is critical that you remain hydrated, which is why I am here:] — a friendly reminder about water!(@MCYTWATERBOT) The date is January 8, 2021.But what does it mean to ″remain hydrated″ in the first place?
Dr.Joel Topf, a nephrologist and associate clinical professor of medicine at Oakland University in Michigan, explained that when the general public talks of dehydration, they are referring to the loss of any fluids.The significance of this interpretation, according to Kelly Anne Hyndman, a kidney function researcher at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, ″has been greatly exaggerated.″ She believes that being hydrated is really essential, but that the simple act of drinking more water will make people healthy is not accurate, according to her.It is also incorrect to claim that the majority of the population is chronically dehydrated or that we should be drinking water throughout the day.Dr.Topf went on to say that from a medical sense, the most essential indicator of hydration is the balance between electrolytes such as sodium and water in the body.
- There is no need to gulp glasses of water all day to keep your hydration levels stable.
How much water do I really need to drink?
- Despite the fact that we’ve all been told that eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day is the optimum quantity for everyone, Tamara Hew-Butler, an exercise and sports scientist at Wayne State University, says that notion is a lie.
- According to her, individual characteristics such as body size, outside temperature, and how hard you’re breathing and sweating will decide how much water you’ll require.
- A 200-pound hiker who has just completed a 10-mile trip in the heat would undoubtedly require more fluids than a 120-pound office manager who has just completed a day in a climate-controlled environment will consume.
- The amount of water you require in a day will also be determined by your current state of health.
- An individual suffering from a medical ailment such as heart failure or kidney stones may require a different quantity of sodium than someone using diuretic medications, for example, Alternatively, if you’ve been sick with vomiting or diarrhea, you may need to adjust your intake.
Dr.Topf believes that the most effective strategy to remain hydrated for the majority of young, healthy people is to simply drink when they are thirsty.(Those who are older, such as those in their 70s and 80s, may need to pay more attention to consuming enough fluids because the thirst feeling may diminish as they grow older).Dr.Hew-Butler further cautioned that, contrary to common perception, urine color is not a reliable indicator of hydration state.
Yes, it’s plausible that dark yellow or amber urine indicates that you’re dehydrated, but there’s no strong data to support the notion that the color should be the only indicator that you should drink more.
Do I have to drink water to stay hydrated?
- This is not always the case.
- Water is a better choice than less healthful alternatives such as sugary drinks or fruit juices from a purely nutritional aspect.
- Hew-Butler, on the other hand, believes that any beverage may help you stay hydrated by adding water to your system.
- According to Dr.
Topf, one prevalent belief is that drinking beverages containing caffeine or alcohol can dehydrate you.However, even if this is true, the effect is minor.According to the findings of a 2016 randomized controlled research involving 72 males, the hydrating benefits of water, beer, coffee, and tea were practically comparable.Water can also be obtained from the foods you consume.Fruits, vegetables, soups, and sauces, as well as other fluid-dense foods and meals, all contribute to increased water intake.
Dr.Topf further pointed out that the chemical process of metabolizing food results in the production of water as a byproduct, which contributes to your water consumption as well.
An At-Home Face-Lift with Aloe, Activated Charcoal, CBD, Turmeric, Fish Oil, Chlorophyll, The Keto Diet, Probiotics, Collagen, Coffee, Zinc, B.M.I., Plant Milk, Natural Deodorant, Lettuce Water, Aloe, An At-Home Face-Lift with Aloe, A Stress-Relieving Drink, Nasal
Wellness-related facts and figures. Will these trends have an impact on your life — or simply drain your bank account?
Do I need to worry about electrolytes?
- Some sports drink advertisements may lead you to believe that you must continually refill electrolytes in order to keep your levels in check, but according to Dr.
- Hew-Butler, there is no scientific need for the majority of healthy individuals to consume beverages that contain electrolytes.
- In the body’s fluids (such as blood and urine), electrolytes (minerals with an electrical charge) such as sodium, potassium, chloride, and magnesium are present.
- These minerals are essential for maintaining the proper balance of water in your body.
- The nerves, muscles, brain, and heart all depend on them for normal function as well as for survival.
Dr.Hyndman explained that when you become dehydrated, the concentration of electrolytes in your blood rises, and the body signals the release of the hormone vasopressin, which ultimately reduces the amount of water that is excreted in your urine so that you can reabsorb it back into your body and restore balance to your body.It is not necessary to replenish electrolytes with sports drinks or other products containing electrolytes unless you are in an exceptional situation, such as performing really intensive activity in the heat or losing a significant amount of fluids due to vomiting or diarrhea.Dr.Hew-Butler believes that the majority of individuals acquire enough electrolytes from their diet.
But drinking more water, even when I’m not thirsty, will improve my health, right?
- Individuals with specific illnesses such as kidney stones or the more uncommon autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, according to Dr.
- Topf, may benefit from making an extra effort to drink a bit more water than their thirst would suggest, he said.
- However, Dr.
- Hyndman believes that the majority of healthy people who blame their symptoms on dehydration may really be experiencing symptoms as a result of drinking too much water, according to his research.
When people develop a headache or feel awful, they think to themselves: ‘Oh, I must be dehydrated; perhaps I should drink more water.’ So they keep drinking and drinking and drinking more water, but their symptoms worsen over time, until they become incapacitated.If you drink at a pace that exceeds the amount of electrolytes your kidneys can eliminate, the electrolytes in your blood might become overly diluted, and you may have dizziness, nausea, or other symptoms.Drinking an excessive amount of water in a short period of time can result in a disease known as hyponatremia, sometimes known as ″water intoxication,″ in the most extreme example.Dr.Hyndman described the situation as ″extremely frightening and awful.″ In severe cases, insufficient sodium levels in the blood can result in brain enlargement and neurological disorders such as seizures, coma, and even death.
It was reported in 2007 that a 28-year-old woman died of hyponatremia after drinking nearly two gallons of water over a three-hour period while participating in a radio station’s ″Hold Your Wee for a Wii″ contest.The contest required participants to drink water and then go as long as possible without urinating.One such case occurred in 2014, when a 17-year-old high school football player in Georgia died from the disease after consuming two gallons of water and two gallons of Gatorade, according to reports.
Dr.Topf explained that the illness has grown so widespread among exercisers that when someone collapses during a race, first responders are trained to suspect hyponatremia, which is a condition that causes dehydration.Even while developing severe hyponatremia is unusual in most healthy persons, it does happen occasionally.
How do I know if I’m hydrated enough?
- Your body will tell you what to do.
- According to the experts, the concept that staying hydrated necessitates intricate calculations and rapid adjustments in order to prevent serious health repercussions is completely false.
- And one of the most important things you can do is to quit overanalyzing the situation.
- Instead, Dr.
- Topf advises that the greatest tip for staying hydrated is also the most straightforward: drink when you’re thirsty.
It’s truly that simple, believe it or not.Originally from Colorado, Christie Aschwanden now lives in western Colorado with her family.She is the author of ″Good to Go: What the Athlete in All of Us Can Learn from the Strange Science of Recovery,″ which is available on Amazon.
How to Copyright Photographs
- Article to be downloaded article to be downloaded You instantly acquire ownership of the copyright on any original photograph that you take under the terms of the Berne Convention.
- When someone else attempts to take advantage of you, you will be required to demonstrate that you are the legitimate owner of the copyright to your photographs.
- Registering your images with the United States Copyright Office provides you with independent, legally valid documentation that you are the only owner of the copyright to your work in the United States.
- This can make navigating intellectual property litigation a lot less difficult in the long run.
- 1 Photographs should be registered with the United States Copyright Office. Technically speaking, each image that you take becomes your property for a period of at least 25 years after it is taken. In practice, however, if you want to file a case against someone who has copied your photographs in the United States, you will need to legally register your images. As legal proof of your ownership, a registration can make it much easier to fight back against intellectual property infringements. You may register the copyright of your images either online or by sending them to the appropriate agency. For each work of art that is knowingly infringed upon, you may be able to receive statutory damages of up to $150,000 if you register your copyright within the prescribed time period. Whether you sue for real damages or an injunction, you do not have to file a lawsuit until the day of your decision to sue.
- Avoid using ″copyright registration services″ provided by third-party, non-governmental organizations. If you are unable to come up with another method of securely storing a date-stamped duplicate of your work, they may be able to give verifiable verification of the dates on your work. Nonetheless, you will not be able to sue for copyright infringement in the United States unless you can additionally establish that you have obtained a registration from the United States Copyright Office.
- An author’s copyright ordinarily lasts for 70 years after his or her death, unless the work was created for hire (i.e., was held by the employer), in which case the copyright generally expires 95 years after publication, or 120 years after creation, whichever occurs first.
- For works that were created prior to 1978, there may be complicated requirements to follow.
- It may be beneficial to register in order to determine which regulations apply when determining the length of your copyright
- 2 If at all feasible, file your paperwork online. When registering your images with the United States Copyright Office, it is often less expensive, faster, and more easy to do it electronically rather than by sending your work through the mail. You have the option of registering a single image or an entire body of published work. To begin started, go to the website of the United States Copyright Office. A single work will cost you $35 to register online, and a single piece will cost you $50 to register through the postal service. There may be a difference in price based on how many photographs you submit at once.
- For electronic copyright filings, the processing time might take up to eight months on average. Paper filings might take up to 13 months to be processed, according to some estimates. If you submit your registration application through the mail, you may be required to store your photographs on a disc and mail it in.
- Promotional material
- 3 Keep a copy of your proof of copyright ownership on hand. Following the successful registration of a photograph’s copyright, the United States Copyright Office will issue you a formal copyright certificate within several months. Keep a copy of this paper proof in a safe location in case you need it in the future. In the event that you require a copy, you may easily acquire one. According to the law, a registration certificate is just evidence that you claimed to be the property’s owner. The United States Copyright Office does not have an objective technique of determining who is the true author or owner of a work. Because submitting a fraudulent document with intent to defraud is a federal crime, they depend on the fact that being the registered owner of a copyright on a work is not conclusive proof that the registered work is an original work. Even if it is based on someone else’s prior work, it might still be considered a copyright violation. That author, on the other hand, would have the responsibility of demonstrating the seniority of their ownership, i.e., that they wrote the piece before yours. The failure to register their copyright will need the submission of additional ″clear and compelling″ evidence in the lawsuit.
- It is possible that if you have already registered your copyright, you will wish to file a copy of any later change of ownership, which is defined as a document that transfers your ownership to another person within your lifetime. Those documents have been catalogued and are searchable on the internet
- 1 By putting your work on the internet, you are granting implicit rights to everyone. Any person who posts a file online in a ″public″ site (i.e., one that is not restricted to members who have agreed to the terms of service) is presumed to be aware that anyone in the world can access the file and either download and view it, or at the very least save a copy of their own, and print a copy for their own personal use. The exclusive right to replicate and distribute copies or derivative works, among other things, is granted by your copyright. This includes, for example, posting copies on other websites or publishing and distributing printed copies.
- If you discover unlawful copies of your work on other servers, you may protect your copyright rights with a ″takedown notice,″ but you must first locate the unauthorized copies in order to take action.
- Sometimes it is simply easier to prevent violation from occurring in the first place.
- 2 Attach your photographs to a copyright notice that is formal in nature. To begin, write the c (the letter ″c″ in a circle), the word ″Copyright,″ or its abbreviation, ″Copr,″ and the period at the end of each line. Add in the year in which the image was initially published, and you’re all set. Finally, provide your name – the name of the person who owns the copyright: for example, Joseph Bustamante 2016. In addition to your photos, you should consider including the appropriate copyright information. Make note of the title, the name of the photographer, as well as the identity of the copyright owner
- Copyright notice posted next to an image can deter Internet users from stealing your work and causing financial loss. ″I have copyrighted this work and I am not scared to protect that copyright with a lawsuit!″
- It is also a copyright violation for anyone to delete or amend your ″copyright information″ once it has been disseminated as part of the work. Similar to this, anybody who attempts to circumvent the ″technical countermeasures″ you have put in place to prevent illegal copying or distribution may be violating your intellectual property rights
- 3 Using picture editing software, add a watermark on the image. Make use of Photoshop, Paint Shop Pro, or any other application that you are familiar with utilizing. You may use a basic watermark such as your name, the name of your photography firm, or a personal emblem as a watermark. This may be a very effective method of displaying and marketing sample images on the Internet without running the risk of their being stolen by third parties. You may also use internet resources to your advantage. Use free online watermarking programs such as PicMarkr and Watermark-Images to protect your images.
- Many online catalogs utilize a ″ghosted″ watermark, which is a watermark that covers the center of the photos of the products being offered.
- Having their corporate name across the centre of the images makes it more difficult for others to re-use them for their own purposes.
- 4 Consider the manner in which you upload your images. Even though the Internet may be a fantastic tool for displaying and sharing your work with the world, it is also full with people who are willing to download and duplicate your images without giving you proper credit, much alone paying you for a license. Keep in mind that the media you’re posting your pictures on has ramifications for the images you share. Take precautionary measures to deter others from breaching your rights, presuming that you desire to stop them from doing so. Read the terms and conditions of any membership website you are considering joining carefully. Read the fine print carefully before posting your images online or entering your work into a contest to ensure that you are not giving up any rights. In particular, keep an eye out for any references to ″transfer″ or ″assignment″ of your rights, which go beyond just providing them permission to use your work for a restricted number of reasons. The majority of websites do not wish to be in possession of the copyright. In exchange for granting them a permanent and irreversible license, they want you to retain ownership (and maybe enforce) of the copyright.
- When you publish an image, turn off the ″right-click″ feature. Internet browsers will have a somewhat more difficult time copying and saving your photographs if you do it this way.
- 5In order to prevent illegal copying, technological countermeasures should be implemented; If your works are really valuable (for example, works of visual art), you may want to consider adding extra levels of protection that prohibit access to high-resolution copies that do not contain watermarks to your work.
- In other cases, for example, encryption keys are used to personalize each duplicate, and the copy can only be accessed by someone who has the corresponding key.
- Similar safeguards can be put in place to ensure that only legitimate copies are made available to the public.
- Question Add a new question Question Is it permissible for me to copyright images? Even though copyright is automatically given when a photograph is taken, it costs $55 to register the copyright with the United States government. You can register a large number of images at the same time for a single cost.
- Concerning the Question What is the best way to register several photographs? Top Answerer Upnorth Is Where It’s At You have the option of registering them as individual works or as a collective production under a single title.
- Concerning the Question Is it necessary for me to register before I publish a copyright notice? Top Answerer Upnorth Is Where It’s At No. Registration is not required in the United States unless you are suing someone, and it has nothing to do with copyright notice, which has been fully voluntary in the United States since 1989.
- Concerning the Question Photos taken with a cellphone or a table camera can be protected by copyright, but is there a risk of governments stealing these photographs and using them to spy on citizens? In response to the question, yes, the photos may be protected by copyright, and no, there is no danger about the government utilizing the images to spy on people. Is it possible for me to copyright the full contents of my website (including graphics and text), and if so, how do I go about doing so? Top Answerer Upnorth Is Where It’s At Multimedia aspects, routine or automatic content updates, and the possibility of diversified or shared ownership make website registration more difficult. This is not to include ownership of collective rights in a site that is created by several people working together on it. It is possible that you may need to meet with a copyright attorney to discuss your ideas.
- Concerning the Question When does intellectual property protection become legally enforceable? Does it mean I have to wait till I have official copyright confirmation (8 months) before I can share photographs? Top Answerer Upnorth Is Where It’s At Ownership of intellectual property is completely free and automatic. If you come across an unlawful photo on the internet, you can file a ″takedown″ notice. You have the right to issue ″cease and desist″ letters to those who are infringing on your exclusive copyright rights. If you are a citizen of the United States, you will not be able to enforce your US copyright in a US federal court (i.e., sue persons who refuse to cooperate) until you have registered your copyright in the United States. By treaty, foreign writers are excluded from the requirement to register in the United States.
- Concerning the Question What is the best way to upload photographs for online registration? Top Answerer Upnorth Is Where It’s At The directions on the eCO website describe all of the permissible digital formats for submitting a copy of your work, which you must do in order to be considered for publication.
- Concerning the Question Is it permissible for me to post vintage photographs that I have acquired at flea markets? Prior to 1989, many ″vintage images″ in the United States were ″published″ without adequate copyright notice, resulting in the loss of any copyright protection. However, it’s always a good idea to double-check with a copyright attorney. Check to see if any copyright protection was applied to the images in question, and if so, whether or not it has expired.
- Concerning the Question I have an old government slide from the mid-1990s that I’d like to share with you. I’d want to see it represented in photographs and posters. What are the constraints that I have on my end? Top Answerer Upnorth Is Where It’s At If it is a work produced by the United States government, it does not fall within the jurisdiction of the United States. Anyone is free to replicate and distribute it, as well as derivative works derived from it, under the terms of 17 USC 105. Caution: not all US government works were developed by the US government, and they may be subject to varying copyright limitations depending on who created them.
- Concerning the Question Is it true that if we register photographs, the copyright period would be indefinitely extended? We have hundreds of photographs shot in the 1960s that we would want to get protected by copyright. Top Answerer Upnorth Is Where It’s At No. In all cases, copyright has a finite term, whether it is a given number of years from the date of creation or publication, a certain number of years after the death of the original author, or some other date established by legislation or other circumstances. Copyright for previously unpublished works in the United States from the 1960s was given retrospectively in 1978: either 70 years after the death of the author, or 120 years from the date of production for works created for hire or in cases where the author’s death date is not known.
- More information can be found in the following answers: Inquire about something There are 200 characters remaining.
- Include your email address so that you may be notified when this question has been resolved.
- Advertisement submissions are welcome.
- If it is decided that the photos do not meet the required level of originality, the US copyright office will reject them and release them into the public domain, as described above.
- Advertisement Don’t count on ″poor man’s copyright″ to get you out of a jam. This is the act of mailing oneself a postmarked copy of a photograph (or any other creative work) in order to verify that you made it on or before a specific date in order to establish that you generated it. It was considerably more successful in courtrooms before the invention of photo-realistic color printers, and it is still effective today. Registering a copyright will provide you with impartial, third-party proof of your ownership of intellectual property.
- The United States Copyright Office accepts applications from eligible writers for the registration of copyright in their works at the United States Copyright Office. The author’s nationality and residence in a ″treaty″ country, as well as the author’s ″country of first publication,″ are all factors to consider. Run a web search for particular copyright processes in your place of residency if you live, work, and publish outside the United States and desire to enforce your copyright rights in that nation.
About This Article
- In order to copyright images, the first step is to register them with the United States Copyright Office, which costs $35-$50 per image.
- Once you’ve submitted your documentation, you should expect to wait 8-13 months before receiving an official copyright certificate.
- Then, when you submit your photograph, you can include an official copyright notice with it to ensure that it is properly protected.
- For example, you may stamp the snapshot with the words 2016 Joe Smith.
- Additionally, you may use a picture editing software to apply a watermark to your photographs to further discourage people from downloading them for free.
Continue reading to find out how to make it harder for internet browsers to copy and store your photographs.Did you find this overview to be helpful?The writers of this page have together authored a page that has been read 212,467 times.
USPS Salary: How Much Do Postal Workers Make?
- It is an autonomous government entity, although it is tied to the executive branch of the United States government through the United States Postal Service (USPS). The United States Postal Service (USPS) has the distinction of being one of the few government agencies that derives its authority to operate directly from the United States Constitution. As a result, employees of the United States Postal Service (commonly known as postal workers) are deemed to be federal employees under the law. Because of budget constraints, the federal government has not provided subsidies to the United States Postal Service since the early 1970s, notwithstanding its historical support. The United States Postal Service (USPS) today produces its own money through its mail carrier and retail operations. The United States Postal Service employs postal workers on a temporary or permanent basis, as well as part-time and full-time. The compensation of a postal worker is determined by their specific role, their level of experience, and their educational background. The story that follows provides an overview of the prospective pay associated with the various positions available at the United States Postal Service. Keep in mind that a postal worker’s indoor job responsibilities include those of a service clerk, a mail processer, a mail sorter, a mail processing machine operator, and other related positions.
- The mail carrier for the United States Postal Service is perhaps the postal worker most of us see on a regular basis. A total of more than 342,000 postal carriers were employed by the United States Postal Service during the calendar year 2018. A postal carrier with the United States Postal Service is responsible for the following tasks: Assigned administrative tasks
- the proper loading of mail/parcels onto a United States Postal Service delivery vehicle or van.
- Regular mail, Express Mail, and packages are all delivered on time and accurately.
- The completion of the mail carrier’s allotted route
- the completion of the mail carrier’s assigned route
- Neither rain, nor snow, nor the blackness of night prohibits us from delivering deliveries, according to the USPS ethos.
- Almost always, it is the United States Mail Carrier who completes the labor necessary to achieve the Postal Service’s motto of service excellence.
- If you want to work as a postal worker, you must pass one of two postal examinations.
- The United States Postal Service (USPS) administers two exams: the Postal Exam 473 and the Postal Exam 460.
- The most significant distinction between the two exams is that the 460 Exam is tailored exclusively for rural postal workers and rural mail carriers.
It should be noted, however, that the substance of both the 473 test and the 460 exam is quite similar to one another.
The USPS 473 Exam
For persons seeking employment as a postal clerk, a processing clerk, or a mail carrier, the United States Postal Service offers the Postal 473 (and 473(e)) examination, which is administered by the National Testing Center. To guarantee that they have the highest chance of passing the exam on their first try, potential test takers should prepare for the exam as much as they can.
473 Exam Format
- Each section of the 473 Exam is divided into four sections. These sections of the exam are described in further detail below – Part A of the test is concerned with the ability of the test takers to check and compare addresses properly.
- Part B of the test is intended to evaluate the ability of the test-taker to complete forms correctly.
- Part C is divided into two sections: Coding and Memory. Part D is concerned with the test-previous taker’s work experience.
Test-free Guide.com’s postal practice examinations are a great way to get ready for the exam.
460 Exam Format
- The Postal 460 test is administered by the United States Postal Service to applicants who wish to work as a rural postal clerk, a rural processing clerk, or a rural mail carrier in rural areas. Each of the four sections of the 460 Exam is worth one point. These sections of the exam are described in further detail below – Part A of the test is concerned with the ability of the test takers to check and compare addresses properly.
- It is intended to evaluate the capacity of the test taker to memorize addresses in Part B.
- Part C is divided into two sections: the first assesses number series, and the second evaluates number sequences.
- Part D of the test assesses the ability of the test-taker to follow spoken instructions.
How Much Do Postal Workers Make?
- More than 12 million postal workers were employed in the United States during the calendar year 2018, according to the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) also provides the following wage information for USPS employees: The median annual salary for a postal worker is $58,760, which equates to $28.25 per hour on average. The wages from the following United States Postal Service occupations are included in the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ published data: Letter carriers, administrative posts, and upper management are all possibilities.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) for a Postal Service Mail Carrier Only
Mail carriers are the only postal employees for whom salary and earnings information is available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). During the calendar year 2018, the following are the wage statistics for postal carriers: The mean annual salary for mail carriers in 2018 was $51,780, which equates to $24.89 per hour, according to Payscale.
USPS Salary Percentile Estimates
Those at the top of their game (i.e. those in the 90th percentile of all postal employees) make an annual pay of over $64,000 (equivalent to around $30.75 per hour) as Postal Workers. Contrary to this, new postal workers who begin with a salary of over $37,000 (about $18 per hour) should expect to earn in the bottom ten percent of all postal workers during their first year of employment.
States with the Highest Postal Worker Salaries
The following states provide the highest wages to mail carriers and postal clerks who work for the United States Postal Service:
|State||Yearly Wage (Median)||Hourly Wage (Median)|
States with the Highest Post Office Mail Carrier, Sorters, Processors & Processing Machine Operators Salaries
The following states have the highest incomes for postal workers who work as sorters, processors, or operators of processing machines: –
|State||Yearly Wage (Median)||Hourly Wage (Median)|
Metropolitan Areas with the Highest Postal Worker Mail Carrier Salaries
The following states provide the highest wages to mail carriers employed by the United States Postal Service:
|Metropolitan Area||Yearly Wage (Median)||Hourly Wage (Median)|
|San Jose-Santa Clara-Sunnyvale, CA||$55,120||$26.50|
|San Francisco-Hayward-Oakland, CA||$54,880||$26.38|
|Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA||$54,030||$25.98|
Metropolitan Areas with the Highest USPS Postal Clerk Salaries
Following are the metropolitan regions where postal clerks employed by the United States Postal Service earn the highest salaries: –
|Metropolitan Area||Yearly Wage (Median)||Hourly Wage (Median)|
|El Centro, CA||$56,370||$27.10|
|Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX||$55,710||$26.78|
Metropolitan Areas with the Highest Postal Worker Mail Carrier, Sorters, Processors & Processing Machine Operators Salaries
The following metropolitan regions have the highest incomes for Postal Workers who work for the United States Postal Service as sorters, processors, or processing machine operators, respectively.
|Metropolitan Area||Yearly Wage (Median)||Hourly Wage (Median)|
|Beaumont – Port Arthur, TX||$55,430||$26.65|
|Baton Rouge, LA||$55,230||$26.55|
|New Haven, CT||$55,090||$26.48|
Postal Worker Salaries for Varying Jobs within the U.S. Post Office
As reported by glassdoor.com, the following data shows numerous typical positions that are accessible to people who have completed one of the United States Postal Service’s examinations: Among the positions listed below are those of City Carrier Assistant (CCA), Mail Processing Clerk (MPC), PSE Processing Clerk (PSE), and City Letter Carrier.
The United States Postal Service’s Skilled Labor & Manufacturing Job Positions
The USPS City Carrier Assistants (CCA) Jobs
- Average Salary – $58,515 per year.
- Range – $32,000 to $83,000.
The USPS City Carrier Assistants (CCA) Jobs – Hourly
- Average Salary – $17 per hour.
- Range – $16 to $21 per hour.
The USPS City Letter Carriers – Hourly
- Average Salary – $19 per hour.
- Range – $16 to $21 per hour.
The United States Postal Service’s Administrative Job Positions
The USPS PSE Processing Clerk
- $17 per hour
- range – $15 to $21 per hour for PSE Processing Clerk
The USPS Mail Processing Clerk
- $49,030 per year for a Mail Processing Clerk, with a salary range of $36,000 to $72,000.
Postal Service Clerk Salaries in the States w/the Highest Employment Levels
With relation to a Postal Service Clerk Salary, the following states have the greatest employment levels as of May 2018: –
|State||Yearly Wage (Median)||Hourly Wage (Median)|
Postal Salaries in the States w/the Highest Employment Levels for, Sorters, Processors & Processing Machine Operators
As of May 2018, the following states have the greatest employment levels for postal workers who are employed as sorters, processors, or operators of processing machines: – California, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania
|State||Yearly Wage (Median)||Hourly Wage (Median)|
Salaries in the States w/the Highest Employment Levels for Mail Carriers
Since the beginning of May 2018, the following states have had the highest employment levels for Postal Workers: Mail/Letter Carriers (save for Alaska and Hawaii).
|State||Yearly Wage (Median)||Hourly Wage (Median)|
USPS Salary Tables
A large number of USPS employees are represented by a labor union. Current and retired USPS employees working in the Clerk, Maintenance, Motor Vehicle Services, or Support Services divisions are represented by the American Postal Workers Union (APWU). According to the American Public Works Union, their members are compensated according to the pay scale outlined below.
USPS Full-Time Basic Pay Scale (APWU Members)
|Pay Grade||Starting Pay Step||Ending Pay Step|
USPS Starting Pay
A postal worker’s beginning wage is determined by the American Postal Workers Union (APWU) and is $30,000 per year, or $15.00 per hour (according to the union).
USPS Salary Summary
- There are a variety of factors that influence the amount of money that postal workers earn, including: Experience, Job Type, Location, and Union Membership are all important considerations.
- In general, the following observations may be made regarding United States Postal Service salaries: The starting salary for the United States Postal Service is around $30,000 per year.
- The average pay for postal workers is from $52,000 to $58,000 per year
- the highest post office salary is around $70,000 per year.