When Was The United States Post Office Established?

The Post Office Department was created in 1792 with the passage of the Postal Service Act. It was elevated to a cabinet-level department in 1872, and was transformed by the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 into the United States Postal Service as an independent agency.

When did the post office become a department?

The Postal Service Act, signed by President George Washington on February 20, 1792, established the Post Office Department. The United States Post Office Department (USPOD; also known as the Post Office or U.S. Mail) was the predecessor of the United States Postal Service, in the form of a Cabinet department, officially from 1872 to 1971.

What was the predecessor of the United States postal service?

The United States Post Office Department was the predecessor of the United States Postal Service, in the form of a Cabinet department, officially from 1872 to 1971. It was headed by the Postmaster General.

When did the United States postal savings system start?

From January 1, 1911, until July 1, 1967, the United States Post Office Department operated the United States Postal Savings System. An Act of Congress of June 25, 1910, established the Postal Savings System in designated post offices, effective January 1, 1911.

What was the first postal service in America?

British North American Postal System

Richard Fairbank’s Tavern, in what is now Boston, Massachusetts, was the official repository for mail received from overseas at the time, and is thus the first American post office.

Why was the post office created?

Making sure that the mail was delivered as quickly and dependably as possible was critical to the colonies’ survival. That’s why three months after the battles of Lexington and Concord, the Continental Congress turned to Benjamin Franklin to establish a national post service as the first Postmaster General.

Are US postal workers federal employees?

Letter carriers who deliver mail in the United States are public servants who uphold their public trust by ensuring the safe passage of the mail. We are career and non-career government employees who take pride in our work, in our nation and in our employer: The U.S. Postal Service.

When was the post office Privatised?

The privatisation of Royal Mail in 2014 was the most ambitious privatisation since that of the railways in 1994.

How is USPS funded?

The Postal Service receives no direct taxpayer funds. It relies on revenues from stamps and other service fees. Although COVID-19 has choked off the USPS revenue in recent months, factors that arose well before coronavirus have contributed to the unsustainability of the Postal Service’s financial situation for years.

Has the government ever bailed out the USPS?

Last July, Congress gave a financial lifeline to the USPS—a $10 billion loan from the U.S. Treasury under the CARES Act, a coronavirus bailout bill.

Is the post office funded by the federal government?

The agency is not funded by the government. How does the USPS pay for its workforce and operations? It’s all through the price of stamps and services. According to the USPS, if the USPS were a private sector company, the postal service would rank 46th in the 2020 Fortune 500.

What is the average pension for a US postal worker?

As an example of USPS retirement under CSRS, a postal worker with a high-3 average of around $60,000 and 20 years of service earns $1,824 a month without any deductions. That equals about $22,000 annually. A worker with the same salary and 40 years of service earns $3,837 monthly, or about $46,000 annually.

Do USPS employees get a pension?

The Postal Service participates in the federal retirement program, which provides a defined benefit (pension), as well as disability coverage. Eligibility is determined by your age and number of years of creditable service.

Who owns the US Post Office?

The “Post Office,” or the United States Postal Service, is owned by the United States Federal Government. It is classified as an “independent establishment of the executive branch of the Government of the United States” and operates independently of government control, run by its own non-political directors.

When was the Post Office scandal?

What is the Post Office scandal, why were postmasters prosecuted, and what is Horizon? Sub-postmasters and mistresses will give evidence about how the Horizon IT system the Post Office introduced in 1999 caused account shortfalls that saw them wrongly accused of stealing from their branches.

When did the Post Office become Royal Mail?

The General Post Office (GPO) was the state postal system and telecommunications carrier of the United Kingdom until 1969. Before the Acts of Union 1707, it was the postal system of the Kingdom of England, established by Charles II in 1660.

General Post Office.

Agency overview
Parent agency Her Majesty’s Government

How was mail delivered in the 1700s?

In early colonial times, letter writers sent their correspondence by friends, merchants and Native Americans via foot or horseback. Most of this correspondence, however, was between the colonists and family members back home in England.

Who owns the post office?

  • Structure. Although it is owned entirely by the United States Government,the USPS functions as if it were a private corporation.
  • Operation. The USPS is not paid for or supported by tax money.
  • History.
  • Today’s Post Office.
  • Facts.
  • Are USPS employees government employees?

    They were no longer Federal employees, though they are often treated as such, and since the USPS is still controlled by the Federal government, the Congress still controls much of what they do, such as their pay—to some extent negotiated by employee unions.

    What is the history of the US Postal Service?

    History. The Postal Service was originally the Post Office Department, which began in 1775. In 1971, the Postal Reorganization Act went into effect, creating the United States Postal Service. Since then, the Postal Service has had 14 Postmaster Generals, the current one being Louis Dejoy Mission. The purpose of the Postal Service is to deliver equal service to all citizens of the United States.

    Why was the USPS created?

  • The “Lunar New Year: Year of the Rat” was the beginning of a new Celebrating Lunar New Year stamp series.
  • The “Let’s Celebrate!” stamp has three colors of foil throughout the circles giving a fun pop of shiny color like confetti.
  • The “Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor” stamp used intricate intaglio printing for the flower on the ship’s hull.
  • U.S. postal system established

    It is on July 26, 1775, that the Second Continental Congress establishes the United States postal system, with Benjamin Franklin serving as the nation’s first postmaster general.Franklin (1706-1790) laid the groundwork for many of the features of today’s postal system that we take for granted.Many early American colonists did not use mail to communicate with one another; rather, their correspondence was more probable with letter writers in Great Britain during the 1600s period of colonial expansion.Postal delivery from across the Atlantic were intermittent and may take several months to reach their intended recipients.Because there were no post offices in the colonies, mail was often left at inns and taverns.Benjamin Franklin, who had previously served as postmaster of Philadelphia, was appointed as one of two joint postmasters general for the colonies in 1753.

    1. The postal system saw a number of enhancements during his leadership.
    2. These included the establishment of new, more efficient colonial routes and the reduction in delivery time between Philadelphia and New York by having the weekly mail wagon travel both day and night via relay teams.
    3. Furthermore, Franklin introduced the first rate chart, which standardized delivery prices based on distance and weight based on distance and weight.
    4. More about Benjamin Franklin may be found at: 11 Surprising Facts About Benjamin Franklin.
    5. Franklin was sacked from his postal position in 1774 as a result of his revolutionary activity, according to the British.
    6. The Continental Congress, on the other hand, assigned him to the position of postmaster general of the United Colonies the next year.

    Franklin maintained the position until late in 1776, when he was assigned to the French diplomatic mission in Paris.With routes running from Florida to Maine and frequent communication between the colonies and Great Britain, he left behind a greatly better postal system that is still in use today.As the first postmaster general of the United States under the new United States constitution, President George Washington nominated Samuel Osgood, a former Massachusetts lawmaker, in 1789.There were around 75 post offices in the nation at the time of the survey.Today, the United States has more than 40,000 post offices, and the postal service delivers more than 200 billion pieces of mail each year to more than 144 million homes and businesses throughout the country, as well as Puerto Rico, Guam, the American Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, among other locations.

    With over 500,000 career employees, the United States Postal Service is the biggest civilian employer in the country.The postal service is a not-for-profit, self-supporting organization that derives the vast majority of its revenue from the sale of postage stamps (the first of which was issued in the United States in 1847) and other associated items.The postal service delivers mail in all weather conditions, employing anything from planes to mules to get the job done.MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: How the United States Postal Service Has Delivered the Mail Over the Decades On July 26, 1948, President Harry S.Truman issues Executive Order 9981, which bans discrimination in the military and is effective immediately.

    As a result of Truman’s directive, a long-standing practice of separating Black troops and relegating them to lowly occupations was put a stop to.There have been African-Americans serving in the United States military.click here to find out more President George H.W.Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) into law on July 26, 1990, making it the most comprehensive statement of rights for the disabled in American history at the time.Disability rights attorney Arlene Mayerson would later argue that the ADA’s history is a ″horror narrative.″ More information about the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is established on July 26, 1908, when U.S.

    Attorney General Charles Bonaparte orders a group of newly hired federal investigators to report to Chief Examiner Stanley W.Finch of the Department of Justice, thereby establishing the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).The Office of the Chief was established one year later.

    • click here to find out more The Suez Crisis begins when Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal, which had previously been held by the United Kingdom and France.
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    • It stayed in place for the following 87 years.
    • More information on the Republic of Liberia, which was originally a colony of the American Colonization Society, declaring its independence from the United States Under pressure from the United Kingdom, the United States reluctantly recognized Liberian sovereignty, establishing the West African nation as the first democratic republic in the history of Africa.

    A.click here to find out more Winston Churchill is forced to resign as prime minister of the United Kingdom in the eleventh hour of World War II as a result of his party’s electoral loss by the opposition Labour Party.After more than a decade, Britain had its first general election since the Second World War.Clement Attlee, the leader of the Labour Party, spoke on the same day.

    • click here to find out more Couples dance appeared to be on its way out of popular culture in the United States by the early 1970s, despite the fact that it had been popular for much of the first half of the twentieth century.
    • That is, until the introduction of a dance known as the Hustle, which was accompanied by a song of the same name.
    • In the month of July.
    • Continue reading ″On July 26, 1941, President Franklin D.
    • Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States in punishment for Japan’s conquest of French Indo-China.″ On July 24, Tokyo planned to move across Southeast Asia in order to improve its position in the event of a Chinese invasion of the country.
    • .
    • On July 26, 1943, the musician, actor, film producer, and Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger is born in Dartford, Kent, England, where he is best known as the Rolling Stones.
    • He was up in a middle-class English household and attended the London School of Economics, but dropped out before graduating to follow his musical dreams.
    • click here to find out more On July 26, 1931, a swarm of grasshoppers descended upon fields across the heartland of the United States, destroying millions of acres of crops.
    • Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota, which were already suffering from a severe drought, were particularly hard hit by this tragedy.
    • Since the very beginning of the process, click here to find out more Ed Gein, a serial murderer famed for skinning human corpses, died of complications from cancer in a Wisconsin jail on July 26, 1984, at the age of 77.

    Gein was infamous for skinning human corpses.Gein served as the inspiration for writer Robert Bloch’s character Norman Bates in the 1959 novel ″Psycho,″ which was then made into a film in 1960 by Universal Pictures.click here to find out more President Harry S.Truman signs the National Security Act, which will go down in history as one of the most significant pieces of Cold War legislation.The legislation laid the groundwork for most of the bureaucratic architecture that would govern foreign affairs for the following 40 years or more during the Cold War.By July 1947, the Cold had set in.

    click here to find out more John Hunt Morgan, the Confederate cavalry commander, and 360 of his men are arrested in Salineville, Ohio, on July 26, 1863, during a dramatic attack on the northern United States.Morgan launched four major attacks against Northern or Northern-held territory over the course of a year, beginning in July 1862 and concluding in January 1863..click here to find out more On July 26, 1998, at Michigan Speedway in Brooklyn, Michigan, the U.S.500, the most prestigious event in the Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART) series, is turned into a tragedy when three fans are murdered and six more are injured by flying debris from a vehicle during the race.

    CART (later referred as as.click here to find out more

    All You Need to Know About the History of the U.S. Postal Service

    In Philadelphia on July 26, 1775, members of the Second Continental Congress reached an agreement ″.that a Postmaster General be appointed for the United States, who shall hold his office at Philadelphia, and shall be allowed a salary of one thousand dollars per annum,″ according to the official record.Simply stated, the Post Office Department was established, which served as a forerunner to the United States Postal Service and the second-oldest department or agency in the current United States of America after the Army.

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    Colonial Times

    Early correspondents relied on friends, merchants, and Native Americans to transport letters between the colonies during the early days of the American Revolution.The majority of the correspondence, on the other hand, was between the colonists and England, their home nation.It was primarily to handle this mail that the first formal notification of a postal service in the colonies came in 1639, according to historians.As a result of the tradition in England and other countries of using coffee houses and taverns as mail dumps, the General Court of Massachusetts appointed Richard Fairbanks’ tavern in Boston as the official depository of mail received in from or despatched elsewhere.Within the colonies, post routes were handled by local authorities.When Governor Francis Lovelace of New York established a monthly post between New York and Boston in 1673, the world changed forever.

    1. Although the service was only provided for a brief period of time, the post rider’s track became known as the Old Boston Post Road, which is now a part of U.S.
    2. Route 1.
    3. In 1683, William Penn opened the state’s first post office in Philadelphia.
    4. Private couriers, who were mainly enslaved persons, connected the vast plantations in the South; failure to deliver mail to the next plantation resulted in a hog head of tobacco being confiscated as a punishment.
    5. The first central postal organization in the colonies was established in 1691, when Thomas Neale was granted a 21-year grant by the British Crown to establish a North American mail service throughout the colonies.
    6. Neale never set foot in the United States.

    The Governor of the state of New Jersey, Andrew Hamilton, was named as his Deputy Postmaster General instead.He had gotten a good deal on his franchise by paying only 80 cents a year, but it had cost him dearly; he died in debt, in 1699, after transferring his holdings in America to Andrew Hamilton and another Englishman, R.West.In 1707, the British government purchased the rights to the North American mail service from West and the widow of Andrew Hamilton, and the service became known as the Royal Mail.It then named Andrew Hamilton’s son, John Hamilton, as Deputy Postmaster General of the United States of America.

    Eventually, he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina, who remained in office until 1721.Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, was appointed Deputy Postmaster General for the United States in 1730.Most people remember him for his appointment of Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia in 1737, which was perhaps his most significant accomplishment.Franklin, the struggling printer and publisher of The Pennsylvania Gazette, was just 31 years old at the time of the incident.Later in life, he would rise to become one of the most well-liked individuals of his generation.

    Spotswood was replaced by two additional Virginians: Head Lynch, who was elected in 1739, and Elliot Benger, elected in 1743.When Benger died in 1753, Franklin and William Hunter, who were both postmasters at Williamsburg, Virginia, were selected by the British government to serve as Joint Postmasters General for all of the British colonies.Hunter died in 1761, and his replacement was John Foxcroft of New York, who served until the commencement of the Revolutionary War in 1775.During his tenure as Joint Postmaster General for the Crown, Franklin was responsible for a number of significant and long-lasting changes in the colonial post offices.He immediately began reorganizing the service, embarking on a lengthy tour of the country to check post offices in the northern states as well as those as far south as Virginia.

    New surveys were carried out, milestones were set on major highways, and new and shorter routes were planned and constructed.Post riders delivered mail between Philadelphia and New York for the first time at night, cutting the journey time by at least half, according to the National Postal Museum.Franklin reported a surplus to the British Postmaster General in 1760, marking the first time a surplus was reported by a postal service in North America.

    • When Franklin stepped down as president, post roads still stretched from Maine to Florida and from New York to Canada, and mail between the colonies and the home nation was delivered on a regular schedule with marked hours of arrival and departure.
    • In addition, the job of surveyor was established in 1772 in order to control post offices and audit accounting; this position is believed to be the forerunner of the current Postal Inspection Service.
    • By 1774, however, the colonists had developed a negative attitude toward the royal post service.
    • Franklin was fired by the British government for activities that were favorable to the cause of the American colonies.

    The Constitutional Post, established by William Goddard, a printer and newspaper publisher (whose father had served as postmaster of New London, Connecticut, during Franklin’s administration), was established to provide intercolonial postal service.The postal service was supported by subscriptions from colonial residents, and net proceeds were to be utilized to enhance the service rather than being returned to the subscribers.By 1775, when the Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia, Goddard’s colonial post was thriving, with 30 post offices operating between Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and Williamsburg, Virginia, according to Goddard.

    Continental Congress 

    Following the Boston riots in September 1774, the colonies began to dissociate themselves from the United States.In May 1775, a Continental Congress was convened in Philadelphia with the goal of establishing a new independent government.One of the first concerns that the delegates had to answer was how to transport and distribute the mail effectively.Following his return from England, Benjamin Franklin was selected as head of a Committee of Investigation to investigate the feasibility of establishing a postal system.The report of the Committee, which called for the appointment of a postmaster general for each of the thirteen American colonies, was reviewed by the Continental Congress on July 25th and 26th, respectively.Franklin was designated Postmaster General on July 26, 1775, making him the first Postmaster General appointed by the Continental Congress.

    1. The founding of the institution that would become the United States Postal Service almost two centuries later may be traced back to that day.
    2. Richard Bache, Franklin’s son-in-law, was appointed Comptroller, and William Goddard was appointed Surveyor, both positions held by Franklin’s relatives.
    3. On November 7, 1776, Franklin was sworn in as President of the United States.
    4. It is through him that America’s current Postal Service derives in an unbroken line from the system he devised and put into action, and history rightly awards him substantial credit for laying the groundwork for a postal system that has functioned well for the American people.
    5. According to Article IX of the Articles of Confederation, which was ratified in 1781, Congress had ″the sole and exclusive right and power.establishing and regulating post offices from one State to another.and exacting such postage on papers passing through the same as may be necessary in order to defray the expenses of the said office,″ among other things.
    6. The first three Postmasters General—Benjamin Franklin, Richard Bache, and Ebenezer Hazard—were all appointed by Congress and required to report to the House and Senate of Representatives.

    The Ordinance of October 18, 1782, updated and formalized the laws and regulations governing the postal service.

    The Post Office Department 

    Because of the Constitution’s passage in May of that year, the Act of September 22, 1789 (1 Stat.70) established a temporary post office and established the Office of the Postmaster General.In accordance with the Constitution, on September 26, 1789, George Washington selected Samuel Osgood of Massachusetts to be the nation’s first Postmaster General.As late as 1780, there were only a Postmaster General, a Secretary/Comptroller, three surveyors, one Inspector of Dead Letters, and 26 post riders on the postal staff, despite the fact that there were 75 post offices and around 2,000 miles of post roads in the country at that time.The Act of August 4, 1790 (1 Stat.178), as well as the Act of March 3, 1791, both provided for the temporary continuation of the Postal Service (1 Stat.

    1. 218).
    2. The Post Office was established by an Act of Congress passed on February 20, 1792, which had specific provisions.
    3. Subsequent legislation increased the scope of the Post Office’s responsibilities, tightened and consolidated its organizational structure, and established rules and regulations to guide the organization’s growth.
    4. Until 1800, Philadelphia served as the nation’s capital and the site of the United States Postal Service’s headquarters.
    5. During that year’s relocation of the United States Post Office to Washington, D.C., postal employees were able to transport all of the office’s records, furniture, and supplies on two horse-drawn carts.
    6. William T.

    Barry of Kentucky became the first Postmaster General to serve as a member of President Andrew Jackson’s Cabinet in 1829, after accepting the president’s offer.It was not until June 8, 1872 that Congress explicitly formed the Post Office Department as an administrative branch of government.McLean’s predecessor, John McLean of Ohio, had begun referring to the Post Office, or General Post Office as it was frequently known, as the Post Office Department.Around this time period, in 1830, the Post Office Department founded the Office of Instructions and Mail Depredations, which served as the investigative and inspection section of the department.P.

    S.Loughborough, the director of the agency, is widely regarded as the world’s first Chief Postal Inspector.

    Postal Service Act regulates United States Post Office Department

    This legislation, signed on February 20, 1792, restores the United States Post Office as a cabinet department headed by the postmaster general, guarantees inexpensive delivery of all newspapers, establishes the right to personal privacy, and empowers Congress with the authority to expand postal service into new regions of the country.MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: How the United States Postal Service Has Delivered the Mail Over the Decades Angry that the royal postal service was unable to reliably deliver his Pennsylvania Chronicle to its readers or deliver critical news for the paper to Goddard, Patriot printer William Goddard presented a plan for the Constitutional Post before the Continental Congress on October 5, 1774.The plan was endorsed by all members of the Continental Congress.Congress did not take action on the proposal until after the Battle of Lexington and Concord, which took place on April 19, 1775, in Massachusetts.Beginning on July 26, 1775, Benjamin Franklin pushed Goddard’s proposal and served as the Continental Congress’ first postmaster general, over a year before the Congress proclaimed independence from the British Empire.As a result of Franklin’s appointment as an American ambassador to France, his son-in-law, Richard Bache, assumed control of the post on November 7, 1776.

    1. Before being fired for opening and publishing correspondence from Massachusetts Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson, Franklin had already made a significant contribution to the postal service in the colonies during his tenure as postmaster of Philadelphia from 1737 to 1753 and as joint postmaster general of the colonies from 1753 to 1774, during which time he had made a significant contribution to the postal service in the colonies.
    2. In his capacity as postmaster, Franklin improved the efficiency of postal delivery by surveying, marking, and establishing routes from Maine to Florida (the origins of Route 1), instituting overnight postal travel between the critical cities of New York and Philadelphia, and establishing a standardized postal rate chart based on weight and distance.
    3. Samuel Osgood served as postmaster general in New York City from 1789, when the United States Constitution was put into operation, until the government was relocated to Philadelphia in 1791, when the job was abolished.
    4. Timothy Pickering was appointed Postmaster General, and the Postal Service Act, passed a year later, provided his office greater legislative authority and a more effective organizational structure.
    5. Pickering remained in the role until 1795, when he temporarily served as secretary of defense before being appointed the third Secretary of State of the United States of America.
    6. Until the United States Postal Service was turned into a corporation administered by a board of governors in 1971, the postmaster general’s job was regarded a prestigious patronage position for political associates of President Richard Nixon.

    MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: How Ben Franklin viewed the world The United States Postal Service was established.Six and a half months before Adolf Hitler invaded Poland, a gathering in New York City’s Madison Square Garden commemorated the emergence of Nazism in Germany and marked the beginning of the Third Reich.Inside, more than 20,000 people fired Nazi salutes toward a 30-foot-tall picture of George Washington, which was flanked by two other portraits of George Washington.click here to find out more In a successful launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida, astronaut John Herschel Glenn Jr.is sent into orbit aboard the Friendship 7 spacecraft, marking the first orbital mission by an American astronaut in history.

    Glenn, a lieutenant colonel in the United States Marine Corps, was one of the seven persons selected by the National Geographic Society.click here to find out more Ireland’s government challenges the strong Catholic Church on February 20, 1985, when it votes to allow the sale of contraceptives.The vote was very contentious at the time.Until 1979, contraceptives were forbidden from being imported or sold in Ireland under Irish law.McGee v.

    The Attorney General was a 1973 case that dealt with the right to privacy.click here to find out more During a raid on the Japanese position at Rabaul, Lt.Edward O’Hare takes off from the aircraft carrier Lexington and becomes America’s first flying ace of World War II, just minutes after taking off.The Lexington set out towards the Coral Sea in the middle of February 1942.Rabaul is a town located near the extreme point of New Guinea.

    click here to find out more Tara Lipinski, at 15 years old, won the gold medal in women’s figure skating at the Olympic Winter Games in Nagano, Japan, on February 20, 1998, becoming the youngest gold medallist in the sport’s history and becoming the youngest gold medalist in the world.Lipinski initially stepped onto a pair of skates when she was six years old.She earned a gold medal at the age of 12 in 1994.

    • click here to find out more On February 20, 2003, a fire during a rock event in a West Warwick, Rhode Island, nightclub results in the deaths of 100 people and the serious injury of almost 200 others.
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    Williams, he revealed that he had 300,000 gallons of heating oil to give away to the less fortunate.Murphy, who was in good health, was kidnapped by the 33-year-old Williams.click here to find out more On February 20, 1864, a Confederate force under General Joseph Finegan defeats an army under General Truman Seymour at the Battle of Olustee, the largest battle fought in Florida during the Civil War.The battle was the largest fought in Florida during the Civil War.

    • The Confederates retained control of Florida as a result of this victory.
    • click here to find out more On February 20, 1997, the premiere episode of the popular television sitcom ″Seinfeld″ titled ″The Pothole″ airs for the first time; it includes a story line in which the character Kramer adopts a stretch of the fictional Arthur Burghardt Expressway that runs through the real-life city of San Francisco.
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    • The.
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    Early American Postal Service

    The Postal Road Between Boston and New York City as seen on an early American map Although there was an organized postal service in the early American colonies, it did not begin operating until the late 17th century, and even then it worked in a very different manner than it does now.The Americans had previously relied on friends, merchants, and in some cases, even the Native American population, to deliver their mail for them prior to this period.

    British North American Postal System

    In 1692, New Jersey Governor Andrew Hamilton carried out the orders of the British King and Queen, William and Mary, and appointed postmasters in each of the country’s existing North American colonies.A route between Williamsburg, Virginia and Portsmouth, New Hampshire was the world’s first ″long distance″ route.The early postal riders would drop off mail at pubs in the neighborhood rather than delivering it straight to a person’s address because there was no formal post office in the community at the time.Richard Fairbank’s Tavern, in what is now Boston, Massachusetts, served as the official depository for mail received from overseas at the time, and is therefore considered the world’s first post office.Fairbank’s Tavern is located in what is now Boston, Massachusetts.

    The United States Post Office USPO

    Prior to the American Revolution, only a little amount of official mail was circulated among the thirteen colonies.However, as things started to heat up in the 1760s, there was a considerably higher need for a more structured postal service.In response to the Stamp Act of 1765, which caused widespread dissatisfaction across the colonies, the inhabitants began plotting to destroy the British Imperial Post and establish a wholly American postal system.On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress passed an act establishing the United States Postal Service (USPS).For a brief period of time, Benjamin Franklin served as the department’s director, overseeing its formation.

    The Post Office Department (USPOD)

    Samuel Osgood, a Massachusetts citizen, was selected as the nation’s first Postmaster General by President George Washington in 1789.There were 75 recognized post offices and more than 2,000 miles of post roads throughout the country at the time.The Post Office Department engaged post riders who would travel hundreds of miles on barren roads in perilous weather to deliver mail to the numerous post offices around the country.Israel Bissell was one of these postal riders, and he was one of the riders tasked with informing the colonies that British forces were on their way to the colonies during the early phases of the American War for Independence.The first formal, Congressionally recognized Post Office Department in the United States was established in 1792, with Philadelphia serving as its principal base.Article I, Section 8, Clause 7 of the newly passed United States Constitution gave Congress the authority to create Post Offices and Roads under the supervision of the executive department, which it promptly did.

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    Benjamin Franklin Established the Post Office to Connect and Unite the Colonies

    During the Revolutionary War, when there was no internet or telephones to provide instantaneous communication over long distances, the mail that was transported by horseback riders on the rough-hewn roads between cities and towns served as the connective tissue that held the American colonies together.Maintaining the highest level of efficiency and dependability in the delivery of mail was vital to the sustainability of the colonies’ mail delivery system.That is why, three months after the battles of Lexington and Concord, the Continental Congress appointed Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General to oversee the establishment of a national postal service.″When he was appointed postmaster general for the American confederation in 1775, it clearly demonstrated the extent to which he was trusted by American leaders to have Americans’ best interests at heart,″ says Carla J.Mulford, a professor of English at Penn State University and author of an upcoming book, Benjamin Franklin’s Electrical Diplomacy.″It clearly demonstrated the extent to which he was trusted by American leaders to have Americans’ best interests at heart,″ she adds.

    1. Franklin had already accumulated a substantial amount of expertise in the mail-delivery industry.
    2. The documentary ″Ben Franklin: Citizen of the World″ may be seen on HISTORY Vault.

    Ben Franklin Kept Mail Moving Swiftly as Philadelphia Postmaster

    Franklin had already established a successful company as a printer, merchant, and publisher of a newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette, by the time he was thirty-one years old in 1737.In the same year, he was named postmaster of Philadelphia, when British officials ousted his predecessor for failing to submit financial reports on time.Neither Snow Nor Rain: A History of the United States Postal Service by Devin Leonard points out that being a local postmaster didn’t pay much—a 10 percent fee on customers’ postage—but it came with a significant side benefit.Franklin possessed franking powers, which enabled him to send his newspaper to subscribers at no charge.This assisted Franklin in building a large circulation and transforming the Pennsylvania Gazette into one of the most successful magazines in the colonies.Franklin utilized the mail for self-promotion in a similar way to how current politicians and celebrities rely on social media sites like Twitter.

    1. As Leonard points out, Franklin’s ability to send his own letters without having to pay postage—he simply inscribed them with ″Free.B.Franklin″—enabled him to connect with other intellectuals in Europe throughout his time there.
    2. That assisted in publicizing Franklin’s accomplishments, ″thereby assisting in establishing Franklin as one of the world’s most admired Americans,″ according to Leonard’s book.
    3. In her research of Franklin’s 20,000 letters left behind by him, Stanford University historian Caroline Winterer characterizes the president as ″a guy with a vibrant social network,″ which she compares to our modern-day linked society.
    4. Continue reading Presidents’ Communication with the Public Throughout History: From the Telegraph to Twitter.

    Britain Appoints Franklin as Postmaster of 13 Colonies

    In 1753, the British Crown named Franklin as joint postmaster for the thirteen colonies, recognizing his abilities as a diligent record-keeper and as a skilled administrator of mail operations in Philadelphia.According to Leonard’s book, despite the fact that he ostensibly shared responsibility with William Hunter, a printer located in Virginia, Hunter really allowed Franklin make all of the decisions.More than two decades passed while Franklin served as Postmaster General, during which time he oversaw significant advances in postal delivery, including the establishment of a regular schedule that allowed mail to travel smoothly along post roads up and down the Eastern Seaboard.Mulford explains that Franklin ″traveled widely to inspect postal routes, find the most reliable postal clerks to serve as his associates in the various towns and cities, and create a system of communication that would work well for riders of the post.″ Franklin ″traveled widely to inspect postal routes, find the most reliable postal clerks to serve as his associates in the various towns and cities, and create a system of communication that would work well for riders of the post,″ Mulford explains.″Franklin had a keen sense of the future.″He was an excellent systems analyst,″ Mulford recalls of his former colleague.

    1. ″He was easy to deal with when the other people were easy to work with.″ Furthermore, he was an adept troubleshooter, capable of devising workaround solutions when things did not go as planned.″ READ MORE: 11 Surprising Facts About Ben Franklin (in English)

    Mail Delivery Time Is Cut, Newspaper Get Flat Rate

    Franklin was eventually successful in cutting the delivery time for a letter from Philadelphia to New York and the time it took to receive a response to only 24 hours by deploying postal riders on the highways at night.Continue by scrolling down.According to Franklin biographer Walter Isaacson, Franklin also arranged for small, swift packet ships to transport mail to and from the West Indies and Canada, which supplemented the transatlantic service that the British Crown provided from England and established the first home-delivery system in the colonies.Franklin also arranged for small, swift packet ships to transport mail to and from the West Indies and Canada, which complemented the transatlantic service that the British Crown provided from England.He even set up a dead-letter office in Philadelphia to deal with undeliverable mail once it was returned to him.According to Winifred Gallagher’s book How the Post Office Created America: A History, another of Franklin’s reforms, implemented after he’d amassed his own fortune, was to issue a 1758 decree requiring all newspapers to be transported by postal riders for the same, uniformly low rate.

    1. Because of this, the colonists had far more access to information, particularly about what was going on in the rest of the globe.
    2. As colonial postmaster, Franklin was able to complete most of his duties from a distance.
    3. Beginning in the late 1750s, he began to spend the most of his time in England, where he carried out the majority of his duties through the mail, examining postal statements from a distance and putting his judgements into effect through letters.
    4. The British government didn’t seem to mind because, by 1760, the postal service in the colonies had become profitable for the first time in the country’s history.
    5. Franklin’s engagement with the developing opposition to British taxes and control, on the other hand, led to his coming into conflict with British authorities in the end.
    6. READ MORE: How Ben Franklin’s Political Cartoon Went Viral and Aided in the Unification of the Colonies

    Leaked Letters Lead to Franklin’s Dismissal

    Things came to a climax after Franklin received a box of letters addressed to him from Thomas Hutchinson, the British governor of Massachusetts, which had been mailed anonymously.It all started when Franklin provided them to a friend who subsequently leaked them to a Boston newspaper, which made quite a stir.In Mulford’s words, ″the letters despatched from London to Massachusetts demonstrated how far British authorities in the colonies were willing to go to subdue colonists at any costs.″ After this incident, in January 1774, Franklin was ″brutally and abruptly fired″ from his postmaster-general job in New York City.Following Franklin’s return to America, the clockwork-like postal system he had established began to come apart due to a lack of managerial abilities on Franklin’s side.The colonists began to establish their own independent post offices in the early 1800s.An alumnus of Providence College and a former postmaster from Rhode Island named William Goddard founded the Constitutional Post, an alternative postal service that allowed colonists to communicate with one another without fear of their letters being opened and read by the Crown’s postmasters.

    After Declaration of Independence, US Post Office Is Born

    A failed attempt by Goddard to persuade the Continental Congress to adopt his improvised postal system as the official mail system ended in failure.However, the delegates want something more substantial and superior.After two months of research, they offered Franklin the position of Postmaster General in July 1775, with a salary of $1,000 (equivalent to $33,500 in today’s currencies), and gave him the authority to hire a staff of three.

    He was tasked with establishing a new system of postal routes from Falmouth, Massachusetts (now Portland, Maine) to Savannah, Georgia, with as many links as he saw necessary between the two destinations.Franklin brought in his son-in-law, Richard Bache, to serve as his deputy, and the dissatisfied Goddard to serve as head surveyor, and he began about reproducing the system that he had constructed for the British Crown.It was only natural for a man who was already familiar with the terrain to build up additional post offices and employ local postmasters to administer them as soon as he did.

    Unfortunately, just a few records from Franklin’s tenure as Postmaster General have survived to give further insight into his thinking.However, according to Gallagher, he was so effective at siphoning revenue away from the Crown’s postal service in the colonies that by Christmas of that year, the service was so desperate for business that it was forced to close.Additionally, Franklin took use of his franking privileges to send out his normal prolific production of letters, substituting his franking mark with ″B.Free Franklin″ in a lighthearted gesture to demonstrate his defiance of the British authorities.Franklin served as Postmaster General for approximately about a year and a half, according to historical records.Several months after the Declaration of Independence was signed in July 1776, Benjamin Franklin was assigned to France to serve as an ambassador at the court of King Louis XVI, which was another crucial diplomatic assignment.

    However, the postal system, which Franklin was instrumental in establishing, continued to thrive and eventually became a crucial component of the new democracy.In 1847, his accomplishments were recognized by the United States Postal Service, who included him alongside George Washington on the country’s inaugural postage stamps.MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: The Top Ten Most Valuable United States Postage Stamps

    See also:  How To File A Complaint About The Post Office?

    NALC and the U.S. Postal Service

    Across the United States, letter carriers who deliver mail are considered public servants who protect the public’s confidence by ensuring the safe flow of mail through the system.As career and non-career government employees, we have a sense of accomplishment and pride in our jobs, the country we serve and our employer, the United States Postal Service.We deliver to homes and companies all around the United States six days a week, and growing seven days a week, in order to better serve our customers.

    We are concerned about our clients as well as the areas in which we operate.Letter carriers frequently labor in the same towns for the majority of their working careers.We’re well-known neighborhood personalities who, while going about our business, occasionally provide a helping hand in spectacular fashion.

    We frequently call for assistance when older individuals forget to collect their mail, to warn residents of fires, to assist accident victims, and even to deter burglaries from occurring.Most of the time, though, we deliver your mail and shipments.It makes no difference how far you are from us; we charge the same cheap rate—the most economical in the industrialized world.The Postal Service does not receive any government monies to cover its operational expenditures, and instead relies on the sale of postage, products, and services to cover the costs of running the business.The Department of Homeland Security is also well-regarded, having been named the nation’s most trusted brand in a 2020 poll by Morning Consult and the most trusted government organization in a 2020 research by the Pew Research Center.It is also the largest civilian employer of military veterans in the United States, with more than one out of every five letter carriers being a service member from the armed forces.

    The United States Postal Service is at the heart of a broad and diverse mailing sector.It is estimated that around 7.3 million jobs are supported by the United States mailing industry, according to the Envelope Manufacturers’ Association’s 2019 Mailing Industry Job Study.This translates to 4.6 percent of all occupations in the United States.In addition, the mailing business generates $1.58 trillion in sales revenue and accounts for more than 7.4 percent of the United States’ gross domestic product (GDP).Despite the fact that there are over seven times as many private-sector employment in the mailing business as there are Postal Service positions, more than 80 percent of the private-sector jobs in the mailing industry rely on the delivery infrastructure provided by the Postal Service.When you see your letter carrier, remember that we are the face of the Postal Service and this massive company, proudly delivering the last mile to your front door on a daily basis!

    In this section

    • Our history
    • the NALC and the United States Postal Service
    • labor ties
    • joining the NALC
    • contacting us

    Royal mail privatisation

    The privatisation of Royal Mail in 2014 was the most extensive privatisation undertaken in the United Kingdom since the railroads were privatised in 1994.During the 2012/13 fiscal year, the Royal Mail was divided into two main operational divisions: UKPIL (UK Parcels, International & Letters) and GLS (General Logistics Systems), with UKPIL accounting for around 84 percent of total revenues of £6.1 billion (source: Royal Mail share service).Since the government declared its intention to privatize in 2010, resistance from labor unions and consumer organizations has intensified, with the Communication Workers Union threatening to go on strike if the government goes forward with the plan (CWU).

    None of this has dampened the excitement of the government for the flotation that resulted in the formation of Royal Mail plc.The privatization of the Royal Mail heralds the end of over 500 years of government control over the postal service.However, despite the complaints, the general consensus is that past attempts to commercialize and modernize the Royal Mail at a time when the communications sector was undergoing significant transformation had failed.

    Origins of the post office may be traced back to the 16th Century, when Henry V111 promoted the establishment of a network of postmasters throughout England.It was under the reign of King Charles 1st that this network was made available to the general public for use.Stamps were originally issued in 1840, and the first mail boxes were installed in 1852.It lost its prized postal monopoly in 2006, and while an effort to part-privatise the post office in 2009 failed, the coalition government declared intentions for a full privatisation of the post service by the end of the decade.As part of the sale, about 150,000 employees will get a 10 percent stake in the company, with each share worth at least £2000 (source: ITV.com).One of the most compelling arguments in favor of privatization is that the Royal Mail will be free to generate cash to invest in much needed new technologies that would enable it to compete against competitors such as TNT and other courier services.

    When it comes to capturing a piece of this rising market, the newly privatised Royal Mail will be able to compete more effectively because of the increase of online purchasing (which is predicted to be 10 percent each year, according to Retail Research).The business secretary at the time, Vince Cable, believed that full privatization was the only way to make the Royal Mail a financially viable enterprise, pointing to the already successful privatization of postal services in Germany in 1994, and Austria in 1999, as examples of what could be accomplished.There are a number of additional theoretical advantages to privatization.It is likely that, in addition to being able to access capital for investment and, of course, providing much-needed funds to the Treasury, efficiency improvements will also be realized, including improved allocative efficiency as prices are allowed to correspond to the marginal cost of service provision.Another possibility is that productivity will improve as a result of rationalization, resulting in a reduction in average operating expenses.Of course, the devil is in the details, and it is currently uncertain how much money will be saved as a result of this initiative.

    According to the current situation, lowering the 6-day delivery service to 5 days would appear to be an easy place to start, but given the government’s commitment to a 6-day service (the Universal Service Agreement) until at least 2022, this is unlikely to happen.Those opposed to privatization argue that the post office’s infrastructure, like that of other utilities, gives it a natural monopoly, and that privatization could result in the future break-up of the infrastructure, with a loss of economies of scale and the possibility of ‘wasteful’ competition as a result of this.To be sure, competition does not always result in increased demand; instead, it may simply disperse the current market among a number of smaller operators, some of whom may wind up being less efficient than the state monopoly.As a result, the infrastructure (which includes post boxes, post offices, and collection) and the delivery business should be separated — in the same manner that BT was separated from the telecommunications company.Accordingly, the United Kingdom government successfully separated the Post Office from Royal Mail in 2012, with the Post Office network continuing to be controlled by the federal government.

    1. In other words, while you may send your mail through a red Post Office post box, it may be delivered at the other end by a completely separate firm that has a contract with Royal Mail to provide delivery services.
    2. It remains to be seen how all of this will turn out, but it is evident that mail is a complicated business in which the use of new technologies has its limitations.
    3. When it comes to delivery routes, there is no practical alternative for the postman’s route.
    4. To be sure, privatisation and rising prices – at least in the short term – tend to go hand in hand.
    5. In preparation for the Royal Mail’s privatisation, Ofcom (the communications regulator) has indicated that it will adopt a much lighter touch regulatory regime (Source: Financial Times), which will allow the company to charge market rates for its products and services.
    6. This is good news for prospective shareholders, and it may not be such terrible news for the company’s 150,000 workers.

    A more sustainable business does not always imply a reduction in the number of employees.It is possible that the most major gain for a privatized Royal Mail will be the ability to embrace globalization and compete for new contracts outside of the United Kingdom, based on the German example.Deutsche Post, the world’s largest provider of postal services, now operates in 200 countries and employs nearly half a million people.The company has grown through mergers and acquisitions, including the acquisition of a 25 percent stake in DHL, which was only possible as a result of the company’s own privatization.

    More information may be found at: City Link’s failure to function

    How is the U.S. Postal Service governed and funded?

    The United States Postal Service (USPS) is a massive organization.It has more than 600,000 employees, with just two private firms (Amazon and Walmart) employing a greater number of workers.It delivers to 160 million customers, including homes, companies, and other distribution sites.

    If it had been included in the 2019 Fortune 500, it would have been placed 44th overall.Demand and income for USPS have been seriously threatened by the COVID-19 epidemic, placing additional strain on the company’s already precarious financial position.During a worldwide epidemic, the financial health of the United States Postal Service has come under scrutiny.

    We analyze how the Postal Service is structured, what financial issues it confronts, and how it is dealing with these challenges.

    How is the Postal Service governed?

    During the Second Continental Congress in 1775, Benjamin Franklin was selected as the nation’s first Postmaster General.When the Post Office Department was established in 1792, it was elevated to the status of a Cabinet department in 1872.The Department of Transportation was abolished by Congress in 1971, and the United States Postal Service was established as an autonomous agency under the executive government.

    The United States Postal Service is governed by an 11-member Board of Governors (which is modeled after the board of directors of a public corporation) that includes the Postmaster General, his deputy (who is currently vacant), and nine governors who are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate for seven-year terms as postmasters general.There are now six independent governors, all of whom were chosen by President Trump; three positions are currently vacant.The Postmaster General, who serves as the organization’s chief executive officer, is appointed by the Board.

    The USPS is supervised by a separate Postal Regulatory Commission, which is comprised of five members chosen by the President and confirmed by the Senate.This commission is responsible for overseeing the USPS, including the rates it charges.

    How is the Postal Service financed?

    The United States Postal Service does not receive any direct public cash. Its income is derived from the sale of stamps and other service fees. Despite the fact that COVID-19 has slowed the United States Postal Service’s income in recent months, problems that existed long before the coronavirus have contributed to the Postal Service’s inability to sustain its financial status for years.

    What are the long-term problems with how the Postal Service is financed?

    The main problem is that, while the United States Postal Service produces enough income to cover its operational costs, its pension and retiree health care liabilities cause the company’s bottom line to go into negative territory.Since 2007, the United States Postal Service has been operating at a loss.It suffered losses of $69 billion between 2008 and 2018.

    It lost $8.8 billion in the 2019 fiscal year, while generating $71.1 billion in operational revenue.Because to the advent of email and digital communication, the United States Postal Service has witnessed the amount of First-Class Mail decrease from a peak of 103.5 billion pieces in 2000 to a little more than 55 billion pieces this year.It has attempted to expand the distribution of marketing mail and compete with UPS and FedEx in the parcel delivery business, notably by establishing a partnership with Amazon to provide delivery services to the online retailer.

    As a result, President Trump has expressed displeasure with this.As of 2017, the United States Postal Service (USPS) has a market share of more than 19 percent in package delivery in the United States.According to federal law, the Postal Service is required to provide universal service, which means that mail must be delivered to ″as closely as feasible the entire population of the United States.″ This pushes the United States Postal Service (USPS) to deliver to more addresses each year, despite the fact that fewer items of mail are being delivered.For years, the United States Postal Service (USPS) has been lowering the number of blue mailboxes as First-Class Mail volumes have fallen.It presently has 140,837 of them, which is a decrease from 164,099 at the end of 2013.

    What is the issue with USPS retiree health benefits?

    The Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund, in addition to operational issues, is a significant drain on the USPS’s financial resources.In common with many businesses, the United States Postal Service offers pension benefits to its retired employees—and it is compelled, as do private corporations, to set away a portion of its current earnings to fulfill its pension obligations.Aside from that, the United States Postal Service (USPS) provides health benefits to its retirees, as do other government employers (though not all major private businesses).

    For example, the USPS is mandated under the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act (PAEA) of 2006 to pre-fund retiree health expenditures out of current income, although other businesses are not compelled to do so.This statutory mandate is the source of the one-of-a-kind burden placed on the Postal Service.The Office of Personnel Management discovered in 2002 that the United States Postal Service had been disproportionately overpaying into its pension fund, resulting in a surplus of funds that exceeded the amount required to satisfy its employee retirement obligations.

    Together with excellent performance in the early 2000s, this unexpected windfall enabled the United States Postal Service to make up on the pre-funding of its retirement health benefit commitments, which had been neglected during the years prior to the passing of the Pension Act of 2006.In that statute, Congress directed the United States

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