1: Be affixed or printed on any side of the package except the bottom of the packaging or containment device. 2: Labels must be placed on the same side of the package as the proper shipping name of the hazardous material or the UN number.
What are the warning labels for dangerous goods?
The ADR (European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road) regulations, state that all packages containing dangerous goods should have a warning label. The labels shall be in the form of a square at an angle of 45° (diamond shaped).
Are Your hazard warning diamonds and placards compliant with international legislation?
Our Hazard Warning Diamonds and Placards comply with International legislation and are manufactured from materials that meet BS5609 standard. The classes of dangerous goods according to ADR (European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road) are as follows:
What do you need to know about hazardous materials labels?
In commerce, packages containing hazardous materials (except those qualifying as ORM–D material or a limited quantity shipment) must display the appropriate DOT diamond–shaped hazardous materials warning label. Any mailpiece bearing, or required under 49 CFR to bear, one of the warning labels shown in Exhibit 325.1 is prohibited from mailing.
When you see a package with a diamond hazard label you should ensure the label is?
When you see a pkg with a diamond hazard label, you should ensure the label is: Not pictured on the Prohibited Poster. 9.
Where would you find the diamond hazard label on a package?
The label must be printed on or affixed to a surface of the package or containment. The label must be located on the same surface of the package and near the shipping name marking.
What are some of the things that tell you a package contains a regulated hazardous material?
The description of hazardous materials on a shipping paper is contained in section 172.202. The basic description now includes proper shipping name, hazard class, identification number, and packaging group.
What should a shipper do if a package of hazardous materials is lost or damaged?
Repair the damaged package and transport to the nearest place where it may be safely disposed. Place the damaged package into a salvage drum in compliance with the requirements of 49 CFR 173.3(c) and transport to its destination or return to the shipper.
What is a hazard label?
The hazard label is the main communication tool for the classification of hazardous substances and mixtures. Together with the safety data sheet, the hazard label should be consistent in communicating any hazard information for a given substance or mixture to the user.
Can you ship HAZMAT USPS?
Hazardous materials are any substances that can pose a significant risk to health, safety and property when transported in commerce. USPS ships only certain hazardous materials, making up just Fifteen to twenty15-20% of all HAZMAT shipped throughout the United States.
How do you know if a hazmat package has been audited?
How do you know if A hazmat package has been audited? Acceptance auditors initials and date and slic.
What is required to be on manufacturer shipping labels?
All labels are required to have pictograms, a signal word, hazard and precautionary statements, the product identifier, and supplier identification. A sample revised HCS label, identifying the required label elements, is shown on the right. Supplemental information can also be provided on the label as needed.
What markings must be on a box containing hazmat?
In general, non-bulk packages of hazardous material must be marked with three pieces of information:
What are hazardous materials for shipping?
Broadly defined, a hazardous material is any material that may cause serious injury or harm to a person or property when shipped. This can include chemicals, explosives, biohazardous materials, and other such materials.
How do you identify hazardous materials?
To identify if a substance is hazardous, check the product’s container label and/or the SDS which is available from the supplier. If a product is not classified as a hazardous chemical under the Work Health and Safety Act 2011, a SDS is not required and therefore may not be available.
When shipping papers include entries for both hazardous and non hazardous materials?
When non-hazardous materials are listed on the same shipping paper with hazardous materials, the hazardous materials must be listed first, or be entered in a clearly contrasting color, or highlighted in a contrasting color to distinguish them from non-hazardous materials.
Why is shipping hazardous materials important?
When it comes to shipping hazardous materials, all commodities must be properly labeled, described, and have the appropriate UN numbers assigned. The UN number is a 4-digit code that indicates the level of hazard of the goods based on its toxicity, flammability, and a variety of other factors.
What to do if a hazardous box is leaking?
call the National Response Center at 1-800-424-8802. Under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-know (EPCRA), certain facilities also need to report hazardous substance releases to state/local officials. For non-emergency, non-sudden-threat spills, see the section below.
Which of the following if required must the shipper put on the package?
The regulations require shippers to put hazard warning labels on packages, provide proper shipping papers, emergency response information, and placards. These steps communicate the hazard to the shipper, the carrier, and the driver.
What are the dot hazardous materials warning labels?
In commerce, packages containing hazardous materials (except those qualifying as ORM–D material or a limited quantity shipment) must display the appropriate DOT diamond–shaped hazardous materials warning label.
DOT Labeling Requirements: When Does a Hazmat Package Need Labels?
Are you a shipper or a motorist who wants a fast refresher on the Department of Transportation labeling requirements?In this brief guide, I’ll cover the fundamentals you’ll need to know.When it comes to handling and transporting hazardous products, the labels on the containers are densely packed with information.The truth is that making certain that your products are correctly labeled isn’t all that difficult.Is it possible to make an exemption to the labeling rules?
Yes, without a doubt!
DOT Labeling Requirements
49 CFR 172.400 specifies the requirements for DOT labels on hazardous containers, and it is available online (subpart E).Labels are necessary on all hazmat shipments, unless an exception is made in accordance with the hazardous materials table, unless otherwise stated.Here’s some good news: complying with DOT label restrictions is far less difficult than complying with placarding regulations.Labeling for hazmat is rather basic – unless a substance is specifically exempted, you must include labels on packaging for both the major and subsidiary hazards, if applicable.It should come as no surprise to anyone who works with hazardous materials on a daily basis or who has read my hazmat placarding guide that what I’m talking about.
What Are DOT Labels?
DOT hazmat labels are the most basic means of identifying hazardous goods included in packages, packagings, and overpacks that must adhere to strict design requirements and specifications.It appears as though labels are smaller copies of placards; they are diamond shaped and color coordinated in the same way that placards are.Consider them to be the placards’ younger, but no less significant, brother or sister.The pictograms (a fancy name for pictures) of the danger, a border, and the most essential thing to note is that the material is classified according to the hazard class it belongs to, which is located on bottom of the page at the ‘home plate’ position.All of this is intended to provide you with an indication of the potential dangers that may be present within the box.
Hazmat label design requirements:
Labels for hazardous materials must have a certain appearance, be resistant to a range of environmental conditions, and be long-lasting.Labels are diamond shaped or square on point, with each side being at least 3.9 inches in length.Size: (100mm in metric).The hazmat label can be any size (for example, 5 inches in diameter), but it cannot be any less than the specified size.Inner Border: Labels must have an inner border that is a solid line that is 5mm from the outermost edge of the label to the outside of the solid line that forms the inner border.
The inner border must be a solid line that is 5mm from the outermost edge of the label to the outside of the solid line that forms the inner border.The boundary line must be 2mm wide in order to be considered legal.DOT Labeling Requirements: The materials hazard class or division number must appear at the bottom of the DOT label and must be at least.25 inches (6.3mm) tall but not more than.5 inches (13mm) in height (12.7mm) The following text or phrasing appears on the label: When text appears on labels, it must be at least.3 inches (7.6mm) in height to be considered legible.Anything that can spontaneously catch fire or explode is considered hazmat.When the text is wet, it must be shown in letters that are at least.2 inches (5.1mm) tall.In the case of symbols or pictograms, there are no specific size criteria; they only need to be of a corresponding size on the label in order to be seen.
Color on the Label: Because color is one of the most effective methods to communicate the hazard contained within the box, the guidelines for using color on the label become more stringent.Colors must be in accordance with 49 CFR 172.411 through 172.448, as well as the Pantone formula guide’s color criteria for each of the four primary colors.More information about Pantone may be found by visiting their website.
For example, the color red on a flammable label must be made with Pantone 186 U coloring to be effective.More information on the usage of colors for DOT labels may be found in Section 172.407 of the Federal Register.
Why Do hazmat labels matter?
Nobody loves surprises, especially when it comes to dealing with potentially dangerous items!Labels are one of various methods of communicating a danger that the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) requires.Here are just a few examples of how labels may be beneficial: This helps to not only notify emergency responders of threats, but also provides them with information on how to mitigate and clean up after an incident has occurred.Labels allow for universal communication, regardless of the language spoken by the person using the label.Everybody uses the phrase ″skull and crossbones″!
Helps Carriers – Carriers are sometimes required to place hazardous materials in specific positions on a vehicle, a structure, or an aircraft.Labels are useful for adhering to DOT separation regulations.Companies Benefit from Labels – Labels assist employers in communicating dangers to employees.Special Handling – When shipping hazardous chemicals, it is sometimes necessary to use special handling techniques.It is possible to clarify restrictions and make shipping a lot safer operation with the aid of DOT labels.
Where should DOT hazmat labels be placed?
Which begs the question of where to put your labels on your hazardous box.It’s simple; here’s a pretty straightforward checklist: One side of the package, other than the bottom, may be fastened or printed with a logo or graphic.Secondly, the labels must be placed on the same side of the box as the official shipping name of the hazardous substance or the United Nations identification number.As you can see, it’s quite simple!
Exceptions to label placement
- We’re dealing with hazardous regulations, which means we’re going to have to deal with exceptions. Never fear, these label placement exceptions really make a little amount of intuitive sense. Labels can be used to identify a package. With a tag that is securely attached: A package that does not contain any radioactive material and is smaller in size than the label is acceptable
- Cylinders (assuming they do not already have a CGA-7 neck label that has been authorized)
- Those packages that have uneven surfaces and to which a label can be properly applied
More DOT label attachment rules:
You must display both the major and the subsidiary danger classes or divisions labels adjacent to each other within 6 inches if you are required to label for both (150mm). If you don’t know where to search for the primary and secondary hazard classes for a substance, refer to the 172.101 hazmat table and look at column 6. The table may be found by clicking here.
- Generally speaking, only one set of labels should be shown on a box at any given time. Having said that, you’ll need to show labels on at least two sides or two ends (but not on the bottom) of packages in order to comply with the law: It must have a volume of at least 64 cubic feet.
- Non-bulk packages containing radioactive material are prohibited. If you don’t recall the difference between bulk and non-bulk packing, check out my piece on hazardous bulk packaging.
- Tanks for multi-unit tank cars (DOT 106 or 110). Labels must be placed on both ends.
- Portable tanks with a capacity of less than 1000 gallons
- The volume of 64 cubic feet or more in freight containers or unit load devices is considered large.
- Containers used as intermediate bulk storage (IBCs) that have a capacity of 64 cubic feet or greater
The Label Table For DOT Hazmat Labels
Labels for hazardous materials are needed in accordance with the label table in 172.400 unless the regulations expressly exclude a particular package, packing, or containment device from the requirement.Labels are necessary for hazardous items that fall into one or more of the danger classes or divisions outlined in the regulations.Labeling is optional.The danger class or division should be found in the left-hand column of this table before using it.This is where you will find the name of the label, which is important in more complex shipping circumstances.
The third column directs you to the rule that will show you what the label should look like after it is completed.To access the label table, please visit this link.
What are the exceptions to the labeling rules?
- The dreaded ‘E’ word is something that no one who works with hazardous materials regulations wants to encounter. When it comes to labeling standards, there is good news and bad news to be had. As a first step, I’ll share some unpleasant news with you, which you are already aware of: When evaluating which labels need to be placed on a package, it’s important to keep in mind that DOT labels have a number of exceptions that must be considered. They are actually quite uncomplicated and simple to deal with, which is a relief to many people. To the contrary, the exceptions to the labeling requirements are some of the most basic and common sense provisions of the rules that you’ll come across. Here’s a quick rundown of the options: When placarded, bulk items that are 640 cubic feet or less in volume are acceptable.
- Unless they are placarded, portable tanks with a capacity of less than 1,000 gallons are prohibited.
- When placarded, the tank meets DOT specifications 106 or 110 for multi-unit tank cars.
- When the Department of Defense ships packages containing military explosives, the term ″military explosives″ is used.
- Vehicles with compressed gas cylinders that are permanently installed
- Overpacks, unit load devices in which each of the labels is clearly apparent, and so on.
Please keep in mind that there are more exceptions than those listed below. You’ll want to spend some time reading the entire rule in 172.400a before proceeding.
DOT drum labeling requirements
The process of labeling a barrel or drum containing hazardous items is the same as it is for any other type of container.Every acceptable labeling regulation described here, including not just principal risks but also subsidiary hazards, should be followed while labeling the barrel.Shippers must be aware that there are additional marking requirements for shipping a drum or barrel, in addition to the mandatory labeling, that they must adhere to.
DOT vs GHS Labels
- In addition to dealing with DOT labels, shippers will need to be familiar with the Globally Harmonized System and how to attach the proper label (or GHS). So, what does all of this imply? In other words, you’ll be delivering a product that has two separate labels on it that are compliant with two different sets of industry standards. There is a fundamental difference between the two labels, which may seem complicated (and it is), but here is a brief explanation of what that difference is. Its purpose is to convey a warning while the substance is being transported
- the GHS label is a more worldwide standard and is intended for those who will be handling the package.
Summing it up…
However, while there are various exceptions to the DOT labeling regulations, the process of marking hazardous products is actually rather simple and uncomplicated. Maintaining complete compliance with the hazardous materials rules (also known as HMRs) entails making certain that every product that you send or move contains the correct label on each and every occasion.
Hazard Warning Diamonds, Labels And Signs – Eurosoft
Www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/adr/adr2015/15contentse According to the ADR (European agreement for the international transport of dangerous goods by road) laws, all packages carrying dangerous products must be labeled with a warning label.The labels must be in the shape of a square with a 45-degree angle on one side (diamond shaped).Transportation of risky commodities by road, sea, and air is facilitated by this method.All of our Hazard Warning Diamonds and Placards are compliant with international regulations and are made from materials that satisfy the British Standard BS5609 for durability.
Our Hazard Warning diamonds are supplied:
- On rolls of 100mm x 100mm, with about 1000 labels per roll
- as singles 200mm x 200mm
- as singles 250mm x 250mm
- as singles 300mm x 300mm
- on rolls of 100mm x 100mm, with approximately 1000 labels per roll
- According to the ADR (European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Products by Road), dangerous goods are classified into the following categories: The substances and items in Class 1 are explosive.
- The following classes of substances are classified as follows: Class 2 gases
- Class 3 flammable liquids
- Class 4.1 solids, self-reactive substances, and solid desensitized explosives
- Class 4.2 substances that are prone to spontaneous combustion
- Class 4.3 substances that emit flammable gases when in contact with water
- Class 4 substances that are prone to spontaneous combustion
- and Class 5 substances that are prone to spontaneous combustion.
- The classes are as follows: Class 5.1 Oxidising compounds
- Class 5.2 Organic peroxides
- Class 6.1 Toxic
- Class 6.2 Infectious substances
- Class 7 Radioactive
- Class 8 Corrosive chemicals
- Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and objects
It is necessary for carriers to use the Environmentally Hazardous label in order to indicate the contents of their loads as potentially hazardous to the environment. Starting on the first of January 2010, this became required.
LIMITED QUANTITY FOR ROAD AND SEA
This definition states that if the items are packaged in tiny enough quantities, the hazards associated with their transportation are minimized. Additionally, in addition to the sizes listed above, our limited quantity warning labels may be delivered in the following sizes: 50mm x 50mm, on rolls.
LIMITED QUANTITY FOR AIR
Additionally, in addition to the sizes listed above, our limited quantity warning labels may be delivered in the following sizes: 50mm x 50mm, on rolls.
325 DOT Hazardous Materials Warning Labels and Markings
|Publication 52 – Hazardous, Restricted, and Perishable Mail >3 Hazardous Materials >32 General > 325 DOT Hazardous Materials Warning Labels andMarkings|
325 DOT Hazardous Materials Warning Labels and Markings
325.1 General Requirements
Every piece of hazardous materials warning labeling and marking must be placed on the address side of the package, including the return address label.Only in exceptional circumstances, such as where there is insufficient room, may DOT markings be applied to the side of the building adjacent to the address.It is not permitted to place markings or labels on the bottom of a box or an envelope.In addition, any other indications needed by the Postal Service or other federal regulatory authorities must be visible on the address side of any mailpiece carrying hazardous materials, restricted materials, or perishable materials.Specific text markers that must be included on the package’s address side must be printed on the reverse of the package.
All DOT hazardous materials warning labels and markings must comply with the following requirements:
- Displayed on the same surface of the box as the shipping name and in close proximity to it.
- When more than one marker or label is necessary, they should be shown adjacent to each other (within six inches of each other).
- It must be printed on or adhered to a backdrop that has a contrasting hue, or it must have an outside border that is either dotted or solid
- The mark or attachment must be clearly visible and not covered by anything else
- Durable and resistant to the elements
- Oriented in the shape of a diamond (square on point)
- Unless otherwise indicated in 325.1 and 325.4, each side must be at least 100 mm (3.9 inches) in height.
- A solid line inner border that is at least 5mm inside and parallel to the edge, as well as border widths of at least 2 mm, must be printed on the product.
With special permission from the manager of Product Classification, it may be possible to show Limited Quantity or UN3373 indications in a smaller size than the standard size. (For the address, check page 214.)
325.2 Nonmailable Warning Labels and Marks
- Packages containing hazardous compounds must be labeled and marked with the proper DOT hazardous materials warning label and marks before they may be sold.
- Except as indicated in Exhibit 325.3, any mailpiece containing or required to contain one of the labels shown in Exhibit 325.2 is banned from being mailed under the provisions of 49 CFR.
- Please keep in mind that the labels displayed in the exhibitions are not scaled.
DOT warning labels must comply with the size and color criteria set out in 49 CFR 172.407 through 172.446, unless a special permission from the Manager, Product Classification is obtained in accordance with Section 325.1 of the DOT Regulations.Displayed in Exhibit 325.2 are DOT Hazardous Materials Warning Labels.INTERFERENCE WITH THE MAIL IS PROHIBITED
325.3 Mailable Warning Labels
- The warning labels shown in Exhibit 325.3a, Exhibit 325.3b, and Exhibit 325.4 may only be used on mailpieces that contain mailable hazardous materials that require the use of a warning label in accordance with Postal Service rules and regulations.
- Division 5.1, 5.2, Class 8 and Class 9 labels are only permissible when used in conjunction with a Limited Quantity air mark.
- Division 5.1, 5.2, Class 8 and Class 9 labels are not permitted.
Exhibit 325.3a of the Department of Transportation’s Hazardous Materials MAILABLE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ARE EXCLUSIVELY ALLOWED TO HAVE WARNING LABELS Only DOT Hazardous Material Warning Labels in accordance with Exhibit 325.3b are permitted for mailing in limited quantities.
325.4 Limited Quantity Markings
The shipping name and UN identifying numbers for each mailpiece carrying a hazardous substance must be clearly and durably marked on the address side, unless otherwise stated in 221.1 and 325.1. The following are the requirements for the usage of DOT Limited Quantity marks designed for use in air and surface transportation:
- Description of the marking: The top and bottom sections of the square-on-point marking, as well as the border creating the square-on-point marking, must be black, while the center must be white or have a contrasting backdrop of a reasonable contrast. See Exhibit 325.4 for further information.
- Markings must be long-lasting, readable, and easily distinguishable.
- There must be no less than 2 mm (0.08 inch) of space between each point of the square-on-point marking and the minimum dimension of each side of that marking must be 100 mm (3.94 inches), unless if the package size necessitates a reduced size marking of no less than 50 mm (1.97 inch) on each side.
- It is permissible to use a Limited Quantity mark on packages, regardless of their size, but only with certain limits, and only with prior written consent from the Product Classification Manager (see 214 for address).
- ″Y″ sign in black color within the middle of the square-on-point mark must be clearly visible on the air Limited Quantity mark when it is used for airplane transportation. Airmail packages must also be marked with the proper shipping name and identification number, as well as the appropriate DOT-associated marking when required for the hazard class shipped in accordance with this publication. Surface-transport packages do not require a Limited Quantity ground mark (square-on-point) to include the proper shipping name and identification number.
Displayed in Exhibit 325.4, the DOT Hazardous Material Warning Labels state that they are ″PERMITTED FOR LIMITED QUANTITY SQUARE ON POINT.″
325.5 Excepted Quantity Labels
Hazardous items qualified to be exported under the excluded quantity provision, as defined in 49 CFR 173.4a and 337.2, must be packed in accordance with Packaging Instruction 10B in Appendix C, which can be found in the Federal Register. Each mailpiece must be marked with an excluded quantity marker, as specified in Exhibit 325.4, that has been approved by the Department of Transportation.
- Each of the hazardous elements contained in the package must have its own principal hazard class, or if one is not designated, a division of its own
- If the name of the mail owner or mail service provider is not displayed elsewhere on the package, the ″**″ must be replaced with the name of the mail owner or mail service provider.
- The marking must be placed on the address side of the mailpiece and must not be less than 3.9 inches (100 mm) by 3.9 inches (100 mm) in size. It must also be sturdy and easily visible.
Numbering of Exhibit 325.5 Exceeded Quantity Marking
Where does hazmat label go on package?
Placing Hazardous Materials Labels An image of the label must be printed on or adhered to a surface of the packaging or containment unit. The label must be placed on the same surface of the box as the shipping name marking and within easy reach of it. It is necessary to show primary and subsidiary hazard labels within 6 inches of each other if both are required.
Where do you put hazmat placards?
On all four sides of a transport vehicle or bulk packing, placards must be displayed; otherwise, the vehicle or bulk packaging will not be allowed to operate. Whenever possible, they must be exhibited in a square-on-point format, and they must be placed at least 3 inches away from any other markings that might diminish their efficiency.
What markings must be on a box containing hazmat?
- (1) Except as otherwise provided by this subchapter, each person who offers a hazardous material for transportation in a non-bulk packaging must mark the package with the proper shipping name and identification number (preceded by ″UN,″ ″NA,″ or ″ID,″ as appropriate) for the material as shown in the 172.101 Hazardous Materials Transportation Regulations.
- (2) Except as otherwise provided by this subchapter, each person who offers a hazardous material for transportation in a non-bulk packaging must mark the package
What is the proper sequence for a hazmat shipping description?
Using the acronym ″ISHP″ will make it easier to remember the sequence: I-Identification Number, S-Proper Shipping Name, H-Hazard Class or Division, and P-Packing Group. The abbreviation ″ISHP″ will make it easier to recall the sequence.
How do you know whether you should be using a label or a placard as a safety mark?
Labels are often placed on small means of containment (with a capacity of less than or equal to 450 L) while placards are typically put on big means of containment (with a capacity larger than or equal to 450 L) (capacity greater than 450 L). For example, labels may be put on a box, while a placard would be shown on a vehicle that was transporting the container.
What markings are required on non bulk packaging?
As a general rule, non-bulk shipments containing hazardous material must be tagged with three pieces of information: the proper shipping name, the identification number, and the substance’s classification code. Depending on whatever address is used, the name and address of the consignee or consignor will be shown.
What appears on a DOT label?
The hazard class number, or the division number, must be displayed on DOT labels in a typeface that is at least 6.3 mm (0.25 inches) in height and not more than 12.7 mm (0.5 inches) in height. … Text, numerals, and symbols should be printed in white on a label with a green, red, or blue background unless otherwise specified.
What appears first on hazmat shipping papers?
Among the fundamental characteristics of a hazardous substance are its Identification Number, its Proper Shipping Name, its Hazard Class, and its Packing Group (when applicable). This information must be printed on the shipment paper in a specified sequence and must be placed on the shipping paper.
Where are technical names placed on shipping papers?
- The ″Technical name″ might be inserted in parenthesis after the Proper Shipping Name or after the Basic Description, depending on the situation.
- The ″RQ″ can be placed before or after the Basic Description, depending on your preference.
- What is the best way to determine the proper shipping name?
Use column 2 of the hazardous materials table at 49 CFR 172.101 to find the shipping name that most closely matches the substance to be sent in order to make the right selection.The original version of this article appeared on askingthelot.com/where-does-hazmat-label-go-on-package/
Where must the shipping name for a Type A package be placed on the container?
Type A products must meet particular packaging requirements and must be labeled with the necessary information on the outside of the package. If you exceed the Type A container capacity, you must transfer to a Type B container.
Which of the following specification criteria apply to package markings?
A non-removable element of the box should include the following markings:… Consisting primarily of letters and numbers that designate the packaging’s specification or standard The sequencing of these marks is not required by law, however other laws for certain types of packaging may demand it.
How do we mark and label packages containing a harmful substance?
The right technical name (trade names alone are not permitted) must be durably marked or labeled on packages containing a dangerous material. In addition, the substance must be durably marked or labeled to indicate that it is a marine pollutant.
Where do you put the label on a package?
Labels must be firmly adhered to the address side of the box and not folded over the package edges to be considered adhered properly. Clear shipping tape may be used to firmly fasten labels on all four sides of the package. Priority Mail Express® labels and barcodes should not be taped over the ″Postal Use″ section or the barcodes.
What to write on a package to mail?
- The name of the recipient
- the name of the business (if relevant)
- A street address, together with an apartment or suite number
- (*On the same line, write the city, state, and ZIP code)
Where can I print a shipping label?
You may print your shipping label at your local library, an office supply store, or any other location that provides printing services to the public.
What is a shipping label?
- A shipping label provides all of the information that a carrier will need to get your goods from its point of origin to its point of destination safely and securely.
- It includes a scannable barcode with a tracking number, which enables the carrier to offer delivery updates as the package progresses.
- They are distinct from mailing labels, which just feature the recipient’s name and address.
They are also available in a variety of sizes.
What information is needed to identify the product of the shipping document?
The technical nomenclature or the expression ″not odorized″ are both examples of odorization. The reference number for the Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) as well as the ERAP telephone number. If the product is a Class 3, Flammable Liquids, and it is being transported aboard a ship or vessel, the flash point will be reached (e.g., gasoline, diesel, etc.)
What tests do standardized packaging undergo?
All tests are performed in the ″as-for-shipment″ state, and they include the following: drop test, stacking test, leakproof test, hydrostatic pressure/vacuum test, and additional tests such as vibration test, Cobb water absorption test, and ISTA test, among other things.
When must danger placards be used?
All testing are performed in the ″as-for-shipment″ state, and they include the following: drop test, stacking test, leakproof test, hydrostatic pressure/vacuum test, and other tests such as vibration test, Cobb water absorption test, and ISTA test, among other tests.
What is the hazmat symbol?
Placards with the words infectious material and a biohazard emblem will be used to warn people about biohazards (three circles overlapping one center circle). These sorts of materials can be classified as either Class 2 or Class 6. The color blue denotes things that are hazardous when wet — that is, when these materials come into contact with water, they can ignite.
Where must orientation arrows handling labels be located on a package if applicable?
If the combination package contains liquid hazardous items in its inner packagings, it must have orientation arrow indications on two of its vertical sides that are opposed to one another. Orientation arrows may be shown on the surface of a single package (for example, a 5-gallon container or inner packaging) despite the fact that this is not required by the HMR.
What is a dot package?
The Department of Transportation defines a package as the bare minimum assembly that complies with DOT criteria for transportation hazardous materials. For combination packages, there may be extra enclosures within the package to provide further protection for the dangerous item (e.g., bottles separated within a box).
Which of the following must be found on shipping papers?
The following information must be included on the shipment papers: The identification number, which may be found in the Hazardous Materials Table, is used. The correct shipping name, as specified in the Hazardous Materials Table. The danger classification system.
What seven entries are required on all hazmat shipping papers?
An item’s basic shipping description must include: (1) an identification number (preceded by the letters UN or NA); (2) a DOT proper shipping name; (3) the product’s hazardous class or division number (which must include any subsidiary hazard classes where applicable); and (4) the packing group for the item in question.
Do primary labels look the same as subsidiary labels?
When it comes to hazmat, a major hazard label denotes the most harmful property of the substance; a subsidiary hazard label highlights additional less hazardous features. Subsidiary labels, like principal labels, are identified by numerals in the lower right corner. It is possible to come across subsidiary labels that do not include a number in the lower corner.
What is the difference between proper shipping name and technical name?
A generic shipping name is indicated by the letter ‘G,’ which indicates that the correct shipping name chosen does not sufficiently convey the dangers of the substance it represents. … Technical Name is defined at 49 CFR 171.8 and refers to a chemical name that is well-known in the scientific community. It does not permit the use of trademarks or trade names.
Where can you find the proper shipping name for hazardous materials in the DOT regulations?
When you see the letter ″G,″ it implies that the correct shipping name you chose doesn’t go far enough to communicate the dangers associated with the substance you’re looking at. … According to 49 CFR 171.8, a technical name is a chemical term that is widely recognized and used in science. Use of trade names is not permitted under this agreement.
What should be added preceding the proper shipping name?
(2) The shipping paper description for a tank car containing the residue of a hazardous material must include the phrase ″RESIDUE: LAST CONTAINED * * *″ immediately before or after the basic shipping description or immediately preceding the proper shipping name of the material on the shipping paper, whichever comes first.
How do you list hazmat on bill of lading?
Description of hazmat (section 172.202) The correct shipping name should be used. The number corresponding to the hazard class or division. The number of the secondary danger class or division is shown in parentheses. If there is a packing group (PG), it will be listed here.
Why are shipping papers so important?
In order to ensure correct handling and emergency response, the shipping document must contain crucial information for supply chain professionals. Offerings are needed to execute a special document known as the Shippers Declaration in order to move hazardous items (also known as dangerous goods or DG) by air transportation.
Hazmat Label Requirements and Regulations – Where Regulations Require Hazmat Labels to be
In order to ensure correct handling and emergency response, the shipping paper must contain vital information for supply chain professionals. Offerings are obliged to submit a special document known as the Shippers Declaration when delivering hazardous products (also known as dangerous goods or DG) via air.
Hazmat Label Classifications
- Labels for hazardous materials are classified into nine categories and established by federal regulations 49 CFR 172.411 through 172.448, where CFR is an abbreviation for Code of Federal Regulations1, 49 refers to the title, and 172 refers to the section included inside the title.
- Class 1 – Explosives – 172.411 – Items such as fireworks, ammunition, and ignitors will fall into this category since they are materials that are designed to explode when the necessary circumstances are met.
- This category is further broken into 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6 for each specific categorization, with 1.1 being the most general classification.
- Class 2 – Gases – 172.415-172.417 – Class 2 – Gases As gases compressed at extremely high pressures and capable of becoming potentially hazardous under specific conditions, materials such as natural gas, compressed air, methane, and fire extinguishers are governed by these standards, as are fire extinguishers and fire extinguishers.
- This category is broken into three subcategories: 2.1 (flammable), 2.2 (non-flammable), and 2.3 (non-flammable) (poisonous).
- The following goods will fall into this category: Class 3 – Combustible liquids – 172.419 – This will include materials such as paint, kerosene, and gasoline that are flammable when exposed to the correct ignition circumstances
- Items such as oily fabrics, metal powders, carbon and matches are included in these three codes because they can create hazardous environments under specific conditions, such as being close to an ignition source, being wet, or even being spontaneously combustible. Class 4 – Flammable solids – 172.420, 172.422, 172.423 It is classified into three categories: 4.1 (flammable solid), 4.2 (spontaneously combustible), and 4.3 (hazardous when wet).
- In this class, items such as hydrogen peroxides, chlorates, and nitrates can be classified because they require an inert environment to remain stable. In these CFR codes, items such as hydrogen peroxides, chlorates, and nitrates can be classified because it is necessary to maintain an inert environment for these materials to remain stable. In addition, oxidizers are further subdivided into section 5.1 and organic peroxides are further subdivided into section 5.2
- Class 6 – Toxic substances (172.429-172.4430-172.432) – This category includes acids, medical waste, and dyes, among other things. Depending on the species, they can be dangerous or extremely hazardous when touched by humans. Subclasses 6.1 and 6.2 are included in this grouping
- Class 7 – Radioactive substances – 172.436, 172.438, 172.440, 172.441, 172.450 – This category includes items that include radioactive matter, such as medical isotopes, fission products, and nuclear waste, among other things. The scales used to measure medical isotopes and nuclear waste might be extremely varied, yet they are always designated as Class 7 substances.
- 172.442 – Corrosives – These include materials such as batteries, paints, and fuel cell cartridges where the makeup of the materials can cause rapid corrosion
- 172.446 – Miscellaneous hazards – These are materials that do not fall into any of the other eight categories and currently include lithium-ion batteries, vehicles, and dry ice. To obtain additional explanation, please refer to the standard
Hazmat Label Requirements and Specifications
- Regulations governing hazmat label standards and specifications are established by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Transportation (DOT), especially 49 CFR part 172.407 subpart E1 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
- The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) establishes standards for environmental protection for the general public, and the Department of Transportation (DOT) ensures that everything that is transported, whether industrial or commercial in nature, is regulated to ensure the safety of the general public in the United States.
- All of the criteria are categorized into the following categories: Durability A 30-day exposure to circumstances typical of the shipping of the labeled package, which may include extremes of temperature and humidity, as well as precipitation, is required of the packing.
In order to pass the test, the package must exhibit no signs of degradation or a major change in appearance.
Design Each label must have the same printing, inner border, and symbol as the other labels, as specified in 49 CFR 172.411 through 172.448.
- Size On each side, the form must be a diamond (square on point) with dimensions of 3.9 in (100 mm) each
- the shape must be square on point.
- Each side must have an inner border with a solid line 5 mm inside and parallel to the edge
- The solid line border must have a minimum width of 2 millimeters (mm).
- Only cargo aircraft are permitted to fly. The sign must be a rectangle with a height of at least 3.9 in. (110 mm) and a width of at least 4.7 in. (120 mm)
- The words ″CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY″ must be displayed in capital letters with a minimum height of 0.25 in. (6.3 mm).
Hazard class or division number must be at least 0.25 in (6.3 mm) and not more than 0.5 in in height (12.7 mm). The terms ″spontaneously″ and ″when wet″ must be shown in an adequate font size on labels that state that they are SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE or DANGEROUS WHEN WET.
- Color The backdrop of the label must be the same as that specified in 49 CFR 172.411 through 172.448
- all symbols, text, numbers, and borders must be black, with the exception of the following: White may be used if the backdrop is green, red, or blue
- white must be used for the CORROSIVE text and class number
- white may be used for the ORGANIC PEROXIDE sign
- white may be used for the CORROSIVE text and class number
- To pass the 72-hour fadeometer test (ASTM G23-69 or ASTM 26-70), all colors must be able to maintain their color without fading significantly.
- A correct color match must be achieved within the color tolerances stated in Appendix A of 49 CFR 172.407
- color standards must comply to the Pantone color guide, which is shown below, and must be checked by spectrophotometer to ensure that the color is accurate. Pantone 186U
- Pantone 151U
- Pantone 109U
- Pantone 335U
- Pantone 285U
- Pantone 259U
- Red – Pantone 186U
- Orange – Pantone 151U
- Yellow – Pantone 109U
- Green – Pantone 335U
- Blue – Pantone 285U
- Purple – Pantone 259U
Except for CORROSIVE, RADIOACTIVE YELLOW-II, and RADIOACTIVE YELLOW-III, which must extend only to the inner border of the label, other specified label colors must extend to the edge of the label.
- Identification On the label, the manufacturer’s name must be clearly shown.
- A maximum font size of 10 points should be used and it should be printed outside the solid-line inner border.
Exceptions Except in the case of elements that are dangerous by inhalation, a label that complies with the United Nations Recommendation (on Hazmat Labeling), IBR 171.7, may be used for the label criteria established by 172.407.
Symbol of the trefoil Appendix B of CFR 172.407 specifies that labels for radioactive white-I, radioactive yellow-II, and radioactive yellow-III substances must fulfill the requirements of Appendix B of CFR 172.407.
Hazmat Label Placement
- Three-leaf trefoil design Appendix B of CFR 172.407 specifies the requirements for radioactive white-I, radioactive yellow-II, and radioactive yellow-III labeling.
- Duplicate Labeling is a problem. Packaging having a capacity of 64 cubic feet or greater is necessitated by this requirement.
- Packaging that is not in bulk but includes radioactive substances
- Tanks for multi-unit tank cars (DOT 106 or 110)
- Movable tanks with a carrying capacity of less than 1,000 gallons
- Freight or aviation containers with a volume of 64-640 cubic feet
- intermediate bulk containers with a volume of 64 cubic feet or more
- and small containers with a volume of 64 cubic feet or less
- Visibility Neither marks nor attachments are permitted to hide the labels.
- The colors of the labels must be in stark contrast to the backdrop on which they are printed or adhered.
What Types of Packaging Must be Labeled?
- Packages with hazardous materials, as defined by 49 CFR 172.400, are classified as hazardous material packages and must be labeled with appropriate hazmat symbols. 49 CFR 172.400a contains the provisions for exceptions to this norm. Packaging that is not in bulk
- Except when a cargo tank, portable tank, or tank vehicle with a volumetric capacity less than 640 cubic feet is used, bulk packing must be used.
- A portable tank with a capacity of less than 1000 gallons
- a DOT 106 or 110 multi-unit tank car tank
- an overpack, freight container, or unit load device with a volume of less than 640 cubic feet
- a DOT 106 or 110 tank car tank
For additional information on the responsibilities of a shipper, please see this page.
Broken & Leaking Packages During Hazmat Transport
- The driver has the responsibility to take action if a package containing a hazardous material, even if it is exempt from full regulation (e.g., a limited quantity), is discovered to be broken or leaking while in transit.
- The driver is responsible for ensuring that the package is properly disposed of in accordance with the Hazardous Material Regulations (HMR) of the Department of Transportation (DOT).
- If a package is discovered to be damaged or leaking after it has been loaded, the driver must notify their employer as soon as it is reasonably safe to do so after the original loading.
Hazardous materials transportation incidents are actually required by law for employers to advise their drivers to call them in the case of an incident involving hazmat.The carrier may next make contact with the sender or the intended destination in order to negotiate alternative shipping methods.When the driver has finished addressing the problem with his or her employer and with the desired destination, he or she must perform one of the following:
- Inspect and repair the damaged package before transporting it to a location where it may be disposed of securely.
- Fill a salvage drum according to the requirements of 49 CFR 173.3(c) with the damaged cargo and convey it to its destination or return it to the shipper.
- If transporting the damaged cargo is not possible due to safety concerns, keep it stored until a final disposal can be determined.
Consider each of the following methods for coping with broken or leaking parcels during hazardous shipping in further detail:
- The regulations do not specify precise repair procedures, and they do not offer examples of such ways. As a result, it is the driver’s responsibility to evaluate which repairs, if any, can be completed safely, practically, and in line with the best and safest work practices currently known and available. A repaired package may be transported to the nearest safe disposal facility if the following conditions are met: the package is safe for transportation
- the repair is sufficient to prevent contamination of or a hazardous mixture with other lading on the vehicle — not just other hazardous materials
- the package is safe for transportation
- the package is safe for transportation
- the package is safe for transportation
- the package is safe for transportation
- the package is safe for transportation
- the package is safe for transportation
- the package is safe for transportation
- the package is safe for transportation
- The name and address of the intended recipient (consignee) are clearly marked on the repaired package (this is only needed if the carrier is not also the shipper)
- A driver who decides to repair a hazardous material package should make sure to dispose of it as soon as feasible after completing the repair.
- There shall be no further transport of the repaired package to the destination, nor should it be returned to the shipper, unless any of those two destinations fulfills the criterion of ″the nearest point at which it may be securely disposed of.″ It is possible for drivers to collaborate with the local emergency response agency in an area where a damaged hazardous package is detected to ascertain the location of the nearest facility that can properly dispose of the damaged hazmat package.
2. Salvage Drum
- If it is not feasible to repair the package, the driver may alternatively place the damaged box into a salvage drum and continue the transportation to the destination, or the driver may return the product to the shipper, depending on the circumstances. One tiny but important distinction between the requirements of 49 CFR 173.3(c) and the usage of a salvage drum by the driver during transportation is that the driver must utilize the drum in the following manner: Upon placing a damaged hazardous material package into a salvage drum in accordance with 49 CFR 173.3(c), a driver may continue to carry the salvage drum to its destination or may return it to the shipper, depending on the circumstances. For damaged shipments, the salvage drums used for recovery must match the following specifications: The container should be made of metal or plastic with a detachable head that is suitable with the hazardous substance
- UN Standards for at least packing group III of the following items: 1A2 steel drum, 1B2 aluminum drum
- 1N2 metal (other than steel or aluminum)
- 1H2 plastic drum
- 1A2 steel drum, 1B2 aluminum drum
- 1N2 metal (other than steel or aluminum)
- If it is not feasible to repair the package, the driver may alternatively place the damaged box into a salvage drum and continue the transportation to the destination, or the driver may return the product to the shipper, depending on the situation. One tiny but important distinction between the requirements of 49 CFR 173.3(c) and the usage of a salvage drum by the driver during transportation is that the salvage drum must be used in the following manner: Upon placing a damaged hazardous material package into a salvage drum in accordance with 49 CFR 173.3(c), a driver may continue to transport the salvage drum to its destination or may return it to the shipper, whichever is most convenient. For damaged shipments, the salvage drums used for salvage must match the following specifications: Unified Nations Standards for at least packing category III of the following items: metal or plastic with a detachable head and compatible with the hazardous material A2 steel drum, A2 aluminum drum, 1N2 metal (other than steel or aluminum), 1H2 plastic drum
- A2 steel drum, A2 aluminum drum
- A2 steel drum, 1B2 aluminum drum
- 1A2 steel drum, 1B2 aluminum drum
Hazardous materials labels on the damaged package are shown on the salvage drum.
- It is vital to remember that a salvage drum that has been finished cannot be included in an overpack as indicated in 49 CFR 173.25.
- Refer to this page for a more in-depth explanation of what a salvage drum and an overpack are: What Is the Difference Between Salvage Packaging and Overpacking?
- Upon placing a damaged hazardous material package into a salvage drum in accordance with 49 CFR 173.3(c), a driver may continue to carry the salvage drum to its destination or may return it to the shipper, depending on the circumstances.
- After selecting one of the above options (either ″Repair″ or ″Salvage Drum,″ for example), the driver’s responsibility becomes delivering the hazardous material to its final disposition if it is possible to do so safely, whether that is the original destination or a new one that has been selected in consultation with the carrier, the shipper, and other interested parties.
- When transporting hazardous materials, the driver must be meticulous in his or her actions since the final destination (consignee) may refuse to accept a shipment if there is evidence of leaking during transit (04-0217).
- If a leaking or damaged package cannot be safely and adequately repaired for transportation (it is not clear from the regulatory language whether this includes a damaged or leaking package that cannot be placed in a salvage drum as well), it must be stored in the safest and most efficient manner possible until it is finally disposed of. Notifications There may be notification requirements for incidents involving hazardous products in transportation, which include but are not limited to: 49 CFR 171.15 requires that certain hazardous material events be reported immediately: In the case of a hazmat incident in which people are killed or injured, or in which other major events occur, a telephone contact must be made within 12 hours.
- 49 CFR 171.16 outlines the requirements for thorough hazardous material incident reports. A written report must be submitted within 30 days following a hazmat event, which may include, but is not limited to, the unintended release of a hazardous material or the discharge of any quantity of hazardous waste.
- For the discharge of a hazardous material, see to 40 CFR 302: For specific amounts of certain hazardous compounds, the National Response Center (NRC) must be notified immediately.
- Immediate notice to state and local emergency response agencies for defined amounts of certain hazardous compounds and highly hazardous substances under the provisions of 40 CFR 355
- For the release of an oil or greasy material into a body of water, see 40 CFR 110 and 112, which provide that: For certain environmental circumstances resulting from the leak of oil, immediate reporting to the NRC is required.
- 40 CFR 263, subpart C, regarding hazardous waste discharges: A hazardous waste carrier must take appropriate and quick action if a hazardous waste release occurs.
- Before transporting a shipment of hazardous goods, drivers must be informed of the precise transportation standards that apply to the commodity in question.
- Shippers and dispatchers should collaborate to ensure that the driver is informed of any potential dangers and any unique restrictions that may apply to the particular shipment being transported.
- When shipping packages, it is the shipper’s responsibility to ensure that the packages are properly wrapped, tagged, and marked to indicate that the package is ready for transportation.
Using UN-rated containers with the appropriate ratings and adhering to hazardous shipping regulations can assist to reduce the likelihood of leaks and accidents occurring while containers are being transported.However, drivers must be prepared for releases that may occur as a result of incorrect handling and loading, difficult roads, or a variety of other factors.One of the purposes for hazmat employee training is to ensure that transporters are prepared.It provides them with the knowledge they require in order to manage releases in a safe manner and to understand the steps that may be required in the event of a damaged package.
- In the categorization of hazardous chemicals and mixtures, the danger label serves as the primary means of communication between parties.
- As part of a comprehensive communication strategy that includes the safety data sheet and the hazard label, the user should be informed of any potential hazards associated with a specific chemical or mixture.
- This enables the user to safeguard himself to the greatest extent possible while using the product.
The manufacturer of a substance, the importer of a substance or a mixture, and/or the downstream user, i.e., a formulator of a mixture, who supplies, or makes available, hazardous substances and/or mixtures to a third party, whether professional or consumer, within the European Union are all responsible for labeling their products (EU).When a hazardous substance or mixture is being sold online, it is also necessary to disclose the hazard(s) associated with that drug or combination in the advertisement for the substance or mixture.
- CLP requires that a chemical or mixture included in packaging be labeled in accordance with the CLP before it is placed on the market in areas where it is classed as hazardous.
- Before putting a substance or mixture on the market, a producer, importer, downstream user (including a formulator), or distributor (including a merchant) must label it with the appropriate information.
- Instead of classifying from scratch, distributors can accept the classification given by their supplier, as long as the classification is obtained per CLP standards.
This also applies to downstream consumers, as long as the composition of the drug or mixture is not altered in the process.
Elements of a Hazard Label
- A danger label must include the following information: the name, address, and phone number of the EU supplier
- Product identifiers, such as the chemical name and CAS/EC number of a substance/trade name of a combination, as well as the chemical name(s) of all substances responsible for the categorization of the mixture (with the exception of skin and eye irritants)
- Pictogram(s) of danger that are relevant
- Depending on the categorization, the appropriate signal word is either Warning or Danger.
- In the case of a hazardous statement, the description of the hazardous consequence, for example, ″Harmful if breathed,″ is provided.
- Precautionary statements that are appropriate for the situation and allow the user to take appropriate action to safeguard health or the environment, for example, keep out of reach of youngsters.
- Nominal amount (for the purpose of supplying the gener