The label must be located on the same surface of the package and near the shipping name marking. If primary and subsidiary hazard labels are required, they must be displayed with 6 inches of each other. Subsequently, question is, what size are hazmat labels on packaging?
49 CFR 172.406 states labels must be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material and be located on the same surface of the package and near the proper shipping name marking, if the package dimensions are adequate.
Where should a shipping label be placed?
Located on the same surface of the package and near the proper shipping name marking, if the package dimensions are adequate. A label may be printed on or placed on a securely affixed tag, or may be affixed by other suitable means to: A package that is smaller than the label as long as it contains no radioactive material.
Do I need to label my package for shipping?
Aside from appropriate packaging, items for shipping must also be properly labeled and addressed to ensure that they arrive in their destinations without a glitch. Following are some guidelines on how to properly label a package for shipping.
How do I attach a hazmat label to my package?
On Hazmat Packaging & Overpacks – hazmat labels are affixed to packaging offered for transport. Near the UN Number – the hazmat label should be attached as close to the proper shipping name and UN number as possible.
Where do I put the label on my Overpack?
Labeling should be on the outside of overpacks unless it is visible through the overpack. Near the UN Number – the hazmat label should be attached as close to the proper shipping name and UN number as possible. They should never fold around the corner.
Where do you put hazmat labels?
Hazmat Label Placement
- The label must be printed on or affixed to a surface of the package or containment.
- The label must be located on the same surface of the package and near the shipping name marking.
- If primary and subsidiary hazard labels are required, they must be displayed with 6 inches of each other.
Where should TDG labels be located on a small means of containment?
Labels for the primary and subsidiary classes can be displayed on any side, except the top or bottom, of a small means of containment, and on the shoulder of cylinders.
What information will you put on the labels on the packages?
The key information includes: postal code, country, tracking number, date, package quantity as well as the weight, address, validation, and ship street, city and state (area). Shipping labels can also specify the contents, particularly if they’re for international shipments.
Where do you put a shipping label on a UPS box?
Place your label safely and visibly
As your last step, place the label with the complete sender and delivery information on the biggest surface of the box. Do this after you’ve sealed the box so that no tape covers the label and barcode. Also avoid putting the label on seams, closures, or on top of the sealing tape.
How do you properly load a hazmat package?
how do you properly load a Hazmat package?
Terms in this set (10)
- Load with orientation arrows up.
- Block or brace hazardous materials with non hazard materials.
- Ensure different classes if Hazel’s materials are segregated by at least on non hazmat.
- Load no higher than waist level.
Where must orientation arrows handling labels be located on a package if applicable?
Orientation arrow markings must be displayed on two opposite vertical sides of a combination package having inner packagings containing liquid hazardous materials. Although not required by the HMR, orientation arrows may be displayed on the surface of a single package (e.g., a 5-gallon container or inner packaging.
When duplicate labels are required of a hazmat package where must they be located?
(c) Placement of multiple labels. When primary and subsidiary hazard labels are required, they must be displayed next to each other. Placement conforms to this requirement if labels are within 150 mm (6 inches) of one another.
What must appear on the outside of a package containing acetone?
We mark each drum with the Proper Shipping Name and UN number (Acetone, UN 1090) and affix a primary hazard Flammable Liquid label on the same surface. Then each drum is labeled with the name and address of the shipper (us) and the consignee (the person or company we are shipping to).
What information is needed to identify the product of the shipping document?
The technical name or the statement “not odorized” The Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) reference number and the ERAP telephone number. The flash point if the product is a Class 3, Flammable Liquids and is being transported on a ship or vessel (e.g., gasoline, diesel, etc.)
Which TDG classes when shipped in a small means of containment must have UN specification packaging?
When is a UN standardized small container required? Subsection 5.12(1) of the TDG Regulations specifies that UN Standardized small means of containment selected and used in accordance with sections 2 and 3 and Part 2 of the TP14850 standard are permitted for transport of dangerous goods in Class 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9.
What information is in a shipping label barcode?
The basic anatomy of a shipping label includes a return address, a destination address, the shipping date, weight, shipping priority, and a tracking number.
Is a shipping label necessary?
Shipping labels are necessary for all shipments. In this article, we’ll answer 11 of the top questions about shipping labels, and show how Easyship can help. Shipping labels are a critical part of the shipping process. They provide valuable information needed for a delivery to safely arrive at its destination.
What is a shipping label used for?
A shipping label is a type of identification label that helps describe and identify the contents of a container or a package. These labels contain crucial information like addresses, names, weight, and tracking barcodes.
How should I attach the labels to my packaging?
– Height: 3 1/2″ min. / 4 1/4″ max. – Length: 5 1/2 ″ min. / 6″ max. – Thickness: 0.007″ min. to 0.016″ max.
Where do I put the shipping label?
Where do you put the address on a package?
Where can I get mailing labels in bulk?
Where on a package should a hazmat label be placed?
- Asked in the following category: General The most recent update was made on April 19th, 2020.
- In accordance with 49 CFR 172.406, labels containing hazardous materials must be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material and must be located on or near the same surface as the package and near the proper shipping name marking if the package dimensions are sufficient.
- Placing Hazardous Materials Labels An image of the label must be printed on or adhered to a surface of the packaging or containment unit.
- The label must be placed on the same surface of the box as the shipping name marking and within easy reach of it.
It is necessary to show primary and subsidiary hazard labels within 6 inches of each other if both are required.In addition to the foregoing, what size are hazardous labels on packaging?Unless otherwise specified, the CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY label must be rectangular in shape and measure at least 110 mm (4.3 inches) in height and 120 mm (4.7 inches) in width.A minimum of 6.3 mm (0.25 inches) in height must be placed on the label to indicate that the label is intended for cargo aircraft only.A minimum of 7.6 mm (0.3 inches) in height must be used for letters when a danger is displayed.
Placards should be put in the following locations: They are frequently mounted on the outside of transportation vehicles.All four sides of a transport vehicle or bulk packing must be marked with placards, and they must be clearly visible from all four sides.On a shipping label, where does the number indicating the danger class or division appear?A major and subsidiary hazard label must be labeled with the appropriate danger class or division number, which must be placed in the lower corner.Text identifying a danger (e.g., ″CORROSIVE″) on a major or subsidiary label is not necessary for classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 in the United States.
Proper Placement and Orientation of Labels for the Transportation of Hazardous Materials in Non-Bulk Packaging
- According to the PHMSA/USDOT Hazardous Material Regulations (HMR) at 49 CFR 172.400, any person who offers for transportation or transports a hazardous material in any of the following packages or containment devices must label them in accordance with the requirements of Column 6 of the hazardous materials table at 172.101. A packet that is not in bulk
- A bulk packaging, other than a cargo tank, portable tank, or tank car, with a volumetric capacity of less than 18 m3 (640 cubic feet), unless placarded in accordance with subpart F of this part
- a bulk packaging, other than a cargo tank, portable tank, or tank car, with a volumetric capacity of less than 18 m3 (640 cubic feet)
- Portable tanks with capacities of less than 3,785 liters (1000 gallons), unless they are placarded in accordance with subpart F of this section
- Unless placarded in accordance with subpart F of this part, a multi-unit tank vehicle constructed in conformity with DOT Specification 106 or 110
- In accordance with the provisions of Section 172.512 of this part, an overpack, freight container, or unit load device, measuring less than 18 m3 (640 cubic feet), which contains a package for which labels are required, must be placarded or marked in accordance with the provisions of Section 172.512 of this part.
- Specifically, the goal of this article is to present an interpretation of the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) that allows for some variation in the placement and orientation of HazMat Labels on non-bulk shipments. According to 49 CFR 172.406, each HazMat Label on a non-bulk package must provide the following information: printed on or adhered to a surface of the packaging or containment device housing the hazardous substance (other than the bottom) to identify it as such. The top surface is in good condition.
- If the package dimensions are sufficient, the label should be placed on the same surface as the package and next to the suitable shipping name marking.
- A label may be printed on or placed on a securely affixed tag, or it may be affixed by other suitable means to the following items: a package that is smaller than the label as long as it does not contain radioactive material
- a package that is larger than the label as long as it does not contain radioactive material
- a package that is larger than the label as long as it does not contain radioactive material
- a package that is larger than the label as long as it does not contain radioactive
- A cylindrical shape
- It is a nonstandard packaging in which a label cannot be applied correctly.
- It is required that each label be printed on or adhered to a backdrop of a contrasting color, or that it have a dotted or solid line outside border on the outside.
- It is essential that principal and subsidiary hazard labels be placed within 6 inches of one another when both are required.
- Unless the box includes a Class 7 radioactive substance, there is no requirement for duplicate labeling (i.e., more than one label per package).
- It is necessary that the label be readily visible and not covered by other marks or attachments.
- So, do you think this is all right?
- Is this a proper orientation for a HazMat label, or should it be changed?
- Yes, it is correct.
- According to a letter of interpretation from 1994 (LOI 94-0142), the following: Label placement in an orientation where the square-on-point label is situated with its flat sides parallel to the sides of the package does not violate the requirements of 49 CFR 172.406, nor does it violate the requirements of 49 CFR 172.407.
This interpretation exemplifies one facet of the HMR that has remained of particular interest to me.Such an interpretation means little to 99 percent of the HazMat Shippers out there, but for the tiny number of people who require it, the option to turn the HazMat Label on its side allows them to ship in a smaller box, which can result in significant cost savings over the long run.Are you attempting to save as much money as possible on HazMat transportation?Are you in conformity with the Health and Safety Measures Regulations?Particularly concerning is the obligation in 49 CFR 172, Subpart H to give initial (within 90 days of hiring) training, followed by another comprehensive training within three years for all HazMat employees.
Never hesitate to contact me for a no-obligation consultation on your training needs.
How to Label a Package for Shipping
- Items for shipment must be properly labeled and addressed in addition to being packaged appropriately in order to ensure that they arrive at their destinations without a hitch.
- Some tips on how to correctly label a package for shipping are provided in the following section.
- Labels should be created with a permanent waterproof marker.
- This will ensure that the label will not be washed away if the package is exposed to rain or other weather conditions.
When printing labels on sticker paper, choose a laser printer that is resistant to the elements.In contrast to inkjet printing, this will not bleed when exposed to water.In addition, utilize sticker paper made of sturdy polyester with a strong adhesive.Check the address you’re sending anything to twice.Make certain that it is readable if it is written by hand, that it is correctly spelt, and that it has all of the necessary information, including the recipient’s name.
If you’re recycling a box, make sure to remove any previous labels from the exterior shipping packaging.Make sure the label is visible from a distance.Try not to place it over a seam or flap that might be damaged if the box needs to be opened for inspection later on.An second label should be placed on the interior of the package just to be sure.Rain and other environmental factors can cause damage to labels and even the exterior packaging.The addition of an extra label will ensure that the things reach their intended destination.
Create a return address label and include it with the shipment as an additional precaution.If the item has to be returned, having this information is beneficial.
Hazmat Labels, Hazmat Placards, and Hazmat Markings
- In the hazardous industry, labels are standard hazmat identifiers that are meant to satisfy particular criteria and are applied on packages, packagings, and overpacks.
- Placards are standard hazmat identifiers that are meant to satisfy specified criteria and are placed on exterior containers, trucks, cylinders, and other vehicles used in the transportation of hazardous materials.
- Markings are extra identifiers (other than warning labels and placards) that provide more information about the item.
- Labels, signs, and markers for hazardous materials are essential compliance goods.
- Labelmaster, which adheres to high regulatory requirements, provides a plethora of alternatives that are meant to assist you in complying with hazardous rules.
- Labelmaster is a company that adapts to the constantly changing needs of the hazmat sector.
- The selection of the most appropriate labels and placards is critical to the safe handling and transportation of hazardous chemicals.
Using the hazmat labels, placards, and markings infographic, you can see all of the different danger classifications and learn how to comply with hazardous rules in your firm.To view the hazmat infographic in its entirety, please click on the picture.Labelmaster owns the intellectual property rights of the infographic.This hazardous poster is not available for purchase at the time of writing.
How many Hazard Classes are there?
The Department of Transportation has classified hazards into nine different classification groups. They are distinguished from one another by the presence of different hazardous qualities and transportation requirements.
- Explosives are classified as Hazard Class 1
- gases are classified as Hazard Class 2.
- Liquids that are flammable or combustible are classified as Hazard Class 3.
- Flammable solids are classified as Hazard Class 4
- Class 5 hazards include oxidizing substances and organic peroxide.
- Toxic substances and infectious substances are classified as Hazard Class 6
- Radioactive Material is classified as a Hazard Class 7.
- Corrosives (both liquids and solids) are classified as Hazard Class 8.
- Hazard Class 9 consists of a variety of hazardous materials.
Additionally, Labelmaster’s Label FinderSM and Placard FinderSM are worth a try.
Hazard Class Labels
Most Popular Hazmat Labels
|Flammable Liquid Label||Corrosive Label||Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods Label||Toxic Label||Flammable Gas Label|
- More Hazmat Label Products may be found here.
- Hazard Class Labels are standard hazmat identifiers that are used to comply with government laws in the transportation and storage of hazardous materials.
- A danger label has marks that identify the sort of hazard that has been indicated on the label.
- They aid in the identification of the sort of hazardous item contained within a package.
Affixing these hazmat labels and handling labels to dangerous goods packaging such as United Nations-certified containers and bulk containers is standard operating procedure.It is the shipper’s responsibility to select the most appropriate labels for their shipments.Material labeling errors can result in expensive transportation delays and fines, as well as damage to those involved.If you’re not sure which danger class label best suits your needs, you may use the Label FinderSM from Labelmaster.
Why are labels important?
- They speak worldwide – labels provide information about the risks of a chemical contained within a product to people all over the world, regardless of language. A label’s classification of hazards can be determined by looking at this information.
- These companies provide specific handling guidelines – labels define the handling requirements for a cargo, making the shipping and handling of hazardous materials a safer operation
- They assist companies in communicating dangers – for example, firms use hazard labels to notify employees of possible hazards associated with certain products.
- They assist couriers in determining where to deliver packages. Hazmat labels assist carriers in determining how to load and separate hazardous materials onto planes, vehicles, and ships
- Hazard labels are used by emergency responders for disaster clean-up and probable evacuations
- they provide information to the general public.
To be in compliance with hazardous standards, you must use the proper label on every piece of equipment. Labelmaster is well-versed in the field of hazardous compliance.
What do hazmat labels look like?
- Depending on the threat, there are nine distinct kinds of hazardous compounds to be concerned about. Each class has its own set of labels, which are distinguished by their color. More information may be found in our comprehensive explanation of danger class markers. It is necessary for these labels to be a specified size, shape, and color
- They are easily identifiable – labels must have a contrasting backdrop, and a dotted line border should be utilized if the label is difficult to identify from the package’s contents. It is required that the symbols and text on the labels be either black or white.
Where are hazmat labels placed?
- On Hazmat Packaging and Overpacks – Hazardous materials labels are applied to packaging that is being provided for transportation. On one side of the packaging, they must be printed or permanently affixed, whichever is most convenient. It is recommended that all overpacks have their labels on the exterior, unless they are visible through the overpack.
- Near the UN Number – The hazardous label should be applied as close as feasible to the correct shipping name and the UN number. The rule of thumb is that they should never fold around the corner. If this occurs, they can be added to the object using a tag.
- Internationally – When shipping hazardous chemicals internationally, the hazard class number must be shown in the bottom corner of both the primary and subsidiary labels.
- The United States has mandated a hazard class number to be posted in the bottom corner of a subsidiary risk label since October 1, 2005.
Here are some instances of shipments that have been appropriately labeled:
Hazard Class Placards
Most Popular Hazmat Placards
|Corrosive Placard, EZ Removable Vinyl||Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods UN3077 4-Digit Placard, EZ Removable Vinyl||Flammable Liquid Placard, EZ Removable Vinyl||Flammable Liquid UN1993 4-Digit Placard, EZ Removable Vinyl||Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods Placard UN 3082, EZ Removable Vinyl|
More Hazmat Placard Products may be found here.
Hazmat Placard Infographic
- Packaging and labeling are only the beginning of the process of staying in compliance with Dangerous Goods Regulations.
- Shippers must be informed of the rules for placarding their goods before placing them into commerce with the public.
- A quick explanation of the legislation governing the use of DG placards on trucks and trains is provided in this hazmat placard infographic.
- Download the infographic here.
What are Placards?
- Hazard placards (DOT Placards) are bigger and more durable versions of hazard labels that are typically placed on bulk goods or transport vehicles to explain the potential dangers of the chemicals contained therein.
- It is for this reason that placards are employed.
- If you want assistance in selecting which DOT placard best meets your requirements, you may use the Placard FinderSM from Labelmaster.
Why are DOT placards important?
- They educate the public – hazardous items are controlled in transportation because they offer a greater risk of injury or death to property and the general public when transported. Placards alert individuals to the presence of risks while they are driving or in the vicinity of significant amounts of hazardous materials being carried.
- They provide information to emergency responders – in the event that shipping paperwork are not accessible at the location of an accident, a placard may be the only method for rescuers to determine what items were involved in the disaster.
- The use of placards is needed – in the United States, specific amounts of hazardous items in a transport vehicle or bulk packing must be placarded, however there are several exceptions to this requirement.
- The responsibility for providing the carrier with the proper placards is on you if you intend to export hazardous materials
- otherwise, it falls on them if they do not already have the appropriate placards on their vehicle or freight container. Otherwise, the motor carrier or railroad company will be unable to convey the cargo of hazardous commodities.
What do DOT placards look like?
- Labels that are larger and more durable – placards are similar in appearance to labels, but they are larger and more durable
- They comply with design and durability requirements – placards must be printed in the square-on-point format with a total width of 250 mm on all sides and a solid inner border that is about 12.7 mm from the edge of the placard, as specified by the manufacturer. In the lower corner of the placard, there must be a danger class number that is at least 41 mm in height.
- They are readable The material on a danger placard must be written in English unless otherwise specified by a competent authority. They are easy to read Text, borders, symbols, and hazard classifications can all be either black or white
- however, they cannot be both at the same time.
Where are DOT placards placed?
- In lieu of placing placards on individual packages of hazardous goods, placards are used on transport trucks or bulk shipments of hazardous materials when significant quantities of hazardous chemicals are being transported. Placards must be exhibited on all four sides of a transport vehicle or bulk packaging
- they are frequently put on the outside of transport vehicles. Placards must be displayed on all four sides of a transport vehicle or bulk packaging. Whenever possible, they must be exhibited in a square-on-point format, and they must be placed at least 3 inches away from any other markings that might diminish their efficiency. Essentially, this is what a compliance placard vehicle looks like
Most Popular Hazmat Markings
|Limited Quantity Label||Environmentally Hazardous Substance Marking||Cargo Aircraft Only Label||DOT Lithium Battery Marking||Hot 3257 Marking|
- More Placard Markings, Regulated Marking Labels, Air Label Markings, and Shipping and Handling Markings may be found on the following pages.
- Markings are supplementary identifiers that provide more information about a package.
- It is necessary to include these in addition to hazardous labels and placards.
- They are required in order to comply with 49 CFR standards and to ensure the safety of those carrying hazardous materials.
Why are hazmat markings important?
- They distinguish between different materials and define how they should be handled – markings serve to augment warning or handling labels with additional information. The use of markings when accepting hazardous materials helps to ensure proper handling of the material as well as regulatory compliance
- they assist you in complying with hazmat transport regulations, as incorrectly identifying a hazard is a serious infraction
- and they help you comply with regulatory compliance. The Department of Transportation and the 49 CFR are serious about marking regulations. Every year, a large number of penalties and fines are levied against those who violate marking regulations. Markings inform emergency responders – much like labels and placards, markings give extra information on what products are involved and what safety precautions must be followed. The majority of first responders utilize markers to refer to an emergency response handbook for more information
What do hazmat markings look like?
- In addition to formal shipping names, they include UN numbers or other descriptors as required by rules to identify a substance or a hazard.
- Markings are not limited to a certain size, form, or color – unlike labels and placards, markings are not limited to a single style. They must, however, be set against a starkly contrasting backdrop and may not be obscured by labels or anything else that might decrease their power.
Where are hazmat markings placed?
Different sorts of markings are used for different types of hazardous material transportation, and the marks used vary based on the hazardous substance and the manner of transportation. Labelmaster has compiled a comprehensive analysis of marking rules and United Nations marks.
49 CFR § 172.406 – Placement of labels.
- 172.406Placement of labels on the product.
- (a) General information.
- Unless otherwise specified by this section, each label required by this subpart must: I be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material; and (ii) be located on the same surface of the package and near the proper shipping name marking, if the package dimensions are adequate.
- (2) With the exception of the provisions of paragraph (e) of this section, duplicate labeling on a package or containment device is not necessary (such as to satisfy redundant labeling requirements).
(b) Exceptions to the rule.It is permissible to apply a label to: (1) a package that contains no radioactive material and which has dimensions less than those of the required label; (2) a cylinder; and (3) a package that has an irregular surface to which a label cannot be satisfactorily applied.A label is required for all packages that contain radioactive material.(c) The use of numerous labels in the same location.It is mandatory to show primary and subsidiary hazard labels adjacent to one other when they are both applicable.
It is acceptable to meet this condition if the labels are within 150 mm (6 inches) of one another in their placement.(d) Make a strong contrast with the background.Unless otherwise specified in 172.407(d)(1), each label must be printed on or adhered to a background color that contrasts with the color specification of the label, or it must have an outside border that is either dotted or solid to improve visibility of the label.However, the outside border with a dotted or solid line can also be utilized for backgrounds that are a different color from the text.(e) Labeling that is repeated.The majority of the time, just one of each type of label that is necessary must be shown on a single box.
The labeling must be shown on at least two sides or two ends (other than the bottom) of – but not both sides or both ends (other than the bottom).The following items are prohibited: (1) any package or overpack with an internal volume of 1.8 m3 (64 cubic feet) or greater; (2) any non-bulk container carrying a radioactive substance; and (3) any DOT 106 or 110 multi-unit tank vehicle tank.Labels must be displayed on both ends of each portable tank with a capacity of less than 3,785 L (1000 gallons); (5) Each freight container or aircraft unit load device with a volume of 1.8 m 3 (64 cubic feet) or more, but less than 18 m 3 (300 cubic feet); (6) Each portable tank with a capacity of less than 3,785 L (1000 gallons); (7) Each portable tank with a capacity of less than 3,785 L (1000 gallons); (640 cubic feet).On or near the closure, one copy of each necessary label must be displayed; and (6) an IBC with a capacity of at least 1.8 m3 (64 cubic feet).(f) The ability to be seen.Any marks or attachments must be clearly visible on the label and may not be covered by other markings or attachments.
Where do you put the hazmat placard?
- They are placed atop hazardous packaging and overpacks to keep them safe.
- Ideally, they should be printed on or affixed to the packing in a location that is as close as feasible to the United Nations number and shipping name.
- On the other hand, hazmat labels are placed on vehicles such as trucks, cylinders, outer containers, and vehicles used for transportation.
- The remainder of the details may be found here.
As a result, where should a label be placed on a box in this case?In accordance with 49 CFR 172.406, labels containing hazardous materials must be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material and must be located on or near the same surface as the package and near the proper shipping name marking if the package dimensions are sufficient.Second, what is the proper way to fill out hazardous shipping papers?The following information must be included on the shipment papers:
- This is the identifying number that may be found in the Hazardous Materials Table
- In accordance with the Hazardous Materials Table, the correct shipping name should be used
- The danger classification
- In the event that Roman numerals are necessary, the packing group will be identified.
- The total amount of potentially dangerous items
- In the same vein, what exactly is a hazardous material location card?
- When carrying hazardous materials or dangerous items in the United States, the Department of Transportation (DOT) requires that Hazmat Placards be used, according to federal regulations.
- In addition to the numbers on the DOT Placards and Hazardous Materials Placards, these labels also list individual substances or groupings of chemicals that are being carried.
- In order to write a proper hazmat description, what is the required structure to follow?
The type of packaging that was used.Among the fundamental characteristics of a hazardous substance are its Identification Number, its Proper Shipping Name, its Hazard Class, and its Packing Group (when applicable).This information must be printed on the shipment paper in a specified sequence and must be placed on the shipping paper.
Marking & Labeling Your Shipment
- When preparing a dangerous goods package for shipping, it is critical to mark and identify the package correctly.
- Labels are frequently used to convey the risks connected with a package, and markings guarantee that the item is handled in a safe manner, preventing spills, accidents, and exposure.
- As a result, they must be applied correctly, represent accurate information, and be in compliance with applicable legislation.
Definition: Marking refers to the use of a descriptive name, an identifying number, instructions and cautions, weights and specifications or UN markings, or a combination of these marks, on the outside of hazardous materials or dangerous products packaging. (Click on image to expand) The marking that is necessary is as follows:
- Printed on or adhered on the surface of a product, or on a label, tag, or sign
- must be long-lasting
- must be in the English language
- It must be shown on a background with a strong contrast in color
- Labels or attachments must not hide the message, and the message must be placed away from any other marking (such as advertising) that might significantly diminish its efficacy.
- Specific marks: You should also be aware of any specialized markings that may exist.
- Among them are the following: If you are dealing with liquid hazardous chemicals or dangerous products, you should be aware that there are additional labelling requirements for radioactive materials, toxic dangerous goods, and dangerous goods in small amounts.
- Refer to the relevant portions contained in 49CFR Part 172, Subpart D, for further information.
- Labels on dangerous goods packages highlight the exact primary and secondary risks caused by the contents contained within the package.
- These modes of communication rely on certain colors, symbols, and pictograms to clearly and quickly identify the sort of products included within the package.
- In accordance with 49 CFR 172.406, labels containing hazardous materials must be printed on or affixed to a surface (other than the bottom) of the package or containment device containing the hazardous material and must be located on or near the same surface as the package and near the proper shipping name marking if the package dimensions are sufficient.
- See DOT Chart 17 for further information on marking and labeling requirements (PDF).
(Click on image to expand)
Hazmat Label Requirements and Regulations – Where Regulations Require Hazmat Labels to be
- All forms of transportation, as well as the packing and shipment of hazardous products, are subject to stringent regulations across a wide range of businesses.
- Detailed regulations cover everything from defining what constitutes a hazardous material to the type of packaging that must be used and the manner in which that packaging must be labeled to clearly inform anyone who may come into contact with the package during its transit of what is contained within.
- This page is meant to serve as a general overview of the many sorts of categories for labels, as well as their design and positioning.
- Each and every shipper has a statutory duty to ensure that products deemed hazardous are packaged appropriately, which includes having the required labels or placards applied to the materials.
Please keep in mind that this summary is provided just for informative purposes and is not meant to be used as a guideline for compliance.
Hazmat Label Classifications
- Labels for hazardous materials are classified into nine categories and established by federal regulations 49 CFR 172.411 through 172.448, where CFR is an abbreviation for Code of Federal Regulations1, 49 refers to the title, and 172 refers to the section included inside the title.
- Class 1 – Explosives – 172.411 – Items such as fireworks, ammunition, and ignitors will fall into this category since they are materials that are designed to explode when the necessary circumstances are met.
- This category is further broken into 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6 for each specific categorization, with 1.1 being the most general classification.
- Class 2 – Gases – 172.415-172.417 – Class 2 – Gases As gases compressed at extremely high pressures and capable of becoming potentially hazardous under specific conditions, materials such as natural gas, compressed air, methane, and fire extinguishers are governed by these standards, as are fire extinguishers and fire extinguishers.
- This category is broken into three subcategories: 2.1 (flammable), 2.2 (non-flammable), and 2.3 (non-flammable) (poisonous).
- The following goods will fall into this category: Class 3 – Combustible liquids – 172.419 – This will include materials such as paint, kerosene, and gasoline that are flammable when exposed to the correct ignition circumstances
- Items such as oily fabrics, metal powders, carbon and matches are included in these three codes because they can create hazardous environments under specific conditions, such as being close to an ignition source, being wet, or even being spontaneously combustible. Class 4 – Flammable solids – 172.420, 172.422, 172.423 It is classified into three categories: 4.1 (flammable solid), 4.2 (spontaneously combustible), and 4.3 (hazardous when wet).
- In this class, items such as hydrogen peroxides, chlorates, and nitrates can be classified because they require an inert environment to remain stable. In these CFR codes, items such as hydrogen peroxides, chlorates, and nitrates can be classified because it is necessary to maintain an inert environment for these materials to remain stable. In addition, oxidizers are further classified into section 5.1 and organic peroxides are further subdivided into section 5.2
- Class 6 – Toxic compounds (172.429-172.4430-172.432) – This category includes acids, medical waste, and colors, among other things. Depending on the species, they can be dangerous or extremely hazardous when touched by humans. Subclasses 6.1 and 6.2 are included in this grouping
- Class 7 – Radioactive substances – 172.436, 172.438, 172.440, 172.441, 172.450 – This category includes items that include radioactive matter, such as medical isotopes, fission products, and nuclear waste, among other things. The scales used to measure medical isotopes and nuclear waste might be extremely varied, yet they are always designated as Class 7 substances.
- 172.442 – Corrosives – These include materials such as batteries, paints, and fuel cell cartridges where the makeup of the materials can cause rapid corrosion
- 172.446 – Miscellaneous hazards – These are materials that do not fall into any of the other eight categories and currently include lithium-ion batteries, vehicles, and dry ice. To obtain additional explanation, please refer to the standard
Hazmat Label Requirements and Specifications
- In this class, items such as hydrogen peroxides, chlorates, and nitrates can be classified because they require an inert environment to remain stable.
- In these CFR codes, items such as hydrogen peroxides, chlorates, and nitrates can be classified because it is necessary to maintain an inert environment for these materials to be stable.
- Toxic substances are classified into three categories: Class 6 – Toxic substances (sections 172.429, 172.430, and 172.432), Class 5 – Toxic substances (section 5.1), and Class 6 – Organic peroxides (section 5.2).
- Individuals who come into contact with them may become ill or perhaps die.
Subclasses 6.1 and 6.2 are created inside this grouping;
Class 7 – Radioactive substances – 172.436, 172.438, 172.440, 172.441, 172.450 – This category includes materials that include radioactive matter, such as medical isotopes, fission products, and nuclear waste, among other items.Medical isotopes and nuclear waste are classed differently on a scale, yet they are both classified as Class 7 contaminants.172.442 – Corrosives – These include materials such as batteries, paints, and fuel cell cartridges where the makeup of the materials can cause rapid corrosion; 172.446 – Miscellaneous hazards – These are materials that do not fit into any of the other eight categories and currently include lithium-ion batteries, vehicles, and dry ice.To obtain further explanation, please refer to the standard;
Design Each label must have the same printing, inner border, and symbol as the other labels, as specified in 49 CFR 172.411 through 172.448.
- Size On each side, the form must be a diamond (square on point) with dimensions of 3.9 in (100 mm) each
- the shape must be square on point.
- Each side must have an inner border with a solid line 5 mm inside and parallel to the edge
- The solid line border must have a minimum width of 2 millimeters (mm).
- Only cargo aircraft are permitted to fly. The sign must be a rectangle with a height of at least 3.9 in. (110 mm) and a width of at least 4.7 in. (120 mm)
- The words ″CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY″ must be displayed in capital letters with a minimum height of 0.25 in. (6.3 mm).
Hazard class or division number must be at least 0.25 in (6.3 mm) and not more than 0.5 in in height (12.7 mm). The terms ″spontaneously″ and ″when wet″ must be shown in an adequate font size on labels that state that they are SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE or DANGEROUS WHEN WET.
- Color The backdrop of the label must be the same as that specified in 49 CFR 172.411 through 172.448
- all symbols, text, numbers, and borders must be black, with the exception of the following: White may be used if the backdrop is green, red, or blue
- white must be used for the CORROSIVE text and class number
- white may be used for the ORGANIC PEROXIDE sign
- white may be used for the CORROSIVE text and class number
- To pass the 72-hour fadeometer test (ASTM G23-69 or ASTM 26-70), all colors must be able to maintain their color without fading significantly.
- A correct color match must be achieved within the color tolerances stated in Appendix A of 49 CFR 172.407
- color standards must comply to the Pantone color guide, which is shown below, and must be checked by spectrophotometer to ensure that the color is accurate. Pantone 186U
- Pantone 151U
- Pantone 109U
- Pantone 335U
- Pantone 285U
- Pantone 259U
- Red – Pantone 186U
- Orange – Pantone 151U
- Yellow – Pantone 109U
- Green – Pantone 335U
- Blue – Pantone 285U
- Purple – Pantone 259U
Except for CORROSIVE, RADIOACTIVE YELLOW-II, and RADIOACTIVE YELLOW-III, which must extend only to the inner border of the label, other specified label colors must extend to the edge of the label.
- Identification On the label, the manufacturer’s name must be clearly shown.
- A maximum font size of 10 points should be used and it should be printed outside the solid-line inner border.
Exceptions Except in the case of elements that are dangerous by inhalation, a label that complies with the United Nations Recommendation (on Hazmat Labeling), IBR 171.7, may be used for the label criteria established by 172.407.
Symbol of the trefoil Appendix B of CFR 172.407 specifies that labels for radioactive white-I, radioactive yellow-II, and radioactive yellow-III substances must fulfill the requirements of Appendix B of CFR 172.407.
Hazmat Label Placement
- A federal rule in the United States, 49 CFR 172.406, governs the placement of labels on hazmat goods and other hazardous products. The shipping of hazardous materials is governed by part 172.46 of title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, which is included in the United States Code. The following are the guidelines established by this standard: Placement The label must be printed on or adhered to a surface of the package or containment
- the label must be situated on the same surface of the package as the shipping name marking
- and the label must be visible from the outside of the package or confinement.
- It is necessary to show primary and subsidiary hazard labels within 6 inches of each other if both are required.
- Duplicate Labeling is a problem. Packaging having a capacity of 64 cubic feet or greater is necessitated by this requirement.
- Packaging that is not in bulk but includes radioactive substances
- Tanks for multi-unit tank cars (DOT 106 or 110)
- Movable tanks with a carrying capacity of less than 1,000 gallons
- Freight or aviation containers with a volume of 64-640 cubic feet
- intermediate bulk containers with a volume of 64 cubic feet or more
- and small containers with a volume of 64 cubic feet or less
- Visibility Neither marks nor attachments are permitted to hide the labels.
- The colors of the labels must be in stark contrast to the backdrop on which they are printed or adhered.
What Types of Packaging Must be Labeled?
- Packages with hazardous materials, as defined by 49 CFR 172.400, are classified as hazardous material packages and must be labeled with appropriate hazmat symbols. 49 CFR 172.400a contains the provisions for exceptions to this norm. Packaging that is not in bulk
- Except when a cargo tank, portable tank, or tank vehicle with a volumetric capacity less than 640 cubic feet is used, bulk packing must be used.
- A portable tank with a capacity of less than 1000 gallons
- a DOT 106 or 110 multi-unit tank car tank
- an overpack, freight container, or unit load device with a volume of less than 640 cubic feet
- a DOT 106 or 110 tank car tank
For additional information on the responsibilities of a shipper, please see this page.
What Is A Shipping Label & How To Create One? E-commerce Guide
- Even while shipping labels are a vital aspect of e-commerce logistics, the process might be more complicated that it appears at first glance. No matter how big or little your business is, if you make a mistake with your shipping labels, things may rapidly spiral out of control, becoming expensive, inefficient, and even preventing items from being delivered. The following shipping label guide will cover every aspect of the process, whether you’re just getting started and want additional information on how to do so, or you’ve been delivering shipments for quite some time. What is a shipping label and what is its purpose? How do shipping labels work? How do you construct a shipping label? These are some of the questions that we will answer in this post.
- What is the best way to print a shipping label?
- What is the best way to apply shipping labels on a package?
- Further information on the labels
All of this information will assist you in reducing the likelihood that your items will not be delivered due to problems with your shipping labels. As your company expands, it will also assist you in saving money and time on administrative tasks. Make use of our best practices to keep your shipping procedure as efficient as possible.
What Is A Shipping Label?
- Labels for shipping packages provide the critical information that a carrier needs in order to deliver a box from its starting point (your warehouse) to its final destination (the customer’s hands).
- The most important pieces of information are as follows: postal code, nation, tracking number, date, package amount as well as weight, address, validation, and ship street, city, and state information (area).
- Shipping labels can also include information on the contents of the package, which is very useful when shipping internationally.
- Also included on the labels is information on how the package will be shipped (express, standard, etc.) so that the carrier can make sure that the service for which the customer has paid is delivered.
It is not possible to re-use previous labels because each label is unique.Each delivery requires the creation of a separate label.
How Do Shipping Labels Work?
- Using a shipping label, you can route shipments to their respective locations, trace them through each stage of the shipping process, and guarantee that the correct service is delivered to customers.
- Each shipping carrier has its own template that it utilizes for its shipment labels.
- They are intended to be read by both people and robots, and as a result, they must be clear and simple to comprehend.
- Each carrier created their label to operate with their specific sorting and delivery procedure, thus it’s critical to follow their instructions when using their templates.
The barcodes, numbers, and letters on a shipping label are all different types of information.All of these are essential to the procedure.Each part contains information that is relevant to a certain portion of the chain.
The Anatomy of a Shipping Label
- 1: The sender’s name and address are included. 2: The name and address of the person who will receive the gift 3: A MaxiCode is a code that can be read by a machine in any direction at any point in time. 4: The Routing Code – This code specifies how the package should be routed within the sorting section. 5: The Postal Barcode – which contains the zip code of the intended recipient. 6: Tracking Number – This is the number that the consumer is provided in order to track their shipment. 7: Level of Service – the way selected by the carrier and given to the customer (e.g. Express, Standard, etc.) The vast majority of the information is generated automatically by the carrier. The most important pieces of information you will require are as follows: It includes the sender’s name and address, the recipient’s name and address, and the manner of service.
It is important to know that the normal shipping label size is 4 x 6 inches (10 x 15cm). If this doesn’t work for your box, alternative typical sizes are 6 x 3 inches (15 x 7cm) and 4 x 4 inches (10 x 10cm), respectively (10 x 10cm).
How To Create Shipping Labels?
- In most cases, shipping labels are generated during the order processing procedure. Carriers have certain standards for the shipping labels that they use in their deliveries. It is not feasible to develop your own template or to fill out a label by hand in this program. In order to make a shipping label, you must adhere to the carrier’s specifications. You have two options: either go to your local post office and pay for a label there, or arrange for the label on your own.
- Shipping labels purchased at the post office are really postage purchased at retail rates, which are the most costly price tier available for shipping labels at the time of purchase.
- There are several benefits to creating your own shipping labels, including lower postage costs and the ability to schedule package pickups rather of having to wait in line at the post office.
- There are also techniques to automate the procedure in order to reduce the amount of manual input required as much as feasible.
- Learn how to create your own mailing labels using one of the three ways listed below:
1: Create Your Labels Online
- Using the carrier’s web facilities, you may generate a shipping label for your package.
- Creating shipping labels that meet the unique needs of each carrier will be possible using an online tool provided by the carrier itself.
- Visit their website, fill out the label template, and then download the file so that you may print it out later on your own printer.
- This is not, however, the most expedient technique.
To place a purchase, you will need to go to the website and manually fill out the necessary information.
2: Use Shipping Label Software
This option will allow you to download a shipping label template from a carrier’s website and fill up the label on your computer’s local hard drive. As a result, you will be able to tailor the process, and there will be opportunities for automation, as well as the possibility to work offline.
3: Fully Automate With A Shipping Tool
- With a shipping tool, you can automatically integrate purchase information from numerous platforms and carriers, allowing you to fill out forms more quickly and efficiently. A decent shipping tool will link directly to your store, obtain the order information needed for the shipping label, and assist you in automatically creating the shipping label in the appropriate template for your business. Using a shipping tool, especially if you have a large number of orders, may save you time and effort by eliminating the need to manually fill out mailing labels. When selecting a shipping tool, keep the following points in mind: Identify which selling systems (such as Shopify, Magento, etc.) need to be integrated.
- Do you make a certain number of shipments each month and where do you ship them? Do you require international shipping services?
Free Shipping Label Template
It is possible to produce a shipping label for your company using Sendcloud’s free Shipping Label Maker, which is available for download. Simply fill out the form with the origin and destination addresses, print it on an A6 (sticker) page, and attach it to the outside of your package!
When To Advance To The Next Stage?
If possible, avoid obtaining shipping labels from the local post office at retail rates, regardless of the amount of packages you mail. This may be both expensive and time-consuming. The solutions outlined above will assist you in saving both money and time.
If you ship less than 10 packages a week: arrange the labels online through your chosen carrier’s website.
- Conduct research to determine which carrier(s) provides the greatest services for the pricing you desire.
- Take into consideration other services that may be of advantage to you, such as the carrier picking up the delivery from your home or business.
- It is conceivable that this will not be feasible; in that case, find out where the nearest drop-off center is where you can drop the goods off.
- You don’t want to spend time by having to carry your items a long distance to give them over to the delivery service provider.
If you ship more than 10 packages a week: start considering Shipping Label Software or a Shipping Tool.
- The Sendcloud Shipping Tool is a free service that allows you to create shipping labels with pre-negotiated shipping rates.
- You can use it to ship packages worldwide.
- It is simple to integrate your store with Sendcloud, and you can even enable multiple carrier options to give your customers more control over which service they want.
- Access to Sendcloud’s customized tracking emails, as well as a customised return gateway, are additional advantages.
As your store grows, you may choose from a variety of packages that will grow with your business.The ability to automate your shipping may save you time and make your business less stressful, regardless of whether you send one item a week or over 10,000.
How To Print Shipping Labels?
When it comes to printing your shipping labels, there are two major options: a normal inkjet or laser printer, or a thermal label printer that does not require ink.
Inkjet Or Laser Printers:
- It is strongly recommended that you avoid using inkjet printers, although they will usually work OK if you just print a few labels every month.
- Keep an eye out for smeared writing and make sure everything on the paper is clean and sharp before moving on to the next step.
- Take aware that printer ink is expensive, and using this method might be prohibitively expensive as your label printing business grows.
- Top Tip: Your parcels may be exposed to the elements, such as rain, and may be treated with carelessness.
As a result, regular printing paper may become damaged, rendering the label illegible.In order to safeguard the label, it is recommended that it be made waterproof and securely fastened to the package.Some techniques you may use to do this include sealing your label with transparent tape or putting the label to a clear plastic envelope, among others.However, keep in mind that this may reduce the legibility of your label, particularly when it is being scanned by barcode readers or other equipment.Constantly check to see that everything is still visible and readable by both people and machines.
As a result, we recommend that you use high-quality sticky labels in conjunction with a high-quality label printer.For high-quality labels with greater accuracy than inkjet printers, especially when utilizing specialized parcel labels, laser printers are the preferred choice over inkjet printers.However, with pricey label sheets and toner cartridges that need to be replaced, this may be an extremely expensive solution.Again, if you just print a small number of labels each month, this is not a good alternative.
Thermal Label Printers:
- Thermal label printers are specifically intended for label printing, making them the most suitable solution.
- Except for the rolls of labels, they don’t require any further supplies such as ink or toner.
- In order to print precise and long-lasting labels, the printers function by heating the paper and generating shapes on it.
- They are, on the other hand, quite costly instruments.
However, they are a worthwhile investment if you plan on printing a large number of labels and the cost of materials for the other choices becomes too expensive.
Where To Put Shipping Labels On The Box?
- Ordinarily, shipping labels are put on the package’s biggest side, preferably the top, to make it easier to read.
- This is especially critical if the box has a ″This Way Up″ label on the outside of it.
- The label should be the appropriate size so that it completely covers the side on which it is put.
- Make certain that no material is folded over the edges; otherwise, vital information may not be seen or scanned.
Inspect to ensure that the labels are securely fastened and that no edges are protruding or bumps are present that might harm the label and render it illegible.Some individuals like to wrap their labels with transparent tape in order to protect them in specific situations.It is also feasible to use plastic wallets and attach them to the box in order to protect it from harm, particularly from water or other liquids.This is most typically utilized in international shipment because of the customs paperwork that are attached.Whatever option you select, be certain that the entire label is visible and easily readable.
Both people and barcode scanners must be able to correctly interpret the information contained within the barcode.
Extra Labelling Information For The Delivery
Extra label information can be useful in a variety of situations, although it may be restricted or even forbidden by the carrier in some cases.Before you apply any additional labeling, double-check with your carrier to ensure that you are following their policies.Extra label information, on the other hand, can assist in informing the carrier of any specific requirements and