What Is Driver Assistance Package Bmw?

BMW Active Driving Assistant systems help a driver to avoid a collision. The package includes advanced driving assistance systems (ADAS) that are increasingly common as standard equipment for mainstream and luxury brands alike.
BMWs equipped with standard Active Driving Assistant can be optioned with a Driving Assistance Professional Package. It includes adaptive cruise control with stop-and-go capability, active collision avoidance for the blind-spot warning system, front cross-traffic warning, and Active Driving Assistant Pro.

What is the BMW driving assistance plus package?

Thursday, 30 November, 2017 Shop New BMW Inventory New Vehicle Specials Everyone could use an extra set of eyes on the road. That is where the BMW Driving Assistance Plus Package comes in. This bundle can add an extra layer of safety and confidence to your daily drives, but what exactly is included?

What are the modern driver assistance systems?

Modern driver assistance systems such as Active Protection and Driving Assistant support you in every motoring situation and assure you of long-lasting and relaxed driving pleasure. Driving Assistant. Active Protection.

How much is BMW driver assistance package?

As a result of market penetration, modeled off of mandatory and non-mandatory equipping, they predict costs will drop to $150-$200 at the end of 20 years.

Summary Information.

COMPANY PACKAGE COST
BMW BMW Driver Assistance Package –Blind spot detection, Lane departure warning, High beam assistant $ 1,350

What is a driver assist package?

Driver assistance, also known as advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), are technologies used to make motor vehicle travel safer by automating, improving or adapting some or all of the tasks involved in operating a vehicle.

Is driver Assist worth it?

A study by the American Automobile Association (AAA) found that driver-assist systems in new vehicles are often unreliable, potentially compromising the safety benefits they offer. The association studied five different 2019 and 2020 vehicles and found that the systems on average experienced issues every eight miles.

What is included in the BMW Premium Package?

What is the BMW X3 Premium Package? Precise inclusions and pricing will vary depending on the model you select. It generally includes the features of the Convenience Package (like Comfort Access keyless entry and a Panoramic Moonroof), while also adding features like a Head-Up Display and heated seats.

Can you add driver assistance package BMW?

BMW owners will be able to activate functions such as the High-Beam Assistant, the Active Cruise Control (ACC) driver assistance system with Stop&Go, and the BMW Drive Recorder, with the German brand to add more functions over time.

Which car has the most driver assist features?

10 Top Cars with Driver Assist Features

  • 2017 Honda Civic. Consider the first of our top cars with driver-assist features, the 2017 Honda Civic.
  • 2017 Subaru Impreza.
  • 2017 Chevrolet Spark.
  • 2017 Toyota Yaris iA.
  • 2017 Ford Fusion.
  • 2017 Honda Accord.
  • 2017 Mazda Mazda6.
  • 2017 Nissan Altima.
  • What is 2016 BMW driver assistance package?

    The Driving Assist package combines the camera-based systems Lane Departure Warning and approach control and person warning with light city braking function. The Lane Departure Warning detects lane markings and alerts the driver to an unintentional lane change at speeds above approx.

    What is BMW x3 driver assistance package?

    The Driving Assistance Professional package includes Active Driving Assistant which combines Active cruise control with Stop & Go-function and Active Lane Keeping assist with side collision avoidance.

    Which car has the best driver assist technology 2020?

    CR’s 2020 Ranking of Active Driving Assistance Systems

  • Super Cruise. Model Tested. Cadillac CT6.
  • Autopilot. Model Tested. Model Y.
  • Lincoln/Ford. Co-Pilot 360. Model Tested. Lincoln Corsair.
  • Pre sense. Model Tested. Audi e-Tron.
  • Hyundai Smart Sense, Kia Drive Wise. Model Tested. Hyundai Palisade.
  • Driver. Assistance. Model Tested.
  • Who has best lane keep assist?

    The brands that do lane keeping best are Tesla, Cadillac, Hyundai, and Volvo, according to a survey of CR members conducted last year, collecting data on experiences with more than 84,000 vehicles.

    What is included in a BMW Value Package?

    – Turbocharged 2.0-liter inline-four – Turbocharged 2.0-liter inline-four plug-in-hybrid – Turbocharged 3.0-liter inline-six

    What is BMW driver comfort package?

  • Metallic paint: £465 – together with those wheels,our X1 definitely stands out.
  • Panoramic glass sunroof: £945 – not cheap but lightens the sombre-hued cabin nicely.
  • Sun protection package: £290 – a grey shade band at the top of the windscreen and sun protection glass.
  • What is a Driver Assist Plus package?

  • Active Park Assist. Active park assist systems automatically park your car with little or no driver input.
  • Adaptive Cruise Control.
  • Adaptive Headlights.
  • Automatic High-Beam Headlights.
  • Blind-Spot Monitoring.
  • Forward Collision Warning.
  • Automatic Emergency Braking.
  • Automatic Emergency Steering.
  • Lane-Departure Warning.
  • Lane-Keep Assist.
  • What Is Included in the BMW Driving Assistance Plus Package?

    On the road, everyone may benefit from an extra set of eyes.The BMW Driving Assistance Plus Package comes in handy in this situation.Although this package can provide an additional layer of safety and assurance to your regular driving, it is unclear exactly what is included.It is the job of a Lane Keeping Assist system to detect lane markings on the road and then utilize that information to assist you in remaining centered in your lane and away from curbs or other cars.In addition, there is a Forward Collision Warning.

    1. By using powerful radar sensors, this system keeps track of possible issues and may either slow or accelerate your BMW, as well as assist you in moving away from the danger.
    2. Because it illuminates dangers on the road as it becomes dark, BMW Night Vision is a popular driver assistance feature.
    3. Do you ever have trouble parking in a confined space?
    4. The BMW Driving Assistance Plus Package also features Parking Assist, which relieves you of the responsibility of finding a parking spot.
    5. With the help of Adaptive Cruise Control and the Traffic Jam features, dealing with heavy traffic becomes much easier.
    6. When driving along the highway, adaptive cruise control is a terrific feature.
    • When a predefined distance between you and the car in front of you is reached, the system will automatically alter your speed to maintain that gap.
    • Similarly, the Traffic Jam function operates in a similar manner, but is intended for lower speeds.
    • We urge that you visit our dealership and take a test drive in a BMW today in order to fully appreciate these advantages.
    • Our team can also provide you with further information on them.

    BMW Driver Assistance

    An extra set of eyes on the road is something that everyone might benefit from!When it comes to driving assistance, the BMW Driving Assistance Plus Package excels.When it comes to daily driving, this package might provide an extra layer of protection and assurance.But what precisely does it include?It is the job of a Lane Keeping Assist system to detect lane markings on the road and then utilize that information to assist you in remaining centered in your lane and away from curbs and other cars.

    1. An additional feature is Forward Collision Warning (FCW).
    2. Advanced radar sensors watch for possible mishaps and can either slow down or accelerate your BMW, as well as assist you in moving away from the danger zone.
    3. Because it illuminates hazards on the road as it becomes dark, BMW Night Vision is a popular driver assistance device.
    4. When parking in a small place, do you ever have trouble?
    5. The BMW Driving Assistance Plus Package also features Parking Assist, which relieves you of the responsibility of finding a parking space.
    6. With the help of Adaptive Cruise Control and the Traffic Jam features, dealing with heavy traffic may be made much more convenient.
    • Driving along the highway with adaptive cruise control is a breeze.
    • When a certain space between you and the car ahead is reached, the system will automatically alter your speed.
    • In a similar way to this, the Traffic Jam function operates at lesser speeds.
    • We urge that you visit our store now and take a test drive in a BMW to properly appreciate these amenities.
    • We also have members of our staff that can provide you with further information on them.

    Overview of the main driver assistance systems

    Mobility that is cutting-edge, futuristic trends that are fascinating, and high RPMs: these are just a few of the benefits of hybrid vehicles. Subscribe today to get alerted when new material is published. The subscription has been successfully completed. Subscription failed. If you want assistance, please see the following link for assistance.

    How does this sound?

    You can also listen to this article on Changing Lanes, the official BMW podcast, which is available in English.Along with narrated pieces like this, Changing Lanes delivers brand new episodes every week, packed with exclusive insights on technology, lifestyle, design, vehicles, and more – all delivered to you by presenters Sara and Jonathan, who are also the show’s producers.Changing Lanes may be found and subscribed to on all of the main podcasting platforms.

    What is a driver assistance system?

    Driver assistance systems relieve the driver of the responsibility of driving, while also providing more comfort and increasing safety for the driver. In an emergency situation, a driver aid system may even be able to take over control of the vehicle. The driver is always liable for the duty of driving that he or she is assigned.

    Status Quo driver assistance systems

    Currently, driver assistance systems provide practical aid in the following ways: Sensors collect data on a variety of topics, including, for example, speed restrictions, the distance between cars, and lane markers.In addition, data from GPS and navigation systems is fed into the processing.Audio signals or visual displays can be used to alert people about potentially dangerous circumstances as a result of this information.When needed or desirable, solutions are already being created that not only alert you but also actively help you through the vehicle management system.In order to avoid an accident or to relieve the driver, certain driver assistance systems brake or accelerate and offer active steering impulses, such as during monotonous or important driving circumstances, to help the driver avoid an accident.

    1. Other systems assist you when maneuvering or parking your vehicle.

    Overview of driver assistance systems

    How does hill start assist work?

    You’ll be familiar with this scenario: you’re going up a hill when you realize that you need to pull over just before the summit..In order to accelerate while beginning with a manual transmission, you must depress the clutch and lift your foot off the brake pedal.What exactly happens at this precise moment?You take a step back.Hill start assist – or simply start assist – should be able to prevent this from happening.

    1. When the driver disengages the brake, the rear axle secures the car for a brief period of time until the brake is engaged again.
    2. When the driver assistant is launched for the first time, this is released once again.
    3. Advantages: While this driver aid system is obviously beneficial for safe vehicle operation, it is not absolutely necessary because with adequate expertise, you can escape challenging circumstances on your own.
    4. The aid mechanism can, however, make beginning on steep grades or with a heavy trailing load more pleasurable, especially if the gradient is high.

    What added value does road sign recognition offer?

    When you’re stuck in slow-moving traffic, it might be tough to pay full attention to everything that is going on around you.The road layout, approaching traffic, speed regulations, as well as what is going on beside you and behind you, are all things that a motorist must keep in mind when driving.Road sign recognition can alleviate this problem with the use of a camera system that scans road signs and displays the processed data on the display.As a result, the traffic signs are shown right on your computer screen in real time.This system is frequently seen in conjunction with other driver assistance systems, such as the right of way warning system, the wrong way helper, or speed limit information.

    1. Advantages: In order to produce correct results, the driver assistance system must be able to take into consideration and interpret a variety of data sources, including recognized road signs, navigation devices, and current vehicle data.
    2. By supplying you with information such as right of way restrictions, road sign recognition helps to boost your safety and comfort while traveling.
    3. Instead of continually staring at a jungle of signposts, you can concentrate on the traffic around you more effectively.

    How does emergency brake assist work?

    Emergency brake assist alerts the driver to the possibility of a collision and, when necessary, brings the car to a complete stop to avoid colliding with a barrier, a person, or another vehicle.Sensors assess the current speed and distance of the vehicle in front of you, as well as the presence of a static impediment (e.g.a person).Cycling enthusiasts can also be identified, depending on the method.Visual warning signals are used in conjunction with acoustic warning signals.

    1. Immediately before performing an emergency braking maneuver, the driver assistance system evaluates the best braking power to use as well as the consequent required brake pressure.
    2. As a result of the computation, depending on the system, this pressure is either independently communicated by the assistant into an automated brake or is only applied when the brake pedal is depressed.
    3. The avoidance manoeuvre assistance system is a further evolution of brake assist: The driver is actively supported by this system in order to prevent a collision through the use of an evasive maneuver.
    4. Benefits: There are several advantages of using emergency brake assist: Drivers are frequently negligent, preoccupied, find themselves in chaotic situations, or misjudge the space between themselves and the vehicle in front of them.
    5. It is possible that this braking assistance will, at the very least, lessen the severity grade of some types of vehicle incidents.

    How does steering and lane guidance assist provide support?

    Congestion, slow-moving traffic, and restricted lanes are all regular occurrences on the freeway, which is unpleasant.Over an extended length of time, this entails maintaining a steady hand and remaining patiently on the road.In such instances, steering and lane guidance aid can assist you in keeping the car in the centre of the lane – even at high speeds – and therefore relieve you of the need to steer.The lane markings are detected by cameras, and as a result, the driver assistance system orients itself to the boundary lines of the specific lane in which it is detected.With just one glance beyond the borders of Europe, one can see how much more sophisticated technology has already become today.

    1. ″Hands-Off″ driving with consistent speeds up to 60 km/h is possible in several countries with the help of the BMW congestion aide.
    2. Benefits: Lane guiding aides may relieve the driver of the responsibility of steering, provide a sense of security, and, above all, make long road rides more comfortable……………………..
    See also:  How To Figure Out What Post Office Delivers My Mail?

    In what way does cruise control make driving easier?

    Cruise control, often known as ″Speed Control,″ allows you to choose the speed at which you want to go at a set distance.The use of distance control is frequently used in conjunction with this.Following activation, the driver aid system maintains your selected speed on a continuous basis, resulting in increased comfort when traveling over lengthy periods of time.Cruise control may electronically modify the vehicle’s speed in response to the surrounding environment while also adjusting the engine power as needed.Advantages: With this aid system, lengthy drives become more comfortable, and you are able to concentrate on the road traffic.

    1. Using distance control in conjunction with other features, driving comfort is further improved: This feature assesses the speed of the car in front of you and automatically adjusts your own speed accordingly.

    What is distance control?

    In certain circles, distance control is referred to as adaptive cruise control.With a pre-set target speed, this driver aid system automatically orients itself to the car in front of it and automatically stops or accelerates in response to the distance between the vehicle and the leading vehicle.This technique has already been used in a large number of current automobiles.The sensors that have been installed measure the current speed and the distance between the automobile in front of you.As soon as you find yourself in stop start traffic, the distance control takes over the braking and starting functions.

    1. Benefits: Over and beyond, you may utilize distance control in conjunction with the cruise control feature during lengthy travels in order to arrive at your destination much more calm and to give your legs a rest because you won’t have to constantly push the pedals as you would otherwise.
    2. You must, of course, maintain control of the vehicle by keeping your hands on the wheel and your eyes on the road.
    3. In addition to providing more comfort, distance control should also improve the overall safety of the voyage.

    What does the speed limit assist do?

    This driver assistance technology, which can also be referred to as Speed Limit Assist, combines distance control with speed limit recognition in one package.The speed limit help feature superimposes information regarding the speed limit on the display area of the vehicle.With the assistance of this helper, you may adjust the maximum speed of the vehicle to meet a specific restriction or requirement.A camera is used to scan traffic signs by the system.After that, the data is processed by software, which then mixes it with the data from the navigation system.

    1. When combined with cruise control and the distance controller, this driver assistance system can be thought of as extra ″speed camera insurance,″ because it recognizes the applicable speed limit and – in the most recent design – makes an immediate adjustment to maintain that speed.
    2. Advantages: According to study studies, about one-quarter of all accidents are caused by drivers who are speeding or failing to maintain safe distances.
    3. In this situation, speed limit assistance can improve your safety.
    4. These devices, although not absolving the vehicle operator of responsibility, can assist in greatly reducing the number of fatalities and serious injuries on the road.

    How does a lane-change warning work? Why use lane-change assist?

    It can assist you in securely executing a lane shift while also supporting your view in the rear-view mirror and over the shoulder.lane-change warning: In addition to monitoring the area beside and behind your vehicle, the sensors also cover the infamous blind zone.Another vehicle approaching your vehicle in the blind area or approaching dangerously close and unnoticed by the driver will be detected by the driver assistance and a warning will be sent to avoid changing lanes.This warning can be given in a variety of ways, such as flashing symbols in the side mirror or even steering wheel vibrations or steering impulses, among others.The addition of lane-change assistance is a future development.

    1. This implies that once you’ve set the indication for a few seconds, you’ll be able to change lanes automatically.
    2. This allows the system to determine if there is another car in the blind spot or dangerously near by, and it only changes lanes if the sensors do not detect a hazard in the immediate vicinity.
    3. Benefits: A lane-change warning system can provide extra security for drivers, but it is not a substitute for using the back and side mirrors or looking over your shoulder while driving.
    4. This driver assistance system can, in fact, aid in the prevention of accidents; nevertheless, the driver must maintain complete concentration at all times.

    What advantages does parking assist offer?

    Parking aids assist you with navigating and parking, as well as preventing damage to your vehicle from occurring.So the spectrum now includes everything from devices that provide a warning function to systems that display the surrounding area or that automatically complete the parking operation.Auxiliaries make use of data from ultrasonic and photo sensor sensors.Parkpilot displays the distance between objects in the immediate vicinity and, in this way, assists the driver primarily through the use of beeping.A rear-facing camera provides extra detail: Additionally, it displays the area behind the car and incorporates suggested lines to aid in the process of parking.

    1. In future improvements, driver assistance systems will totally take over the parking process and will autonomously do all of the necessary steering maneuvers, as well as braking and accelerating, without the need for the driver to intervene.
    2. With such automatic systems, your automobile is maneuvered into and out of tight parking places at the push of a button by the helper.
    3. Once a specific speed has been reached, the BMW Rear Drive Assist is capable of rebuilding the last 50m of the path that has been traveled backward.
    4. Using this feature can be beneficial in a variety of scenarios, including parking problems and when reversing into a small lane.
    5. Advantages: With this aid technology, parking in cramped car parks and on small roadside parking spots should no longer be a problem.
    6. The convenience and advantages of having a self-parking car are undeniable.

    From driver assistance systems to autonomous driving

    The aid technologies on display are simply a modest glimpse of the goal that many manufacturers are aiming for in the near future: autonomous driving, which is not yet a reality.IKEM’s Matthias Hartwig, Scientific Advisor, and his colleagues are preoccupied with the scientific, economic, and legal issues surrounding this topic.Matthias Hartwig is a member of the German Academy of Sciences.In this free E-Book, he discusses the difficulties and opportunities associated with autonomous driving.Matthias Hartwig is a German actor and director.

    – Autonomous driving –

    Learn more about a world in which self-driving cars are common. In relation to the e-book

    What is included in the BMW driving assistance package?

    1. Is there anything more that comes with the BMW driving aid package?
    2. What is BMW attentiveness assist? What is BMW traffic jam assistant? What is BMW lane departure assist?
    3. What is Driving Assistant Plus BMW? What does it do?
    4. Which BMW is equipped with a parking assistant?
    5. How do you turn on the lane assist feature on a BMW?
    6. Which vehicle has the most effective lane maintain assist?
    7. Is my BMW equipped with blind spot detection?
    8. Is there a blind spot detection system in the 2020 BMW X2?
    9. Is there a blind spot detection system in the BMW X3?
    10. Is the BMW X3 a decent automobile?
    11. Is the BMW X3 equipped with automatic braking?
    12. Is it possible to implement blind spot detection?
    13. How much does it cost to add blind spot detection to a vehicle?
    14. Is Blind Spot Assist a good investment?
    15. Which blind spot mirror form is the most effective?
    16. Is it true that all automobiles have blind spots?
    17. What is the proper way to adjust my automobile mirrors?
    18. What is the best way to locate your blind spot?
    19. In what situations should I examine my blind spot?
    20. Is it necessary to swivel your head to look for blind spots?
    21. While should you glance over your shoulder when driving? When should you look over your shoulder when backing up? When should you look over your shoulder when changing lanes? When should you look over your shoulder when turning? When should you look over your shoulder when parallel parking?
    22. What exactly is 360-degree check driving?

    What is included in the BMW driving assistance package?

    Driver Assistance Package features include Active Blind Spot Protection, Lane Departure Warning, Daytime Pedestrian Protection, Front Collision Warning with City Collision Mitigation, Cross Traffic Alert Rear, and Speed Limit Information in the 2018 X3.

    What is BMW attentiveness assist?

    As soon as a car in front of you begins to brake quickly, the BMW responds promptly by activating the Approach control warning system. If the system determines that it is essential to intervene, it preconditions the brakes to be more sensitive and initiates braking if necessary. The driver’s behavior is monitored for indicators of weariness by the driver’s attentiveness helper.

    What is BMW traffic jam assistant?

    It is possible to keep control of your car in driving scenarios when normal duties are required but it is difficult to remain focused on the road, such as in a traffic jam, with the aid of the BMW Traffic Jam Assistant. This device can assist you in keeping track of the vehicle in front of you when driving at speeds of up to 40 miles per hour in your BMW.

    What is Driving Assistant Plus BMW?

    BMW Driving Assistance Plus provides you with an extra set of eyes on the road, allowing you to drive with confidence and peace of mind. While driving on the highway, this driver aid technology maintains control and even maintains a certain space between you and the car in front of you.

    Which BMW has parking assistant?

    The BMW Parking Assistant is an optional feature that is available on all current BMW vehicles. In contrast, the BMW 1 Series, BMW 2 Series, BMW X2 and BMW Z4 do not come with the Parking Assistant Plus as standard equipment.

    How do you activate lane assist on a BMW?

    Selecting and pressing the Lane Assist button located on the left side of the steering wheel will activate this option. To show that the system is turned on and in standby mode, lane lines and a steering wheel will appear in gray on the instrument cluster and on the head-up display respectively.

    Which car has the best lane keep assist?

    Which Driver Assistance Systems Perform the Best, According to a Study Cadillac, Super Cruise, and other luxury vehicles.Autopilot is a Tesla feature.Co-Pilot 360 is a Lincoln/Ford vehicle.Audi, you’re making no sense.SmartSense is a technology developed by Hyundai/Kia.

    1. Active Driving Assistance is a feature offered by Mercedes-Benz.
    2. Subaru’s EyeSight system.
    3. Assistive Driving Technology (ADT) from BMW, ConnectedDrive.
    4. There are a lot of things.
    5. 28th of October, 2020

    Does my BMW have blind spot detection?

    Monitoring for blind spots BMW, you should be ashamed of yourself. All 2018 Sonatas are equipped with blind-spot monitoring and rear cross-traffic warning as standard equipment. While lane keeping assist, adaptive cruise control, and high-beam assist are available on all grades except the SE and Eco, high-beam assist is only available on the Limited, Limited 2, and Limited 3.

    Does 2020 BMW X2 have blind spot detection?

    Is there a blind-spot monitoring system in the BMW X2? No, blind-spot monitoring is not available on the X2, not even as an optional feature.

    Does the BMW X3 have blind spot detection?

    The Driving Assistance Package in the BMW X3 trim levels contains features such as Active Driving Assistant, Active Blind Spot Detection, and Lane Departure Warning.

    Is the BMW X3 a good car?

    The Driving Assistance Package in the BMW X3 trim levels contains features such as Active Driving Assistant, Active Blind Spot Detection, and Lane Departure Warning, among other things.

    Does BMW X3 have automatic braking?

    Automated emergency braking, forward-collision alerts, and city collision prevention are all included on every X3. The 2020 BMW X3 small luxury crossover exudes a commendable and refreshing lack of pretentiousness.

    Can you install blind spot detection?

    Installation: If your vehicle does not come equipped with a blind spot monitoring system, you will need to have one installed. Professional installation is typically the most straightforward option if you want good results, however many kits are designed to make it quite simple to install the various components yourself.

    How much does it cost to add blind spot detection?

    They normally cost at least $1,000, and in some cases as much as twice that much if they are equipped with extras like as a sunroof. According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, only four percent of vehicles registered in 2013 were equipped with blind-spot monitoring technology.

    Is Blind Spot Assist worth it?

    When it comes to staying safe, blind-spot monitoring is one of the most effective technologies available. You can reduce your chances of merging into another vehicle if you pay attention to any audio or visual warnings that are shown to you. 1

    Which shape blind spot mirror is the best?

    Ampper 2-inch Round/Square Blind Spot Mirrors.Fit System Adjustable Blind Spot Mirrors.Editor’s Choice: Ampper 2-inch Round/Square Blind Spot Mirrors.Blind Spot Mirrors with a Long Design by Utopicar.Contraptions that are absolutely necessary blind spot mirrors (four pack)….

    1. Utopicar Semi-Oval Blind Spot Mirrors are available in two sizes.
    2. Liberty Blind Spot Mirrors.
    3. Kitbest Frameless Blind Spot Mirrors.
    4. Liberrway Blind Spot Mirrors There are a lot of things.
    5. 10th of February, 2020
    See also:  How To Package Cards For Shipping?

    Do all vehicles have blind spots?

    All vehicles, whether they are automobiles, trucks, boats or planes, have at least one blind spot, and this is true for nearly all of them. It doesn’t matter what kind of vehicle you drive; a blind spot arises when you have no way to see what’s going on in the area around your car without getting out of your normal driving posture.

    How should I set my car mirrors?

    To adjust the driver’s side-view mirror, lean your head against the left side window and adjust the mirror so that you can just about see the side of the car on the right side of the mirror (see illustration). Position your head so that it is just over the center console while adjusting the passenger’s side-view mirror.

    How do you find your blind spot?

    Make sure there are no blind spots by doing the following checks: While traveling in the right lane of a four-lane highway in the right lane, you notice a car in the left lane approaching from behind and passing you. Check the rear-view mirror without shifting your head and keep up with it as it approaches your automobile in the left lane.

    When should I check my blind spot?

    When should I perform a blind spot check? When shifting to the left or right – for example, when changing lanes – be aware of your blind areas. In addition, keep in mind to exercise particular caution on busy routes, where it is more probable that a pedestrian, bike, or automobile will accidentally enter your blind zones.

    Should you turn your head to check blind spot?

    A blind spot is defined as any area that cannot be seen in your mirrors and into which you would have to tilt your head to look. When changing lanes, some drivers believe that if you check your mirrors frequently and are alert to what’s going on ahead, you won’t need to look over your shoulder.

    When should you look over your shoulder when driving?

    Blind spots are areas that you cannot see in your mirrors and that need you to swivel your head to see into. When changing lanes, some drivers believe that if you check your mirrors often and are alert to what’s going on ahead, there is no need to look over your shoulder.

    Do you look over your shoulder when backing up?

    The second lesson is to back up in a straight line. Prior to and during the process of backing up, inspect all locations behind the car. Maintain control of the steering wheel with your left hand while looking over your right shoulder out the back window. Release the brake first, and then use the accelerator softly and only as required to maintain control of the vehicle’s speed.

    Should you look over your shoulder when changing lanes?

    Before changing lanes, signal, check all of your mirrors, and look over your left or right shoulder to ensure that the lane in front of you is clear of other vehicles. Looking over your shoulder is a good technique to make sure there is no car, motorcycle, or bicycle traffic in the adjacent lane and to check your blind zone for obstacles.

    Do you look over your shoulder when turning?

    Make use of your signals to indicate which direction you are turning. Keep an eye out for oncoming vehicles in your side and rear view mirrors. Look over your shoulder to make sure you don’t have any blind spots. When it is safe to do so, boldly change lanes on the highway.

    Do you have to look over your shoulder when parallel parking?

    Stop close to the car in front of the parking place and leave approximately two feet between the other vehicle and your vehicle to allow for passing traffic. Examine your surroundings from behind you and over both shoulders to ensure that you will not cause an obstruction to pedestrians or incoming cars.

    What is a 360 check driving?

    A 360-degree observation, also known as a 6 point check, is an important all-around inspection that must be completed before any manoeuvre may be done in the aircraft. The six-point check consists of the following items: Over your left shoulder, take a look. Take a look in your left-side door mirror. Examine yourself in the mirror in your car.

    Top 10 WHAT IS DRIVER ASSISTANCE PACKAGE BMW? Answers

    Category: Cars

    1. Overview of the main driver assistance systems | BMW.com

    A 360-degree observation, also known as a 6 point check, is an important all-around inspection that must be completed before any manoeuvre may be done in the air. In total, there are six points to consider. Over your left shoulder, take a look at the situation. Take a look in the left-hand door mirror. Examine yourself in the mirror in your vehicle.

    2. Study Finds Big Improvements From BMW Driver Assist …

    Apr 20, 2020 — According to the findings of HDLI’s study, the BMW Driving Assistance package — which includes an improved version of active safety systems as well as adaptive cruise control (4)…15th of June, 2021 — The Driving Assistance Professional bundle contains Active Driving Assistant, which is a combination of Active cruise control and Stop & Go functionality, as well as (5) other useful features.13th of May, 2019 — While driving on the highway, this driver aid technology maintains control and even maintains a certain space between you and the car in front of you.The BMW Night (number six)…

    3. Benefits from advanced driver assistance systems are growing …

    16th of April, 2020 — There has been a 2 percent rise in (7) in the use of BMW’s most basic package, which includes simply front collision warning and lane departure warning. – What is BMW Active Driving Assistant Pro, and how does it work? Photograph taken by me while on one of my late commutes: Attached:. BMW posted this video on October 11, 2020. (8)…

    4. Driving Assistance Professional Package? Is it worth it?

    3rd of February, 2021 — In reality, the pro package is more of a convenience function than it is a safety measure.Radar cruise control, lane keep assist (with real steering), and traffic jam assistance (9)…As a result, it appears that when you purchase the Driving Assistance Pro package for $1700, you will only receive ACC S&G because the Active Driving Assistant is included as standard.However, what I ten (10) is…10th of August, 2020 — Is there a difference between the ″Driving Assistance Professional″ package and the other packages available on the different BMW models?

    1. (11)… The 27th of May in the year 2020 — Starting this summer, BMW’s Driving Assistant Professional package will include a number of additional features designed to make highway driving a little more enjoyable (12)….
    2. The Active Driving Assistant is now included as part of the Driving Assistance Package.
    3. Previously, it was optional.
    4. Automatic high lights, speed limit information, Lane (13)…
    5. are all included.

    5. Driving Assistance Package vs Driving Assistance Plus Package

    6th of November, 2017 — 1) Active Driving Assistant (Blind Spot Detection, Daytime Pedestrian Protection, Frontal Collision Warning with City Collision Mitigation, Lane (14) Keeping Assist, and…28th of April, 2020 — The Driving Assistance package, which includes enhanced versions of forward collision warning, lane departure warning, front automatic emergency braking ( (15), and rear automatic emergency braking ( (15)……..A driver assistance package is available, and it consists of the following features: park distance control; active driving assistant; active blind spot detection; as well as lane departure warning.For example, under Active Driving, the ZDA: Driver Assistance Package (which includes PaZDH: Dynamic Handling Package (which includes 1ZDY: Driving Assistance Professional Package) and the ZHO: Shadowline Package (which includes Mirror C(16)) are both available.

    6. 2017 BMW X3 xDrive28i 4dr All-wheel Drive Sports Activity …

    Lane-departure warning, frontal collision warning, and pedestrian safety are all included in the Driver Assistance Plus package, which costs $1700.Detection of blind spots, stop/go (17)….The range assistant with dynamic range map, which is at the heart of the BMW I is at its core.This takes into consideration all of the important routing parameters, including: Battery charge level, distance traveled (18)…A new function called Driving Assist combines the camera-based Lane Departure Warning, Approach and Pedestrian Warning systems with City Brake Activation to provide a more comprehensive driving assistance package.

    1. The Lane (1999)…
    2. This package combines the camera-based systems Lane Departure Warning, approach control, and person warning with mild city braking (20), resulting in a more comprehensive driving assistance system.

    7. BMW 3 Series Sedan: Driver Assistance

    Lane Departure Warning and Approach Control, as well as Person Warning, are all included in the Driving Assist package (21), which includes mild city braking function (21)….Surround View with 3D View, Top View, and Side View, as well as Active Cruise Control, are all available.On June 14, 2017, the collision warning system was upgraded to include lane departure warning and lane keeping assistance as well.BIMMERPOST(22) has uploaded a new video…The following are the results for Driving Assistance Package BMW.

    1. The most important driver aid systems are described in detail below…
    2. BMW Driving Assistance Package (optional) YouTube.(23)…

    8. The 2018 BMW X1 Offers a Wealth of Tech and Luxury Features

    8th of August, 2018 — Because your safety is paramount, the BMW X1 has an optional Driving Assistance Package that includes automated high-beam headlights, (24) automatic parking assist, and a rearview camera.14th of December, 2017 — Driver Assistance Package / Park Distance Control (optional).BMW 2 Series Coupe and Cabriolet (F22/F23) – BMW 2 Series Coupe and Cabriolet Discussion on the general forum.(25)… It is very definitely worthwhile.It is possible to add it after the fact, but it is far more expensive than purchasing it from the start.

    1. You’ll need to upgrade your gear and software.
    2. (26)…

    9. Driver Assistance Pkg, worth it? – Off-Ramp – FORUM …

    8th of August, 2020 — In BMW or Audi, the driver assistance package is an optional item; typically, BMW provides a little package (lane keep) on the x3 and then the full (27) package on other models. Driving Assistance Package 2 (all models) – Park Distance Control, Active Driving Assistant (Rear cross-traffic alert and Speed Limit information), (28)…

    10. BMW Driver Assistance Package Review – UseEnglishWords …

    A few hours ago BMW The Active Driving Assistant is a combination of technologies that provide driving assistance and accident avoidance.Standard on higher-end BMWs such as the 5 (29) and 7 (29)……..In addition to the Driving Assistant systems, Lane Departure Warning, approach control, and person warning with mild city braking (30), Driving Assistant Plus offers the following features: The Active Driving Assistant and Driving Assistance Professional Package will be available on July 30, 2020.Active Blind Spot Detection is a feature that detects blind spots in real time.This function will keep track of the (31) at all times.

    1. Active Driving Assistant, Parking Assistant Plus, Drive Recorder, Active Blind Sport Detection, Lane Departure Warning, and other features are included in the Driving Assistance Package (32) … 17th of June, 2016 — The 750i helpers, like other high-quality assistants, come at a high cost.
    2. The Driver Assistance Plus Package, which includes the Park Assistant, contains an additional (33) features…
    3. The Lane Keeping Assistant with Active Side Collision Protection is another component of the Driving Assistance Professional Package, which will be available on June 11, 2020.
    4. This (34)… Driving Assist Plus includes an active cruise control system with Stop & Go capabilities, a forward-collision warning system with Pedestrian (35) detection, and a forward-collision warning system with Pedestrian alert…
    5. In addition to the standard parking sensors and backup camera ($1150), there is also a ″Plus″ version that includes lane-departure warnings (36) and front collision warnings…
    6. Driver Assistance Package (also known as a DAP) (Includes lane departure warning, active blind spot detection, side and top view cameras and head-up display.) (37)… 23rd of December, 2013 — The Driver Assistance Package, which costs $950, contains a rear view camera, a rear sonar, and a front sonar, among other features.
    • The 8.8-inch LCD (38) displays the backdrop view in excellent detail…

    Excerpt Links

    (1).Overview of the most important driving assistance systems |BMW.com (includes video).(2).Information on the BMW Active Driving Assistant, including its features and how to use it.

    1. (3).
    2. How many different types of driver assistance features does the 2018 BMW X3 have to offer?
    3. (4).
    4. BMW Driver Assist Provides Significant Benefits, According to a Study…
    5. (5).
    6. The BRAKE Report: New BMW X3 and X4 models get updated ADAS systems.
    • (6).
    • You Should Know Everything There Is to Know About the Driving Assistant…
    • (7).
    • The benefits of modern driver assistance technologies are becoming increasingly apparent…
    • (8).
    • What exactly does a professional driving assistance package have to offer?

    (9).What is the Professional Package for Driving Assistance?Is it really worth it?(10).

    Drive Assist vs.Drive Assist Plus |XBimmers |BMW |

    Driving Assistant…(11).The BMW X3 is the perfect vehicle for a Driving Assistance Professional in the year 2021.(12).Enhanced features have been added to the BMW Driving Assistant Professional.(13).

    Changes for the 2019 Model Year – BMW USA News (14).Differences between the Driving Assistance Package and the Driving Assistance Plus Package (15).Advances in driver assistance systems continue to improve, however…- According to Forbes (16).

    Options for the BMW 3 Series 330i xDrive 4-Door AWD Sedan in 2021 (17).Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV) 2017 BMW X3 xDrive28i 4dr All-wheel Drive…(18).Package Deal: Technology + Driving Assistance – Jared Casper at….(19).Assistance for the Driver – BMW X4 (20).

    Driver Assistance Technology in the BMW 1 Series 5-door (21).Driver Assistance Technology in the BMW 3 Series Sedan (22).Understanding the BMW Driving Assistant Plus: What You Need to Know (23).

    Driving Assistance Package BMW |Obtaining Contact Information for the Company (24).The 2018 BMW X1 is equipped with a slew of high-tech and luxurious features.(25).Package with Driver Assistance Features and Park Distance Control – 2Addicts (26).

    Is the Driver Assistance Package a good investment?: BMW – The Reddit community (27).Is it worth it to have the Driver Assistance Package?– Off-Ramp – FORUM…(28).

    The BMW 840i and 840i xDrive Coupe and Convertible are scheduled to debut in 2020.(29).Review of the BMW Driver Assistance Package |UseEnglishWords.com (30).Driver Assistance Technology in the BMW 6 Series Gran Coupé (31).Features of the 2020 BMW X5’s Driver Assist Technology (32).

    BMW 8 Series – Price, Specs, Photos, and Available Models (33).Driver Assistance Systems in the BMW 7 Series Help to Reduce Stress (34).BMW Unveils the BMW X5 xDrive45e Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), Built in the United Kingdom…(35).2014-2015 BMW i3 Concept |NADAguides (36).

    1. The 2016 BMW X1 is the least expensive BMW crossover on the market…
    2. (37).
    3. 2014 BMW M6 Gran Coupe Stock6765 for sale in Redondo Beach, California.
    4. (38).
    5. The 2014 BMW 3 Series gets 50 miles per gallon and is the best compact vehicle for…
    See also:  Which Fubo Package Has Redzone?

    Cost of Driver Assistance packages that include Vision-Based Lane Departure Warning Systems range from $295 to $2800.

    There is a wide range of prices for this application according to cost information from four major US auto brands that provide vision-based Lane Departure Warning Systems (LDWS). This is due to the various additional components included in the driver assistance packages offered by the auto companies.

    COMPANY PACKAGE COST
    Volvo Collision avoidance package, Adaptive Cruise Control, Collision Warning with Auto Brake, Distance Alert, Lane Departure Warning, Driver Alert Control $ 1,695
    Cadillac Lane departure warning system $ 295
    Infinity Bose Studio Surround sound system with digital 5.1-channel decoding, 14 speakers and multi-media drive, Intelligent Cruise Control, Brake Assist with Preview, Lane Departure Prevention and Lane Departure Warning systems $ 2,800
    BMW BMW Driver Assistance Package –Blind spot detection, Lane departure warning, High beam assistant $ 1,350

    Table 4.2: Vision-Based LDWS Provided by Various Automobile Manufacturers The Minnesota Department of Transportation’s cost estimates for Vision-Based LDWS assume a beginning price for the LDWS of $500 per unit in the first year.Costs will reduce to $150-$200 by the conclusion of the twenty-year period as a result of market penetration based on required and non-mandatory outfitting, according to their predictions.

    Cost per unit of LDWS At End of 10 Years Cost per unit of LDWS At End of 20 Years Cost for deploying LDWS for total volume of cars at end of 10 years Cost for deploying LDWS for total volume of cars at end of 20 years
    As per Analogy to Seat Belts (Mandatory) $178 $150 $471,969,247.22 $577,710,000.00
    As per Analogy to ABS (Non-mandatory) $255 $200 $394,911,610.50 $715,260,000.00

    The Cost Models for Vision-Based LDWS are shown in Table 7.1.

    What is driver assistance? – Definition from WhatIs.com

    • Enhanced driver assistance systems (EDAS), sometimes known as advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), are technologies that aim to make motor vehicle travel safer by automating, enhancing, and adapting part or all of the duties associated with driving a vehicle. Driver assistance is designed to make travel more comfortable and convenient while also boosting vehicle and road safety. While some systems assist the driver with the process of driving, others, such as lane departure detection and drowsiness monitoring, warn the driver to errors or potential risks. Aside from vehicle control, driver assistance can relate to a variety of secondary driving activities such as location searching, route planning, and obstacle recognition, among other things. Various types of driver assistance are available, from simple systems such as anti-lock brakes to more advanced systems such as the completely autonomous hardware and software that operates a driverless automobile. Advanced technologies like as machine vision, artificial intelligence (AI), radar, lasers, and different position-detecting technologies are used to control more complicated systems that take over control of the vehicle. Drowsiness detection, lane departure detection, adaptive cruise control, anti-lock braking systems, the Global Positioning System (GPS), the Globalnaya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema (GLONASS), accident prevention systems, automatic braking, blind spot detection, descent assistance, intelligent speed control, adaptive light control, night vision, and other features are examples of driver assistance systems.

    Driver assistance is a new field that is still in its early stages.A number of unsolved concerns, both technological and ethical, arise in the context of enhanced driving assistance, in particular.While technological problems can be addressed by advancements in new technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, ethical concerns can be more difficult to address.Problematic scenarios, such as the safety of the vehicle’s occupants vs the safety of pedestrians, raise ethical concerns regarding the future of autonomous driving systems.Tech corporations such as Google have developed collaborations with automobile manufacturers such as General Motors and Ford to spearhead continuing research, investigations, and debates regarding these ethical concerns.

    1. General Motors and Ford are two examples of such partnerships.
    2. With addition to academic efforts, such as MIT’s Moral Machine, have taken on the problem in the aim that gathering human opinions can help guide the moral judgments made by artificial intelligence.
    3. This page was last updated in October of this year.

    Continue Reading About driver assistance

    Self-driving automobiles will put the public’s faith in machine learning algorithms to the test.

    • Driverless cars not a solved problem says MIT professor
    • 13 advanced driver assistance systems
    • How car manufacturers can safely drive the network

    AAA: Driver-Assist Technology Is Not As Reliable As You May Think

    • According to a research conducted by the American Automobile Association (AAA), driver-assist systems in new vehicles are frequently unreliable, possibly jeopardizing the safety benefits they are intended to provide.
    • The organization conducted a study of five different 2019 and 2020 automobiles and discovered that the systems had problems on average every eight miles driven.
    • Ultimately, the AAA determined that drivers should constantly maintain their attention when operating an ADAS system and that if they have a negative experience now, they may be less willing to adopt completely autonomous systems in the future.

    In recent years, driver-assist technologies such as lane-keeping assistance have become increasingly widespread in new automobiles.The American Automobile Association today announced the results of a research that indicated that while the features have gained popularity, their dependability has remained subpar.The systems in the five vehicles that AAA evaluated suffered an average of one issue per eight miles, such as the requirement for the driver to react rapidly in order to maintain the vehicle centered in a lane, according to the organization.According to the findings of the study, the safety benefits of such systems are not trustworthy.According to AAA, the systems become particularly hazardous when drivers grow overly reliant on technology and fail to notice when the systems disconnect, which occurs frequently and with little warning.

    1. One-hundred-and-thirty-three percent of the faults that the systems made during open-road testing involved instances of lane departure or irregular lane position.
    2. According to Greg Brannon, director of vehicle engineering and industry relations at the American Automobile Association, ″Manufacturers must strive toward more trustworthy technologies, including strengthening lane maintaining assistance and delivering more sufficient alerts.″ Although active driving assistance systems (ADAS) are intended to aid drivers and make roads safer, the truth is that these systems are still in the early phases of development.
    3. In the study, five 2019 and 2020 vehicles were tested, each equipped with the most advanced technology available from the respective automaker.
    4. These vehicles included a 2019 BMW X7 equipped with ″Active Driving Assistant Professional,″ 2019 Cadillac CT6 equipped with ″Super Cruise,″ 2019 Ford Edge equipped with ″Ford Co-Pilot360,″ 2020 Kia Telluride equipped with ″Highway Driving Assist,″ and 2020 Subaru Outback equipped with ″EyeSight.″ All of these systems are classified as Level 2 autonomous systems, which means that the driver is expected to maintain awareness of the situation while the system is in operation.
    5. The Cadillac CT6 was found to have the fewest problems throughout the study’s approximately 800 miles of driving, followed by the BMW X7, Subaru Outback, Kia Telluride, and Ford Edge, all of which were tested.
    6. Vehicles encountered difficulties while approaching a simulated disabled vehicle during the closed course section of the test, with a crash occuring two-thirds of the time.
    • ″We know that human error is a factor in 94 percent of all crashes, which is why the Alliance for Automotive Innovation is concentrating on developing driver assist technologies that can significantly improve safety,″ Wade Newton, vice president of communications at the Alliance for Automotive Innovation, told Consumer Reports.
    • Drivers must be aware of the system’s capabilities and limits, as well as their own responsibilities, as we continue to incorporate increasingly sophisticated driver assistance systems into more vehicles, says the company.
    • As a result of their negative experiences with less sophisticated technologies, the AAA believes that drivers will be more hesitant in the future to embrace completely autonomous vehicles as a standard feature.
    • The organization concluded that existing advanced driver assistance systems ″are not capable of continuous vehicle operation without ongoing driver supervision; it is vital that the driver maintain situational awareness at all times.″ This material has been imported from another source.
    • Visiting their website may allow you to access the same stuff in a different format, or it may provide you with even more information than you could get elsewhere.
    • This material was generated and maintained by a third party and imported onto this website in order to assist users in providing their email addresses for further consideration.

    You may be able to find additional information about this and other related content at the website piano.io.

    BMW Will Let You Activate More Functions To Your New Car After Purchase

    Buyers of new BMW models will be able to enhance the functionality of their vehicles after they have purchased them through the company’s newly upgraded ConnectedDrive Store.Driver assistance systems such as the High-Beam Assistant, the Active Cruise Control (ACC) with Stop&Go, and the BMW Drive Recorder will be available to BMW customers, with the German company announcing that it would be adding additional features in the future.According to Peter Henrich, Senior Vice President, BMW Product Management, ″We aim to provide our customers with several levels of pure driving enjoyment – including the newest digital services and the ability to book functions as needed.″ ″All new BMW automobiles are now technologically capable of doing so, and we will be gradually increasing our offering in this area.″ Also read: The 2020 BMW X3 takes the plug-in hybrid route with the introduction of the xDrive30e.Customers will be presented with new digital alternatives for features that may not have been available at the time of purchase or lease of their car as a result of this development.In this category are new models equipped with BMW’s Remote Software Upgrade technology (running on the Operating System 7.0), which were initially purchased in August of this year.

    1. There has been some backlash following BMW’s revelation that it will charge a yearly fee for cars equipped with Apple CarPlay, but the German automaker is sure that this is the best course of action.
    2. For the long term, Henrich says, ″we may also foresee digital services no longer being tied to the automobile, but rather linked to the client who makes the booking.″ Aside from that, other features that might be included in the future include Remote Engine Start and Adaptive M Suspension.
    3. The High-Beam Assistant and the Active Cruise Control with Stop&Go are both apparently available to every car, but in order to activate the BMW Drive Recorder, your car will need to be equipped with the Parking Assistant Plus, which includes the necessary camera hardware.
    4. This is a practice pioneered by Tesla, and it is expected to be followed by other automakers.
    5. In the words of Jens Thiemer, Senior Vice President, Client and Brand BMW, ″our objective is to guarantee that the customer no longer needs to adjust to the details of their car, but that the vehicle is instead tailored to their particular and individual requirements.″

    PHOTO GALLERY

    more photos.

    BMW 3 Series Sedan: Driver Assistance

    Using the full-color BMW Head-Up Display, all necessary information for the journey is projected directly into the driver’s field of view, allowing them to concentrate entirely on driving.This includes information such as the current speed and – depending on the equipment – navigation tips, Speed Limit Info (including a no-overtaking indicator), telephone and entertainment lists, as well as information and warnings from the various driver assist systems, such as blind spot monitoring.The symbols that are projected onto the windscreen are presented in full color and at a high quality that is unparalleled in the industry.The projection of the picture looks to be around 2.3 m in front of the vehicle’s front bumper.This, in conjunction with appropriate posture, allows the information to be read quickly, easily, and with the least amount of distraction possible.

    1. The brightness of the projection automatically adapts to match the outside light conditions, with separate displays for day and night, and the height of the display may also be modified to fit the viewer’s preference.
    2. Furthermore, the driver has the option of selecting which information, in addition to the current speed and warnings from the driver assistance systems, should be shown on the dashboard.

    Updated ADAS for New BMW X3 and X4

    Woodcliff Lake, New Jersey – Woodcliff Lake is a town in the state of New Jersey.With ″meaningful enhancements in exterior design, drivetrain, infotainment, advanced driver assistance systems, and available equipment and features,″ BMW has announced the updated 2022 BMW X3 Sports Activity Vehicle (sport utility vehicle – SUV) and 2022 BMW X4 Sports Activity Coupe (swoopy version of an SUV) models.The 6-cylinder X3 M40i and X4 M40i vehicles will also benefit from a mild-hybrid technology that operates at 48 volts.″ These models, which place a strong emphasis on advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), provide a broader variety of ADAS to improve both comfort and safety, according to the manufacturer.When a driver expresses a deliberate desire for help while driving, an improved Driving Assistant Professional package provides comfortable respite and greater safety for both the driver and the other passengers.The optional Parking Assistance package now includes Traffic Jam assist for restricted access highways as well as Back-Up aid, which assists you in retracing your steps if you find yourself in a tight or difficult scenario.

    1. Assistance Updates on the 2nd Generation BMW 4 Series Gran Coupe is a related article.
    2. The multiple driver as

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published.