Which Cisco Ios 15 Technology Package Would Be Needed To Implement Voice Over Ip?

Which Cisco IOS 15 technology package would be needed to implement voice over IP? Explanation: The uck9 package is for Cisco Unified Communications, which includes support for voice over IP and video.
Which Cisco IOS 15 technology package would be needed to implement voice over IP? data9 ipbasek9 securityk9 uck9 Explanation: The uck9 package is for Cisco Unified Communications, which includes support for voice over IP and video.

How long is the evaluation license period for Cisco IOS Release 15?

How long is the evaluation license period for Cisco IOS Release 15.0 software packages? Evaluation licenses are good for a 60 day period. After 60 days the evaluation license will automatically change to a Right-To-Use license. THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH

How to configure the VoIP gateway function?

Enable the VoIP gateway function using the gateway global configuration command. Configure the cable modem interface to be the gateway interface. These functions are done using the commands shown in the following table:

Does the administrator need to do anything about the Cisco console?

The administrator needs to do nothing, because Cisco routers send log messages for all severity levels to the console by default. The administrator needs to do nothing, because Cisco routers send log messages for all severity levels to the console by default.

What is the default IP precedence bit for voice calls?

(Optional) Enable IP Type of Services (TOS) for the voice connections, and specify the value for the IP precedence bit (the default IP precedence is 3). (Optional) Specify the number of milliseconds to wait after a restart (default of 3000) before connecting with the call agent.

Which technology via the syslog protocol enhances real time debugging by displaying the date and time associated with each monitored event?

14 Cards in this Set

Which technology allows syslog messages to be filtered to different devices based on event importance?​ syslog severity levels​
Which technology via the syslog protocol enhances real-time debugging by displaying the date and time associated with each monitored event? syslog service timestamps

Which of the following is a function of the IOS command show CDP neighbors quiz?

The show cdp neighbors command lists one line of output per neighbor. The show cdp entry Hannah command lists a group of messages about the neighboring router, including more detail about the hardware model and the IOS version.

What information can be gathered about a neighbor device from the show CDP neighbors detail command that Cannot be found with the show CDP neighbors command?

What information can be gathered about a neighbor device from the show cdp neighbors detail command that cannot be found with the show cdp neighbors command? Explanation: The show cdp neighbors detail command will display the IP address of the neighbor.

What information can be gathered about a neighbor device from the show CDP?

The show cdp neighbors detail command will display the IP address of the neighbor. The show cdp neighbors command displays the platform, capabilities, and name of neighbors, but does not specify IP addresses.

Which syslog message type is accessible only to an administrator and only via the Cisco CLI?

Explanation: Syslog messages can be sent to the logging buffer, the console line, the terminal line, or to a syslog server. However, debug-level messages are only forwarded to the internal buffer and only accessible through the Cisco CLI.

What is show history command in Cisco?

Use Ctrl-P or the up arrow to go up in the history list; use Ctrl-N or the down arrow to return to more recent commands in the list. To see the entire list, use show history.

Which of the following is a function of the IOS command show CDP neighbors quizlet?

The correct answers are ‘device ID’ and ‘hardware platform.’ The show cdp neighbor detail command displays the device ID, the local interface, the holdtime value in seconds, the device capability code, the hardware platform, and the remote port ID of the neighboring device.

What are two characteristics of the Cisco IOS resilient configuration feature choose two?

What are two characteristics of the Cisco IOS Resilient Configuration feature? (Choose two.)

  • It maintains a mirror image of the configuration file in RAM.
  • It sends a backup copy of the IOS image to a TFTP server.
  • It saves a secure copy of the primary image and device configuration that cannot be removed by a user.
  • Which protocol is used to gather information about Cisco devices which share the same data link?

    Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) is Cisco’s proprietary Layer 2 protocol, used to discover and share information about network-connected Cisco equipment. Cisco devices share their information by sending CDP announcements every 60 seconds on interfaces that support Subnetwork Access Protocol (SNAP) headers.

    Why would a network engineer do the show CDP neighbor command on a router?

    Why would a network administrator issue the show cdp neigbors command on a router? Explanation: The show cdp neighbors command provides information on directly connected Cisco devices including Device ID, local interface, capability, platform, and port ID of the remote device.

    What data would be saved and where would the data be placed if a network administrator issued the following command?

    What data would be saved and where would the data be placed if a network administrator issued the following command? The data to be saved is the configuration that is stored in NVRAM. The data will be saved to a TFTP server. A network administrator issues the copy tftp running-config command on a router.

    What is the default message severity level on all Cisco routers and switches?

    The logging to the console is turned on by default and the default severity level is debugging (7). Everything gets logged to be console by default. The next place that we can log to is the virtual terminal lines.

    Which statement describes the NTP status of the router?

    Explanation: The show ntp status command displays information about how NTP is operating on the device. The output shows that the router clock is synchronized with the NTP server with the address of 192.168. 1.1. NTP is hierarchical.

    Which Cisco ISRS are supported by the license-level appxk9?

    The license-level appxk9 is available for Cisco ISR 4400 and ISR 4300 routers in the license boot level command. Cisco IOS Software Releases Supported The following Cisco IOS software releases support software activation on Cisco ISRs: Cisco 3900 series, 2900 series, and 1900 series ISRs running Cisco IOS Release 15.0 (1)M.

    How long is the evaluation license period for Cisco IOS Release 15?

    How long is the evaluation license period for Cisco IOS Release 15.0 software packages? Evaluation licenses are good for a 60 day period. After 60 days the evaluation license will automatically change to a Right-To-Use license. THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH

    What is the Cisco IOS universal image?

    The Cisco IOS universal image contains all packages and features in one image. You can access the required functionality based on the license installed on your router. Software Claim Certificates are used for licenses that require software activation.

    Which Cisco routers support one suite licenses?

    Starting with Cisco IOS Releases 15.5 (1)T, Cisco One Suite Licenses are supported on Cisco 3900 series, 2900 series, and 1900 series routers. Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    which cisco ios 15 technology package would be needed to implement voice over ip?

    I’ll drop a hint for you.So it’s not like it’s something that just any old techie like myself can accomplish.I used to be a huge admirer of the iPhone, and I’m well-versed in the realm of technology.However, I’ve been able to perform the same thing on both a PC and a Mac, so I assume it’s not that difficult.We’re talking about a technological bundle that requires both hardware and software to function properly.

    This question, however, is dependent on the technology package being utilized in order to provide a response.To provide an example, I can’t really comment on the ios15 operating system that Apple employs, but I don’t believe it is just a question of users needing to purchase a new gadget.Apple has been hard at work on a number of projects, including iOS 12.

    1. I have seen that several Apple patents linked to ‘voice over IP’ technologies are in existence, but this does not make them any less perplexing in my opinion.
    2. I’m not really sure what the technology is, but I’ve heard a lot of talk about people attempting to figure it out for themselves.
    3. I suppose we’ll find out at some time, but I believe it’s more likely than not that it won’t be that difficult to figure out.
    4. Voice over IP (VoIP) is a software technology that enables you to make and receive phone conversations using internet-enabled devices that are capable of supporting the internet.
    5. Apple has been working on a variety of various VoIP-related projects, but I’m curious if the voice over IP technology has anything to do with any of these.

    Given that Apple’s patents on voice over ip technology are largely tied to Apple’s own products, it makes me wonder why they are connected to voice over ip technology at all.I’d think Apple doesn’t want to be the ones to tell us what VoIP technology we should be using right now, therefore they’re not going to tell us.Because, while it is possible that Apple has anything to do with AppleTV, it seems like it would be a significant accomplishment for the company to develop a VoIP telephone gadget.A lot of VoIP devices are nothing more than a phone that happens to employ VoIP technology.There are several firms that manufacture VoIP phones out of standard telephones and link them to computers through the usage of VoIP technology.In the case of the Apple iPhone, the technology is completely exclusive to Apple.

    1. I suppose this is why Apple has a patent on voice over internet protocol (VoIP).
    2. Apple has also created an iPod that functions as a VoIP phone for their own firm.
    3. Unlike traditional phones, which utilize the same technology to make calls, VoIP phones employ a distinct technology to do so.
    4. Phone service provided through VoIP is far more functional than phone service provided through a regular phone.
    5. Not only can you send and receive data from your iPhone, but you can also make and receive audio conversations with it.

    VoIP phones, of course, make use of the existing telephone network.The iPhone is a fantastic phone for making calls, but it is not a particularly good phone for using VoIP.Because it needs you to make use of the phone network, it is significantly more expensive than a standard phone.The fact that Apple opted to develop their own VoIP phone is one of the reasons for this decision.

    1. When making calls, VoIP phones make use of a unique form of technology.
    2. They make use of a computer, a special handset, and a specific codec, among other pieces of technology.
    3. When making calls from your iPhone, VoIP phones make advantage of this technology.
    4. However, despite the fact that the iPhone uses a standard codec, I believe that phone companies are increasing the cost of using VoIP phones for customers.
    5. This isn’t a big deal for me because I only use the phone when I’m on the phone with someone or talking to someone on the phone.
    6. If I’m not using my iPhone, I don’t have a compelling reason to utilize a VoIP telephone.

    VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) is a relatively recent technology.VoIP phones make use of IP (Internet Protocol) rather than the more traditional phone network, and VoIP services are quite affordable, with a plethora of free VoIP applications to choose from.One of the most important things I like to do with a VoIP client is to make audio calls with it.

    I have an iPhone, and I’ve used it to make more than 20 phone calls so far this year.

    which cisco ios 15 technology package would be needed to implement voice over ip?

    I use iOS devices a lot in my business, and I’ll be the first to say that I’m a bit of a moron when it comes to using them.I’m not sure if the Cisco ios 15 is the best route to go, but I’m confident that there are alternative options available.iOS phones feature slightly more voice user interface capabilities than the iPhone/iPad phones, but they are also significantly more costly.The ios 15 operating system is the flagship of the ios series and is the first to provide voice over ip functionality.This, however, implies that it is not a viable alternative to the iPhone and iPad.

    The iphone/ipad offers a significantly more intuitive user interface, more capabilities that can be used, and more methods to use them than other mobile devices.Compare the ios 15 to the iPhone/iPad and you will see that it has the same functions, but it has a far more appealing user interface.It has a function known as ″Voice over IP.″ Thus, instead than utilizing a phone application, you may make phone calls directly from your web browser instead.

    1. Voice over IP (VoIP) is a word that refers to a kind of communication in which audio is sent over the internet.
    2. In order to connect phones to the internet, which is then connected to the phone, as well as the user, an internet connection must first be established.
    3. VoIP does not serve as a substitute for the iPhone or iPad.
    4. You won’t know this because the product description or the pricing of the ios 15 don’t actually tell you anything about it.
    5. However, based on the name, I’m guessing that the phone is a dedicated VoIP telephone.

    This is a really standard equipment, so I’m not sure if it’s as popular as some of the other VoIP phones on the market right now.However, the ios 15 is not especially intended for voice over internet protocol (VoIP).However, because it is a VoIP phone, it can only be used via a VoIP network.As a result, it is virtually identical to an iPhone, iPad, or Android smartphone.However, it is not a VoIP phone.However, it does operate via WiFi, which leads me to believe that it is most likely a ‘iPhone or Android’ phone.

    1. The vast majority of VoIP phones do not function on a VoIP network.
    2. I’m not sure if this is due to the fact that iOS 15 is not explicitly intended for VoIP, or if it is due to the fact that various phones utilize different Wifi networks, or whether it is simply because it is not meant for VoIP on a Wifi network.
    3. When I chat to males at school, they always seem to be talking about the iPhone, which means they’re typically in a talkative mood when I speak with them.
    4. For the simple reason that I’ve always admired that particular work, I believe it would be wise to discuss it in person.
    5. Apple’s iOS operating system may not be suitable for all iPhone owners.
    See also:  What Is The Zip Code For Yuba City Ca?

    There are many iPhone owners, like myself, who have reached a conclusion that the iPhone will never be utilized as a VoIP device.When I originally purchased my iPhone, I was overjoyed at the prospect of having a phone that could be used just for phone calls.Many iPhone owners first told me they wouldn’t be able to accomplish this, but they have now changed their minds and understand they can.Skype is the most widely used iPhone application for implementing VoIP.

    1. What I don’t know is where you acquire your phone numbers, but if you’re ready to pay for them, you can use your iPhone to make Skype-like audio conversations without the need for a computer or a router.

    RSE CCNA 2 Chapter 10 Quiz Answers 2018 2019

    The most recent update was made on May 8, 2019 by

    A network administrator is asked to provide the UDI in order to obtain a license for the DATA technology package for the IOS 15.0 on a Cisco 1900 router. What is a UDI?

    • Product ID and PAK number combined
    • product ID, serial number, and hardware version combined
    • PAK number combined with serial number combined
    • product ID combined with PAK number combined
    • product ID combined with serial number combined
    • Combination of the serial number and the MAC address of the Gi0/0 network interface card Explanation: Package licensing was changed in IOS 15.0, which was the first release of the new version. It is necessary to have both the Unique Device Identifier (UDI) and the Product Activation Key (PAK) in order to receive a license for a technology package (PAK). This identification number is made up of three parts: the product ID (PID), the serial number (SN), and the hardware version (VID).

    What information can be gathered about a neighbor device from the show cdp neighbors detail command that cannot be found with the show cdp neighbors command?

    • The platform that the neighbor is using
    • the IP address of the neighbor
    • the capabilities of the neighbor
    • and the hostname of the neighbor are all details that may be provided. Explanation: It is possible to see the IP address of a neighbor by using the show cdp neighbors detail command. However, the show cdp neighbors command does not display IP addresses
    • instead, it displays the platform, capabilities, and name of neighbors.

    An administrator issued the following commands on router R1:

    R1(config)logging 192.168.10.2 R1(config)logging trap 5

    What conclusion can be drawn from this configuration?

    • The only messages that appear on the syslog server are those with a severity rating of 4 or lower
    • otherwise, no messages are displayed.
    • Messages with a severity level of 6 or above show only on the router console output
    • otherwise, they are not displayed.
    • The only messages that appear on the syslog server are those with a severity rating of 5
    • otherwise, no messages are displayed.
    • A severity rating of 5 or above appears on the router console output and is reported to the syslog server, indicating a serious problem. When these instructions are executed, the only messages that display on the syslog server have a severity rating of 5 or lower. The messages with severity levels of 6 or higher show on the router console output, but they do not appear on the syslog server output because the logging trap command restricts the number of syslog messages that are delivered to the syslog server based on their severity level.

    A network engineer purchases, installs, and activates a license key on a Cisco 2911 ISR G2 router. What is the next step in the installation process?

    • Install a new firmware update on the router
    • register the license with Cisco
    • Backing up the IOS to a TFTP server is recommended.
    • Make a copy of the license key that is stored in flash memory. Explanation: The following are the steps to complete the installation: The license key must be purchased
    • acceptance of the EULA must be indicated by using the license accept end user agreement command
    • the license boot module command must be used to activate the license
    • Reload the router, and then use the display license all command to check if the installation was successful.

    Fill in the blank. Use a number. The syslog protocol uses UDP port        514            to send event notification messages across IP networks to event message collectors.

    Which statement describes a syslog server characteristic?​

    • System log messages must be displayed, which requires the installation of a syslog server on one of the network’s routers.
    • There are no freeware versions of syslog
    • only enterprise versions may be obtained through a licensing agreement.
    • One advantage of seeing syslog messages on a syslog server is the ability to run extensive searches over the data
    • this is particularly useful when dealing with large amounts of data.
    • The sole downside of using syslog is that the messages cannot be stored in a database. Explanation: In order to see syslog messages, a syslog server must be installed on a computer connected to the network. Syslog is available in a number of different flavors, including freeware and shareware, as well as commercial and enterprise versions. It is quite simple for network managers to go through the vast quantity of data that is collected on a syslog server. If you’re looking at log messages on a log server, you’ll have the option to sift through the data in fine detail, which is a big benefit. Syslog servers store informational messages received from network devices in a database called a syslog database.

    How long is the evaluation license period for Cisco IOS Release 15.0 software packages?

    • Duration: 15 days, 30 days, 60 days, and 180 days Explanation: Evaluation licenses are valid for 60 days from the date of purchase. It will automatically convert to a Right-To-Use license after 60 days of assessment.

    Which technology allows syslog messages to be filtered to different devices based on event importance?​

    • Service timestamps
    • severity levels assigned by syslog
    • syslog facilities
    • and service identification numbers assigned by syslog The following is an explanation: Syslog severity levels give administrators the opportunity to filter out log messages based on their importance. Log messages can be timestamped using the Syslog service timestamps, which are provided by the Syslog server. Administrators can use syslog capabilities and service IDs to create an event identification and classification system.

    Which technology via the syslog protocol enhances real-time debugging by displaying the date and time associated with each monitored event?

    • Syslog facilities, syslog severity levels, syslog service timestamps, and syslog service IDs are all described in detail below. Explanation: Syslog service timestamps allow log messages to be timestamped, which is useful for debugging purposes. Syslog severity levels give administrators the opportunity to filter out log messages based on their importance. Administrators can use syslog capabilities and service IDs to create an event identification and classification system.

    Which Cisco IOS 15 technology package would be needed to implement voice over IP?

    • Uck9
    • data9
    • ipbasek9
    • securityk9
    • ipbasek9 Explanation: The uck9 package is for Cisco Unified Communications, which provides support for voice over IP as well as video streaming.

    What is the factory default setting for the configuration register on Cisco routers?

    • Codes: 0x2142, 0x2102, 0x4102, 0x4124 Explanation: The configuration register setting on a Cisco router is 0x2102. This is the default value. It is possible to view this by using the command routershow version.

    Refer to the exhibit. What two statements describe the NTP status of the router? (Choose two.)

    • Answers to the RSE CCNA 2 Chapter 10 Quiz for 2018-2019 01 In this case, the router is acting as an authoritative time source for the device at 192.168.1.1
    • the router is connected to a stratum 2 device
    • The IP address of the time source for the router is 192.168.1.1
    • in order for NTP to operate effectively, the software clock for the router must be configured with the set clock command on the router’s command line. Explanation: The show ntp status command shows information about how NTP is currently functioning on the device in question. The result demonstrates that the router’s clock is in sync with the NTP server at the IP address 192.168.1.1, as indicated by the output. NTP is structured in a hierarchical manner. Because the router is a stratum 3 device, it uses a stratum 2 time source to determine its location. When using the NTP system, authoritative time sources are located at stratum 0.

    An administrator wants to send log messages for all severity levels from a router to its console. Which procedure should the administrator follow to accomplish this?

    • To log into the router’s logging console, the administrator must perform the following command:
    • On a router console, it is not possible to read the messages. In order to access these messages, a syslog server must be installed on the workstation where they will be viewed.
    • The logging trap 7 command must be issued on the router by the system administrator.
    • As a result, the administrator is not required to take any action because Cisco routers automatically deliver log messages of all severity levels to the console. Explanation: All log messages from Cisco routers and switches are sent to the console by default, regardless of severity level.

    CH8-Quiz Flashcards – Cram.com

    Which technology allows syslog messages to be filtered to different devices based on event importance?​
    Which SNMPv2 configuration step is required? configuring the community string and access level
    The ip flowcommand enables the router to capture NetFlow data for the monitoring of incoming packets on an interface.
    Data collected from a NetFlow analyzer can be used for which two purposes? (Choose two.) -measuring what network resources are used and for what purposes -accounting and charge back according to resource utilization
    Which statement describes a syslog server characteristic?​ One advantage of viewing syslog messages on a syslog server is the ability to perform detailed searches through the data.
    Which item will limit the amount of information that can be analyzed by a NetFlow collector?
    Which technology via the syslog protocol enhances real-time debugging by displaying the date and time associated with each monitored event? syslog service timestamps
    R1(config)logging 192.168.10.2R1(config)logging trap 5What conclusion can be drawn from this configuration? Messages with severity level of 6 or higher appear only on the router console output.
    A company is designing a network monitoring system and is considering SNMPv3. What are three characteristics of SNMPv3? (Choose three.) – It uses message integrity to ensure that packets have not been altered in transit. – It uses authentication to determine if messages are from a valid source. – It uses encryption to scramble the content of packets to prevent unauthorized access.
    SNMP message typeGET request makes the SNMP agent retrieve specific information from the MIB
    SNMP message typeSET request makes the SNMP agent change the value of an item in the MIB
    makes the SNMP agent automatically send the value on an item from the MIB
    Which mode is used to configure SNMP? global configuration mode
    An administrator wants to send log messages for all severity levels from a router to its console. Which procedure should the administrator follow to accomplish this? The administrator needs to do nothing, because Cisco routers send log messages for all severity levels to the console by default.

    CCNA 3 Module 10 Quiz – Network Management (Answers)

    • The copy running-config tftp command on a switch or router might be used for two different purposes, according to the administrator. (Choose two options.) to compel the gadget to do an automated reload
    • In order to obtain a backup of the configuration file now running in the router
    • To overwrite the current configuration
    • to overwrite the current configuration
    • Transferring the current configuration file to a server is referred to as
    • To save the currently running configuration file to a remote location, perform the following steps:
    • What this command does: It copies the current configuration file to a remote TFTP server using the copy running-config tftp command. 2 – What information about a neighbor device may be obtained by using the show cdp neighbors detail command that cannot be obtained using the show cdp neighbors command? In this section, you will find information on your neighbor’s platform, his IP address, his capabilities, and his domain name.
    • Explanation: The show cdp neighbors detail command will reveal the IP address of the neighbor who has been specified. It is possible to display the platform, capabilities, and name of neighbors using the show cdp neighbors command
    • however, IP addresses are not displayed. 3. When SNMPv1 or SNMPv2 is used, which feature allows for safe access to MIB objects to be accessed by the user? Source validation and message integrity are some of the concepts covered in this chapter.
    • Reason: SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 employ community strings to govern who may view and interact with the MIB. SNMPv3 employs encryption, message integrity, and source validation to protect its users’ data. In order for a Cisco router to function as an authoritative NTP server, what command must be performed on the router? ntp master 1
    • ntp broadcast client
    • clock set at 11:00 a.m. on December 20, 2010
    • ntp server 172.16.0.1
    • ntp server 172.16.0.1
    • For clarification, routers that will function as NTP masters must be setup using the ntp master command. Explanation: A client is setup with the ntp servercommand in order for the client to be able to locate and communicate with the NTP master. The ntp broadcast client command enables NTP to be used to broadcast messages to a group of people. Setting the time on a router is accomplished through the usage of the clock setcommand. What protocol or service may be set to deliver unsolicited messages to warn the network administrator about a network event such as a router with an abnormally high CPU utilization? NetFlow
    • \sSNMP
    • \sSyslog
    • Explanation: The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) may be used to gather and store information such as device CPU use. System messages are accessed and stored via the Syslog protocol. Originally designed by Cisco for the purpose of collecting information on packets passing through its routers and multilayer switches, NetFlow is now used by many other companies. The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to allow network devices to synchronize their time settings. 6. Which of the following statements reflects the severity level of a syslog message? Useless system due to an emergency scenario. A syslog alarm with a severity rating of 7 indicates that the system is unusable.
    • By default, a syslog alarm with a severity level of 4 or above is sent to an external syslog server
    • however, if the severity level is lower than 4, the alert is not transmitted.
    • A message with a severity level of 7 can only be accessed through the terminal line.
    • Severity level 0 is the most severe severity level
    • it is also the most dangerous.
    • Explanation: As the level number decreases, the severity of the syslog severity levels increases in severity. Severity level zero denotes an emergency issue that may cause the system to become unworkable and so render it useless. Debugging messages are sent using the severity level 7 of the Syslog server. 7. What is an SNMP management agent, and how does it work? Software that is placed on devices that are monitored by SNMP and which maintains a database of network performance information
    • SNMP employs a communication protocol known as SNMPv3
    • Network management software installed on a computer that is used by an administrator to keep track of the status of a network
    • An administrator uses a management station to keep tabs on things like system performance. An MIB is a database that stores information about monitoring activities. The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a communication protocol that is used between the management station and the management agents to exchange information. Administrators can acquire network performance statistics through the use of management agents, which execute the software that facilitates this process. 8. What are the two most distinguishing aspects of SNMP community string? (Choose two options.) Read-only community strings for SNMP can be used to obtain information from an SNMP-enabled device.
    • If the manager transmits one of the right read-only community strings, it will be able to get information from an agent and set information in the agent.
    • When implementing secure SNMP, it is recommended that commonly recognized community strings be used.
    • The fact that SNMPv1, SNMPv2, and SNMPv3 deliver the community strings in plaintext makes them vulnerable to compromise.
    • It is possible to set information on an SNMP-enabled device using read-write community strings in the SNMP protocol.
    • Read-only and read-write SNMP community strings are the two types of SNMP community strings available. In both cases, the read-only community string allows the manager to obtain information from the agent, while the read-write community string allows the management to obtain or modify information in the agent. 9. On a router, a network administrator performs the copy tftp running-config command to replicate the configuration information. What is it that the administrator is attempting to accomplish? the configuration file should be copied from the router’s RAM to the TFTP server
    • Copy the configuration file from the router’s NVRAM to the TFTP server’s hard drive
    • Copy the configuration file from the TFTP server to the router’s nonvolatile memory (NVRAM).
    • Obtain and copy the configuration file from the TFTP server to the router’s RAM.
    • The reason for this is that the running configuration file is stored in RAM. In this command, the location of the phrase tftp indicates that the file’s source will be the router’s tftp server, and the position of the term running-config indicates that the file will be stored in the router’s RAM. 10. What is one of the MIB’s distinguishing characteristics? In order for SNMP to access information rapidly, information is structured in a flat way.
    • The MIB contains information that cannot be modified
    • There is a hierarchical pattern to the organization of the OIDS.
    • Every device on the network has its own MIB tree, which is organized in a hierarchical fashion.
    • Explanation: The set, get, and trap messages of the SNMP protocol are used to access and change the information held in the Management Information Base. This information has been structured hierarchically so that SNMP may access it quickly and efficiently. Each item of information included inside the MIB is identified by an object ID (OID), which is arranged into a hierarchy of OIDs in accordance with RFC specifications. Branches with variables that are common to many networking devices and branches with variables that are exclusive to that device or vendor may be found in the MIB tree for every given device. 11. What data would be recorded and where would the data be stored if the following command were given by a network administrator? (Choose two options.) Tftp starting configuration copy R1copy The information will be stored on a TFTP server.
    • The configuration data, which is kept in NVRAM, is the data that has to be saved.
    • The configuration, which is kept on a TFTP server, is the data that has to be preserved.
    • When the configuration in RAM changes, the data to be stored is the configuration that was changed in RAM
    • the data will be saved in RAM. The information will be stored in NVRAM.
    • Example: The copy source destination command has the following syntax: copy source destination. The configuration stored in NVRAM is the source of the startup-config variable. The TFTP server is the destination of the tftp command. In order to restore the IOS image c1900-universalk9-mz.SPA.152-4.M3.bin to a router, a network engineer would execute the following command. copy tftp: flash0:
    • copy c1900-universalk9-mz.SPA.152-4.M3.bin tftp:
    • copy flash0: c1900-universalk9-mz.SPA.152-4.M3.bin
    • copy flash0: tftp:
    • copy flash0: c1900-universalk9-mz.SPA.152-4.M3.bin
    • copy flash0: tftp:
    • copy flash
    • Explanation: The command syntax for restoring an IOS image is copy source destination, where source is in this case a TFTP server and destination is the router flash memory, as seen in the following example. This is accomplished by entering the picture name (source filename) in a new prompt after the first copy command is executed, rather than as a parameter of the copy command. 13. What is the purpose of issuing the show cdp neighbors command on a router by a network administrator? device ID and other information about directly connected Cisco devices
    • line status and other information about directly connected Cisco devices
    • routing table and other information about directly connected Cisco devices
    • router ID and other information about OSPF neighbors
    • device ID and other information about directly connected Cisco devices
    • Why is this command used? The show cdp neighbors command displays information about directly linked Cisco equipment, such as the device’s identifier (ID), local interface (capability), platform (platform ID), and port ID of the distant device. 14. What are SNMP trap messages, and how do they work? unwanted messages delivered by the SNMP agent that notify the NMS of a network situation
    • Messages that are sent on a regular basis by the NMS to the SNMP agents that are installed on managed devices in order to query the device for data
    • (ii)
    • Messages that are sent by the NMS to the device in order to query it for data
    • Communications between the NMS and the agent device that are used to alter the configuration variables in the agent device.
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    GET requests are messages that are sent by the NMS to the device in order to query it for data.Explanation: A SET request is a communication that the NMS sends to the agent device in order to update the configuration variables in the device.With the GET request, an NMS polls the SNMP agents on managed devices on a regular basis, retrieving data from the device and sending it back to the NMS.

    Cisco IOS in a Nutshell, 2nd Edition

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    Name

    History of the terminal — command

    Synopsis

    There is no history at the end of the terminal.

    Configures

    For the current session, the terminal history is displayed.

    Description

    Allowing history logging for the current session is accomplished by the use of this command, which may also be used to adjust the amount of the history buffer for the current session.Using the terminal history command, you may activate history logging, which uses the last-used buffer size as the initial buffer size.For example, if you want to increase the size of the current history buffer, you should use the size keyword followed by a number of lines you wish to save in the buffer.The size of the buffer can range from one to 256 lines.For example, use Ctrl-P to go forward in the history list; press Ctrl-N to go back to the most recent instructions in the list; and so on.

    To display the whole list, select show history from the drop-down menu.

    Example

    This example increases the amount of the history to 100 items: The history size of the routerterminal is 100. Take advantage of O’Reilly online learning to study Cisco IOS in a Nutshell, 2nd Edition now. Members of O’Reilly get access to live online training as well as books, videos, and digital material from more than 200 publishers.

    What are two characteristics of the Cisco IOS Resilient Configuration feature? (Choose two.)

    • The date is May 20, 2021. The most recent update was made on May 20, 2021. 10 months ago, the IT Administrator Staff inquired. What are the two most distinguishing properties of the Cisco IOS Resilient Configuration capability? (Choose two options.) During operation, it keeps a mirror image of the configuration file in RAM.
    • TFTP is used to deliver a backup copy of the IOS image to a remote location.
    • There is no way for a user to erase the secure copy of the primary image and device configuration that is saved by this feature.
    • It helps to reduce the amount of time a device is down once the image and configuration have been erased
    • It is a function that can be activated on any Cisco device and is universal in nature.

    Reason: The Cisco IOS Resilient Configuration saves a secure copy of the primary image file and device configuration in the Cisco IOS Resilient Configuration storage area.A user will not be able to delete these protected files.Its primary role is to shorten the recovery time in the event that a device has been hacked and the image file as well as the device settings have been lost or destroyed.It is only possible to use this functionality on platforms that can accommodate a PCMCIA ATA drive with sufficient storage capacity.Several other questions: The following modules are included in this package: Modules 5 – 7.

    Answers to the Group Exam To submit your answer, you must must login or register.

    CCNA2 v6.0 Chapter 10 Exam Answers 2019 – Passed Full Score 100%

    The most recent update was made on October 25, 2019 by

    CCNA2 v6.0 Chapter 10 Exam Answers 2018 2019

    A ping fails when performed from router R1 to directly connected router R2. The network administrator then proceeds to issue the show cdp neighbors command. Why would the network administrator issue this command if the ping failed between the two routers?

    • Because the ping command did not work, the network administrator believes that a virus is responsible.
    • The network administrator wishes to check the connection of Layer 2 devices.
    • In order to check the IP address specified on router R2, the network administrator must first connect to the router.
    • The network administrator is interested in determining whether or not connectivity can be created from a network that is not directly linked. Explanation: The show cdp neighbors command may be used to demonstrate that connection between two Cisco devices exists at the Layer 1 and Layer 2 levels. As an example, if two devices have the same IP address, they will not be able to communicate with one another, but the output of show cdp neighbors will be successful in connecting them. When two routers have the same IP address allocated to them, the show cdp neighbors detail command can be used to verify the IP address of the directly linked device.

    Which statement is true about CDP on a Cisco device?​

    • It is only when there is Layer 3 connectivity that the IP address of a neighbor may be revealed by using the show cdp neighbor info command.
    • No cdp enable command must be entered in interface configuration mode in order to deactivate CDP on a global scale.
    • CDP can be turned off on a global level or on a particular interface.
    • The CDP protocol can only be implemented in switches due to the fact that it operates at the data connection layer. Reason: CDP is a proprietary protocol developed by Cisco, and it is possible to disable it generally by using the no cdp run global configuration command, or on a single interface by using the no cdp enable interface configuration command. Because CDP runs at the data connection layer, two or more Cisco network devices, such as routers, can communicate with one another even if they are not connected via Layer 3 connectivity (as is the case with most other networking technologies). Even if you can’t ping your neighbor’s device, the show cdp neighbors detail command will give the IP address of that device.

    Why would a network administrator issue the show cdp neigbors command on a router?

    • To display device ID and other information about directly connected Cisco devices
    • to display router ID and other information about OSPF neighbors
    • to display line status and other information about directly connected Cisco devices
    • to display routing table and other information about directly connected Cisco devices
    • to display routing table and other information about directly connected Cisco devices Explanation: The show cdp neighbors command displays information about Cisco devices that are directly linked to the local network, including the device ID, local interface, capability, platform, and port ID of the distant device.

    Refer to the exhibit. Routers R1 and R2 are connected via a serial link. One router is configured as the NTP master, and the other is an NTP client. Which two pieces of information can be obtained from the partial output of the show ntp associations detail command on R2? (Choose two.)

    • Results for the 2018/2019 CCNA 2 RSE 6.0 Chapter 10 Examination In this configuration, both routers are configured to utilize NTPv2
    • router R1 serves as the master, while router R2 serves as the client.
    • R2 is the master router, while R1 is the client router.
    • In this case, the IP address of R1 is 192.168.1.2, and in this case, the IP address of R2 is also 192.168.1.2. Explanation: The IP address of the NTP master is displayed when the show NTP associations command is executed.

    Which two statements are true about NTP servers in an enterprise network? (Choose two.)

    • On a corporate network, there can only be one NTP server at a time.
    • NTP servers at stratum 1 are directly connected to an authoritative source of time for synchronization
    • all NTP servers at stratum 2 are directly connected to an authoritative source of time for synchronization.
    • NTP servers guarantee that logging and debugging information is accurately timestamped
    • in addition, NTP servers regulate the mean time between failures (MTBF) of critical network components. Explanation: In order to provide correct timestamping on devices for the purposes of controlling, securing, and debugging, the Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to synchronize the time across all devices connected to a network. NTP networks make use of a hierarchical set of time sources to achieve their results. A stratum is the name given to each level of this hierarchical arrangement. It is possible to link the stratum 1 devices directly to the authoritative time sources.
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    The command ntp server 10.1.1.1 is issued on a router. What impact does this command have?

    • Determines the server system log files should be sent to
    • specifies the server on which backup settings should be stored
    • and guarantees that all logging is accompanied by a time stamp.
    • This command synchronizes the system clock with the time source located at IP address 10.11.1. Explanation: It is possible to configure the NTP server for IOS devices using the ntp server ip-address global configuration command.

    Refer to the exhibit. Which two conclusions can be drawn from the syslog message that was generated by the router? (Choose two.)

    • Answers to CCNA 2 RSE 6.0 Chapter 10 Exam Questions for 2018 and 2019 In this message, it is indicated that the interface should be changed as a consequence of an uncommon fault that necessitated reconfiguration of the interface.
    • A level 5 notification message is sent when a service timestamp has been configured
    • this message indicates that the service has been configured.
    • This message shows that the interface’s status has changed five times since the last message. Explanation: As indicated in the percent LINEPROTO-5 part of the report, the message is a level 5 notification message of some sort. Messages informing the user of the link status are widespread, and they do not necessitate the replacement or reconfiguration of the interface. In this message, the date and time displayed at the beginning of the message indicate that service timestamps have been configured on the router.

    Which protocol or service allows network administrators to receive system messages that are provided by network devices?

    • Syslog, SNMP, and NetFlow are all acronyms for the following: NetFlow was designed by Cisco for the aim of collecting data on packets that transit through Cisco routers and multilayer switches, among other things. It is possible to gather and store information about a device through the usage of SNMP. System messages are accessed and stored via the Syslog protocol. The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to allow network devices to synchronize their time settings.

    Which syslog message type is accessible only to an administrator and only via the Cisco CLI?

    • Errors
    • debugging
    • an emergency situation
    • and alarms Explanation: Syslog messages can be routed to a variety of destinations, including the logging buffer, the console line, the terminal line, and a syslog server, among others. Cisco CLI is the sole means of accessing debug-level messages, which are exclusively transmitted to an internal buffer.

    Refer to the exhibit. From what location have the syslog messages been retrieved?

    • 2018-2019-04 CCNA 2 RSE 6.0 Chapter 10 Exam Answers System log server and client
    • router RAM and NVRAM
    • router syslog server and client For clarification, the output was recorded via a virtual terminal connection that was established on a router. The syslog messages are kept in the RAM of the router that is being watched.

    Refer to the exhibit. What does the number 17:46:26.143 represent?

    • Answers to the CCNA 2 RSE 6.0 Chapter 10 Exam from 2018 to 2019 03 the amount of time that has elapsed since the syslog server was started
    • the time that the syslog message was issued
    • the amount of time that has passed since the interfaces have been up
    • the amount of time that has gone since the show logging command was issued on the router Explanation: The number that appears after the date indicates the time at which the syslog message was generated.

    What is used as the default event logging destination for Cisco routers and switches?

    • Workstation
    • terminal line
    • syslog server
    • console line
    • syslog server For clarification, Cisco routers and switches are configured to deliver event notifications to the console by default. Different IOS versions will also send their event messages to the buffer by default, depending on the version. It is necessary to create specific instructions in order to allow logging to different destinations.

    A network administrator has issued the logging trap 4 global configuration mode command. What is the result of this command?

    • After four events, a message from the syslog client is sent to the syslog server
    • The syslog client sends to the syslog server any event message with a severity level of 4 or higher
    • The syslog client sends to the syslog server any event message with a severity level of 4 or lower
    • The syslog client will transmit event messages to the syslog server with an identifying trap level of just 4 to the syslog server.
    • Why is this important? Because the severity of event messages that are being broadcast to a syslog server may be determined by the network administrator using this setting.

    What is the major release number in the IOS image name c1900-universalk9-mz.SPA.152-3.T.bin?

    190 Explanation: The component of the image name 152-3 that shows that the main release is 15, the minor release is 2, and the new feature release is 3 indicates that the major release is 15, the minor release is 2, and the new feature release is 3.

    What statement describes a Cisco IOS image with the “universalk9_npe” designation for Cisco ISR G2 routers?

    • It is an IOS version that can only be used in the United States of America
    • it is an IOS version that only provides the IPBase feature set
    • it is an IOS version that provides all of the Cisco IOS Software feature sets
    • it is an IOS version that is only available in the United States of America
    • it is an IOS version that is only available in the United States of America
    • it is an IOS version that is only available in the United States of America
    • It is an IOS version that has been modified to remove any powerful cryptographic capability at the request of several nations.
    • The following is an explanation: Cisco ISR G2 systems are supported by two types of universal images, which are available from Cisco. The images with the ″universalk9 npe″ designation in the image name do not support any strong cryptographic features, such as payload cryptography, in order to comply with the import rules of specific countries, including the United States. All additional Cisco IOS software features are included in the ″universalk9 npe″ images.

    What code in the Cisco IOS 15 image filename c1900-universalk9-mz.SPA.153-3.M.bin indicates that the file is digitally signed by Cisco?

    • Mz universalk9
    • universalk9 Reason: The following are the various sections of the Cisco IOS image file: Explanation: It specifies that the platform in question is a Cisco 1900 router. universalk9 – indicates that the picture has high-quality encryption. mz — This indicates that the file is running in RAM and has been compressed. SPA — This symbol indicates that the file has been digitally signed by Cisco Systems. 152-4. Specifies the filename format used for the image 15.2(4)M3 in the 15.2(4)M3 substring. There are several different versions of IOS, each of which has a different amount of major releases, minor releases, maintenance releases, and maintenance rebuilds. The letter M denotes that this is a maintenance release that has been extended. It is indicated by the extension bin that this file is a binary executable file.

    Which two conditions should the network administrator verify before attempting to upgrade a Cisco IOS image using a TFTP server? (Choose two.)

    • The show hosts command may be used to determine the name of the TFTP server.
    • The tftpdnld command can be used to check if the TFTP server is up and operating.
    • With the display version command, you may confirm that the image’s checksum is genuine.
    • Using the ping command, check for network connectivity between the router and the TFTP server.
    • Using the show flash command, check to see whether there is enough flash memory available for the new Cisco IOS image.

    A network administrator configures a router with the command sequence:

    R1(config)boot system tftp://c1900-universalk9-mz.SPA.152-4.M3.bin R1(config)boot system rom

    What is the effect of the command sequence?

    • The IOS image will be loaded from ROM on the next reboot of the router.
    • Following a successful copy of the IOS image from the TFTP server, and a successful reboot of the system, the router will load IOS from the TFTP server
    • if the image fails to load, the router will attempt to load the IOS image from ROM
    • the router will look for and load a valid IOS image in the order of flash, TFTP, and ROM
    • and Explanation: Specifying the source for the Cisco IOS Software image to load is possible using this global configuration command, which allows the user to define the source for the Cisco IOS Software image to load. This configuration specifies that the router will boot from the IOS image that is stored on the TFTP server and will utilize the ROMmon image that is saved in the ROM if it is unable to locate the TFTP server or if it is unable to load a valid image from the TFTP server.

    A network engineer is upgrading the Cisco IOS image on a 2900 series ISR. What command could the engineer use to verify the total amount of flash memory as well as how much flash memory is currently available?

    • Displaying flash0:, showing version, displaying interfaces, and displaying startup-config

    Beginning with the Cisco IOS Software Release 15.0, which license is a prerequisite for installing additional technology pack licenses?

    • SECURITY
    • IPBase
    • DATA For clarification, Cisco IOS Software version 15.0 includes four technology packs, which are as follows: IPBase, DATA, UC (unified communications), and SEC are the acronyms for these terms (Security). In order to install the additional technology packs, the IPBase license must first be installed.

    Which three software packages are available for Cisco IOS Release 15.0?

    1. DATA, IPVoice, Security, Enterprise Services, Unified Communications, and Advanced IP Services are some of the terms that come to mind. Explanation: Cisco IOS Release 15.0 features four technological software packages that are available for purchase. IPBase
    1. DATA
    2. Unified Communications
    3. Security

    When a customer purchases a Cisco IOS 15.0 software package, what serves as the receipt for that customer and is used to obtain the license as well?

    • A customer who purchases a software package will receive a Product Activation Key (PAK), which serves as a receipt and is used to obtain a license for the software package. End User License Agreement
    • Unique Device Identifier
    • Product Activation Key Explanation: A customer who purchases a software package will receive a Product Activation Key (PAK), which serves as a receipt and is used to obtain a license for the software package.

    In addition to IPBase, what are the three technology packs that are shipped within the universal Cisco IOS Software Release 15 image? (Choose three.)

    • Advanced IP Services
    • Advanced Enterprise Services
    • DATA
    • Security
    • SP Services
    • Unified Communications Explanation: Advanced IP Services, Advanced Enterprise Services, and SP Services are all feature sets included in the Cisco IOS version 12.4 release.

    Which command would a network engineer use to find the unique device identifier of a Cisco router?

    • Version
    • license udi
    • running-configuration
    • license install stored-location-url
    • license install stored-location URL Explanation: Installing a license file is accomplished through the use of the license install stored-location-url command. However, the UDI is not displayed when using the show version or show running-configuration commands.

    Which command is used to configure a one-time acceptance of the EULA for all Cisco IOS software packages and features?

    • License save
    • license show
    • license boot module module-name
    • license accept end user agreement
    • license accept end user agreement Explanation: It is possible to create a backup copy of the licenses on a device by using the license save command. Displaying extra information regarding Cisco IOS software licenses is accomplished through the use of the show license command. Activating an Evaluation Right-To-Use license with the license boot module module-name command is simple. The license accept end user agreement command is used to configure a one-time acceptance of the End User License Agreement (EULA), which covers all Cisco IOS packages and features.

    Refer to the exhibit. Match the components of the IOS image name to their description. (Not all options are used.)

    • Exam Answers for Chapter 10 of the CCNA 2 RSE 6.0 (2018-2019) Question Chapter 10 Exam Q001
    • Chapter 10 Exam A001
    • CCNA2 v6.0 Chapter 10 Exam Q001
    • CCNA2 v6.0 Chapter 10 Exam A001

    Cisco Syslog Tutorial

    The Syslog feature on Cisco devices will be covered in detail in this Cisco CCNA lesson. SYSLOG is a standard format for recording information about events, and Cisco iOS adheres to this standard. Scroll down to see the video and to try out the test instruction.

    Cisco Syslog Video Tutorial

    When anything happens on the device, such as when an interface is brought up or down, or when an OSPF neighbor adjacency is brought up or down, a Syslog message is issued.

    Syslog Format

    Syslog messages must follow a certain format, which is recognized as an industry standard.This criterion is adhered to by every vendor.It is necessary to go over each parameter individually because there are many of them.The optional sequence number is the first thing that appears in the Syslog message.Because we don’t have a complete set, we’ll merely use a single star as an example.

    The next item in the message is a timestamp, which comes after that.As you can see from our example, this event occurred on October 3rd at about 1:00 a.m.local time.

    1. The facility is the next item on the list to be included.
    2. This is the object that caused the event to occur.
    3. In this example, we’ll be dealing with a change of status on a connection.
    4. The link is provided as a convenience.
    5. Similarly, if it had been an OSPF adjacency that was coming up or disappearing, the facility would have been an OSPF facility.

    The severity level is the next step.There are eight different severity levels ranging from 0 to 7, with 0 representing the most severe.When we look at our example, the severity level of the event i

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