Which Command Can Be Used To Manually Add A Package To The Driver Store?

Run the PnPUtil.exe command by using administrative privileges, and you can use it to manage the Driver Store, adding, deleting, and listing driver packages. You saw earlier that a driver package consists of all the information Windows 10 requires to install and trust the driver, including the following.
However, you can use the Microsoft Plug and Play Utility (pnputil.exe) to add drivers to the driver store manually. After the signed driver package is in the driver store, Windows considers the package trusted. Run the pnputil.exe tool from an elevated command prompt.

How to manually install a driver?

How to Manually Install a Driver Using an.INF File What are you seeing? A driver package you downloaded doesn’t include an installer application (like setup.exe or install.msi). In these cases, you can use the Setup Information file (.INF) to manually install the driver.

What is add-windowsdriver command in PowerShell?

Add-Windows Driver 1 Description. The Add-WindowsDriver cmdlet adds third-party driver packages to an offline Windows image. 2 Examples. This command adds any drivers in the c:\test\drivers folder or any of its subdirectories to the Windows operating system image that is mounted to c:\offline. 3 Parameters.

How do I install drivers for driver store?

How to Pre-Install Drivers in Windows Driver Store

  1. Download the drivers.
  2. Hold down the Windows Key and press “R to bring up a run dialog box.
  3. Type “%SystemRoot%\Inf“, then press “Enter“.
  4. Within the “Inf” folder, create a new folder with the name of the device.
  5. Put the driver files into the folder you created.

How do you package drivers?

To manually create a new driver package for an existing solution that does not already have one, use the ‘Driver Install Package’ template. Select File->New->Project. Then select Windows Drivers > Package > ‘Driver Install Package’ from the dialog. Then in the Solution drop-down, select Add to solution and select Ok.

Which command or Windows powershell cmdlet can you use to install a driver package in the driver store of a Windows 10 based computer running in normal mode?

Description. The Import-WdsDriverPackage cmdlet imports a driver package into the Windows Deployment Services driver store. Specify the. inf file for the driver package to import.

What is included in a driver package?

A driver package includes all the software components that you must supply to ensure that your device is supported with Windows. Typically, a driver package contains the following components: INF file. Catalog file.

How do I manually install a driver in Windows 10?

Manual Driver Install through Device Manager

Right-click the start menu and select “Device Manager.” Find the device that requires a driver update and right-click it, then select “Update Driver.” If you need details on the current driver, select “Properties” instead. From there, you can also update the driver.

What is the PnPUtil command?

PnPUtil (PnPUtil.exe) is a command line tool that lets an administrator perform actions on driver packages. Some examples include: Adding a driver package to the driver store. Installing a driver package on the computer.

How do I manually install a driver in Windows 7?

How to Manually Install Adapters on Windows 7

  1. Right click Computer, and then click Manage.
  2. Open Device Manager.
  3. Click Browse my computer for driver software.
  4. Click Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer.
  5. Click Have Disk.
  6. Click Browse.
  7. Point to the inf file in the driver folder, and then click Open.

How do I manually install Nvidia drivers?

To Install the NVIDIA Display Driver:

  1. Run the NVIDIA Display Driver installer. The Display Driver Installer appears.
  2. Follow installer directions until final screen. Do not reboot.
  3. When prompted, select No, I will restart my computer later.
  4. Click Finish.

What is the driver store?

Starting with Windows Vista, the Driver Store is a trusted collection of inbox and third-party driver packages. The operating system maintains this collection in a secure location on the local hard disk. Only the driver packages in the Driver Store can be installed on a device.

How do I add a printer in powershell?

Let’s Get Acquainted with Powershell Module: PrintManagement

  1. Add-Printer — add (install) a new printer;
  2. Add-PrinterDriver — install a new print driver;
  3. Add-PrinterPort — create a print port;
  4. Get-PrintConfiguration — print printer settings;
  5. Get-Printer — display a list of printers installed on the computer;

How do you use PnPUtil?

To run PnPUtil, open a Command Prompt window (Run as Administrator) and type a command using the following syntax and parameters. Note PnPUtil (PnPUtil.exe) is included in every version of Windows, starting with Windows Vista (in the %windir%\system32 directory). pnputil [/add-driver <> | /delete-driver <>

How do I install cat files?

Download CAT for Windows version 4. Using My Computer or Explorer locate this file and double click to unzip into the folder installcat on your hard drive. This will create the setup files required for the installation. Step 2: Using My Computer or Explorer, locate and open the above folder installcat.

What is the best driver installer?

List of Top Driver Updater Tools

  • System Mechanic Ultimate Defense.
  • Outbyte Driver Updater.
  • DriverFix.
  • Ashampoo® Driver Updater.
  • Smart Driver Care.
  • AVG Driver Updater.
  • IObit Driver Booster.
  • Driver Easy.
  • Where do I put driver files?

    All the driver’s files should be placed in a location relative to the location of the INF file.

    1. The driver INF files should be added as regular files.
    2. DO NOT manually add the files to the System32 folder.
    3. The organization provided by Advanced Installer should be good in most cases.

    What is device driver with example?

    Working of Device Driver :

    Card reader, controller, modem, network card, sound card, printer, video card, USB devices, RAM, Speakers etc need Device Drivers to operate.

    How do I add a driver to the DriverStore?

    How to add a driver to the DriverStore. All drivers are stored in the so called DriverStore, which is located under %SYSTEMDRIVE%\\Windows\\System32\\DriverStore. With the built-in command line tool pnputil you can add or remove drivers.

    Manage driver packages – Windows 10

    Windows 10 is the latest version of Microsoft’s operating system.When device drivers are developed by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM), they are packaged with the hardware and sent with it.The driver package contains all of the files and information necessary by Windows 10 to connect with the device driver in question.You will learn how driver packages are managed on Windows 10 devices, as well as how to install, provision, and import driver packages on these devices.

    Use the driver store

    1. Remember that the driver package can include an information file (.inf file), any files that the.inf file references, and a.cat file that carries the digital signature for the device driver, which you learned about previously.
    2. Microsoft Windows 10 makes use of the Driver Store to store device drivers that have been installed or pre-staged.
    3. All kernel mode drivers for Windows 10 must be digitally certified via the Windows Hardware Developer Center Dashboard site before they can be used.

    It will be impossible for Windows 10 to run any new kernel mode drivers that have not been signed by the gateway.In comparison to prior versions of Windows, this is a significant upgrade that will improve the overall security of the operating system.Prior to this, a bug in an unsigned device driver might allow a hacker to obtain unauthorized access to a system by exploiting the weakness.When all drivers are digitally signed, hackers won’t be able to add or edit the contents of device drivers since they won’t have access to them.

    It is possible to expedite the driver installation process by pre-loading the Windows 10 driver store with specific drivers for the peripheral devices that your devices will be using.This is particularly useful if you are creating a custom installation image, or if you are building and deploying many computers.The driver store, which is located at percent SystemRoot percent System32DriverStore, is where Windows 10 looks for the drivers it needs.When it finds them, it utilizes the local drivers rather than downloading them from Windows Update.Pre-installing a driver is a two-step procedure, with the first part requiring administrator privileges to be completed in order to be successful.Add the driver package to the driver store and then make sure that the hardware is connected; Windows 10 will then automatically locate and install the local driver on its own.

    1. Adding drivers to the driver store may be accomplished in a variety of ways, and the most appropriate technique will vary depending on your physical network infrastructure, network connectivity, and the amount of administrative capabilities granted to devices, among other factors.
    2. Keep in mind that you should avoid deleting files from the Driver Store.
    3. It is important not to manually delete driver packages from the driver store.
    4. This might cause problems.
    5. This may result in a discrepancy between the INF file, the driver store catalog, and the driver in the driver store if done incorrectly.
    6. More information may be found atPnPUtil.exe, which is used to manage driver packages.
    • Using the PnPUtil.exe command-line utility, you may manually install a driver for a specific hardware device before connecting the device to the computer. This will allow you to pre-stage the installation of the device. This might be beneficial when giving a laptop to a distant user who you know already has a local printer or scanner installed on their computer. However, if the driver package has already been downloaded and installed in the driver store, it may be feasible for standard users to install device drivers on their computers. The PnPUtil.exe program must be run as an administrator in order to be effective. It allows you to administer the Driver Store by adding, removing, and listing driver packages. As you learned previously, a driver package contains all of the information that Windows 10 needed in order to install and trust the driver, which includes the following information. Drivers are stored in the following locations: DLL files with the.sys file extension are dynamic link libraries (DLLs).
    • Installation files are as follows: Contains all of the information required to install a driver in a text file format. These.inf files include information like as the name and location of the driver, information about the driver version, and registry information. During installation, these files are transferred to the percent SystemRoot percent Inf directory, where they remain. Every installed device must have an.inf file
    • else, the device cannot function.
    • File containing the Driver Catalog: A cryptographic hash of each file in the driver package is stored in this directory. These hashes are used to ensure that the package has not been changed after it has been made available for download (created). Because only the digital signature owner has the ability to sign the catalog file, digitally signing the catalog file guarantees that the file has not been altered.
    • Additional files include: These include files such as an installation program for the device, an icon for the device, device property pages, and other files.
    • Windows 10 now employs a single kernel model across all versions of Windows 10 in order to improve security, and it is pushing the adoption of a new universal driver model, which is available today. In order to deploy device drivers to an offline system image, such as when constructing a Windows 10 Mobile system, the universal.inf file must be present on the system disk (which does not support Plug And Play). The following is the command-line syntax for the PnPUtil.exe command-line tool: PnPUtil.exe -a.inf (PnPUtil.exe -a.inf) The following is a complete list of the parameters: Description of the parameter -a Adds a driver package to the driver store’s list of available drivers. Driver packages are removed from the driver store using the -d option. The -e option displays a list of the driver packages that are presently available in the driver store. -f Deletes a given driver package from the driver store if it is not already there
    • this argument cannot be used in conjunction with the other parameters. -i Driver package installation on matching devices that are connected to the system is performed by this command. Cannot be used in conjunction with the -f argument. Help is shown. This is an example of a command that might be used to add the INF file described by MyDevice.inf to the driver store (which is located at percent SystemRoot percent System32DriverStore): In this case, PnPUtil.exe -a C:TempMyDevice.inf is used. Helpful hint: After a driver has been added to the driver store, the driver is referred in the store by its public name, which may be different from the name of the driver package (.inf) that was downloaded. Viewing the contents of the.inf file will allow you to check the published name for accuracy. Along with the PnPUtil.exe program, you may utilize the following Windows PowerShell cmdlets to do various tasks. Get-PnpDevice This application displays information about PnP devices.
    • Get-PnpDevice
    • Property displays the detailed attributes of a PnP device
    • Enable-PnpDevice enables the use of PnP devices. PnP device is enabled
    • Disable-PnpDevice is deactivated. Disables a Point-to-Point device
    1. The following is an example Windows PowerShell command to activate the device with the instance ID of ‘USBVID 5986&;PID 0266&;MI 007&;1E5D3568 0000’: USBVID 5986&;PID 0266&;MI 007&;1E5D3568 0000.
    2. ENABLE-PnpDevice -InstanceId ‘USBVID 5986&;PID 0266&;MI 007&;1E 5D3568 0000’ PS C:> Enable-PnpDevice -InstanceId Get-Help is a cmdlet that may be used to obtain further information about or the syntax of any of the Windows PowerShell cmdlets.
    3. Examples of Get-Help cmdlets include the following.

    Exemples of how to use Get-Help

    Download and import driver packages

    1. In order for your device to operate with Windows, drivers are bundled together; each driver package contains all of the software components that are required for your device to work with Windows.
    2. Even while the majority of drivers may be retrieved directly using built-in technologies such as Windows Update, if you are provisioning computers, it may be beneficial to deliver the PC with all of the necessary drivers fully imported and configured.
    See also:  How Long Does A Package Stay At A Regional Distribution Center?

    How to Install a Driver When the Download Doesn’t Include a.

    1. How to Install a Driver without a.exe f
    1. You are currently using an outdated browser version for this website, which is not recommended.
    2. Please try updating to the most recent version of your browser by selecting one of the links below.
    3. Documentation Troubleshooting with the Content Type 000033005 is the article identification number.

    The most recent review was performed on March 11, 2021.What do you think you’re seeing?You did not get an installation program with the driver package you downloaded (like setup.exe or install.msi).This is an example of a package that may look like this: It is possible to manually install the driver in these situations by utilizing the Setup Information file (.INF).

    How to install the driver on your computer.

    Note You may need to have Administrator privileges to install drivers and software.
    1. Install the.inf file by selecting it from the context menu of the right-clicking mouse button.
    2. When the User Account Control warning appears, select Yes.
    3. A message will appear on the screen stating that the procedure was accomplished.
    Note You can select multiple INF files at one time, then right-click any one of them and select Install to proceed.

    How to see what file extensions are available If you don’t see the file extension (.inf), this is what you need do:

    1. Select View from the menu bar in File Explorer, and then check the box to allow File Name Extensions.

    This article applies to 68 products.

    Intel® NUC 8 Mainstream-G small PC is a low-cost, high-performance computer (NUC8i3INH) Intel® NUC 8 Pro Mini PC NUC8i3PNK Intel® NUC 8 Pro Mini PC NUC8v5PNK Intel® NUC 8 Pro Mini PC NUC8v7PNK Intel® NUC 8 Pro Mini PC NUC8v7PNK Intel® NUC Kit NUC8i3BEHS Intel® NUC Kit NUC8i5BEHS Intel® NUC Board NUC7PJYB Intel® NUC Board NUC7PJYB Intel® NUC Kit NUC

    Add-WindowsDriver (DISM)

    Continue to the main content This browser is no longer supported by the manufacturer. You may benefit from the newest features, security updates, and technical support by switching to Microsoft Edge from Internet Explorer. Reference

    The information you provide will be forwarded to Microsoft: By clicking the submit button, your input will be used to improve Microsoft products and services in the future. Policy on personal information. Thank you very much. It is possible to include a driver in an offline Windows image.

    In this article


    Add-WindowsDriver -Path is a command line option.


    1. The Add-WindowsDriver cmdlet is used to add third-party driver packages to a Windows image that is running offline.
    2. The Path argument is used to describe the location of a Windows image that has been mounted.
    3. If you want to give the path of an.inf driver file or a folder that contains one or more.inf driver files, you may use the Driver option.

    If you want to include unsigned.inf files in an x64-based image, use the ForceUnsigned argument.


    Example 1: Add drivers to an image

    P.S. C:> Add-WindowsDriver -Path ″c:offline″ -Driver ″c:testdrivers″ -Recurse -Path ″c:offline″ If any drivers exist in the c:testdrivers folder or any of its subdirectories, this command will add them to the Windows operating system image that is currently mounted on c:offline.

    Example 2: Add an unsigned driver package

    PS C:> Add-WindowsDriver -Path ″c:offline″ -Driver ″c:testdriversUsbUsb.inf″ -ForceUnsigned This command adds the unsigned driver package, Usb.inf, to the Windows image that is currently mounted to the directory c:offline. PS C:> Add-WindowsDriver -Path ″c:offline″ -Driver ″c


    It is necessary to specify an object with full information about the driver that you wish to include. Alternatively, the output of Export-WindowsDriver or Get-WindowsDriver can be piped into this command as well.

    Type: AdvancedDriverObject
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False

    This method returns an object providing basic information about the driver you wish to add to your application. Alternatively, the output of Export-WindowsDriver or Get-WindowsDriver can be piped into this command as well.

    Type: BasicDriverObject
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False
    1. This parameter specifies the.inf file or the folder containing the.inf files of the drivers you wish to include in the configuration.
    2. The.inf files that are not acceptable driver packages are disregarded when you provide a folder in the command line.
    3. When the command is executed, the contents of these files are shown on the terminal, and a warning is recorded in the log file.

    You will not be presented with an error notice in this case.

    Type: String
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False

    Unsigned drivers are included in the x64 image. It is possible to disable the necessity for digital signatures on drivers that are installed on X64-based machines by using the ForceUnsigned option. In the TechNet Library, you may get more information about driver signing requirements by searching for Windows Deployment Options.

    Type: SwitchParameter
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False
    • This parameter specifies the maximum output level that will be displayed in the logs. The default log level is set to three. The values that have been accepted are as follows: 1 indicates just errors
    • 2 indicates both errors and warnings
    • 3 indicates both errors and warnings
    • 4 indicates both errors and warnings.
    • 3 = Errors, warnings, and information
    • 4 = All of the information described previously, plus debug output
    • 5 = All of the information listed previously, plus debug output
    Type: LogLevel
    Aliases: LL
    Accepted values: Errors, Warnings, WarningsInfo
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False
    1. Specifies the entire path and file name to which the log should be written.
    2. If no value is specified, the default value is percent WINDIR percent LogsDismdism.log%.
    3. During the boot process of Windows PE, the default directory is the RAMDISK scratch area, which can be as little as 32 MB in capacity.

    The log file will be archived on its own initiative.This will result in the archived log file being saved with the suffix.bak attached to the file name and a new log file being formed.Each time the log file is archived, the.bak file will be replaced by the contents of the log file.Whenever you are working with a network share that is not part of a domain, you should use the net use command in conjunction with domain credentials to configure access rights before configuring the DISM log log path.

    Type: String
    Aliases: LP
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False

    This parameter specifies the entire path to the root directory of the offline Windows image that will be serviced. Default value is /. Specifying WindowsDirectory must be used if the directory named Windows is not a subfolder of the root directory; otherwise, WindowsDirectory must be used.

    Type: String
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False

    When looking for drivers to add, be sure to include all subfolders.

    Type: SwitchParameter
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False
    1. In this parameter, you can provide a temporary directory that will be utilized for extracting files to be used during service.
    2. The directory must be present on the local system.
    3. If no directory is supplied, the Windows% Temp% directory will be used, with a subfolder name that is a randomly generated hexadecimal number for each run of DISM.

    If no directory is specified, the Windows% Temp% directory will be used.After each action, the items in the scratch directory are removed from the system.Use of a network share location as a scratch directory for the purpose of expanding a package (.cab or.msu file) for installation is not recommended.This means that the place where the files are extracted for temporary use during maintenance should be on your computer.

    Type: String
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False

    The path to the BootMgr files’ location is specified by this parameter. This is only essential if the BootMgr files are located on a different partition than the one from which you are performing the command. If you want to service an installed Windows image from a Windows PE environment, you may use the -SystemDrive switch.

    Type: String
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False

    The path to the Windows directory, relative to the image path, is specified by this parameter. This cannot be the whole path to the Windows directory; rather, it must be a relative path to the Windows directory. If no directory is supplied, the Windows directory in the root of the offline image directory is used as the default.

    Type: String
    Position: Named
    Default value: None
    Accept pipeline input: True
    Accept wildcard characters: False


    String Microsoft.Dism.Commands.ImageObject Microsoft.Dism.Commands.BasicDriverObject Microsoft.Dism.Commands.AdvancedDriverObject


    • Microsoft.Dism.Commands.BasicDriverObject Microsoft.Dism.Commands.ImageObject Get-WindowsDriver
    • Get-WindowsDriver
    • Remove-WindowsDriver


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    How to Manually Install a Deb Package Using Command Line in Ubuntu

    There are a few command line techniques that may be used to install standalone ″.deb″ installers that are not accessible in the official Ubuntu repositories, which will be covered in this article. A number of additional useful commands for dealing with ″.deb″ packages will also be discussed in detail. So let’s get started.

    List All Dependencies of a Deb File

    Run the following command to obtain detailed information about a ″.deb″ file and all of its dependencies: dpkg -I /path/to/file.deb $ dpkg -I /path/to/file.deb The information about the ″.deb″ file for the Persepolis download manager is shown in the sample below. This command is very handy if you want to see what is being installed before you start the installation process.

    List All Files That will be Installed From a Deb Package

    1. Run the following command to see a list of all the files that a ″.deb″ package will install on your system, as well as their respective destination paths: dpkg-deb -c /path/to/file.deb dpkg-deb -c /path/to/file.deb Files that will be installed on the system if you manually install the ″.deb″ package for the persepolis download manager are shown in the following example.
    2. Remember that Ubuntu’s apt package management also provides the contained files, but it needs you to first install the package before you can see the list of files.
    3. This technique, on the other hand, does not need the installation of the ″.deb″ package and is quite handy if you want to figure out which file belongs where.

    Extract All Files from a Deb Package

    1. It is possible that you may need to extract a deb package in order to test a piece of code or utilize some of the files included within it for debugging or other purposes.
    2. If you want to extract all of the files from a deb package, you may use the following command format: dpkg-deb -extract /path/to/file.deb dpkg-deb -extract /path/to/file.deb Please keep in mind that extracting files is not the same as installing a deb package.
    3. You will only get the contents of a ″.deb″ package that has been extracted to a local folder.

    Install a Deb File Using Dpkg

    1. Dpkg is a package management software that is used to handle ″.deb″ (Debian) package files.
    2. Run the following command to install a ″.deb″ package using the dpkg command line tool: dpkg -i /path/to/file.deb $ sudo dpkg -i /path/to/file.deb The command above will just install the standalone deb package and will not install any other dependencies.
    3. To resolve this, you will need to run a script that will automatically install the necessary components.

    If this is not done, your system may be rendered inoperable.Run the following command to resolve the unmet dependency problem:

    Install a Deb File Using Gdebi

    1. It is a command line and graphical tool that is completely dedicated to the installation of standalone ″.deb″ packages that are stored on your own hard disk.
    2. Dependencies are also resolved automatically, provided they are present in the official Ubuntu repositories, which they usually are (requires network connection).
    3. Run the following command to install gdebi on Ubuntu: gdebi-install If you want to install a ″.deb″ package using Gdebi, perform the following command: gdebi /path/to/file.deb /path/to/file.deb sudo gdebi /path/to/file.deb The fact that gdebi will take care of the installation of dependencies means that you will not have to execute another command manually to fix damaged packages.

    However, if you want to verify whether there are any broken packages and if there are, you may use the following command to check and fix them automatically:

    Using Apt to Install a Deb Package

    1. Installing standalone ″.deb″ files may also be accomplished through the usage of Ubuntu’s default ″apt″ package manager.
    2. Run the following command to accomplish this: $ sudo apt install /path/to/file.deb /path/to/file.deb If you opened a terminal window within the directory containing the ″.deb″ file, instead of running the above command, execute the following command: install./file.deb sudo apt install apt, like gdebi, will automatically install all of the dependencies that are necessary.
    3. To be sure, execute the following command:


    Installing ″.deb″ files without the use of a graphical interface is possible with the help of the following instructions. When you’re operating and maintaining Ubuntu server edition, or when you’re using Ubuntu without a desktop environment, they’re really beneficial.

    See also:  How To Package Homemade Cookies?

    About the author

    I’m a freelance software engineer and content writer who is passionate about Linux, open source software, and the free software ecosystem as a whole.

    DISM – Add or Remove Drivers on an Offline Image – Windows 10 Help Forums

    1. Information To the ordinary Windows user, servicing an offline image, mounting an image, and committing changes all seem a little difficult.
    2. The term ″modifying″ refers to the process of altering the default Windows installation image, which is the install.wim file.
    3. It is a simple technique that anybody can do.

    It is possible to use the modified install.wim to deploy Windows or to replace the original install.wim on existing installation media when modifications have been committed (written, saved) to the image file.Serving an offline image is accomplished through the use of DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management), a Windows native tool.The DISM command options allow for a wide range of customizations, including the way Windows is installed.A variety of options are available, including the addition or removal of drivers, the application of language packs to create multilingual Windows install media, the application of Windows Updates to ensure that a newly installed Windows installation is up to date immediately after installation, and so on.

    Standard Windows installation media is hardware neutral, which means it may be used to install Windows on any computer that is capable of running the operating system Windows.Installed drivers are those given by the manufacturer.After Windows is installed, Windows Update will either look for and install any necessary updates, or the user may choose to install drivers manually using those provided by the manufacturer.If the install media will be used on specified hardware, you may reduce the amount of time necessary to install Windows as well as the amount of time required for post-installation updates by include device-specific drivers in the installation media.It will be demonstrated in this tutorial how to use the DISM utility to install or delete drivers from an offline copy of Windows.Contents

     Use links below to go to any step, back button of your browser to return to this list.

    1. Note Steps one and two will demonstrate both of the techniques available for obtaining drivers to be included in the picture.
    2. To obtain the necessary drivers, you would often need to employ one of the following methods: download drivers from the manufacturer’s website, or export drivers from an existing Windows 10 installation running on the exact same hardware.
    3. Using both methods is not prohibited, however; for example, you could export drivers from an existing Windows installation on hardware that is similar but not identical to the hardware on which your install media will be used, then remove drivers that are different on the hardware where your install media will be used and download those drivers from the manufacturer’s website.

    My favourite option is to export drivers from an existing installation that is running on the same hardware.Making an offline image that includes the entire set of drivers and include them in the offline image is quite convenient, especially for private users who wish to create an install disk for their own hardware.In addition to offering a complete Out-of-Box Windows installation without the need to begin installing device drivers immediately after the installation, such media also makes reinstalling Windows extremely simple.First and foremost, you must understand what you are doing.

     Get drivers: Download

    1.1) Go to the manufacturer’s website and download the necessary drivers. 1.2) The majority of the time, the drivers are sent as an executable (.exe) or an archived (.zip) package. It is not possible to utilize an archive file unless the drivers have been extracted first. You will require the its.inf file in order to be able to add a specific driver. Step Two

     Get drivers: Export

    1. 2.1) Create a new folder for the exported drivers, in this case I’ll call it D:Drivers, and save it as D:Drivers In order to export all hardware drivers from an existing Windows 10 system, run the following line in elevated PowerShell (tutorial), substituting D:Drivers with the actual path to the drivers folder: 2.2) The following command: dism /Online /Export-Driver /Destination D: Drivers The following folder will be used to store the drivers: Step number three.

     Mount Offline Image

    1. 3.1) Create a new folder in which to temporarily store the contents of the Windows 10 ISO file, and name it whatever you like.
    2. The folder ISO Files is created on disk D: in this case for the sake of demonstration purposes.
    3. The ISO image of Windows 10 may be mounted as a virtual DVD by double clicking it, or by right-clicking it and selecting Mount from the context menu.

    In Explorer, open the mounted ISO file and select all files and directories with CTRL + A and copy them with CTRL + C.Then, using CTRL + V, paste the ISO content into the ISO Files folder: Note Instead of following these procedures, you may utilize the Windows 10 installation media on a USB flash drive, which will save you time.3.3) Make a folder in which to store the offline picture.In this example, the folder C:Mount is being used.

    3.4) Launch PowerShell with elevated privileges (tutorial).To determine which editions are included in the picture, use the following command: The command Dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:D:ISO FilesSourcesinstall.wim returns the information about the installation.wim file.Make a note of the index number of the edition you’ve chosen.To demonstrate, I transferred the whole Windows 10 Fall Creators Update version 1709 installation disc into the ISO Files directory.The following is the index number for the PRO edition that I wish to use to add drivers to it: 3.5) Mount the image of your desired Windows 10 edition by referencing its index number, which in this case is 8: Mounting an image using the command Dism /Mount-Image /ImageFile:D:ISO FilesSourcesinstall.wim and the index number 8 is the mount point.Dir:C:\Mount Please keep in mind that you may also mount and service virtual hard disks (VHD or VHDX file).

    1. When mounting a VHD file, the index number is always the first number in the file.
    2. Input the path to the virtual hard drive file with the suffix /ImageFile.
    3. For example, if you want to mount a VHDX file named W10PROx64.vhdx that is located in the folder F:VHD Files, you would use the mount command as follows: /Mount-Image /Image Dism /Mount-Image File:F:VHD FilesW10PROx64.vhdx /Index:1 /Mount:F:VHD FilesW10PROx64.vhdx Dir:C:\ Mount This is going to take some time.
    4. Please keep in mind that the disk on which the Mount folder is stored requires some empty space.
    5. The installation of a WIM image to a folder on any disk with less than 15 GB of free space is not recommended.
    6. For example, mounting the multi edition build 16299.15 image takes around 12 GB of space, which is in addition to the space necessary to operate with the picture itself: It is necessary to have at least as much empty space on the drive where the Mount folder is placed as the size of the virtual hard disk in order to mount a VHD / VHDX file.
    1. If you want to service a constantly increasing 64 GB virtual hard disk, you’ll need at least 70 GB of free space on your computer.
    2. Step Number Four:

     Add drivers to image

    1. Note When in doubt, you can always run the following command to see which drivers are already included in the offline image: C:Mount /Get-Drivers (Dim /Image:C:Mount) In the event that you have downloaded individual drivers, you can now add them to the offline mounted image using the following command: dism /Image:C:Mount /Add-Driver /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf C: is replaced with the path of the mount folder.
    2. Replace the location to your mount folder in the above sample command with the real path to your mount folder, and the driver path and name X:DriversDriverName.inf with the actual path to your downloaded driver.
    3. 4.2) If the driver is not signed, the following command should be used: dism /Image:C:Mount /Add-Driver /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf /ForceUnsigned /Add-Driver /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf /ForceUnsigned When removing a driver from an offline image, use the following command: 4.3) dism /Image:C:Mount /Remove-Driver /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf 4.4) The /Add-Driver and /Delete-Driver commands allow you to add or remove several drivers at the same time: dism /Image:C:Mount /Add-Driver /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf /Driver:X:DriversDriver2Name.inf /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf /Driver:X:DriversDriver2Name.inf 4.5) If you have drivers in a single folder and its subfolders, such as when they are exported from an existing installation, you may add all of them with a single command, substituting the mount folder and drivers folder locations with your real paths: mount folder drivers folder drivers dism /Image:C:Mount /Add-Driver /Driver:D:Mount /Driver:D:Mount /Add-Driver /Driver:D:Mount Drivers /Recurse The Drivers /Recurse switch will instruct PowerShell to traverse through the main folder and all of its subfolders, adding any drivers it discovers.

    For example: (Click to enlarge.) Step number five.

     Unmount offline image

    1. Note When in doubt, you can always use the following command to determine which drivers are already included in the offline image: C:Mount /Get-Drivers Dism /Image:C:Mount If you downloaded individual drivers, you can now include them in the offline mounted image by running the following command: mounting /Add-Driver /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf /Dism /Image:C:Mount /Add-Driver /Driver:C:Mount Make a note of the path of the mount folder C: Replace the path to your mount folder in the preceding sample command, and the driver path and name X:DriversDriverName.inf with the path of the driver file you downloaded.
    2. When a driver is not signed, run the following command to validate it: driver /Add-Driver /Driver:X:DriversName.inf /ForceUnsigned dism /Image:C:Mount driver /Add-Driver /Driver:X:DriversName.inf 4.3) To uninstall a driver from an offline image, use the following command: drivername.inf /Driver:X:DriversDriverName.inf /Remove-Driver /Image:C:Mount 4.4) You can add or delete numerous drivers with the /Add-Driver and /Remove-Driver commands.
    3. For example: mounting /Add-Driver /Driver:X:DriversDriver2Name.inf /Add-Image:C:Mount /Add-Driver /Add-Image:C:Mount /Add-Driver /Add-Image:C:Mount In the case of drivers stored in a single folder and its child folders, for example when a driver was exported from an existing installation, you can add all of the drivers with a single command, changing the mount folder and drivers folder locations with the correct paths: mounting:C:Mount /Add-Driver:D:Mount /Add-Image:C:Mount /Add-Image:C:Mount Drivers /Recurse The Drivers /Recurse option will instruct PowerShell to traverse through the main folder and all of its subfolders, adding any drivers it comes across.

    For example: (Click to enlarge.) 5) The Fifth Step

     Create updated ISO

    That’s all there is to it! If you have any questions or concerns about this, please do not hesitate to express them in this thread. Kari


    Downloading and installing programs from CRAN-like repositories or from local files are also possible solutions.


    Pkgs = getOption(″pkgs″), libs = getOption(″libs″), contriburl = contrib.url(repos, type), method = getOption(″method″), available= NULL, destdir= NULL, dependencies = NA, type = getOption(″pkgType″), clean = FALSE, Ncpus = getOption(″Ncpus″, 1L), verbose = getOption(″


    1. The names of packages whose current versions should be obtained from the repositories are represented by the Pkgscharacter vector.
    2. As an alternative to repos = NULL, a character vector of file paths (on Windows, the paths to.zip files containing binary builds of packages) is returned.
    3. It is also OK to use a file:/ URL, in which case the files will be downloaded and installed from local copies.

    Type = ″source″ can be used to specify source directories, file paths, or archive URLs; however, certain packages need the installation of specific tools (see the ‘Details’ section for details).On Unix-like systems, these file paths can go to source directories or archives, or they can point to binary package archives (as created by R CMD build -binary).It is also OK to use a file:/ URL, in which case the files will be downloaded and installed from local copies.It is possible that these are.tgz files holding binary package archives for R on macOS, depending on the CRAN build of the software.

    Tilde-expansion will be performed on the file path variables.If this is not present, a listbox of available packages is displayed in an interactive R session, if this is feasible.The libcharacter vector specifies the library folders in which the packages should be installed.As needed, the material is recycled.If not specified, the first element of is used as a fallback.libPaths().

    1. The base URL(s) of the repositories to be used, for example, the URL of a CRAN mirror such as ″For further details on supported URL schemes see url.″ When installing from local files, directories, or URLs, the value NULL can be used; if the value is one, the extension from pkgs will be assumed.
    2. URL(s) pointing to the contributor portions of the repositories Use this parameter if your repository mirror is incomplete, for example, if you only burnt the contrib part to a CD or if you only have binary packages in your repository.
    3. It takes precedence over argument repos.
    4. Type = ″both″ is incompatible with this value.
    5. See download.file for further information on the methoddownload method.
    6. If a non-NULL available value is provided, this field is not used.
    1. availablea matrix, as returned by available.packages listing the packages available at the repositories, or NULL if the function calls available.packages internally.
    2. availablea matrix, as returned by available.packages listing the packages available at the repositories.
    3. Type = ″both″ is incompatible with this value.
    4. The destdir directory is where the packages that have been downloaded are kept.
    5. If it is NULL (as is the case by default), the downloaded packages subfolder of the session temporary directory will be utilized (and the files will be deleted at the end of the session).
    6. depending on the dependencieslogically expressing whether or whether it is necessary to also install uninstalled packages that these packages depend on, link to, import, or advise (and so on recursively).
    1. If repos is set to NULL, this function is not executed.
    2. It is also possible to have a character vector, which is a subset of c (″Depends″, ″Imports″, ″LinkingTo″, ″Suggests″, ″Enhances″).
    3. If the library is of length one (or not present), it is unambiguous where to install the dependant packages; otherwise, it is not supported.
    4. If this is not the case, the message is disregarded and a warning is issued.
    5. The default value, NA, indicates that c (″Depends″, ″Imports″, ″LinkingTo″).

    The usage of c(″Depends″, ″Imports″, ″LinkingTo″, ″Suggests″) for pkgs and c(″Depends″, ″Imports″, ″LinkingTo″) for additional dependencies results in the installation of all the packages required to execute pkgs, their examples, tests, and vignettes, as well as any additional dependencies (if the package author specified them correctly).For binary packages, the ″LinkingTo″ attribute is missing in all of them.character indicating the kind of item to be downloaded and installed typecharacter Except for Windows and some macOS builds, which will be ″source″ (see the section on ‘Binary packages’ for more information), all builds will be ″source.″ configure.args is a configuration file (Used only for source installs.) A character vector or a named list are both acceptable options.A character vector with no names is concatenated into a single string (separated by a space) and used as the value for the -configure-args flag in the call to R CMD INSTALL if no names are provided with the vector.If the character vector contains names, it is presumed that these names correspond to values for the -configure-args command line option for specific packages.

    One can define options for an entire collection of packages that will be applied if any of those packages are installed.(As a result, these settings can be reused and can serve as the default settings.) It is also possible to achieve the same result by using a named list, which allows multi-element character strings for each package to be concatenated together to form a single string, which can then be used as the value for -configure-args.configure.vars in the same way (Used only for source installs.) For the flag -configure-vars, which is analogous to configure.args and is used to define environment variables for the configure run, see configure.args.clean a logical value indicating whether or not to include the -clean flag in the call to R CMD INSTALL during the installation process This is occasionally used to do extra actions at the end of the package installation, in addition to eliminating intermediate files, at the conclusion of the package installation.In order to do a simultaneous installation of many source packages, Ncpus is the number of parallel processes to be used.

    If the make command supplied by Sys.supports values larger than one, then values greater than one are supported.The command getenv(″MAKE″, ″make″) takes the arguments -k and -j.

    • Ncpus.verbosea logically stating whether or not a ″progress report″ should be provided libs onlya What is the logical meaning of the -libs-only option?
    • Should it just be used to install extra sub-architectures for source installations?
    • (See also INSTALL opts for further information.) Additionally, in Windows, this may be used to install only the DLL(s) from a binary package, for example, to add 64-bit DLLs to a 32-bit installation.
    • INSTALL opts is a character vector that may be used to specify extra options to be supplied to R CMD INSTALL during a source package installation.

    For example, c (″-html″, ″-no-multiarch″, ″-no-test-load″).It is also possible to specify a named list of character vectors to be used as extra choices, with the names corresponding to the names of the relevant package names.quietlogical: if true, reduce the quantity of output produced by the program.The keep outputsa logical parameter specifies whether to keep the outputs from installing source packages in the current working directory, with the names of the output files added with.out to the package names.Alternatively, a character string specifying the directory in which the outputs should be saved is acceptable.When installing from local files, this is not taken into consideration.

    … Passing arguments to download.file or the binary-installs-on-macos or on-windows functions (which accept the option ″lock″: see the section on ″Locking″ for more information).


    Invisible NULL.

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    Binary packages

    1. This section applies exclusively to platforms on which binary packages are available, such as Windows and CRAN builds for macOS, and does not apply to other platforms.
    2. The majority of R packages are distributed as source packages, but binary packages (a packaging up of the installed package) are also supported.
    3. Binary packages are the type of package most commonly used on Windows and by the CRAN builds for macOS, and they are also the type most commonly used on Linux.

    Installing either kind may be accomplished by the use of this function, which can be accomplished through the use of either a repository or a locally stored file.Types that are presently supported include (but are not limited to) ″source,″ ″mac.binary,″ ″mac.binary.el-capitan,″ and ″win.binary.″ In addition, the appropriate binary type when supported can be specified as ″binary.″ The function checks for the availability of source packages on the same repository as the binary install and reports if the source package has a later version, is available but no binary version, or whether the source package is accessible but no binary version is available.When using options(install.packages.check.source = ″no″), this check can be omitted; in fact, it should be disabled when there is just a partial repository including binary files.Alternative (and current default) is ″both,″ which indicates ″use binary if available and current, else attempt source.″ If there are source packages that are desired, but which may include code that has to be built, the action taken is controlled by the getOption method (″install.packages.compile.from.source″).

    If either contriburl or available is given, type = ″both″ will be quietly converted to ″binary.″ In general, using packages with type = ″source″ will always work, as long as the package does not include any C/C++/Fortran code that has to be compiled.On the other hand, on Windows The Rtools collection must be installed as detailed in the ‘R for Windows FAQ’ and the PATH environment variable must be set up as needed by Rtools before you can proceed.It is possible that a tiny percentage of packages that contain compiled code will require INSTALL opts = ″-force-biarch″ or ″-merge-multiarch″ for a source installation on a 32/64-bit version of R on Windows.In the case of installing from a repository or tarballs, it is permissible to choose the latter option, however the installation will be slightly slower.The installation of a binary package will be aborted if the package is already installed and presently in use, as detected by install.packages while installing the package.If an issue is not detected in some cases (for example, if many instances of R are operating at the same time and sharing the same library), the installation may fail because Windows locks files that are currently in use.

    1. Whenever a package contains C/C++/Fortran code that requires compilation, you must have the ‘Command-line tools for Xcode’ installed (see the ″R Installation and Administration Manual″), as well as, if required by the package, a Fortran compiler, and have them in your path when running on a Unix-like system.


    1. There are several locking options available, and they change depending on whether you are using a source or binary installation.
    2. The library directory is ‘locked’ by default for a source install, which is accomplished by creating the directory 00LOCK within it.
    3. Aside from preventing any other process from installing into that library at the same time, this is also used to save any earlier versions of the package in case of an issue during the installation process.

    The option -pkglock, which generates a separate lock for each package, provides a finer-grained level of locking, allowing for parallel installation to be performed with sufficient flexibility.When installing a single package, and with installing many packages when Ncpus > 1L, per-package locking is the default setting.Finally, the option -no-lock can be used to prevent locking (and subsequent restoration in the event of a mistake).By default, no locking is performed during a macOS binary installation.

    Setting the parameter lock to TRUE (it defaults to the value of getOption(″install.lock″, FALSE) will cause per-directory locking to be used, similar to how it is done for source installs.Per-directory locking is enabled by default for Windows binary installations (the value of lock defaults to the value of getOption(″install.lock″, TRUE)).It will be utilized if the value is ″pkglock,″ which stands for per-package locking.If package locking is enabled on Windows with libs only = TRUE and the installation fails, the package will be returned to the condition it was in before the installation failed.Consider the possibility that the package installation will fail so badly that the lock directory will not be removed: this will prevent any further installations to the library directory (or, if the package has -pkglock, to the package’s root directory), at least until the lock directory is manually removed.

    Parallel installs

    1. Parallel installations are tried if pkgs has a length larger than one and Ncpus > one and pkgs length is more than one.
    2. Given that it makes use of a parallel make, it is necessary that the make given (the default make) when R was constructed is capable of supporting the flag: GNU make, dmake, and pmake are capable of supporting the flag; Solaris make and earlier FreeBSD make are not capable of supporting the flag: If necessary, the environment variable MAKE can be set for the current session to enable the selection of an appropriate make to be executed.
    3. Install.packages must be able to compute all of the dependencies of pkgs from the supplied data, even if one element of pkgs is dependent on another element of pkgs indirectly.

    If you are installing CRAN packages that are dependent on Bioconductor packages that are in turn dependent on CRAN packages, for example, available must include both CRAN and Bioconductor packages in order for the package to be considered complete.


    1. The environment variable _R INSTALL PACKAGES ELAPSED TIMEOUT_ can be used to set a time limit on the amount of time that elapses between calls to R CMD INSTALL (and thus for source installs).
    2. The value of this variable is in seconds (or in minutes or hours with optional suffix m or h, with suffix s being allowed for the default seconds), with 0 indicating no time limit.
    3. For non-parallel installs, this is accomplished using the timeout parameter of system2; for parallel installs, this is accomplished by the timeout command of the operating system.

    In this case, the program was from GNU coreutils, which is typically accessible on Linux but not on other Unix-like systems.If there is no such command available, the timeout request is disregarded and a warning is displayed.) When doing parallel installations, the make command returns an Error 124 message, indicating that a timeout occurred.If a timeout occurs during the installation process, lock folders may be left behind and prior versions may not be restored.


    1. This is the primary role of the package installation process.
    2. It accepts a vector of names as input and a destination library as output, and it downloads and installs the packages from the repositories.
    3. There may be more than one library directory in.libPaths(), thus if the library is not specified it defaults to the first directory in.libPaths(), with an error message if there are more than one.) If the parameter lib is missing or has a length of one and does not point to a (group) readable directory, the function offers to construct a personal library tree (the first element of Sys.getenv(″R LIBS USER″) and install the library there in interactive mode.

    On Windows, detecting a readable directory might be difficult; see the ‘Note’ section for further information.It is attempted to install the packages in a manner that respects their dependencies when installing from a repository during a standard installation.However, this does imply that all of the items in lib are on the default library path for installations (which is determined by the environment variable R LIBS).It is recommended that you run update.packages before installing.packages to verify that any dependencies that have previously been installed have the most recent versions.

    See Also

    1. Update.packages, available.packages, download.packages, installed.packages, contrib.url are all terms that may be used to describe packages.
    2. For information on how to handle proxies and other options for monitoring file transfers, see download.file.
    3. When manually unpacking source package tarballs, untar is used.

    INSTALL, REMOVE, remove.packages, library,.packages, read.dcf are all verbs that mean the same thing.For information on how to set up a repository, consult the ‘R Installation and Administration’ handbook.


    NOT TO BE RUNNED The following is a Linux example of the layout of the udunits2 headers in Fedora. install.packages(c(″ncdf4″, ″RNetCDF″), configure.args = c(RNetCDF = ″-with-netcdf-include=/usr/include/udunits2″), configure.args = c(RNetCDF = ″-with-netcdf-include=/usr/include/udunits2″)) DataCamp Workspace allows you to run the code seen above in your browser.

    Creating a Driver Package – Windows drivers

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