Which Of The Following Directories Might A Non-Rpm Package Be Installed?

List all files installed by the RPM package. You can list package files using the following command: # rpm -ql iptables. Sample outputs: /etc/rc.d/init.d/iptables /etc/sysconfig/iptables-config /lib64/iptables /lib64/iptables/libipt_CLASSIFY.so /lib64/iptables/libipt_CONNMARK.so /lib64/iptables/libipt_DNAT.so /lib64/iptables/libipt_DSCP.so

Why RPM packages are not relocatable?

For that to happen, rpm package should be relocatable. If that package is not flexible enough (–prefix path can’t be set) to be installed in to a different locations as provided by the user or it’s hardcoded, examples are like bash shell package or flash packages, which may not be relocatable.

Which is true of using rpm and Debian package management systems?

Which is true of using both RPM and Debian package management systems on one computer? A. It’s generally inadvisable because the two systems don’t share installed-file database

Why won’t rpm work on a megaprog file?

If the megaprog.rpm package exists, is valid, and isn’t already installed on the computer, it is installed. C. The megaprog.rpm source RPM package is compiled into a binary RPM for the computer. D. Nothing; megaprog.rpm isn’t a valid RPM filename, so rpm will refuse to operate on this file. E.

How many terms are in the mamoreno89 Linux module?

mamoreno89 Linux Module 1-3 67 terms mwillard20 LX0-101 Study Guide Questions 56 terms ryan_clair Other sets by this creator Server + Exam Final 60 terms SkyDanc3r Week 3 Homework Linux Essentials 87 terms SkyDanc3r Linux 87 terms SkyDanc3r Other Quizlet sets American Romanticism Study Guide 18 terms ccarey120 Theatre 7.1 Art of the Director

Where do rpm packages get installed?

you can check by using ‘rpm -ql ‘ command, while if you are concerned about the database about packages then it is stored in ‘/var/lib/rpm’.

What RPM packages are installed?

To view all the files of an installed rpm packages, use the -ql (query list) with rpm command.

How do I install an RPM package?

Use RPM in Linux to install software

  1. Log in as root, or use the su command to change to the root user at the workstation on which you want to install the software.
  2. Download the package you wish to install.
  3. To install the package, enter the following command at the prompt: rpm -i DeathStar0_42b.rpm.

What are RPM packages in Linux?

What is an RPM package? RPM stands for Red Hat Package Manager. It was developed by Red Hat and is primarily used on Red Hat-based Linux operating systems (Fedora, CentOS, RHEL, etc.). An RPM package uses the. rpm extension and is a bundle (a collection) of different files.

How do you check if an RPM is installed or not?


  1. To determine if the correct RPM package is installed on you system use the following command: dpkg-query -W –showformat ‘${Status}\n’ rpm.
  2. Run the following command, using root authority. In the example, you obtain root authority using the sudo command: sudo apt-get install rpm.

How do I know if RPM is installed?

You can use the following command to display the install date and time of all the packages installed on your system:

  1. rpm -qa –last.
  2. rpm -qa –last | grep kernel.
  3. rpm -q –last filesystem.

How check installed packages in Linux?

Open the terminal app. For remote server log in using the ssh command: ssh [email protected] Show information about all installed packages on CentOS, run: sudo yum list installed. To count all installed packages run: sudo yum list installed | wc -l.

How do I list installed apt packages?

The procedure to list what packages are installed on Ubuntu:

  1. Open the terminal application or log in to the remote server using ssh (e.g. ssh [email protected] )
  2. Run command apt list –installed to list all installed packages on Ubuntu.

What is the command to check the package is installed or not?

The dpkg-query command can be used to show if a specific package is installed in your system. To do it, run dpkg-query followed by the -l flag and the name of the package you want information about.

What is an RPM package file?

A file with the RPM file extension is a Red Hat Package Manager file that’s used to store installation packages on Linux operating systems. These files provide an easy way for software to be distributed, installed, upgraded, and removed since they’re ‘packaged’ in one place.

How do rpm packages work?

RPM packaging set out to solve the software management problem by packaging metadata along with the software for an application. That metadata includes version numbers, the list of files in the package, a description of the package, information about the packager, and many other items.

Where are RPM packages stored in Centos 7?

Most files pertaining to RPM are kept in the /var/lib/rpm/ directory.

How check RPM installed or not in Linux?

List or Count Installed RPM Packages

  1. If you are on a RPM-based Linux platform (such as Redhat, CentOS, Fedora, ArchLinux, Scientific Linux, etc.), here are two ways to determine the list of packages installed. Using yum:
  2. yum list installed. Using rpm:
  3. rpm -qa.
  4. yum list installed | wc -l.
  5. rpm -qa | wc -l.

What are the two parts of an RPM package?

The lead, which identifies the file as an RPM file and contains some obsolete headers. The signature, which can be used to ensure integrity and/or authenticity. The header, which contains metadata including package name, version, architecture, file list, etc.

What is RPM and yum in Linux?

Yum is a package manager and rpms are the actual packages. With yum you can add or remove software. The software itself comes within a rpm. The package manager allows you to install the software from hosted repositories and it will usually install dependencies as well.

How to check what packages are installed in Linux?

The database is usually in ‘/var/lib/rpm’ directory and is updated by ‘rpm’ and ‘yum’ commands like ‘rpm -i ‘, ‘yum install ‘ or ‘yum repolist’. ‘yum list –showduplicates systemd’ it will show the locations of the packages, including what is installed.

What is an RPM file?

But the RPMs that get installed are basically like a zip or tar file. So the contents of these files get dumped into the system and RPM maintains a database of what packages it has installed.

Install RPM to a Different Directory (relocatable)

Installing a rpm installation into a specified directory is demonstrated in this article.In order for this to happen, the rpm package must be relocatable.If a package is not flexible enough (i.e., the -prefix path cannot be altered) to be installed in multiple locations as specified by the user or if it is hardcoded, examples include the bash shell package and flash packages, which may not be able to be moved.

Not relocatable Package

Let me start with situations where the rpm package is not relocatable, that is, it cannot be installed into a specified directory on the system.$sudo rpm -qpi /home/redhat/Downloads/flash-plugin- /home/redhat/Downloads/flash-plugin- flash-plugin is the name of the program.Relocations are a common occurrence (not relocatable) is the current version.Adobe Systems Inc.is the vendor.Release: the word ″release″ refers to the act of releasing something.

Date of construction: Friday, August 10, 2012 06:45:38 PM PDT Date of installation: (not installed) Created on: frbld lnx 016.macromedia.com, with permission.Applications/Internet-based sources are grouped together.RPM: flash-plugin- flash-plugin- Size: 18383579 pixels License: Commercial Use Permitted Signed with a monogram: (none) Adobe Systems Inc.is the packager.URL: Adobe Flash Player 11.2 is a free download.

  • Adobe Flash Plugin version is described below.
  • Mozilla SeaMonkey 1.0 and higher, Firefox 1.5 and higher, and Mozilla 1.7.13 and above are all fully supported.
  • The package described above is thus not relocatable and cannot be deployed in a custom place.
  • Additionally, you may use the following command to determine whether or not the package can be relocated: $sudo rpm –qi|
  • grep $sudo rpm –qi|

grep Relocations If the package is relocatable, the following message may appear in the output: keyutils-libs is the name of the library.Relocations include: /opt

Install package to a different directory

If the package is relocatable, it can be installed in a new place by using the -prefix path option. $sudo rpm -prefix=/mnt gnome-backgrounds-2.28.0-2.el6.noarch.rpm $sudo rpm -prefix=/mnt gnome-backgrounds-2.28.0-2.el6.noarch.rpm


Our lesson today covered how to install a rpm package in an existing directory……………………………. Please feel free to leave a remark if you have any queries or feedback.

20 Practical Examples of RPM Commands in Linux

A default open source and most popular package management software for Red Hat based systems such as CentOS, RHEL, and others is RPM (Red Hat Package Manager) (RHEL, CentOS and Fedora).The application enables system administrators and users to install, update, and remove system software packages in Unix/Linux operating systems, as well as query, validate, and manage system software packages.The RPM file, formerly known as the.rpm file, is a constructed software package that contains the software applications and libraries required by the packages.This tool is only compatible with packages that have been produced in the.rpm format.This article contains some interesting 20 RPM command examples that you can find useful in your own projects.You can manage to install, update, and delete packages on your Linux systems with the use of the rpm command.

Some Facts about RPM (RedHat Package Manager)

  1. RPM is free and provided under the GPL (General Public License)
  2. RPM stores information about all of the installed packages in the /var/lib/rpm database directory
  3. RPM is a package management system.
  4. RPM is the sole means to install packages on Linux systems
  5. if you’ve installed packages using source code, rpm will not be able to handle it.
  6. When dealing with.rpm files, which include the real information about the packages such as: what it is, where it came from, dependency information, and version information, among other things, RPM is used.

There are five basic modes for RPM command

  1. Install: It is used to install any RPM package that has been downloaded.
  2. Remove: This command is used to delete, uninstall, or uninstall any RPM package.
  3. Upgrade: It is used to bring an existing RPM package up to date.
  4. Verify is a command that is used to verify RPM packages.
  5. Query: It is used to query any RPM package that is installed

Where to find RPM packages

The following is a list of rpm sites from where you may locate and download all RPM packages.

Read Also:

  1. Examples of the YUM command in Linux
  2. Examples of the Wget command in Linux
  3. The 30 Most Useful Linux Commands for System Administrators

Please keep in mind that while installing packages on Linux, you must be logged in as the root user. Only with root access can you manage rpm commands and their associated arguments.

1. How to Check an RPM Signature Package

Make a point of checking the PGP signature of packages before installing them on your Linux computers to ensure that their integrity and origin are correct.To verify the signature of a package named pidgin, use the following command with the –checksig (check signature) option: [rpm -checksig pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686.rpm]rpm -checksig pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686.rpm the pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686.rpm package has the following information: rsa sha1 (md5), pgp md5 OK

2. How to Install an RPM Package

If you want to install a rpm software package, use the following command with the -i flag included. For example, to install a rpm package named pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686.rpm, type [pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686.rpm on the command line. -ivh pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686.rpm pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686.rpm pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686.rpm Getting Ready. 1:pidgin

RPM command and options
  1. -i: install a package
  2. -v: make the output more verbose for a more aesthetically pleasing presentation
  3. -h: report hash marks while the package archive is unpacked

3. How to check dependencies of RPM Package before Installing

Consider the following scenario: you want to do a dependency check before installing or updating a program.For example, the following command may be used to determine whether the BitTorrent-5.2.2-1-Python2.4.noarch.rpm package is dependent on any other packages.It will provide a list of the packages that are dependent on the current package.]rpm -qpR ]rpm -qpR Python2.4 is installed using the rpm package BitTorrent-5.2.2-1-Python2.4.noarch.rpm in /usr/bin/python2.4 python >= 2.3 python(abi) = 2.4 python-crypto >= 2.0 python-psyco python-twisted >= 2.0 python-zopeinterface rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) = 2.6 rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) = 2.6 rpmlib(CompressedFileNames) = 2.6

RPM command and options
  1. -q: Inquire about a bundle
  2. -p: Displays a list of the capabilities provided by this package
  3. -R: Display a list of the capabilities on which this package relies.

4. How to Install a RPM Package Without Dependencies

Alternatively, if you are confident that all required packages are already installed and RPM is simply being foolish, you may disregard those dependencies by specifying the –nodeps (no dependencies check) option before installing the package.rpm -ivh -nodeps -ivh -nodeps BitTorrent-5.2.2-1-Python2.4.noarch.rpm Preparing.1:BitTorrent is being used.The command above will aggressively install the rpm package by disregarding dependencies problems; but, if certain dependent files are missing, the application will not function at all until those files are added to the system.

5. How to check an Installed RPM Package

When the -q option is used in conjunction with a package name, it will indicate if a rpm has been installed or not. ] Download BitTorrent BitTorrent-5.2.2-1.noarch with the command rpm -q BitTorrent

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6. How to List all files of an installed RPM package

Use the -ql (query list) option with the rpm command to see all of the files contained within an installed rpm package.] rpm -ql rpm -ql rpm -ql The BitTorrent executables are located at /usr/bin/bittorrent /usr/bin/bittorrent-console /usr/bin/bittorrent-curses /usr/bin/bittorrent-tracker /usr/bin/changetracker-console /usr/bin/launchmany-console and /usr/bin/launchmany-curses /usr/bin/maket

7. How to List Recently Installed RPM Packages

The following rpm command, when used with the -qa (query all) option, will show all of the rpm packages that have been recently installed.] The following command is used to install BitTorrent 5.2.1.noarch: rpm —qa —last BitTorrent 5.2.1.noarch Tuesday, December 4, 2012, 5:14:06 p.m.I686 BDT pidgin-2.7.9-5.el6.2.i686 BDT pidgin Tuesday, December 4, 2012, 5:13:51 p.m.BDT cyrus-sasl-devel-2.1.23-13.el6 3.1.i686 cyrus-sasl-devel-2.1.23-13.el6 3.1.i686 Tuesday, December 4, 2012, 4:43:06 p.m.BDT cyrus-sasl-2.1.23-13.el6 3.1.i686 cyrus-sasl-2.1.23-13.el6 3.1.i686 Tuesday, December 4, 2012 04:43:05 p.m.BDT cyrus-sasl-md5-2.1.23-13.el6 3.1.i686 cyrus-sasl-md5-2.1.23-13.el6 3.1.i686 Tuesday, December 4, 2012, 4:43:04 p.m.

BDT cyrus-sasl-plain-2.1.23-13.el6 3.1.i686 cyrus-sasl-plain-2.1.23-13.el6 3.1.i686 Tuesday, December 4, 2012, 4:43:03 p.m.BDT

8. How to List All Installed RPM Packages

Type the following command to see a list of all the names of the packages that have been installed on your Linux system.] rpm -qa is an abbreviation for RPM Quality Assurance. initscripts-9.03.31-2.el6.centos.i686 Thunderbird-17.0-1.el6.remi.i686 polkit-desktop-policy-0.96-2.el6 0.1.noarch polkit-desktop-policy-0.96-2.el6 0.1.noarch polkit-desktop-policy-0.96-2.el6 0.1.noarch

9. How to Upgrade a RPM Package

Upgrade any RPM package with the ″–U″ (upgrade) option, which is used when upgrading any RPM package.In addition to upgrading to the most recent version of any package, this option will also keep a backup of the older package in case the newly upgraded package does not function properly.This allows the previously installed package to be used again in the event that the newly upgraded package does not function properly after it has been upgraded.[rpm -Uvh nx-3.5.0-2.el6.centos.i686.rpm ]rpm -Uvh nx-3.5.0-2.el6.centos.i686.rpm Getting Ready.1:nx

10. How to Remove a RPM Package

We may use the package name nx to uninstall an RPM package, rather than the original package name nx-3.5.0-2.el6.centos.i686.rpm, to uninstall a nx-3.5.0-2.el6.centos.i686.rpm package. Packages can be removed with the -e (erase) command line option.]rpm -evv nx

11. How to Remove an RPM Package Without Dependencies

Nodeps (Do not check dependencies) is an option that is used to force the removal of the rpm package from the system. However, keep in mind that uninstalling a single program may cause other apps to stop operating. ] The following command: rpm —ev —nodeps vsftpd

12. How to Query a file that belongs which RPM Package

Consider the following scenario: you have a list of files and you want to determine which package contains these files. Using the -qf (query file) option, for example, the following program will show you that the file [rpm -qf /usr/bin/htpasswd] is owned by the package]rpm -qf /usr/bin/htpasswd

13. How to Query a Information of Installed RPM Package

Consider the following scenario: you have installed a rpm package and would want to know more about the package.The -qi (query info) option will output all of the information about the installed package that is currently accessible.] rpm -qi vsftpd vsftpd vsftpd is the name of the program.Relocations are a common occurrence (not relocatable) 2.2.2 is the current version.CentOS is the vendor.11.el6 is the version of the software that was released.

Date of construction: Friday, June 22, 2012 at 1:54:24 p.m.BDT Installed on: Monday, September 17, 2012, 7:55:28 p.m.BDT the build host is c6b8 on the bsys.dev.centos.org network System Environment/Daemons is a group of programs that run on the operating system.vsftpd-2.2.2-11.el6.src.rpm is the source RPM.Dimensions: 351932 GPLv2 with a few exceptions is the license.

  • Signed using RSA/SHA1 on Mon, June 25, 2012 at 4:07:34 a.m.
  • BDT with key ID 0946fca2c105b9de Packager: CentOS BuildSystem URL: http://www.centos.org/buildsystem/ Summary: FTP Daemon with Extremely High Security Description: vsftpd is a Very Secure File Transfer Protocol (FTP) daemon.
  • It was written from the ground up entirely from scratch.

14. Get the Information of RPM Package Before Installing

You have downloaded a package from the internet and would want to see the item’s details before installing it on your computer.In the following example, the option -qip (query info package) will output the information about the package sqlbuddy.rpm -qip rpm -qip sqlbuddy-1.3.3-1.noarch.rpm sqlbuddy is the name of the program.Relocations are a common occurrence (not relocatable) 1.3.3 is the current version.Vendor’s name: (none) 1st Publication: Date of construction: November 2, 2011, 11:01:21 p.m.BDT Date of installation: (not installed) rpm.bar.baz is the host for the build.

Applications/Internet Sources is a group of applications and internet sources.sqlbuddy-1.3.3-1.src.rpm is the RPM for this package.Size: 1155804 bytes License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Signed with a monogram: (none) Erik M Jacobs is the packager.URL: Synopsis: SQL Buddy is a web-based MySQL management system.SQLBuddy is a PHP tool that enables for the management of MySQL databases via a web browser.

15. How to Query documentation of Installed RPM Package

The following command, when run with the -qdf (query document file) option, will display the manual pages associated with the vmstat package, which may be used to retrieve a list of the documentation available for an installed package.] The following commands are executed: rpm -qdf /usr/bin/vmstat /usr/share/doc/procps-3.2.8/BUGS /usr/share/doc/procps-3.2.8/COPYING /usr/share/doc/procps-3.2.8/COPYING.LIB /usr/share/doc/procps-3.2.8/FAQ /usr/share/doc

16. How to Verify a RPM Package

When you verify a package, the information about the installed files of the package is compared to the information in the rpm database. The -Vp (verify package) option is used to check the contents of a package. [downloads]rpm -Vp sqlbuddy-1.3.3-1.noarch.rpm [downloads]rpm -Vp sqlbuddy-1.3.3-1.noarch.rpm /etc/ S.5.T.c /etc/

17. How to Verify all RPM Packages

To make sure that all of the rpm packages have been installed, use the following command. ] S.5.T.c /etc/rc.d/rc.local.T.c /etc/dnsmasq.conf.T./etc/ld.so.conf.d/kernel-2.6.32-279.5.2.el6.i686.conf S.5.T.c /etc/yum.conf S.5.T.c /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo S.5.

18. How to Import an RPM GPG key

It is necessary to import the GPG key in order to validate RHEL/CentOS/Fedora packages. This may be accomplished by running the following command. It will import the GPG key from CentOS 6. The command ″rpm -import″ imports the RPM GPG Key for CentOS 6 from the /etc/pki/rpm-gpg directory.

19. How to List all Imported RPM GPG keys

Use the following command to display a list of all the GPG keys that have been imported into your system.] Gpg-pubkeys are as follows: gpgpubkey-0608b895-4bd22942, gpgpubkey-7fac5991-4615767f, gpgpubkey-0f2672c8-4cd950ee, gpgpubkey-00f97f56-467e318a, gpgpubkey-849c449f-4cb9df30, gpg-pubkey

20. How To rebuild Corrupted RPM Database

Occasionally, the rpm database becomes damaged, resulting in the loss of all functionality for rpm and other programs running on the system.In this case, we must rebuild the rpm database and restore it using the following command:]cd /var/lib]rebuild rpm databaserestore rpm database rmdb*]rpm -rebuilddb] [rpm -rebuilddb] rpmdb verify Packages is a command that checks if a package is installed.

How to create a Linux RPM package

  • This article demonstrates how to package a script as an RPM file so that it may be installed, updated, and removed from your Linux systems with relative ease. Firstly, I’ll describe what an RPM package is and how you may install, query, and delete one as well as – and perhaps most significantly – construct your own RPM package. This article discusses what an RPM package is, how to build an RPM package, how to install, query, and delete an RPM package, and how to use RPM packages in general.

What is an RPM package?

  • Red Hat Package Manager (RPM) is an abbreviation for Red Hat Package Manager. It was created by Red Hat and is mostly used on Linux operating systems that are based on the Red Hat distribution (Fedora, CentOS, RHEL, etc.). An RPM package, which has the.rpm suffix, is a collection of files that are bundled together (called a bundle). It may contain any of the following elements: File types include binary files (nmap, stat, xattr, sshd, and so on)
  • configuration files (updatedb.conf, logrotate.conf, and so on)
  • documentation files (README, TODO, AUTHOR, etc.)
  • and other types of files. Binary files are also known as executables.

The following is the format for the name of an RPM package: —.rpm As an illustration, consider the file bdsync-0.11.1-1.x86 64.rpm. For certain packages, such as bdsync-0.11.1-1.el8.x86 64.rpm, a shorthand version of the distribution for which they were produced is also included. For example,

How to create an RPM package

  • In order to create an RPM package, you’ll need the following components: A workstation or a virtual machine running an RPM-based distribution, such as RHEL or Fedora, is required.
  • Software for putting together the bundle
  • To bundle the source code
  • The SPEC file is used to create the RPM.

Installing the required software

  • In order to create an RPM package, you’ll need the following items: Working on a workstation or a virtual computer running an RPM-based distribution such as RHEL or Fedora
  • Build the package using software
  • To bundle the source code
  • For the RPM to be built, a SPEC file must be used.

Due to the fact that it may be produced and re-built on any other RPM-based distribution and architecture, the A.src.rpm package is extremely adaptable.You are now familiar with the contents of each directory; thus, write a simple script to distribute: $ cat > hello.sh!/bin/sh echo $ cat > hello.sh ″Hello, world!″ says the EOF.This produces a shell script named hello.sh, which outputs the message ″Hello, world″ to the terminal when executed.It’s straightforward, but it’s sufficient to illustrate packing.

Place the script in the designated directory

For the RPM build system to create a package for your script, you must first place your script in the directory where the RPM build system expects it to reside.As with most projects, create a directory for it and move the hello.sh script inside it: $ create a directory called hello-0.0.1.$ mv hello.sh hello-0.0.1 $ mv hello.sh The tar command may be used to produce an archive file, which is useful because most source code is delivered as an archive: $ tar -create -file hello-0.0.1.tar.gz $ tar -create -file hello-0.0.1.tar.gz hello-0.0.1 After that, copy the tarball you just prepared into the SOURCES directory like follows: $ mv hello-0.0.1.tar.gz hello-0.0.1.tar.gz SOURCES

Create a.spec file

  • The a.spec file defines the parameters of an RPM package. Although the structure of an a.spec file is tight, rpmdev may produce a boilerplate file for you that has the following information: $ rpmdev-newspec rpmdev-newspec rpmdev-newspec rpmdev-newspec rpmdev-newspec hello This creates a file named hello.spec, which you must copy and paste into the SPECS directory when you have finished. If you want to examine what the directory structure looks like, run tree /rpmbuild to see what it looks like: /home/tux/rpmbuild/ BUILD BUILDROOT RPMS SOURCES hello-0.0.1.tar.gz SPECS hello.spec SRPMS BUILDROOT RPMS SOURCES hello-0.0.1.tar.gz The hello.spec file that is created is a fine starting point, but it does not contain any unique information about the application that you are constructing. The generated.spec file makes the assumption that I will be compiling and building software. Considering that you’re packing a Bash script, there are several simplifications you may do. For example, because there is no code to compile, there is no Build process to invoke. I’ve included BuildArch: noarch since this package is valid for all CPU architectures, including 32-bit and 64-bit, Arm, and any other CPU architecture that can execute the Bash shell. I’ve also included Requires: bash to ensure that the package checks to see whether Bash is already installed. Although this basic ″hello world″ script will run on any shell, it is not true for all scripts, and therefore this is an excellent example of how to explain dependencies between scripts. Greetings: The 0.0.1 version was released with a 1 percent royalty. Summary: A simple Hello World script Noarch is used in the build process. Source0: percent – percent.tar.gz License: GPL Source0: percent – percent.tar.gz It is necessary to have: bash percent description A demonstration RPM build percent prep percent setup -q percent install rm -rf percent prep percent setup -q mkdir -p $RPM BUILD ROOT $RPM BUILD ROOT $RPM BUILD ROOT/percent cp percent.sh $RPM BUILD ROOT/percent cp percent.sh $RPM BUILD ROOT/ percent percent clean rm -rf $RPM BUILD ROOT/ percent percent clean rm -rf $RPM BUILD ROOT percent files percent / percent.sh percent changelog * percent files Sunday, November 18, 2020 Valentin Bajrami – 0.0.1 – This is the first version that has been packaged. Spec files include a large number of shortcuts, as you can see from the example. Their name is macros, and the Fedora packaging manual has a good description of what is accessible in the form of macros. Using macros in your.spec files is critical for performance reasons. They assist you in maintaining uniformity across all RPM systems, in avoiding errors in filenames and version numbering, and in making it easier to update the.spec file when you release a new version of your script. For example, you must indicate exactly which files are installed under the percent files section if you want to make sure they are entirely installed. I’ve specifically included the following line in this section: percent of files percent of.sh percent of files % (which is a macro that defaults to /usr/bin, but may be configured when users wish to install to a different directory, such as /usr/local/bin) is what I’m looking for, and it works since I want the script to go to percent. You may check macro values by performing the following command: $ rpm -eval’percent’/usr/bin Other helpful macros are as follows: percent of the package’s name (as defined in the Name: field)
  • percent of the package’s version (as defined in the Version: field)
  • percent of the package’s shared data (/usr/sbin by default)
  • percent of the package’s configuration directory (/etc by default)
  • and percent of the package’s shared data.
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Checking the.spec file on error (rpmlint)

The rpmlint command may be used to identify problems in a package.spec files (included): $ rpmlint /rpmbuild/SPECS/hello.spec /rpmbuild/SPECS/hello.spec SPECS/hello.spec: W: no-percent-build-section W: no-percent-build-section W: invalid-url in the file SPECS/hello.spec hello-0.0.1.tar.gz is the source file.0 packages and 1 specfiles were examined; 0 errors and 2 warnings were found.There are two mistakes that have been reported, however they are both tolerable.Because there is no code to build, there is no requirement for a percent build section, and the source archive is stored locally rather than being accessible through a network URL.Everything appears to be in order.

Building the package (rpmbuild)

  • The rpmbuild command is used to create the RPM package for the Linux distribution. A few paragraphs earlier in this article, I talked about the distinction between the source.rpm package and the.rpm package (Release RPM package). To produce the.src rpm package, follow these steps: $ rpmbuild -bs /rpmbuild/SPECS/hello.spec $ rpmbuild -bs /rpmbuild/SPECS/hello.spec It is possible to use the -bs option to indicate the following: Source
  • -b: build
  • —source
  • To generate the binary.rpm package, follow these steps: The command rpmbuild -bb /rpmbuild/SPECS/rm-ssh-offendingkey.spec is used to remove the offending key from the rpmbuild directory. The flags -bb and -bb have the following meanings respectively: -b stands for build
  • -b stands for binary.

Both may be built with the -ba option.Afterwards, you will have the directory structure shown below when the build process has been completed: $ tree /rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux/rpmbuild/ /home/tux hello-0.0.1.tar.gz is the source code for this project.SRPMS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPECS SPEC

Installing the RPM package

Assuming that the package has been successfully built, you may install the RPM package with the help of the dnf command: $ sudo dnf install /rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/hello-0.0.1-1.el8.noarch.rpm /rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/hello-0.0.1-1.el8.noarch.rpm It may also be installed using the rpm command directly: $ sudo rpm -ivh /rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/hello-0.0.1-1.el8.noarch.rpm $ sudo rpm -ivh /rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/hello-0.0.1-1.el8.noarch.rpm

Verify the package has been installed

To ensure that the package has been successfully installed, execute the following command to verify: hello rpm -qi $ rpm -qi Greetings, my name is Hello.Number of releases: 1 (version 0.0.1).Noarch is the architecture of the site.Installed on: Monday, November 9, 2020, at 1:29:51 a.m.CET Unspecified group is being discussed.Measurements in inches: 294 GNU General Public License Signed with a signature : (none) hello-0.0.1-1.el8.src.rpm is the RPM that was used to create the package.

Date of construction: Monday, November 9, 2020, 01:08:14 a.m.CET slimmerAI is the host for this build.a brief summary of the situation: A simple hello world script with no parameters Description: A example RPM build with no parameters It is also possible to see the percent changelog item for a certain package: Hello, and welcome to the rpm command line.Changelog * Sun, November 8, 2020 Valentin Bajrami – 0.1 – This is the first version that has been packaged.

See what’s in the RPM package

It is simple to determine which files are contained within an RPM package: $ rpm -ql hello /usr/bin/hello.sh /usr/bin/hello.sh

Removing the RPM package

The process of removing the software from the system is as simple as the process of installing it. You may use the dnf command to accomplish this: dnf remove hello $ sudo dnf Alternatively, you may use the rpm command directly: Hello, world! $ sudo rpm -verbose -erase

Final thoughts

In this paper, I discussed the fundamentals of packaging, including how to make, install, and uninstall an RPM package from your system, as well as how to use RPM packages.As you construct more powerful software, the.spec file can get quite extensive.To learn more, you can look at real-world examples on public software repositories, such as src.fedoraproject.org, which provide real-world examples.

How do I check if a package is installed on Debian and Ubuntu

By following the instructions in this article, you will learn how to determine whether or not a package is installed on Debian-based Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu.

Checking if a specific package is installed using dpkg:

On Debian-based Linux distributions, you may use the dpkg command, followed by the -s (status) flag and the package name, to determine whether or not a given package is currently installed.Example of a dpkg command, which is used to verify the status of a package, is shown in the following section.According to what you can see, the command returns information on the package, which includes the following information: Package name: The name of the package.Package status: You may check the current status of a package on your system from this page.Priority: Packages can be assigned one of five different priority levels: The priority ‘Required’ is assigned to packages that are critical to the operation of the system; deleting packages with the ‘Required’ priority may result in the failure of the system.The second potential priority mode for an is the ‘Important’ priority mode, which is reserved for packages that are not required by the system but are required by the user, such as a text editor such as nano or net-tools.

The third priority level is ‘Standard,’ which comprises packages that are set to be installed by default in the operating system.The fourth priority level is ‘Optional,’ which covers packages that are available in Debian/Ubuntu systems but are not required.Finally, the fifth priority is ‘Extra,’ which has been deprecated and has been replaced with ‘Optional.’ This is the highest possible priority.The status ‘Extra’ was assigned to packages that were highly specialized.The packages in this section are organized into categories; currently available categories include admin, database, cli-mono, debug, devel, doc, editors, education, gnustep, embedded, fonts, games, gnome, gnu-r, electronics, graphics, interpreters, hamradio, haskell, python, introspection, javascript, java, ruby, kde, lisp, mail, math, metapackages Dimensions when installed: You may see the projected amount of disk space required to install the software, expressed in bytes.

  • Maintainer: The information about the package’s developer is displayed in this field.
  • Architecture: You can see the package architecture in this section.
  • Version refers to the package version.
  • Dependencies between packages are referred to as dependencies.
  • Description: This is a description of the package.

Website for the Package/Developer is the homepage.The output seen in the screenshot below is when you run a check on a package that isn’t currently installed.You may also use the dpkg command in conjunction with the -l flag to determine the status of a given package, as illustrated in the example below.

Checking if a specific package is installed using dpkg-query:

Using the dpkg-query tool, you may determine whether or not a given package is currently installed on your system.You may do this by running dpkg-query, followed by the -l switch and the name of the package you wish to find out more information about.The following example demonstrates how to determine whether or not the Steam package has been installed.You may use the same command to display a list of all installed packages by omitting the package name, as demonstrated in the following illustration.

Check if a package is installed using apt-cache:

Among other things, the apt-cache program may provide information about packages, installed versions, and other things. In order to obtain this output, you must first include the policy option, followed by the package name, as demonstrated in the following example.

Get a list of all installed packages using apt:

To print a list of all installed packages on your system rather than testing if a specific package has been installed, you may use the apt command to accomplish this, as seen in the example below.

Get a list of all installed packages reading logs:

It is also common practice to examine the logs from the apt or dpkg packages in order to obtain a complete list of all installed packages.Run the following command to view the contents of the apt log.cat /var/log/apt/history.log /var/log/apt/history.log Run the command below to view the dpkg log and obtain information about the packages that have been installed.grep ″install ″ /var/log/dpkg.log /var/log/dpkg.log Instead of using the grep command, you may read compressed dpkg logs by using the zgrep command, as illustrated in the example below.zgrep ″ install ″ /var/log/dpkg.log.11.gz /var/log/dpkg.log.11.gz However, as you can see, compressed logs only provide partial information; however, you may use a wildcard (*) to read all compressed logs at the same time, as seen in the following example.zgrep ″ install ″ /var/log/dpkg.log.*.gz /var/log/dpkg.log.*.gz

How to check upgraded and removed packages:

Only information about upgraded packages will be displayed if you use the command below to do this.As previously taught, while working with installed packages, you may also check compressed logs for updated packages by using the wildcard, as seen in the following illustration.zgrep ″upgrade ″ /var/log/dpkg.log.*.gz /var/log/dpkg.log.gz If you wish to list packages that have been deleted, the procedure is the same; simply substitute the word ″upgrade″ with the word ″remove,″ as seen below.grep ″delete ″ /var/log/dpkg.log |grep ″remove ″


As you can see, Debian-based Linux distributions include a variety of options for checking the status of a given package or listing all of the packages that have been installed, upgraded, or uninstalled.The commands presented in this article are simple to use, and understanding them is a must for everyone who uses a Debian-based operating system.Moreover, as you have seen, these commands can offer information on program versions, required disk space, and other factors.With the guide, you can learn more about how to provide package information and receive further advice.See the dpkg and apt histories for further information.I hope you found this guide on how to verify if a package is installed on Debian or Ubuntu to be informative and helpful.

Continue to follow Linux Hint for other Linux tips and tutorials.

About the author

David Adams is a System Administrator and writer who specializes in open source technologies, security software, and computer systems. He holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science.

What’s an RPM File and How Do You Open One?

On Linux operating systems, a file with the RPM file extension is a Red Hat Package Manager file, which is used to hold installation packages for Linux distributions.Because they are ″packed″ in a single location, these files make it simple to distribute, install, update, and delete software because they are all in one place.RPM files are also utilized as plug-in files by the RealPlayer software, which is completely unrelated to the purposes for which they are used by Linux and allows the software to add more capabilities to the application.Also known as the remote print manager acronym, the RPM abbreviation can also refer to anything completely unrelated to computer files, such as when referring to the frequency rotation measurement rotations per minute.

How to Open an RPM File

It is critical to understand that RPM files cannot be utilized on Windows PCs in the same way that they can be used on Linux systems.However, because they are simply archives, any common compression/decompression application, such as 7-Zip or PeaZip, may be used to open them and show the contents contained within them.RPM files may be opened by Linux users using the RPM Package Manager, which is a package management system.When you wish to install a file, use the following command, replacing ″file.rpm″ with the name of the file you want to install: rpm -i file.rpm rpm -i file.rpm Because ″-i″ indicates that the file is being installed in the preceding command, you may substitute ″-U″ for ″-i″ to indicate that the file is being upgraded.In addition to installing the RPM file, the following command will uninstall any prior versions of the same package: rpm -U file.rpm rpm -U file.rpm For further information, please see our instructions on how to use the rpm command, as well as RPM.org and the Linux Foundation.It’s possible that your file is a RealPlayer Plug-in file, in which case the RealPlayer application should be able to make use of it, but you won’t be able to access it from within the program itself.

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Instead, if RealPlayer requires this file, it will most likely locate and load it from its installation location because there isn’t a menu button in the software that allows you to import it.RMP files are almost identical in spelling to RPM files, and they happen to be RealPlayer Metadata Package files, which implies that RealPlayer can open both types of files.

How to Convert an RPM File

To convert an RPM package to a DEB package, use the Linux Alien software’s command-line interface.It is necessary to run the following instructions in order to install Alien and then use it to convert the file: apt-get install alienalien -d file.rpm apt-get install alienalien You can use ″-i″ for ″-d″ in order to convert the package and then immediately begin the installation.AnyToISO is capable of converting RPM files to the ISO format.If you wish to save the file in a different archive format, such as TAR, TBZ, ZIP, BZ2, 7Z, or another, you may do so by visiting the FileZigZag web page.To convert RPM files to MP3, MP4, or any other non-archive format, the ideal approach is to first remove the contents from the archive and then convert them.You may accomplish this with a decompression application such as the one we discussed above.

Then, when you’ve extracted the MP3 (or whatever file you choose) from the RPM file, you may convert those files using a free file converter.

Still Can’t Open the File?

  • If your file still won’t open after you’ve followed the procedures above and installed a suitable RPM file opener, there’s a significant probability that you’re not actually dealing with this file type after all. The most probable scenario is that you mistook the file extension for something else. There are a plethora of files that have the same file extension letters as Red Hat or RealPlayer, but are in reality unrelated to any of these products. EPM is one such example, as is RPP, which is a plain text file used by the REAPER application and is a REAPER Project plain text file. RRM is a suffix that is similar to RRM that is used for RAM Meta files. Similarly to RPP, the two files seem quite similar to one other and say RPM, but they are not the same and hence do not open with the same applications. An RMM file, on the other hand, is a Real Audio Media (RAM) file, and as such, it may indeed open with RealPlayer in this particular instance—however, it will not open with Linux. However, if your file’s extension does not match one of the above, you may study its extension on sites such as Google or Lifewire to find out more about the tools that can be used to open or convert it. FAQ Is it possible to use/run.RPM files in Windows? . In Windows, RPM files may be read and extracted, but they cannot be launched or utilized outside of the context of a Linux operating system. On Windows, there isn’t a direct equivalent to an.RPM file, but there are some alternatives. MSI files provide a comparable level of capability.
  • Can.RPM files be utilized and/or executed on Macintosh computers?

Thank you for informing us about this!


  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 are examples of Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions.


  • What is the procedure for installing or upgrading an RPM package?
  • Is it possible to update a rpm package?


The RPM package that you are attempting to install must first be present on your system in order for the installation to be successful.In our Downloads section of the Red Hat Customer Portal, you can find all of the RPM packages that are included with our products.There are two methods for locating a package that you are interested in purchasing.Package names may be found by searching for them.Select RPM Package Search from the Downloads menu.A package search may be performed on any product, but it can also be restricted to a single product using the Package Search filter option.

Browse By Product From the Downloads menu, choose the product that you are interested in and then click on the ‘Packages’ option to the right.For example, packages for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Server.Please keep in mind that to see or download packages, you must have an active product subscription that includes entitlements to the package.The following solution provides further information on downloading packages from the Customer Portal: Instructions on how to manually download a rpm package from the Customer Portal.

Installing or Upgrading

  • The RPM package that you are attempting to install must first be present on your system before you can proceed with the installation of the package. Every RPM package featured in our products is available in our Downloads section of the Red Hat Customer Portal. Finding a package that you are interested in may be accomplished in one of two ways: Package names can be found by searching. Select RPM Package Search from the Downloads drop-down menu. Searching for packages is possible independent of the product, but it may also be restricted to a single product. Choose a product from the Downloads menu, then navigate to the product you’re interested in and click on the ″Packages″ button. Packages for RHEL 7 Server, for example. Keep in mind that in order to view or download packages, you must have an active product subscription that includes entitlements to the package. The following solution provides further information about downloading packages from the Customer Portal: Instructions on how to manually download a rpm package from the Customer Portal are included.

The RPM man page has information on how to use it as well as other options.From the command line, enter the command man rpm.The following is some additional information about the -i and -U flags: OPTIONS FOR INSTALLATION AND UPGRADE The command rpmPACKAGE FILE is the generic form of the rpm install command.This performs the installation of a new package.The command rpmPACKAGE FILE is the generic form of the rpm upgrade command.A package is installed or upgraded if it is already installed in a previous version of the package manager.

This is the same as installing the package, except that when the new package is installed, all previous versions of the package are uninstalled.Examples: Please keep in mind that the packages in these examples are assumed to be in a directory on your system.The RPM instructions listed below are run in the current working directory, which is where the new RPM files are located.The -i option is used to install an RPM package, which stands for install RPM package.When installing a kernel RPM, as previously stated, you should use the —kernel-rpm-install parameter.

  • As a backup in case the new kernel does not boot, you will want to keep your old kernel installed, even only temporarily, in case the new kernel does not boot.
  • In this example, we first use the ls command to find out the names of the new RPM packages that have been installed.
  • Afterwards, we run a query against the RPM database to determine whether kernel packages are already there.
  • rpm -q is a command that does not need you to provide the version number in the query.
  • With the following command: rpm -ivh, we may install the RPM package on our system.

It is important to note that the -v option will display verbose output, while the -h option will display hash marks, which signify the progress of the RPM update.Finally, we perform another RPM query to ensure that the package will be accessible when it is needed.

Kernel-2.4.21-4.0.1.EL Kernel-2.4.21-4.0.2.EL Kernel-2.4.21-15.0.2.EL Kernel-2.4.21-15.0.2.EL Kernel 2.4.21-15.0.2.EL Kernel-2.4.21-15.0.2.EL Kernel-2.4.21-15.0.2.EL Kernel-2.4.21-4.0.1.EL Kernel-2.4.21-15.0.2.EL Kernel-2.4.21-15 1:kernel rpm -ivh kernel-smp-2.4.21-15.0.3.EL.i686.rpm kernel-smp-2.4.21-15.0.3.EL.i686.rpm kernel-smp-2.4.21-15.0.3.EL.i686.rpm kernel-smp-2.4.21-15.0.3.EL.i686.rpm rpm -q kernel-smp kernel-2.4.21-4.0.1.EL kernel-2.4.21-15.0.2.EL kernel-2.421-15.0.3.EL kernel-smp kernel-2.4.21-4.0.1.EL kernel-2.4.21-15.0.3.EL kernel-smp-2.4.21-4.0.1.EL kernel-smp-2.4.21-15.0.3.EL kernel-smp-2.4.21-4.0.1.EL kernel-smp-2.4.21-15.0.3.EL kernel- The -U option is used to update an RPM package, which stands for upgrade.In this example, the ls command is used to check the new package name that was created.Then, using the command rpm -q, we will check to see if the package we wish to install is already present in the RPM database.rpm -Uvh is the command that we use to do the RPM installation following the previous step.It is important to note that the -v option will display verbose output, while the -h option will display hash marks, which signify the progress of the RPM update.Finally, we perform another RPM query to ensure that the package will be accessible when it is needed.

Ls mod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent.3.i386.rpm rpm -qrpm -q mod ssl mod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent.3.i386.rpm -Uvhmod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent.3.i386.rpm rpm -qrpm -q mod ssl mod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent.3.i386.Preparing.1: 2: mod ssl rpm -qrpm -q mod ssl mod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent.3 mod ssl rpm -q mod ssl mod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent.3 mod ssl mod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent.3 mod ssl mod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent.3 mod ssl mod Due to dependency concerns, both the and mod ssl were required to be installed at the same time to function properly.If you try to install one without the other, you will receive an error message that looks something like this: rpm -Uvherror: rpm has encountered an error.= 2.0.46-32.ent is required by (installed) mod ssl-2.0.46-32.ent, however it failed to load due to a dependency failure Because of Red Hat’s rapid publication initiative, a large library of solutions that Red Hat developers have developed while helping our customers is available to them immediately.These articles may be given in their raw and unedited form in order to provide you with the information you want as soon as it becomes available.

CentOS – where are rpm packages stored?

Hello, @WarrenUK.I see that I have some of the rpm files, which have been updated by the system: ##################################################################### find -name ″*.rpm″ -path ″updates/packages/bpftool-3.10.0-1062.9.1.el7.x86 64.rpm″ 7]find.-name ″*.rpm″ 7] The following steps can be taken in order to obtain the rpm file without having to install it (for the purpose of experimenting with it).yum install -downloadonly (yum install -downloadonly) As an illustration: [yum install -downloadonly ]yum install -downloadonly chromium Dependencies Have Been Resolved ===================================================================================== The following software is being installed: chrome x86 64 version 79.0.3945.88-1.el7 and epel 30 M Installing dependencies and checking for errors: chromium-common x86 64 79.0.3945.88-1.el7 epel chromium-common 8.3 M minizip x86 64 1.2.7-18.el7 base 9.9 M chromium-libs-media-x86 64 79.0.3945.88-1.el7 base 83 M chromium-libs-media-x86 64 79.0.3945.88-1.el7 base 2.3 M minizip x86 64 1.2.7-18.el7 nss-mdns x86 64 0.14.1-1.el7 epel 34 k nss-mdns x86 64 0.14.1-1.el7 epel 41 k Install 1 package (plus 5 dependent packages) on your system.Once they have been downloaded, you will be able to see them at the following link: packages]pwd /var/cache/yum/x86 64/7/epel/packages packages] /var/cache/yum/x86 64/7/epel/packages packages] ls chromium-79.0.3945.88-1.el7.x86 64.rpm chromium-79.0.3945.88-1.el7.x86 64.rpm Chromium-common-79.0.3945.88-1.el7.x86 64.rpm chromium-libs-79.0.3945.88-1.el7.x86 64.rpm chromium-libs-media-79.0.3945.88-1.el7.x86 64.rpm nss-mdns-0.14.1-1.el7.x86 64.rpm chromium-com I hope this has been of assistance.Regards, Luis.

Where do installed RPMs go?

Yum stores a copy of the RPMs it downloads in the following directory: /var/cache/yum/ For example, my computer is running Fedora 14 on an x86 64 architecture, which means I have the following: $ ls /var/cache/yum/x86 64/14/ adobe-linux-i386lamolabsrpmfusion-nonfreeadobe-linux-i386lamolabsrpmfusion-nonfreeadobe-linux-i386lamolabsrpmfusion-nonfreeadobe-linux-i386lamolabsrpmfusion-nonfreeadobe-linux-i386la adobe-linux-x86 64lamolabs-noarchrpmfusion-nonfree-debuginfo Dropbox nautilus-flickr-uploaderrpmfusion-nonfree-rawhide-debuginfo The fedoraqmrpmfusion-nonfree-source package is not free to use.However, the RPMs that are installed are essentially the same as a zip or tar file.As a result, the contents of these files are dumped into the system, and RPM maintains a database of the packages that are currently installed.The RPM ″database″ may be found in the following directory: ls /var/lib/rpm $ ls /var/lib/rpm Basenamesdb.002 DirnamesInstalltidPackagesPubkeysSha1header Conflictnamedb.003FiledigestsName ProvidenameRequirenameSigmd5 db.001db.004 db.001db.004 db.001db.004 db.001db.004 db.001db.004 GroupObsoletename ProvideversionRequireversionTriggername With these commands, you may view which files are installed by each RPM and where they are located.

what files are in an installed RPM

/bin/rpm,/etc/rpm, /usr/2cpio,/usr/2cpio,/usr/2cpio,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

package info about a given RPM

Rpm -qi rpm $ rpm -qi rpm the name of the program: rpm Relocations are a common occurrence (not relocatable) Fedora 4.8.1 (version 4.8.1) (vendor: Fedora) 7.fc14 is the date of the project’s release.Date of construction: Tuesday, October 4, 2011, 3:49:08 a.m.EDT Installed on: Tuesday, October 25, 2011, 9:36:34 a.m.EDT Fedora Project’s x86-05.phx2 server is used for building the distribution.System Environment/BaseSource is a group of objects.the rpm version is 4.8.1-7.fc14.src.rpm, and the rpm version is 4.8.1-7.fc14.rpm Size: 2035701 bytes GNU General Public License version 2+ Signature: RSA/SHA256, generated at 12:14:48 p.m.

EDT on Tuesday, October 4, 2011, key ID 421caddb97a1071f Fedora is the packager.URL of the project: Summary: The RPM package management system is a system that allows you to handle several packages at the same time.Description: The RPM Package Manager (RPM) is a robust command line-driven package management system that can be used to install, remove, verify, query, and update software packages.It is available for both Linux and Unix systems.In addition to the files itself, each software package contains information about the package such as its version number, a description, and so on.

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