How Flooded Official Software Package Repository?

‘The official Python software package repository, PyPI, is getting flooded with spam packages’ Bleeping Computer reported Thursday. ‘Each of these packages is posted by a unique pseudonymous maintainer account, making it challenging for PyPI to remove the packages and spam accounts all at once’

Is PyPI getting flooded with spam packages?

The official Python software package repository, PyPI, is getting flooded with spam packages, as seen by BleepingComputer. These packages are named after different movies in a style that is commonly associated with torrents and ‘warez’ sites hosting pirated content.

Should I build a repository myself?

There are various reasons for building a repository yourself. You might just have a few packages with local modifications that you want to make available, you may want to run a local mirror with packages used by several machines to save bandwidth, or you have built packages yourself and want to test them before publication.

How to create an APT repository?

To create an apt repository you need to perform the following steps: Add info to your sources.list pointing at your repository 1. Install dpkg-dev utility This package provides the development tools required to unpack, build and upload Debian source packages.

How to create a yum repository using DNF?

While newer RPM-based operating systems use the dnf utility, it maintains compatibility with yum repositories so these instructions also apply for dnf. In order to create a yum repository you need to perform the following steps: 1. Install createrepo utility To create a yum repository we need to install additional software called “createrepo” : 2.

Official Python software package repository flooded with spam

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  • (Photo courtesy of Kevin Ku / Pexels.) An attack against the official Python software package repository PyPI has been launched by threat actors, who have begun flooding the repository with spam packages, according to a recent report published by BleepingComputer. As with torrents and other pirated content online, these spam packages use a naming style that is commonly associated with torrents and other pirated content online, in which the title of a movie, the current year, as well as the words online and free are included in the package’s name, such as ″watch army of the dead 2021 full online movie free hd quality.″ A list of the finest endpoint protection software has been compiled
  • these are the best laptops for developers now available on the market
  • Take a look at our overview of the finest firewalls as well.

After discovering a PyPI component that was named after an episode of a famous television show, senior software engineer at Sonatype, Adam Boesch, began investigating the suspicious packages.In an interview with BleepingComputer, Boesch gave further insight on his finding, saying: ″I was searching through the dataset and spotted ‘wandavision,’ which is a bit unusual for a package name.″ I discovered that package after digging a little more and looking it up on PyPI since I couldn’t believe it.It’s not unusual in other ecosystems, such as npm, where there are hundreds of thousands of packages.″Fortunately, packages like this are quite straightforward to identify and avoid.″

Spam packages

In addition to spam keywords and connections to illicit video streaming websites, the spam packages identified on PyPI contain files with functional code and author information that have been taken from legitimate Python software packages, according to the spammers.Upon further investigation, the news outlet discovered that the spam package contained author information as well as code from the PyPI package ″jedi-language-server.″ When BleepingComputer discovered a spam package titled ″watch-army-of-the-dead-2021″ and investigated it, it discovered that it contained author information as well as code from the PyPI package ″jedi-language-server.″ While numerous similar-named packages used to be simple to locate on PyPI by searching for ″full-online-movie-free,″ it looks that the maintainers of the Python Package Index repository have cleaned up the most of the spam at the time of writing.The use of any of these spam packages should be avoided at all costs by Python developers searching for new packages in the repository.These spam packages are likely to include malware or other dangerous code, and they should be avoided at all costs.We’ve also included the finest antivirus software.

According to BleepingComputer After getting his start at ITProPortal while residing in South Korea, Anthony is now a contributing writer for TechRadar Pro, where he covers topics such as cybersecurity, web hosting, cloud computing, virtual private networks, and software.In addition to writing the news, he edits and uploads reviews and features, and he tests a large number of VPNs from his home in Houston, Texas, where he lives.Anthony has recently taken a closer look at standing desks, office chairs, and a variety of other work-from-home needs, among other things.When he’s not working, you’ll find him playing with computers and video gaming consoles, managing wires, and improving his smart home technology.

Official Python software package repository flooded with spam

An attack against the official Python software package repository PyPI has been launched by threat actors, who have begun flooding the repository with spam packages, according to a recent report published by BleepingComputer.As with torrents and other pirated content online, these spam packages use a naming style that is commonly associated with torrents and other pirated content online, in which the title of a movie, the current year, as well as the words online and free are included in the package’s name, such as ″watch army of the dead 2021 full online movie free hd quality.″ After discovering a PyPI component that was named after an episode of a famous television show, senior software engineer at Sonatype, Adam Boesch, began investigating the suspicious packages.In an interview with BleepingComputer, Boesch gave further insight on his finding, saying, ″I was searching through the dataset and spotted ‘wandavision,’ which is a bit unusual for a package name.″ I discovered that package after digging a little more and looking it up on PyPI since I couldn’t believe it.It’s not unusual in other ecosystems, such as npm, where there are hundreds of thousands of packages.″Fortunately, packages like this are quite straightforward to identify and avoid.″

Spam packages

In addition to spam keywords and connections to illicit video streaming websites, the spam packages identified on PyPI contain files with functional code and author information that have been taken from legitimate Python software packages, according to the spammers.Upon further investigation, the news outlet discovered that the spam package contained author information as well as code from the PyPI package ″jedi-language-server.″ When BleepingComputer discovered a spam package titled ″watch-army-of-the-dead-2021″ and investigated it, it discovered that it contained author information as well as code from the PyPI package ″jedi-language-server.″ While numerous similar-named packages used to be simple to locate on PyPI by searching for ″full-online-movie-free,″ it looks that the maintainers of the Python Package Index repository have cleaned up the most of the spam at the time of writing.The use of any of these spam packages should be avoided at all costs by Python developers searching for new packages in the repository.These spam packages are likely to include malware or other dangerous code, and they should be avoided at all costs.According to BleepingComputer

Official Python software package repository flooded with spam

  1. Home
  2. News
  3. Computing
  • (Photo courtesy of Kevin Ku / Pexels.) An attack against the official Python software package repository PyPI has been launched by threat actors, who have begun flooding the repository with spam packages, according to a recent report published by BleepingComputer. As with torrents and other pirated content online, these spam packages use a naming style that is commonly associated with torrents and other pirated content online, in which the title of a movie, the current year, as well as the words online and free are included in the package’s name, such as ″watch army of the dead 2021 full online movie free hd quality.″ A list of the finest endpoint protection software has been compiled
  • these are the best laptops for developers now available on the market
  • Take a look at our overview of the finest firewalls as well.
See also:  What To Bring To Post Office For Passport?

After discovering a PyPI component that was named after an episode of a famous television show, senior software engineer at Sonatype, Adam Boesch, began investigating the suspicious packages.In an interview with BleepingComputer, Boesch gave further insight on his finding, saying: ″I was searching through the dataset and spotted ‘wandavision,’ which is a bit unusual for a package name.″ I discovered that package after digging a little more and looking it up on PyPI since I couldn’t believe it.It’s not unusual in other ecosystems, such as npm, where there are hundreds of thousands of packages.″Fortunately, packages like this are quite straightforward to identify and avoid.″

Spam packages

In addition to spam keywords and connections to illicit video streaming websites, the spam packages identified on PyPI contain files with functional code and author information that have been taken from legitimate Python software packages, according to the spammers.Upon further investigation, the news outlet discovered that the spam package contained author information as well as code from the PyPI package ″jedi-language-server.″ When BleepingComputer discovered a spam package titled ″watch-army-of-the-dead-2021″ and investigated it, it discovered that it contained author information as well as code from the PyPI package ″jedi-language-server.″ While numerous similar-named packages used to be simple to locate on PyPI by searching for ″full-online-movie-free,″ it looks that the maintainers of the Python Package Index repository have cleaned up the most of the spam at the time of writing.The use of any of these spam packages should be avoided at all costs by Python developers searching for new packages in the repository.These spam packages are likely to include malware or other dangerous code, and they should be avoided at all costs.We’ve also included the finest antivirus software.

According to BleepingComputer After getting his start at ITProPortal while residing in South Korea, Anthony is now a contributing writer for TechRadar Pro, where he covers topics such as cybersecurity, web hosting, cloud computing, virtual private networks, and software.In addition to writing the news, he edits and uploads reviews and features, and he tests a large number of VPNs from his home in Houston, Texas, where he lives.Anthony has recently taken a closer look at standing desks, office chairs, and a variety of other work-from-home needs, among other things.When he’s not working, you’ll find him playing with computers and video gaming consoles, managing wires, and improving his smart home technology.

How Spam Flooded the Official Python Software Package Repository PyPI

This is the story of how spam inundated the official Python Software Package Repository.PyPI It has been reported that ″the official Python software package repository, PyPI, is being inundated with spam packages…″ According to Bleeping Computer on Thursday.Since each of these packages is submitted by a distinct pseudonymous maintainer account, PyPI will find it tough to delete all of the packages and spam maintainer accounts at the same time…″ PyPI is being inundated with spam packages named after popular movies in a way that is often associated with torrent or ″warez″ sites that promote unauthorized downloads, such as the following examples: watch-(movie-name)-2021-full-online-movie-free-hd-… BleepingComputer discovered that spammers are continuing to add fresh packages to the Python Package Index (PyPI), even though some of these packages are only a few of weeks old.In addition to spam keywords and connections to movie streaming services, the web page for these fake bundles contains links to websites of dubious validity and legality…According to ZDNet, in February of this year, the keygen repository PyPI was inundated with fraudulent ″Discord,″ ″Google,″ and ″Roblox″ keygens as part of a large spam assault.

Since then, Ewa Jodlowska, Executive Director of the Python Software Foundation, has stated that administrators at pypi.org are working on mitigating the spam assault; but, due to the nature of the repository itself, anybody may publish to it and similar incidents are regular.These packages, in addition to containing spam keywords and links to quasi-video streaming websites, also contain files containing functional code and author information that have been taken from valid PyPI packages….Malicious actors have mixed code from valid packages with otherwise fraudulent or malicious programs, as previously discovered by BleepingComputer, in order to conceal their tracks and make identification of these packages a little more difficult.The number of assaults against open-source ecosystems such as npm, RubyGems, and PyPI has increased significantly in recent months.

Several instances of threat actors flooding software repositories with malware, harmful dependency confusion copycats, or just vigilante packages in order to promote their message have been documented.As a result, the security of these repositories has devolved into a game of whack-a-mole between threat actors and repository administrators.Originally published on SecuritNEWS, the article How Spam Infested the Official Python Software Package Repository PyPI appeared first.

r/programming – Official Python software package repository flooded with spam

An uneasy part of me wonders whether this was really an elaborate diversion from something more terrible.For example, why go to the trouble of compiling a slew of spam, identifying a vulnerability, developing an exploit, and delivering a payload that.pushes ″packages″ with obviously spammy names that draw attention to themselves to the repository, but only contains code that already exists within the repository.Something doesn’t smell right here.It’s possible that there’s more going on than we’re currently aware of.

Hopefully, they have backups that they can restore in the event that something other than ″watch-movie-free″ was accidentally uploaded into their server throughout the process.Obviously, I can’t say for certain.However, in most cases, there are significant benefits to be gained via hacking: financial gain, information exfiltration, or some other benefit that makes all of the difficulties worthwhile.Or, if not, the target is a social or political target that is being targeted in order to make a statement (which does not appear to be the case here).

However, the fact that the hacker stands to gain nothing in terms of money or information, the fact that there is no genuine political or social motivation behind this, and the fact that all of the identities make it clear that it is spam, all lead me to believe that this is a spam campaign.This is a strange case, to say the least.

Spammers flood PyPI with pirated movie links and bogus packages

According to the website BleepingComputer, the official Python software package repository, PyPI, is being inundated with spam package submissions.In a manner that is typically associated with torrents and ″warez″ sites that contain unauthorized content, these packages are named after different movies.The fact that each of these packages is released by a different pseudonymous maintainer account makes it difficult for PyPI to delete all of the packages and spam accounts at the same time.

PyPI is being flooded with spam packages

PyPI is being inundated with spam packages named after popular movies in a way that is often associated with torrent or ″warez″ sites that promote unauthorized downloads, such as the following examples: watch-(movie-name)-2021-full-online-movie-free-hd-.The finding was made by Adam Boesch, a senior software developer at Sonatype, when auditing a dataset and seeing a PyPI component with a funny-sounding name that was named after a famous television show.″I was searching through the dataset when I came across the package name ‘wandavision,’ which I thought was a little unusual for a package name.″ ″After digging a little more, I discovered that package and checked it up on PyPI because I couldn’t believe it,″ Boesch explained in an interview with BleepingComputer.Despite the fact that some of these packages are a few weeks old, BleepingComputer has discovered that spammers are continuing to submit more packages to PyPI, with the most recent addition occurring only an hour before publication.According to our findings, the search result count of ″10,000+″ may be inflated, since the real number of spam packages being displayed on the PyPI repository was far lower.

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The web page for these phony packages contains spam keywords and links to movie streaming sites, some of which are of doubtful validity and legality, such as the ones listed below: The following is an example of one of the several packages that were posted around an hour ago, at the time of writing: In addition, BleepingComputer discovered that each of these packages was published by a separate author (maintainer) account that used a pseudonym, which is likely to make it difficult for PyPI administrators to remove these packages.PyPI has been inundated with fraudulent ″Discord,″ ″Google,″ and ″Roblox″ keygens in a large spam assault in February of this year, according to ZDNet, which covered the incident.Since then, Ewa Jodlowska, Executive Director of the Python Software Foundation, has stated that administrators at pypi.org are working on mitigating the spam assault; but, due to the nature of the repository itself, anybody may publish to it and similar incidents are regular.

Packages contain code from legitimate PyPI components

These packages, in addition to containing spam keywords and links to pseudo-video streaming websites, also contain files containing functional code and author information that have been copied from legitimate PyPI packages.Examples include the spam package ″watch-army-of-the-dead-2021-full online movie free hd quality,″ which featured author information as well as code from the legal PyPI package ″jedi-language-server,″ which was discovered by BleepingComputer.BleepingComputer has previously revealed that malicious actors have mixed code from genuine packages with otherwise fraudulent or malicious packages in order to disguise their tracks and make identification of these packages a little more difficult.″It’s not unusual in other ecosystems, such as npm, where there are hundreds of thousands of packages.Fortunately, these types of packages are quite straightforward to identify and avoid.″ ″Preparing for the use of any package should always be done with caution.

If something doesn’t seem quite right, there’s probably a good explanation for it ″Boesch cracked a grin.The number of assaults against open-source ecosystems such as npm, RubyGems, and PyPI has increased significantly in recent months.Several instances of threat actors flooding software repositories with malware, harmful dependency confusion copycats, or just vigilante packages in order to promote their message have been documented.As a result, the security of these repositories has devolved into a game of whack-a-mole between threat actors and repository administrators.

Before posting this article, BleepingComputer contacted out to PyPI for comment, and we are still awaiting their answer.

Ax Sharma

Ax Sharma works as a security researcher, engineer, and columnist for many technology publications.Several notable media publications, including Fortune, The Register, TechRepublic, CIO, and others, have covered his work and expert insights on a regular basis.Victim research, reverse engineering, software development, and online application security are some of Ax’s areas of specialization.He is a contributing member of the OWASP Foundation, OpenSSF, and the British Association of Journalists, among other organizations (BAJ).Send any suggestions to [email protected] or [twitter DM].

How to Create Your Own Repositories for Packages

In the case of Linux, binary packages (in the rpm or deb format) are the most often used method of software distribution.The majority of packages may be found in the official distribution repositories or third-party software repositories, depending on the distribution.On the other hand, there are some situations in which you just need to install a small number of independent programs.It is possible that you may be able to utilize the local package installation tools, such as dpkg or rpm; nevertheless, there are circumstances where packages cannot be installed because of dependencies, and you will need to manually install all dependencies.It may take some time and is not usually a straightforward procedure.

The good news is that you can establish your own local repository and then deploy your packages to it, which may be really useful.Let’s talk about how to set up your own local repository to make your life a little simpler.

RPM-Based Distributions

RPM-based operating systems work with rpm packages, and the most common package manager for them is yum.RPM-based operating systems are based on the RPM package format.When installing software on newer RPM-based operating systems, the dnf program is used to ensure that the system remains compatible with the yum repository.Therefore, same instructions also apply to dnf.For the purpose of setting up a yum repository, you must first do the following steps:

  1. Install the createrepo program on your computer.
  2. Create a repository directory for your data
  3. Delete the RPM files from the repository directory
  4. Create the metadata for the repository
  5. The repository configuration file should be created.

1. Install createrepo utility

In order to build a yum repository, we must first install an additional piece of software known as ″createrepo″: createrepo may be installed using sudo yum install

2. Create a repository directory

You must establish a new directory that will serve as the home for your yum repository as well as the repository for the rpm package files that you wish to install. As a result, you should choose a location for this directory and create it using the mkdir command. As an example, let’s choose /opt/rpms.

3. Put RPM files into the repository directory

Rather than creating a new directory, you should just copy or download your RPMs into it.

4. Create the repository metadata

The createrepo command goes through the directory containing rpm packages and creates a new directory called ″repodata″ in the directory where the rpm packages are located.The metadata information for the repository is included within this directory.Every time you add new rpm package files to your yum repository, you must re-generate the repository information by running the ″createrepo″ command again.As a result, in order to create the repository, you must perform the following steps: createrepo as an illustration: If you have previously generated the repository metadata and are only adding new packages to it, you will need to change the repository metadata.For example:

createrepo -update /opt/rpms

5. Create the repository configuration file

  • A yum repository has its own configuration file, and there are a few guidelines that must be followed while configuring it: It must to be in the /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory
  • else, it will fail.
  • The.repo extension is required in order for it to be recognized by yum.
  • There are several file types to choose from: Repository ID — A one-word repository ID that is unique (for example:)
  • Repository name (for example, ″My Repository″) should be a human-readable name (for example, ″name=My Repository″).
  • Baseurl – The URL to the repodata directory on the server. If the repository is located locally, you may use file:/path
  • if the repository is located remotely, you can use ftp:/link. – HTTP authentication is now supported. If enabled, the repository will be used for executing updates and installations (for example, enabled=1).
  • Allows you to enable or deactivate GPG signature verification (for example, gpgcheck=1)
  • The url to the GPG key (for example, gpgkey=example.com), Includepkgs – List of packages to include (for example, include=kernel)
  • Exclude – List of packages to exclude (for example, exclude=kernel)
  • Exclude – List of packages to exclude (for example, exclude=kernel)
  • The following are the settings that must be included in the yum repository configuration file: ID of the repository
  • name of the repository
  • baseurl of the repository
  • enabled
See also:  How Long Does The Post Office Hold A Package?

For example:

name=CustomRepositorybaseurl=file:///opt/rpmsenabled=1gpgcheck=0

Debian-Based Systems

A Debian repository is a collection of Debian binary or source packages that are structured in a particular directory tree that also contains numerous infrastructure files and other related files.Generally speaking, on Debian-based systems, all repository management is handled by the ″apt″ programs (such as apt, apt-get, apt-cache, and so on).To build an apt repository, you must follow the procedures outlined below:

  1. Install the dpkg-dev program on your system.
  2. Create a repository directory for your data
  3. Make sure that the deb files are placed in the repository directory.
  4. Create a file that can be read by the apt-get update command
  5. Increase the amount of information in your sources.
  6. Pointers to your repository from a list

1. Install dpkg-dev utility

This package contains the development tools necessary for unpacking, building, and uploading Debian source packages to the Debian repository. You may install it by using the apt-get command:

sudo apt-get install dpkg-dev

2. Create a repository directory

To begin, you must create a new directory that will serve as the home for your deb repository and will contain the deb package files that you wish. You should choose a location for this directory and create it with the command mkdir. Let’s use this as an example. /opt/debs

3. Put deb files into the repository directory

You should just copy or download your rpm files into the new directory and that should be sufficient.

4. Create a file that “apt-get update” can read

You should use the dpkg-scanpackages command to do this. It searches through a tree of Debian binary packages and generates a Packages file, which is used by apt, dselect, and other tools to inform the user of the packages that are available for download and installation.

cd /opt/debsdpkg-scanpackages. /dev/null > Release

5. Add info to your sources.list pointing at your repository

Adding a line to Sources.list should be done in the following manner:…deb file:/./ deb file:/./ As an illustration: It is possible to bypass the signature check if you built packages but did not sign them with gpg, or if you haven’t imported the gpg key that was used for signing packages into your repository and you trust the packages.The following definition may be used to do so: As an illustration:

debfile:///opt/debs./

There are a variety of reasons why you should construct your own repository.For example, you might have a few packages with local modifications that you want to make available, or you might want to run a local mirror with packages that are used by several machines in order to save bandwidth, or you might have built packages yourself and want to test them before making them available.These steps may be able to give you with a solution.

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