How To Install A Github Package?

  • Creating a Conda Environment. Let’s start by creating our a conda environment where we will install our package directly
  • Installing Necessary Packages. In order to install packages directly from GitHub, we need to first install the git and
  • Installing Package from GitHub. Now we are ready to install packages directly from GitHub. In this example, we are going
  • Closing Remarks. You’re welcome to connect with me on LinkedIn. Until next time and code every day!
  • More
    Installing a package

    1. Authenticate to GitHub Packages using the instructions for your package client. For more information, see ‘Authenticating to GitHub Packages.’
    2. Install the package using the instructions for your package client.

    From the GitHub Apps settings page,select your app.

    How to install a package from a different GitHub repository?

    The npm command will try to install the package using git clone. The npm command can also install the package from different GitHub repository states using a commit hash value, which can be used to install the package with a commit id:

    How do I import a GitHub package into R?

    Installing GitHub packages into R Step 1: Install the devtools package. To install a R package, start by installing the devtools package. The best way to do this is from CRAN, by typing: install.packages(‘devtools’) Step 2: Install the package of interest from GitHub

    How do I install GitHub packages on npm?

    Install Packages From Github. The npm command can install public packages from npmjs registry using the install command: 1 2 3 npm install package-name package-name2 # or npm i package-name package-name2. bash. Sometimes packages are not published on the npmjs registry, but it can still be installed using npm.

    How do I install a specific version of a Github Branch?

    The branch name can be used to install a branch as a package: Similarly, the tag or version names can be used to install a specific version of a GitHub package: gist can also be added using the id of a gist: An npm package can be installed from a private GitHub repository using an SSH repository link.

    How do I install a downloaded package from GitHub?

    Installing R Packages from GitHub

    1. Step 1: Install the devtools package. To install a R package, start by installing the devtools package.
    2. Step 2: Install the package of interest from GitHub.
    3. Step 3: Load the package.

    How do I use GitHub packages?

    Installing a package

    1. Authenticate to GitHub Packages. For more information, see ‘Authenticating to GitHub Packages.’
    2. Add the. npmrc file to the repository where GitHub Packages can find your project.
    3. Configure package. json in your project to use the package you are installing.
    4. Install the package. $ npm install.

    How do I install a package in R?

    Open R via your preferred method (icon on desktop, Start Menu, dock, etc.) Click “Packages” in the top menu then click “Install package(s)”. Choose a mirror that is closest to your geographical location. Now you get to choose which packages you want to install.

    How do I install source package in R?

    R Language Installing packages Install package from local source

    1. Another possible way is using the GUI based RStudio:
    2. Step 1: Go to Tools.
    3. Step 2: Go to Install Packages.
    4. Step 3: In the Install From set it as Package Archive File (.zip;.tar.gz)

    How install GitHub packages Linux?

    To install Git, navigate to your command prompt shell and run the following command: sudo dnf install git-all. Once the command output has been completed, you can verify the installation by typing: git version.

    Is GitHub package free?

    GitHub Packages usage is free for public packages. For private packages, each account on GitHub.com receives a certain amount of free storage and data transfer, depending on the product used with the account.

    Do you need to install Git to use GitHub?

    To use Git on the command line, you’ll need to download, install, and configure Git on your computer. You can also install GitHub CLI to use GitHub from the command line. For more information, see ‘About GitHub CLI.’

    How do I install code from GitHub?

    Cloning a repository

    1. On GitHub.com, navigate to the main page of the repository.
    2. Above the list of files, click Code.
    3. To clone the repository using HTTPS, under ‘Clone with HTTPS’, click.
    4. Open.
    5. Change the current working directory to the location where you want the cloned directory.

    Can I install Git via the command line on Windows?

    Git can be installed on the most common operating systems like Windows, Mac, and Linux. In fact, Git comes installed by default on most Mac and Linux machines!

    How do I manually install an R package?

    Go into R, click on Packages (at the top of the R console), then click on ‘Install package(s) from local zip files’, then find the zip file with arm from wherever you just saved it. Do the same thing to install each of the other packages you want to install.

    How do I load data from GitHub into R?

    The most direct way to get data from Github to your computer/ into R, is to download the repository. That is, click the big green button: The big, green button saying “Clone or download”, click it and choose “download zip”. Of course, for those using Git and Github, it would be appropriate to clone the repository.

    How do I code an R package?

    Writing an R package from scratch

    1. Step 0: Packages you will need.
    2. Step 1: Create your package directory.
    3. Step 2: Add functions.
    4. Step 3: Add documentation.
    5. Step 4: Process your documentation.
    6. Step 5: Install!
    7. (Bonus) Step 6: Make the package a GitHub repo.
    8. Step 7-infinity: Iterate.

    Why is Microsoft buying GitHub?

  • Abuse of their de facto monopoly position to squash competition,including abuse of the DD process to gain insight into a competitors software
  • Bankrolling the SCO Lawsuit that ran for many years in order to harm Linux in the marketplace
  • Abuse of their monopoly position to unfairly compete with other browser vendors,including Netscape
  • How to install GitHub files after downloading?

  • Review the build instructions on the repository.
  • Check you have the required tools installed and install any that are missing.
  • Clone the repository to your computer.
  • Follow the build instructions,which are often as simple as typing make.
  • Copy the file (s) to the required locations.
  • How did GitHub get started?

    However we understand that this tool wouldn’t be useful if you couldn’t customize it when you are ready for it. This section has moved here: https://facebook.github.io/create-react-app/docs/troubleshooting#npm-run-build-fails-to-minify

    Introduction

    1. NPM is a node package management tool that may be used to download or publish node packages through the npm package registry, which is a node package repository.
    2. It comes pre-installed with the node.js framework.
    3. npmjs provides a plethora of open-source packages, such as Lodash, React, and Chalk, to help developers get their work done more quickly.
    4. In many cases, packages are not published on the npmjs registry, but they may still be utilized in a node project by executing the npm CLI command line tool.
    5. This post covers how to install public and private NPM packages from GitHub, including the steps to take.

    Install Packages From Github

    1. The install command may be used by the npm command to install public packages from the npmjs registry.
    2. The install command is as follows: 1npm install package-name package-name2 2or 3npm I package-name package-name2bash 1npm install package-name package-name2 Even if a package is not published on the npmjs registry, it may still be installed using the npm command line tool.
    3. It is possible to retrieve and install any public node project as a dependency from GitHub using the npm tool.
    4. The 1npm inpm command will attempt to install the package by cloning it from git.
    5. With the npm command, you can install packages from multiple GitHub repository states by providing a commit hash value.
    6. For example, you might use this value to install the package with the commit id: 1npm install use name/node project commitbash npm install use name commitbash Note: The @ sign denotes the npm scope, which is a way for grouping all of a user’s or organization’s dependencies into a single folder.
    • A package name that does not contain the @ symbol and that contains the namename pattern will be considered as a GitHub package repository.
    • When installing a branch as a package, the following syntax can be used: 1npm install use name/node project branch namebash 1npm install use name/node project branch namebash To install a specific version of a GitHub package, the tag or version names can also be used: Alternatively, the id of a gist may be used to include it:1npm install gist/gist idbash

    Install Private Packages From Github

    1. Installing a npm package from a private GitHub repository may be accomplished through the use of an SSH repository link.
    2. GitHub users who are logged in will have access to SSH connections, which may be used to access the private repositories on your GitHub account.
    3. This authentication mechanism is used by the SSH protocol, which must be setup with the GitHub account using the SSH keys.
    4. The SSH protocol is used to authenticate commands that are used to access Github repositories.
    5. A private GitHub repository may be created by utilizing the git+ssh protocol as the installation protocol: It is important to note that a GitHub package must have a relevant package.json file in order to be installed as a package.

    Addtional NPM Installation flags

    1. The npm install command also has a slew of other functionality.
    2. If you want to install a package that has a certain range for a particular version, you may use the range command: 1npm install use name/node project″>=1.0.0 =2.0.0″bash 1npm install use name/node project″>=1.0.0 =2.0.0″bash Versions are frequently built on top of semver.
    3. -force will force the installation of a package from a remote package repository, such as: 1npm install pacakge name -forcebash1npm install pacakge name -globalbash1npm install pacakge name -forcebash The -ignore-scripts switch is used to prevent the execution of the npm-scripts block from being executed.
    4. The uninstall command is then used to remove dependencies from local projects, whereas the -g parameter is used to remove dependencies from global projects.

    Tips

    • A specific branch can also be installed using:
    • 1 thoroughly reviewing the repository license before utilizing any dependencies
    • 2
    • When you want to distribute components from a project as a standalone package, you may do so with the Bit tool.
    • When using npm version 5 or higher without the -save option, use a short alias such as npm I package-name instead of the full alias. When using npm 5+, the package will be automatically added as a dependency.

    Conclusion

    Using the npm installation from GitHub is quite convenient when testing packages. It also provides the ability to install any specified branch, version, tag, or other configuration. Good luck with your coding!

    Installing R Packages from GitHub

    GitHub is frequently the only place where fresh and interesting R packages can be found. This post demonstrates how to install a R package from GitHub in three different R environments: R, R Studio, and Displayr. As an illustration, this post shows how to install the flipPlots package, which allows you to build Sankey diagrams (click here for some example code).

    Installing GitHub packages into R

    Step 1: Install the devtools package

    Installing a R package begins with the devtools package, which is necessary for the rest of the process. The easiest method to accomplish this is through CRAN, where you may type: install.packages to get started (″devtools″)

    Step 2: Install the package of interest from GitHub

    Installing a R package begins with the devtools package, which is required for the rest of the process. Using CRAN, you may accomplish this by typing: install.packages, which will take you to the appropriate directory (″devtools″)

    Step 3: Load the package

    library(flipPlots)

    Installing GitHub packages into RStudio

    Although RStudio has a number of tools for installing packages, the most easy method is to follow the procedures indicated in the preceding section, putting the code into the Console in RStudio as stated in the previous section.

    Installing GitHub packages into Displayr

    Many GitHub packages, such as flipPlots, are already installed in Displayr, saving you the time and effort of installing them yourself. If you want assistance with the installation of any additional programs, please contact [email protected] Are you prepared to install your preferred GitHub package using Displayr? Become a member of Displayr

    Installing a package

    1. Installing a package from GitHub Packages and including the package as a dependency in your own project are both possible.
    2. You have the ability to install any package that you have been granted access to see.
    3. It is possible to use GitHub Packages with GitHub Free, GitHub Pro, GitHub Free for companies, GitHub Team, GitHub Enterprise Cloud, GitHub Enterprise Server 3.0 or above, and GitHub Advanced Edition (AE).
    4. In the case of private repositories held by users with historical per-repository plans, GitHub Packages is not available for use.
    5. Users with historical per-repository subscriptions will be unable to use the Container Registry since these accounts are invoiced by repository rather than per-repository.
    6. More information may be found at ″GitHub’s goods.″

    About package installation

    You may search on GitHub.com for packages in GitHub Packages that you can use in your own project by entering the package name in the search box. Please refer to ″Searching GitHub Packages for packages″ for further details. Following the discovery of a package, you may read the package’s description, as well as installation and usage instructions, on the package page.

    Installing a package

    Installation of packages from GitHub Packages is possible using any supported package client by following the same basic principles as described in this section.

    1. Authenticate to GitHub Packages by following the authentication requirements provided by your package client. Please check ″Authenticating to GitHub Packages″ for further details.
    2. The package should be installed according to the instructions for your package client
    See also:  Which Organelle Can Be Likened To A Post Office?

    Please refer to the section ″Working with a GitHub Packages registry″ for instructions that are particular to your package client.

    Publishing and installing a package with GitHub Actions

    1. When using GitHub Actions, you may setup a process to automatically publish or install a package from the GitHub Packages repository.
    2. It is possible to use GitHub Packages with GitHub Free, GitHub Pro, GitHub Free for companies, GitHub Team, GitHub Enterprise Cloud, GitHub Enterprise Server 3.0 or above, and GitHub Advanced Edition (AE).
    3. In the case of private repositories held by users with historical per-repository plans, GitHub Packages is not available for use.
    4. Users with historical per-repository subscriptions will be unable to use the Container Registry since these accounts are invoiced by repository rather than per-repository.
    5. More information may be found at ″GitHub’s goods.″

    About GitHub Packages with GitHub Actions

    1. When you use GitHub Actions, you can automate your software development operations in the same location where you save code and collaborate on pull requests and issue tracking.
    2. Individual tasks, referred to as actions, may be written and then combined to form a bespoke workflow that meets your needs.
    3. Create end-to-end continuous integration (CI) and continuous deployment (CD) capabilities right in your repository with GitHub Actions, which are available for free.
    4. Please check ″About GitHub Actions″ for further details.
    5. By publishing or installing packages as part of your workflow, you may expand the CI and CD capabilities of your repository and make it more useful.

    Authenticating to the Container registry

    1. It is recommended that you utilize the GITHUB TOKEN for the optimal security and experience when connecting to the Container registry from a GitHub Actions workflow.
    2. When authenticating to ghcr.io, if your workflow is currently utilizing a personal access token (PAT), we strongly recommend that you adapt your process to utilize the GITHUB TOKEN instead.
    3. See ″Upgrading a workflow that accesses ghcr.io″ for instructions on how to make changes to your workflows that authenticate to ghcr.io using a personal access token.
    4. More information about the GITHUB TOKEN may be found in the section titled ″Authentication in a workflow.″ If you’re utilizing the Container registry in your actions, make sure to read our security best practices for GitHub actions, which can be found at ″Security hardening for GitHub actions.″

    Authenticating to package registries on GitHub

    1. Using the GITHUB TOKEN that GitHub automatically creates for your repository when you enable GitHub Actions instead of a personal access token for authentication will allow your workflow to access a package registry other than the Container registry on GitHub.com.
    2. If you need to have your workflow authenticate to GitHub Packages in order to access a package registry other than the Container registry on GitHub.com, then we recommend that you do not use a personal access token for authentication.
    3. If you use this access token in a workflow file, you should configure the permissions on it so that everyone can read the contents scope and anyone can write to the packages scope, respectively.
    4. In the case of forks, the GITHUB TOKEN is allowed read access to the repository of the parent.
    5. More details may be found in the section under ″Authenticating using the GITHUB TOKEN.″ The GITHUB TOKEN can be referenced in your workflow file by referencing it with the context.
    6. More details may be found in the section under ″Authenticating using the GITHUB TOKEN.″

    About permissions and package access for repository-owned packages

    1. Note: Packages held by the repository include RubyGems, npm, Apache Maven, NuGet, and Gradle, among others.
    2. When you activate GitHub Actions, GitHub creates a GitHub App for your repository, which you may use to interact with it.
    3. The GITHUB TOKEN secret is a one-time use access token for the GitHub App installation.
    4. You can authenticate on behalf of the GitHub App that has been installed on your repository by using the installation access token.
    5. All of the rights granted to the token are restricted to the repository in which your workflow is stored.
    6. Please check ″Permissions for the GITHUB TOKEN″ for further details.
    • You can push and pull packages using the GITHUB TOKEN that is exposed to a GitHub Actions workflow, which is accessible through the GitHub Packages API.

    About permissions and package access for Container registry

    1. The Container Registry (ghcr.io) enables users to construct and administer containers as stand-alone resources at the organizational level, allowing them to save time and money.
    2. Containers can be owned by an organization or by a single individual user account, and you can tailor access to each of your containers independently of the repository rights that apply to them.
    3. All workflows that interact with the Container registry should utilize the GITHUB TOKEN instead of a personal access token to gain access to the registry.
    4. Security recommended practices are discussed in detail in ″Security hardening for GitHub Actions,″ which can be found here.

    Default permissions and access settings for containers modified through workflows

    • It is necessary to utilize some default permission and access settings in order to guarantee that administrators have access to the process when creating, installing, editing, or deleting containers using a workflow. You can also change the access options that are available to you. For example, by default, if a workflow creates a container using the GITHUB TOKEN, the container inherits the visibility and permissions model of the repository where the workflow is running
    • and the container inherits the visibility and permissions model of the repository where the workflow is running.
    • Once the container is formed, the admins of the repository where the workflow is executed become the admins of the container.

    Listed below are some other examples of how default permissions function for processes that manage packages in a workflow management system.

    GitHub Actions workflow task Default permissions and access
    Download an existing container – If the container is public, any workflow running in any repository can download the container.- If the container is internal, then all workflows running in any repository owned by the Enterprise account can download the container. For enterprise-owned organizations, you can read any repository in the enterprise- If the container is private, only workflows running in repositories that are given read permission on that container can download the container.
    Upload a new version to an existing container – If the container is private, internal, or public, only workflows running in repositories that are given write permission on that container can upload new versions to the container.
    Delete a container or versions of a container – If the container is private, internal, or public, only workflows running in repositories that are given delete permission can delete existing versions of the container.

    Also available are more detailed controls over access to containers, as well as the ability to modify some default permissions behavior. To learn more about configuring package access control and visibility, see ″Configuring the visibility and access control of a package.″

    Publishing a package using an action

    1. Automatic package publishing may be accomplished through the use of GitHub Actions as part of your continuous integration (CI) routine.
    2. You may automate the development of new package versions using this continuous deployment (CD) strategy if the code passes your quality criteria, which is the case in most cases.
    3. For example, you might set up a workflow that performs continuous integration tests every time a developer uploads code to a certain branch of the project.
    4. If the tests are successful, the process can publish a new version of the package to GitHub Packages.
    5. The processes for configuring a package client differ depending on the package client.
    6. The section ″Establishing a workflow″ provides general information on configuring a process for use with GitHub Actions.
    • It will be demonstrated in the following example how to develop your app using GitHub Actions before automatically creating a Docker image and publishing it to GitHub Packages as part of the build process.
    • For each workflow file in your repository (for example, github/workflows/deploy-image.yml), add the following YAML at the end of the file: The following table contains an explanation of the relevant options.
    • If you want to know everything about each piece of a workflow, read ″GitHub Actions Workflow Syntax″ in detail.
    on: push: branches: Configures the Create and publish a Docker image workflow to run every time a change is pushed to the branch called release.
    env: REGISTRY: ghcr.io IMAGE_NAME: $} Defines two custom environment variables for the workflow. These are used for the Container registry domain, and a name for the Docker image that this workflow builds.
    jobs: build-and-push-image: runs-on: ubuntu-latest There is a single job in this workflow. It’s configured to run on the latest available version of Ubuntu.
    permissions: contents: read packages: write Sets the permissions granted to the GITHUB_TOKEN for the actions in this job.
    – name: Log in to the Container registry uses: docker/[email protected] with: registry: $} username: $} password: $} Creates a step called Log in to the Container registry, which logs in to the registry using the account and password that will publish the packages. Once published, the packages are owned by the account defined here.
    – name: Extract metadata (tags, labels) for Docker id: meta uses: docker/[email protected] with: images: $}/$} This step uses docker/metadata-action to extract tags and labels that will be applied to the specified image. The id ″meta″ allows the output of this step to be referenced in a subsequent step. The images value provides the base name for the tags and labels.
    – name: Build and push Docker image Creates a new step called Build and push Docker image. This step runs as part of the build-and-push-image job.
    uses: docker/[email protected] Uses the Docker build-push-action action to build the image, based on your repository’s Dockerfile. If the build succeeds, it pushes the image to GitHub Packages.
    with: Sends the required parameters to the build-push-action action. These are defined in the subsequent lines.
    context:. Defines the build’s context as the set of files located in the specified path. For more information, see ″Usage.″
    push: true Pushes this image to the registry if it is built successfully.
    tags: $} labels: $} Adds the tags and labels extracted in the ″meta″ step.
    1. This new procedure will be activated every time you make a modification to the release branch of the repository.
    2. It will be executed automatically.
    3. The Actions tab contains a progress bar that you may use to track your progress.
    4. It will take only a few minutes after the procedure has been finished for the new package to become visible in the repository.
    5. See ″Viewing a repository’s packages″ for information on how to locate your available packages.

    Installing a package using an action

    1. GitHub Actions allow you to install packages as part of your continuous integration routine.
    2. Using GitHub Packages, you might set up a workflow such that whenever a developer contributes code to a pull request, the workflow resolves dependencies by downloading and installing packages provided by the service.
    3. The process may then run CI tests that require the dependencies, completing the cycle.
    4. The GITHUB TOKEN is used to install GitHub Packages hosted packages using GitHub Actions with minimal setup and no extra login when using the GitHub Packages API.
    5. When an action is performed to install a software, data transmission is likewise completely free.
    6. Please check ″About paying for GitHub Packages″ for further information.
    • The processes for configuring a package client differ depending on the package client.
    • The section ″Establishing a workflow″ provides general information on configuring a process for use with GitHub Actions.

    Upgrading a workflow that accesses ghcr.io

    1. The GITHUB TOKEN is supported by the Container registry, allowing for simple and secure authentication in your workflows.
    2. When authenticating to ghcr.io, if your workflow is currently utilizing a personal access token (PAT), we strongly recommend that you adapt your process to utilize the GITHUB TOKEN instead.
    3. More information about the GITHUB TOKEN may be found in the section titled ″Authentication in a workflow.″ It is more secure to utilize the GITHUB TOKEN instead of a PAT since it does not need you to use a long-lived PAT that provides unwanted access to the repository where your process is being executed.
    4. Security recommended practices are discussed in detail in ″Security hardening for GitHub Actions,″ which can be found here.
    1. Navigate to the landing page for your bundle.
    2. Actions access may be found on the left-hand sidebar.
    3. It is necessary to include the repository where your workflow is kept in your container package in order for your container package to have access to your workflow. Select Add repository from the drop-down menu and search for the repository you wish to add.
    4. If you like, you can set the default access level for your container image from the ″role″ drop-down option.
    5. Open the workflow file that you created. You should replace your PAT with $. on the line when you log into ghcr.io.

    For example, this procedure uploads a Docker image while authenticating using the $ symbol.

    Installing Python packages from Github

    1. We’ll cover how to pip install a Python package from a Github repository in this article.
    2. In certain cases, installing a package from Github rather than the Python Package Index (PyPI) might be advantageous when the package version (for example, the most recent commit) on Github contains modifications that you would like to use or test but are not accessible on the most recent PyPI version.
    3. If you do not want to wait for the next version of a package before working with a specific update or feature, this is an excellent option for developers.
    4. Because you may work with the update while it is still in the version control system (VCS), you can verify whether your project will be compatible with the new features as soon as the change is made.
    5. This essay makes the assumption that the reader is familiar with the Python programming language.
    6. All of the examples will take place in a virtual environment.
    • The creation of a virtual environment is optional, however it is highly encouraged..
    • The flask library is used as an example in this essay.
    • However, although this tutorial explains how to install Python packages from Github, pip also supports installation from other version control systems such as Mercurial, Subversion and Bazaar.
    • More information about VCS support may be found in the official documentation.

    Verifying the package versions

    1. The flask version on PyPI was 1.1.2, which was released on April 3rd, 2020, at the time of writing this piece.
    2. The pip install flask command will install the flask package and all of its dependencies in the virtual environment when run in the virtual environment.
    3. (venv) pip install flask is a command that installs flask.
    4. flasks are being collected With the help of cachedCollecting click>=5.1 (from flask), The installation was completed successfully.
    5. Jinja2-2.11.2 MarkupSafe-1.1.1 Werkzeug-1.0.1 click-7.1.2 flask-1.1.2 itsdangerous-1.1.0 MarkupSafe-1.1.1 Werkzeug-1.0.1 click-7.1.2 flask-1.1.2 itsdangerous-1.1.0 The pip freeze command may be used to check if the installation was successful.
    6. (venv) The following are the version numbers: pip freeze click=7.1.2 Flask=1.1.2 itsdangerous=1.1.0 MarkupSafe==1.1.1 Werkzeug==1.0.1 Jinja2==2.11.2 MarkupSafe==1.1.1 Werkzeug==1.0.1 After that, if you look at the flask repository on Github, you will note that multiple modifications to the master branch have been made since April 3rd, indicating that they are not included in the version of flask that you just installed.
    • Alternatively, if you want any of these contributions to be included into your local flask installation before they are made available on PyPI, you may install the relevant version of the package straight from Github, as you will see in the next section.

    Installing from Github

    1. A setup.py file must be present in the Github repository in order for pip to be able to install from it.
    2. The -e or -editable parameter to the pip install command is advantageous when installing from a version control system (version control system, or VCS).
    3. As you shall see later on, including the -e parameter will install the package in editable mode, which will be useful if we are building a requirements.txt file.
    4. You may also use the -e parameter if you are developing and testing a package on your own machine.
    5. Installing flask from Github with the command pip install -e git+ will clone and install the most recent version of flask.
    6. The name of the project is specified by theegg=flask variable.
    • vim -e git+ (venv) pip install -e Failing to obtain flask from git+cloning the flask source code to c:learningpython/github/venv/srcflask The process of creating metadata for the package flask resulted in the creation of metadata for the project flask.
    • Fix the egg=flask fragments in your code.
    • Werkzeug>=0.15 (from flask) is being collected.
    • Flask development is being carried out using setup.py.
    • The installation was completed successfully.
    • Jinja2-2.11.2 MarkupSafe-1.1.1 Werkzeug-1.0.1 click-7.1.2 flask jinja2-2.11.2 markupsafe-1.1.1 itsdangerous-1.1.0 The pip freeze command may be used to confirm that the installation was successful once more.
    1. (venv) pip freeze (pip) click==7.1.2 -e git+ itsdangerous==1.1.0 click==7.1.2 -e git+ itsdangerous MarkupSafe==1.1.1 Werkzeug==1.0.1 Jinja2==2.11.2 MarkupSafe==1.1.1 Werkzeug==1.0.1 Notice that the newest version of flask has been downloaded from the project’s Github repository and installed on your computer.
    2. You can verify this by comparing the hash of the installation ([email protected]) with the hash of the installation on Github.
    3. It has already been established that using the editable mode is beneficial when developing a requirements file.
    4. To generate one, just execute the pip freeze > requirements.txt command from the command line.
    5. You may now distribute this requirements.txt file to anyone who is interested in using or collaborating on your project, ensuring that they are using the same version of flask as you and not the one from PyPI, as previously described.

    Installing from a requirements file may be accomplished by running pip install -r requirements.txt.The command is: (venv) pip install -r requirements.txt Obtaining Flask from git+ (from -r requirements.txt (line 2)) is a straightforward process.A clone (to revision 37551e6798aabefd549340a7d3840b7648b413c7) has been created in the c:learningpythongithub-pip-demovenvsrcflask directory..

    Installing a specific version

    1. If you want to install a specific commit, you may do so by using the hash of the commit that you want installed.
    2. For example, if you want to install the version of flask that was released prior to the most recent commit, you will require the commit hash from the Github repository.
    3. You can then use it in the following command: pip install -e git+ once you’ve obtained the hash: Installing Git using pip install -e git+ Obtaining flask from git+Cloning(to revision 36e6fc8) and copying it to the c:learningpythongithub-pip-demovenvsrcflask directory.

    Installing without the -e argument

    1. You will receive an error when you attempt to install a library from a VCS without using the -e argument and including the library in the requirements.txt file.
    2. The pip install -r requirements.txt command will throw an error when you attempt to install the library using the pip install -r requirements.txt command.
    3. install git+ (venv) pip install git Flask is being collected from git+cloned to c:usersabhi appdatalocaltemppip-install-f5afsoasflask….
    4. Flask-2.0.0.dev0 has been successfully installed.
    5. Following this installation, the requirements.txt file should look like the image below.
    6. Take note of the fact that that particular version of flask contains a.dev0.
    • (venv) pip freeze click==7.1.2 Flask==2.0.0.dev0 itsdangerous==1.1.0 Jinja2==2.11.2 MarkupSafe==1.1.1 Werkzeug==1.0.1 MarkupSafe==1.1.1 Werkzeug==1.0.1 In this case, if you try to install from the requirements file, you will receive an error message since pip will be unable to locate that exact version on Github, as described above.
    • requirements.txt is installed via pip install -r (venv).
    • Click==7.1.2 is being collected (from -r requirements.txt (line 1)).
    • Using previously cached Collecting Flask==2.0.0.dev0 (from -r requirements.txt (line 2)) and storing it in a database There was no version available that met the requirements.
    • Flask==2.0.0.dev0 (from -r requirements.txt (line 2)) is a version of Flask that is currently in development.
    • No matching distribution for Flask==2.0.0.dev0 was found (from -r requirements.txt (line 2)) (from versions: 0.1.0.1, 0.2.0.3, 0.3.1, 0.4.0.5., 0.5.1.5.2., 0.6.6.1, 0.7.7.2, 0.8.8.1, 0.9.10, 0.10.1, 0.11, 0.11.1, 0.12, 0.12.1, 0.12.2., 0.12.4, 0.12.5., 1.0,

    Conclusion

    You should be comfortable with the process of installing a Python package from Github. If you want to use package features that are not available in the most recent version available on PyPI, then installing from a VCS is the best option.

    Working with the npm registry

    1. You may set npm to publish packages to GitHub Packages and to utilize packages stored on GitHub Packages as dependencies in a npm project by using the package publishing and dependency configuration options.
    2. It is possible to use GitHub Packages with GitHub Free, GitHub Pro, GitHub Free for companies, GitHub Team, GitHub Enterprise Cloud, GitHub Enterprise Server 3.0 or above, and GitHub Advanced Edition (AE).
    3. In the case of private repositories held by users with historical per-repository plans, GitHub Packages is not available for use.
    4. Users with historical per-repository subscriptions will be unable to use the Container Registry since these accounts are invoiced by repository rather than per-repository.
    5. More information may be found at ″GitHub’s goods.″

    Limits for published npm versions

    1. In the event that you publish more than 1,000 npm package versions to GitHub Packages, it is possible that performance difficulties and timeouts will occur while in use.
    2. You will no longer be allowed to publish more than 1,000 versions of a package on GitHub in the future, in order to optimize the performance of the service.
    3. Any versions that were published prior to reaching this limit will continue to be readable.
    4. Consider removing package versions or contacting Support for assistance if you have reached this limit.
    5. When this restriction is imposed, our documentation will be updated to include a method of working around the restriction.
    6. To learn more about deleting and restoring a package, read ″Deleting and restoring a package″ or ″Contacting Support.″

    Authenticating to GitHub Packages

    • An access token is required in order to publish, install, and uninstall packages. When you generate a personal access token (PAT), you may give multiple scopes to the token based on your requirements. For more information on package-related scopes for a PAT, see ″About permissions for GitHub Packages.″ To authenticate to a GitHub Packages registry within a GitHub Actions workflow, you can use the following tokens: GITHUB TOKEN to publish packages associated with the workflow repository
    • GITHUB TOKEN to publish packages associated with the workflow repository
    • GITHUB TOKEN to publish packages associated with the workflow repository
    • GITHUB TOK
    • Installing packages connected with other private repositories (which GITHUB TOKEN is unable to access)

    See ″Authentication in a workflow″ for additional information on the GITHUB TOKEN variable that is used in GitHub Actions workflows.

    Authenticating with a personal access token

    1. To publish and install packages in GitHub Packages, you must first create a personal access token with the proper scopes and then utilize that token.
    2. Please check ″About GitHub Packages″ for further information.
    3. When using npm, you may login to GitHub Packages by either changing your per-user /.npmrc file to add your personal access token or by signing in to npm using your username and personal access token on the command line.
    4. Edit the /.npmrc file for your project to include the following line, substituting TOKEN with your personal access token, in order to authenticate by adding your personal access token to your npmrc file If you don’t already have one, create a new /.npmrc file in your home directory.
    5. /npm.pkg.github.com/: authToken=TOKEN Logging into npm is the most secure way to authenticate, so use the npm login command, substituting USERNAME with your GitHub username, TOKEN with your personal access token, and PUBLIC-EMAIL-ADDRESS with your public email address.
    6. For those of you who don’t use GitHub Packages as your default package registry for npm and still wish to utilize the npm audit command, we propose that you authenticate to it using the -scope parameter along with the package owner’s email address when using npm.

    Publishing a package

    1. Please keep in mind that package names and scopes must only include lowercase letters.
    2. Packages are published in the GitHub repository that you designate in the name field of the package.json file by default, according to the GitHub Packages documentation.
    3. If you wanted to publish a package named @my-org/test to the my-org/test GitHub repository, you would do it as follows: By providing a README.md file in your package directory, you may include a summary for the package listing page on your website.
    4. More information may be found in the npm documentation under the headings ″Working with package.json″ and ″How to build Node.js Modules.″ By providing a URL field in the package.json file, you may publish numerous packages to the same GitHub repository at the same time.
    5. Please check the section ″Publishing several packages to the same repository″ for additional information.
    6. You may configure the scope mapping for your project either via the use of a local.npmrc file in the project or through the use of the publishConfig option in the package.json file.
    • GitHub Packages only supports npm packages that are specific to a repository.
    • Packages that have been scoped have names in the pattern @owner/name.
    • Packages that are scoped always begin with the @ sign.
    • It is possible that you will need to adjust the name in your package.json in order to utilize the scoped name.
    • Consider the following as an example: ″name″: ″@codertocat/hello-world-npm.″ GitHub allows you to browse through a package once it has been published.
    • More information may be found under ″Viewing packages.″

    Publishing a package using a local.npmrc file

    1. The scope mapping for your project may be configured through the use of an.npmrc file.
    2. Make use of the GitHub Packages URL and account owner in the.npmrc file so that GitHub Packages knows where to send package requests to the correct location.
    3. When other developers use an.npmrc file, they can prevent their packages from being unintentionally published to npmjs.org instead of GitHub Packages.
    1. Sign in to GitHub Packages with your GitHub account. Please check ″Authenticating to GitHub Packages″ for further details.
    2. Creating or editing the an.npmrc file in the same directory as your package.json file will contain a line identifying the URL of your GitHub Packages repository as well as the account owner. OWNER should be replaced with the name of the individual or organization account that owns the repository containing your project in the above code. @OWNER:registry=
    3. Make sure that the.npmrc file is included in the repository so that GitHub Packages can discover your project. More details may be found in the section ″Adding a file to a repository.″
    4. Check the package.json file in your project to ensure that the name of your package is correct. The scope and the name of the package must both be included in the name field. Using the above example, if your package is named ″test,″ and you are publishing to the GitHub organization ″My-org,″ the name field in your package.json should be @my-org/test.
    5. Check the repository column in the package.json file for your project. The repository section must be filled up with the URL of your GitHub repository’s repository. Using the previous example, if your repository URL is github.com/my-org/test, the repository field should be git:/github.com/my-org/test.git
    6. Publish the package using the command $ npm publish

    Publishing a package using publishConfig in the package.json file

    The publishConfig element in the package.json file may be used to define the registry where you wish the package to be made available for download. More information may be found in the npm documentation under the term ″publishConfig.″

    1. Make a publishConfig item in the package.json file for your package and save the changes. ″publishConfig″: ″registry″: ″publishConfig″: ″registry″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″publishConfig″: ″
    2. Check the repository column in the package.json file for your project. The repository section must be filled up with the URL of your GitHub repository’s repository. Using the previous example, if your repository URL is github.com/my-org/test, the repository field should be git:/github.com/my-org/test.git
    3. Publish the package using the command $ npm publish

    Publishing multiple packages to the same repository

    1. In order to publish several packages to the same GitHub repository, you may provide the URL of the GitHub repository in the repository field of each package’s package.json file.
    2. You should change REPOSITORY with the name of the repository that contains the package you wish to publish, and OWNER with the name of the individual or organization account on GitHub that owns the repository, in order to confirm that its URL is right.
    3. Instead of matching the repository based on the package name, GitHub Packages will match the repository based on the URL.
    4. ″repository″:″

    Installing a package

    1. Installing packages from GitHub Packages is as simple as include the packages as dependencies in the package.json file for your project’s package configuration.
    2. For additional details on how to include a package.json into your project, consult the npm documentation’s section under ″Working with package.json.″ You may only add packages from a single organization by default.
    3. Please read ″Installing packages from other organizations″ for further details.
    4. You must also include the.npmrc file in your project in order for all requests to install packages to be routed through GitHub Packages instead of the command line.
    5. When all package requests are routed through GitHub Packages, you may utilize both scoped and unscoped packages from npmjs.org without any restrictions.
    6. More information may be found in the npm documentation under the heading ″npm-scope.″
    1. Sign in to GitHub Packages with your GitHub account. Please check ″Authenticating to GitHub Packages″ for further details.
    2. Creating or editing the an.npmrc file in the same directory as your package.json file will contain a line identifying the URL of your GitHub Packages repository as well as the account owner. OWNER should be replaced with the name of the individual or organization account that owns the repository containing your project in the above code. @OWNER:registry=
    3. Make sure that the.npmrc file is included in the repository so that GitHub Packages can discover your project. More details may be found in the section ″Adding a file to a repository.″
    4. Configure package.json in your project so that it can make use of the package you’ve just installed. For GitHub Packages, you must include the full-scoped package name, such as @my-org/server, in order to include your package dependencies in the package.json file. In the case of packages downloaded from npmjs.com, indicate the complete name of the package, such as @babel/core or @lodash. For example, the @octo-org/octo-app package is referenced as a dependency in the following package.json file. The package’s name is ″@my-org/server,″ and its version is ″1.0.0.″ Its description is ″Server app that makes use of the @octo-org/octo-app package,″ and its primary file is ″index.js.″ Its dependencies are: ″@octo-org/octo-app″ and ″1.0.0.″ Its creator is ″,″ and its license is ″MIT.″

    Installing packages from other organizations

    1. By default, you are only able to utilize GitHub Packages packages from a single organization when using them.
    2. Additional lines in your.npmrc file, substituting OWNER with the name of the person or organization account that owns the repository containing your project, will allow you to route package requests to different organizations and individuals.
    3. @OWNER:registry= @OWNER:registry= @OWNER:registry=

    How to install GitHub Desktop

    • Install a user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI) for working with GitHub repositories on your Windows desktop. GitHub Desktop is a desktop application that allows you to interact with the GitHub repository from your computer. You can work more efficiently with this new application because you won’t have to rely on your browser. GitHub Desktop includes features such as: Attributing changes to collaborators
    • Checking out branches with pull requests
    • Pushing to your remote Git repositories
    • Viewing CI results
    • Syntax highlighted diffs
    • Shell integration
    • and many more.
    1. Once you’ve downloaded and installed this program, you should find it much simpler to contribute to projects in a straightforward and effective manner.
    2. GitHub Desktop is an Electron application built in TypeScipt that can be installed with relative ease on both macOS and Windows systems.
    3. CHECK OUT: Serverless computing: A guide for IT managers and executives (Tech Pro Research) I’m going to walk you through the process of installing this on Windows 10.
    4. However, despite my best efforts, I was unable to get GitHub Desktop installed on Linux (through Wine).
    5. With that said, let’s get started with the installation.

    Installation

    The installation of GitHub Desktop is as straightforward as the installation of any other Windows application. All that is required of you is:

    1. Start by opening a web browser.
    2. Go to desktop.github.com to learn more.
    3. Download for Windows (64-bit) may be found by clicking here.
    4. When asked, choose Run
    5. allow the installer to download and complete its installation.

    GitHub Desktop will be launched as soon as the installation is complete.

    Signing in

    1. Using your GitHub credentials, you may go to the next stage.
    2. For those of you who don’t currently have an active GitHub account, you may sign up for one for free on the site’s signup page.
    3. After you have successfully signed in, you will be able to begin using GitHub Desktop (Figure A).
    4. You may add repositories to your Git repository by dragging and dropping them from within the file manager, or you can clone a repository from your GitHub account to your local disk (repositories are cloned to C:UsersNAMEDocumentsGitHub–where NAME is your Windows user name).
    5. A repository cloned to your local disk enables you to begin working on it locally and then compare, merge, and perform other operations on it.
    6. Once your work is finished, you may send it back to GitHub by selecting Repository |
    • Push from the menu bar.
    • In the case of collaborative projects, you may create new pull requests by selecting Repository |
    • Pull from the menu bar.
    • Try to launch your project in a command line and you may discover that Git has not been installed on your computer.
    • That’s correct; despite the fact that GitHub Desktop is dependent on Git, it does not install the reliance on Git.
    • The good news is that you can install Git right from within GitHub Desktop!
    1. For this, select Repository |
    2. Open in Command Prompt from the menu bar, and you will be requested to download and install Git (Figure B).
    3. The Git installer will be downloaded when you click Install git (Figure C).
    4. Your browser will open to a window with a download link for the Git installation.
    5. Take the time to walk through this procedure (it’s quite simple).

    In order to utilize Git, you must first set your Git username using the command (which should be executed from Git Bash): git config -global user.name ″USERNAME,″ where USERNAME represents your Git username.Then, using Git Bash, set the email address connected with your Git account using the command: git config -global user.email ″EMAIL,″ where EMAIL is the email address associated with your Git account.After that, close Git Bash and restart it.

    Please ensure that you close GitHub Desktop and reopen it after completing these two tasks (otherwise it will not see that Git was installed).When the software launches, you’ll be able to navigate to Repository |Downloads.As soon as you launch the Command Prompt window, a Windows terminal window should appear, pointing to the appropriate folder (Figure D), from which you may interact with that repository from the command line.Following the creation or cloning of a repository, you will not be able to access the first GitHub Desktop window.

    In place of this, utilize the toolbar menu to create new repositories, interact with your current working repository, and do other tasks.

    An efficient way of working

    Use of GitHub Desktop may be the most efficient tool in your toolkit if you find yourself having to deal with your Git repositories on Windows–especially if you prefer to work with a graphical user interface (GUI) rather than the command line. If you give this tool a shot, see if it doesn’t end up being your go-to.

    How to install packages on R + screenshots

    (You may report a problem with the content on this page by clicking here.) You’d want to post your stuff on R-bloggers, right? If you have a blog, go to this page; if you don’t, go to this page. Do not be alarmed, the screenshots are available! (To view the original instruction, please visit this page.)

    Part 1-Getting the Package onto Your Computer

    1. Choose your chosen way of launching R (desktop icon, Start Menu entry in the dock, etc.)
    2. Packages may be installed by selecting ″Install package(s)″ from the top menu.
    3. Choose a mirror that is the most convenient for you in terms of location
    4. You now have the option of selecting the packages you want to install. Installing numerous packages is as simple as clicking on each one while holding down the CTRL key (or the cloverleaf-looking key) on your keyboard. For the time being, simply highlight ″ggplot2′′.
    5. Another greater-than sign (″>″) will display on your computer screen to indicate that the package has been downloaded to your machine.

    Part 2-Loading the Package into R

    1. Type “library(ggplot2)” and then click the Enter/Return key
    2. you’re finished
    3. thank you.

    If you are using a computer, you will only need to complete Part 1 once. From now on, you will only need to complete Part 2 each time you close and reopen the R program. Make use of this strategy once you’ve become more familiar with the copy and paste process in general. It is significantly more expedient than Method 1.

    Part 1-Getting the Package onto Your Computer

    1. Type “install.packages(“gplots”)” and then press the Enter/Return key to complete the sentence
    2. If you have previously loaded a package from a server into your R session, R will install the package for you without your intervention. If you do not, R will ask you to select a mirror on its own initiative. Again, find one that is close by unless you want to sit and watch a loading bar slowly inch its way towards completion.

    Part 2-Loading the Package into R

    1. Type ″library(gplots)″ into the search box and hit the Enter/Return key
    2. Everything has been completed.
    3. Because it needs to install additional packages necessary by gplots, R will generate a significant amount of additional output.

    Once again, you will only need to complete Part 1 on your computer a single time. From now on, you will only need to complete Part 2 each time you close and reopen the R program.

    Install Git

    How to install Git on any operating system Git may be installed on the majority of operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux, among others. In reality, Git is pre-installed on the vast majority of Mac and Linux computers!

    Checking for Git

    • Using your terminal program, you may check to see whether you already have Git installed. For Mac users, look for the ″Terminal″ command prompt application
    • for Windows users, seek for the ″Command Prompt″ application.
    • If you’re working on a Windows computer, launch the Windows command prompt, sometimes known as ″Git Bash.″

    Following the launch of your terminal program, use the command git version. The result will either inform you the version of Git is currently installed, or it will warn you that git is an unknown command, depending on your configuration. If this is a command you are unfamiliar with, continue reading to learn how to install Git.

    Install Git Using GitHub Desktop

    1. If you don’t already have Git installed, installing GitHub Desktop will also install the most recent version of the software.
    2. With GitHub Desktop, you get a command-line version of Git combined with a powerful graphical user interface.
    3. GitHub Desktop is a basic collaboration tool for Git that works regardless of whether you have Git installed on your computer.
    4. More information may be found here.

    Install Git on Windows

    1. Navigate to the most recent Git for Windows installer and download the most recent version of the software.
    2. Once the installer has begun, follow the on-screen directions on the Git Setup wizard screen until the installation has been completed.
    3. Using the Windows command prompt (or Git Bash, if you did not choose to use the regular Git Windows Command Prompt during the Git installation), enter the following commands:
    4. Verify that Git has been installed by typing git version.
    1. Note: git-scm is a well-known and highly recommended site for getting Git for the Windows operating system.
    2. Git is more convenient to download from git-scm since it starts with the most recent version of Git, as well as the preferred command terminal, Git Bash, as you begin your download.
    3. When you download Git for Windows, you will be sent to the same download location as in the previous stages.

    Install Git on Windows through Visual Studio Code

    1. The GitHub Pull Requests and Issues plugin allows for easy connection with the GitHub repository.
    2. For VS Code, you’ll need to sign up for an ac

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